19th Light Brigade (United Kingdom)
19th Infantry Brigade
19th Light Brigade
Insignia of 19 Light Brigade
|Part of||3rd Division|
|Engagements||First World War
Second World War
War in Afghanistan
The 19th Light Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army. It fought in the First and Second world wars. The brigade became 19 Light Brigade in 2005, and moved to Northern Ireland following the end of Operation Banner and "normalisation" of British military operations in the province. Following the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR), the Brigade entered suspended animation in March 2013.
First World War
The 19th Infantry Brigade was formed in France as an independent brigade It saw action on the Western Front including the Battle of Mons in August 1914. It then joined the 2nd Division on 19 August 1915, but left to join the 33rd Division on 25 November 1915.
Order of battle
Its components included:
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers
- 1st Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
- 1st Battalion, Middlesex Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
- 1/5th Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Second World War
The 19th Infantry Brigade was a regular British Army formation at the beginning of the Second World War. It had been raised in 1938 for Internal Security in Palestine, and appears to have joined the 7th Infantry Division on its reformation in September–October 1938. On 3 September 1939, it was converted to HQ Jerusalem Area.
In the 1980s, the 19th Brigade was based at Colchester as part of the 3rd Armoured Division. It would have had to cross the Channel to join the rest of the division, stationed with the British Army of the Rhine in Germany. Following the disbandment of the 3rd Armoured Division following the end of the Cold War, the brigade joined the new 3rd Mechanised Division, and moved to Catterick Garrison in Yorkshire in April 1993.
As part of the Delivering Security in a Changing World review in 2003, it was announced that the brigade was to become a 'Light' formation. The brigade became 19 Light Brigade as of 1 January 2005, and moved to Northern Ireland following the end of Operation Banner and "normalisation" of British military operations in the province.
The Brigade deployed on Operation Herrick 10 in April 2009, replacing 3 Commando Brigade, where it planned and executed Operation Panther's Claw – named after Bagheera, the panther forming the Brigade insignia. The Bde returned to the UK in October 2009 having taken significantly more casualties than seen in previous operational tours of Afghanistan.
Final Order of Battle
Component units in September 2012 were:
- 19 Light Brigade Headquarters and Signal Squadron (209 Signal Squadron)
- 2nd Battalion, The Rifles (Light Role Infantry)
- 2nd Battalion, Mercian Regiment (Light Role Infantry)
- 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland, The Black Watch (Light Role Infantry)
- 40 Regiment Royal Artillery (L118 Light Gun) – Home Lines, Thiepval Barracks, Lisburn, County Antrim
- 38 Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers
- 19 Combat Service Support Battalion, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Recent commanders have included:
- 1967–1969 Brigadier WNR Scotter, Late KORBR
- 1969–1971 Brigadier GLC Cooper, Late RE
- 1973–1975 Brigadier JM Glover, Late RGJ
- 1975–1977 Brigadier RF Vincent, Late RA
- 1985–1987 Brigadier TP Toyne Sewell, Late KOSB
- 1989–1991 Brigadier CD Farrar-Hockley, Late PARA
- 1991–1993 Brigadier EJ Webb-Carter, Late GREN GDS
- 1994–1995 Brigadier RDS Gordon, Late 17/21L
- 1995–1997 Brigadier ADA Duncan, Late PWO
- 1997–2000 Brigadier PTC Pearson, Late RGR
- 2000–2001 Brigadier NH Rollo, Late RE
- 2001–2004 Brigadier WH Moore, Late RA
- 2005–2007 Brigadier TP Evans, Late RIFLES
- 2007–2010 Brigadier TB Radford, Late RIFLES
- 2010–2012 Brigadier SR Skeates, Late RA
- 2012–2013 Brigadier EJR Chamberlain, Late RIFLES
- Becke 1935, p. 75
- "The Battle of Mons". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "The 2nd Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Joslen (1960), p. 261
- Black, Harvey. "The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6.".
- 19th Light Brigade Global Security
- Northern Ireland-based 19 Light Brigade disbanded BBC, 19 July 2011
- MOD press release
- Hansard 18 July 2011, Column 637
- 'Farewell to 19 Light Brigade,' Soldier, September 2011, p.12
- "19th Light Brigade". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Army Commands Archived July 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Becke, Major A.F. (1935). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 1. The Regular British Divisions. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-09-4.
- Joslen, Lt-Col. H.F. (2003) Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, ISBN 1-84342-474-6
- 19 Light Brigade- on British Army official website
- British Army Dispositions in 1939
- "Reinforcements Fly To M.E." British Pathe newsreel 1951