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|Industry||Computer Software, Cloud Computing, Video Games, Business Process Outsourcing, Education|
|Boris Nuraliev (Founder & CEO)|
|Revenue||$650 million (2016)|
|65,000,000 United States dollar (2010)|
1C Company (Russian: Фирма «1С», [ˈfʲirmə ɐˈdʲin ˈɛs]) is an independent software developer, distributor and publisher with headquarters in Moscow, Russia. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, related services and video games.
1C is known as a video game developer and publisher. Most popular titles produced by the company are IL-2 Sturmovik, King's Bounty, Men of War and the Space Rangers series. 1C acts as a publisher for dozens of independent developers and has produced over 100 video game titles.
1C is also the official distributor of 100+ software vendors.
By the decision of Russian Federal Service for Intellectual Property (Rospatent) the trademark ‘'1C'’ is considered ‘well known’ on the territory of the Russian Federation since 1 January 2006, granting the company intellectual legal protection.
The company has over 1200 employees. 1С Company operates through wide network of 10 000+ business partners in 25 countries, including 7000+ 1C franchise authorized software integrators & VARs and 400+ authorized training centers.
1C Company is also developing its ''1C:Accounting'' (ru) outsourcing service (Russian: 1С:БухОбслуживание, 1С:BuhObslugivanie) – a 500+ partner network for services like accounting, taxation, payroll, etc.
1C was founded in 1991 by Boris Nuraliev in Moscow, Russia. In 1992, the company published ''1C:Accounting'' (ru), a bookkeeping software. The simplicity, wealth of customization options and its reach through the wide network of dealers, who were entitled to 50% of the sales income, made it possible for the 1C:Accounting software to become the most widespread accounting program across Russia and former USSR states.
In 1996 the released the first version of the 1C:Enterprise platform designed for the comprehensive and targeted automation of processes within companies. The software implementation was handed over to a partnered franchise network founded specifically for this purpose. The first game distributed by 1C was launched in retail (Pilot Brothers, based on a famous Russian animation movie).
In 1999, a version 7.7 of 1C:Enterprise was released. Its reported that 1C got over 40% of the accounting software market share in Russia.
In 2001, 1C released IL-2 Sturmovik, what can be viewed as the first AAA packaged video game developed in Russia, with Pirates of the Caribbean only releasing 2 years later on the original Xbox in 2003.
In 2008 1C declared its plan of transforming into a large multisectoral holding company. Part of its growth strategy was establishing joint ventures with leading and promising enterprises within the IT industry.
In May 2005, 1C bought Cenega Publishing, a Prague-based publisher and distributor. This arm was rebranded 1C Publishing EU in May 2007. 1C Publishing EU uses the trade name 1C Entertainment since late 2018.
In 2008, 1C declared it would become a holding company, stating it would establish joint ventures with companies within the IT industry. In October 2011, Baring Vostok Capital Fund acquired a 9% stake of 1C.
In 2011, its reported that 1C:Enterprise 8.3 was released, with cloud service on Windows, Linux, and Mac as well as on iOS, Android and Windows Mobile. The same year, the software as a service platform 1CFresh.com was set up, allowing 1C: Enterprise to use the cloud environment.
Most famous business applications
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• 1С:ERP 2 An integrated solution for management of core business processes
• 1С:Corporate Performance Management Planning, accounting, and performance monitoring for holdings and corporations
• 1С:Document Management (ECM) Automates document flow, both paper and electronic, for businesses and public institutions.
• 1C:Accounting Universal bookkeeping and tax calculation software with Russian Accounting Standards-compliant reporting. In 2018 a new IAS-compliant version was released.
• 1C:Accounting – the most popular accounting software in Russia. According to various estimates, the software is used by 80-90% of Russian companies.
• 1C:Trade Management Solution for operations and management accounting, analysis, and planning. It automates trade, financial, and warehouse operations, elevating wholesale and retail companies.
• 1С:Retail Automated retail outlet and store accounting, including retail networks.
• 1С:Payroll and HR Management Payroll calculation and HR management
• 1С:AccountingSuite All-in-one business application combining accounting, cloud banking, order management, inventory, project and time tracking
• 1C:Drive An out-of-the-box solution for small trade, manufacturing, and service businesses
The 1C:Enterprise platform is a business application development tool. 1C:Enterprise uses a Domain Driven Design approach to provide the specific tools needed to develop business software. All code-based development is done using a high-level domain-specific language, the source code is genuinely open. 1C:Enterprise platform allows create applications for different operation systems (Windows, Linux, MacOS) and use its as a Cloud services or On-premise. Considered as an alternative development tools instead of the С language family and other integrated development environments (IDE).
1C began distributing third party games in 1996. In 1997, they published Konung: Legends of the North, which was the best-selling title in Russia during September 1999. 1C has a long history of funding independent developers and producing a great deal of very successful Russian games. 1C works as a publisher and producer with over 30 independent development studios and has produced over 100 projects for PC and consoles, including titles like Hard Truck, King of the Road, Rig'n'Roll, Space Rangers, Soldiers: Heroes of World War II, Faces of War, Men of War and Men of War: Assault Squad series, Fantasy Wars, Death to Spies, King's Bounty series, Ancestors Legacy and Deep Sky Derelicts.
One successful series of combat flight simulators 1C publishes is the IL-2 Sturmovik series, first developed by Maddox Games of Oleg Maddox in 2001 and commercially traded under the brand "1C:Maddox Games", a division of 1C Company. Maddox Games left 1C Company in 2011 and the "1C:Maddox Games" brand was replaced by "1C Game Studios". Still in the present day all three generations of IL-2 Sturmovik combat flight simulators are commercially exploited by 1C: IL-2 Sturmovik (since 2001), IL-2 Sturmovik: Cliffs of Dover (since 2011) , and IL-2 Sturmovik: Great Battles (since 2013).
The company is also the largest distributor in Russia, publishing titles of most accomplished international publishers such as Activision Blizzard, Bethesda Game Studios, Take-Two Interactive, Ubisoft, Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. 1C owns two local distribution companies, 1C-SoftClub (ru) (Russian: 1С-СофтКлаб, formerly known as SoftClub) and the previously independent Russian company Buka Entertainment (de) (Russian: Бу́ка), which are also market leaders in the distribution of videogames hardware for companies like Sony Computer Entertainment according to 1C.1C also owns a video games retail chain similiar to retail chains like GameStop, named 1C-Interest (Russian: 1С Интерес), which has 30 stores in 22 cities inside Russia.
According to 1C, the Company has established an international presence in 2005 by buying a group of distribution companies in Central Europe like the small games publisher ''Cenega Publishing'' (pl), later renamed to 1C Publishing EU based in Czech republic. Since the purchase, the Cenega group has been transformed into a company for distribution, production and service under the name of 1C Entertainment, with over 400 people employed in Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary. ''QLOC'' (pl) a subsidiary Cenega is a premium service company, providing porting, co-developing, testing and localization services to development studios and publishers. While ''1C Online Games'' is the publishing and development arm of 1C Entertainment group the company states.
Business software and cloud services
1С:Enterprise business software suite is used for management and business accounting automation in more than 2,000,000 organizations, including major corporations and governmental entities. This system is number one in the Russian ERP market with the largest number of automated workplaces.
Measured by installations, 1C is the leader, with about 5 million users according to 1C Founder Boris Nuraliev in an interview. 83% of ERP workplaces in Russia is now handled by automated processes developed by 1C.
1C:Enterprise consists of two parts: 1C:Enterprise platform and business applications (1C Applied Solutions). 1C:Enterprise platform (framework) is for rapid development, deployment and flexible customization of business automation applications in the cloud, mobile and classic desktop environments. It is suitable to build scalable applications for small, medium and large organizations.
1C:Enterprise, version 8 was released in 2004 and all following versions were called 1C:Enterprise 8. The current version of 1C:Enterprise platform is 8.3.16.
Business applications running on the platform include a variety of out-of-the-box or custom solutions for small and medium businesses, as well as for enterprise customers including ERP and CPM-class solutions for manufacturing, trade, logistics, inventory, accounting, finance management, payroll&HR, document management and over 1000 more solutions for different business tasks and industries.
Application solutions are developed by the partners who cooperate with 1C according to the company, have open-source code format for customization of business logic by any developer mostly, but authors of solution can close some modules.
1CFresh - an online platform for technology to develop, publish and manage cloud solutions and services based on 1C:Enterprise software, combining several cloud applications developed by 1C.
Affiliate network, franchising
According to 1C the company provides its services through a network of partnerships consisting of more than 10,000 long-term partners in 25 countries.
One of the self-described pillars of 1C's success on the Russia IT market in and several other countries is a franchising business model. About 7000 franchisees in 750 cities of Russia and neighboring countries provide comprehensive service for business automation, deployment, customization and support of 1C:Enterprise-based systems, consulting, user training, etc. 250+ of them have certified its QoS as ISO 9001-compliant.
The franchisees take over half the sales price of the software, plus the bulk of consulting and installation fees.
According to Forbes Russia's estimates, the company controls around 12% of the turnover generated by all franchise businesses in Russia. All the 1C franchises are profitable and the majority of them have been partners for 10–15 years according to Forbes.
1C states that the company is the official distributor of over 100+ software vendors of the likes of ABBYY, Acronis, Aladdin, ALT Linux, Ascon, Entensys, ESET, Famatech, Ideco, Infowatch, Kaspersky Lab, Magix, Microsoft, Movavi, nanoCAD, Oxygen Software, Panda Security, Paragon Mobile, Paragon Software, Redline Software, SmartLine, and others. 1C offers more than 10,000 titles of software for office and home use.
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