Cai Tingkai as commander of the 19th Route Army
19th Route Army (simplified Chinese: 十九路军; traditional Chinese: 十九路軍; pinyin: Shíjiǔ lù jūn) was an army in the Republic of China led by General Cai Tingkai. It gained a good reputation among Chinese for fighting the Japanese in Shanghai in the January 28 Incident in 1932. In 1933-34 it was the main force in the Fuijan Rebellion, which opposed Chiang Kai-shek and unsuccessfully sought an alliance with the Chinese Communists in the Jiangxi Soviet.
A "Route Army' was a type of military organization used in the Chinese Republic. It usually exercised command over two or more Corps or a large number of Divisions or Independent Brigades.