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1 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The birth of Jesus (pictured above) is widely regarded to have been placed by Dionysus Exiguus, inventor of the Anno Domini dating system, in 1 BC. Modern scholarship, however, regards the birth of Christ to have taken place between 6 and 4 BC.[1]

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
1 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1 BC
Ab urbe condita753
Ancient Greek era194th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar4750
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−593
Berber calendar950
Buddhist calendar544
Burmese calendar−638
Byzantine calendar5508–5509
Chinese calendar己未年 (Earth Goat)
2697 or 2490
    — to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
2698 or 2491
Coptic calendar−284 – −283
Discordian calendar1166
Ethiopian calendar−8 – −7
Hebrew calendar3760–3761
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat56–57
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga3100–3101
Holocene calendar10000
Iranian calendar622 BP – 621 BP
Islamic calendar641 BH – 640 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendar1 BC
Korean calendar2333
Minguo calendar1912 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1468
Seleucid era311/312 AG
Thai solar calendar542–543
Tibetan calendar阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
126 or −255 or −1027
    — to —
(male Iron-Monkey)
127 or −254 or −1026

Year 1 BC was a common year starting on Friday or Saturday in the Julian calendar (the sources differ; see leap year error for further information) and a leap year starting on Thursday in the proleptic Julian calendar. It was also a leap year starting on Saturday in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Piso (or, less frequently, year 753 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 1 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. The following year is AD 1 in the widely used Julian calendar and the proleptic Gregorian calendar, which both do not have a "year zero".


By place[edit]

Han dynasty[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

Kingdom of Kush[edit]

Satavahana dynasty[edit]

  • Kunatala Satakarni is succeeded by Satakarni III.[9]

By topic[edit]


  • Estimated birth of Jesus, in the Christian religion, as assigned by Dionysius Exiguus in his Anno Domini era; according to most scholars, Dionysius used the word "incarnation", but it is not known whether he meant conception or birth. However, at least one scholar thinks Dionysius placed the incarnation of Jesus in the next year, AD 1.[10][11] Most modern scholars do not consider Dionysius' calculations authoritative, and place the event several years earlier.[12]


See also[edit]

  • Year zero for the different conventions that historians and astronomers use for "BC" years


  1. ^ Meier, John P. (1991). "A Chronology of Jesus' Life". A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus. Vol. v. 1. Anchor Bible Reference Library. pp. 373–433.
  2. ^ Bowman, John Stewart, ed. (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian history and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-231-50004-3. OCLC 51542679.
  3. ^ Furth, Charlotte (1991). "Passions of the Cut Sleeve: The Male Homo[sex]ual Tradition in China. By Bret Hinsch. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. xvii, 232 pp. $22.50". The Journal of Asian Studies. 50 (4): 911–912. doi:10.2307/2058567. ISSN 0021-9118. JSTOR 2058567.
  4. ^ a b Hinsch, Bret. (1990) Passions of the Cut Sleeve. University of California Press.
  5. ^ "Cassius Dio - Book 55". penelope.uchicago.edu. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  6. ^ "Cartagena Roman Theatre Museum". murciatoday.com. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  7. ^ Syne, Ronald (1995). Anatolica : studies in Strabo. Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-814943-3. OCLC 30318791.
  8. ^ Garlake, Peter S. (2002). Early Art and Architecture of Africa. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284261-9.
  9. ^ Singh, Rajesh Kumar (2013). Ajanta Paintings: 86 Panels of Jatakas and Other Themes. Hari Sena. pp. 15–16. ISBN 9788192510750.
  10. ^ Georges Declercq, Anno Domini: The origins of the Christian Era (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2000), pp.143–147.
  11. ^ G. Declercq, "Dionysius Exiguus and the introduction of the Christian Era", Sacris Erudiri 41 (2002) 165–246, pp.242–246. Annotated version of a portion of Anno Domini.
  12. ^ James D. G. Dunn, Jesus Remembered, Eerdmans Publishing (2003), page 324.
  13. ^ Fairbank, John (1986). The Cambridge History of China: Volume 1, The Ch'in and Han Empires, 221 BC-AD 220. Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 9780521243278.
  14. ^ Loewe, Michael (2018) [1974]. Crisis and Conflict in Han China. Routledge. ISBN 9780429849107.
  15. ^ Thomsen, Rudi (1988). Ambition and Confucianism : a biography of Wang Mang. [Aarhus, Denmark]: Aarhus University Press. ISBN 87-7288-155-0. OCLC 19912826.
  16. ^ Peterson, Barbara Bennett, ed. (2015). Notable women of China: Shang dynasty to the early twentieth century. Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe (Routledge). pp. 75–77. ISBN 978-0-7656-0504-7. OCLC 41231560.