1 Peter 2

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1 Peter 2
POxy v0073 n4934 a 01 hires125.jpg
Fragment containing 1 Peter 1:23–2:5 on Papyrus 125 (3rd/4th century).
BookFirst Epistle of Peter
CategoryGeneral epistles
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part21

1 Peter 2 is the second chapter of the First Epistle of Peter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The author identifies himself as "Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ" and the epistle is traditionally attributed to Peter the Apostle, but there are charges that it is a work of Peter's followers in Rome between 70-100 CE.[1][2][3]


The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 25 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

Rebirth through the Word (1:22–2:3)[edit]

Verse 2[edit]

as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby,[6]

NU-Text adds "up to salvation".[7]

God's Chosen People (2:4–10)[edit]

The Greek text of 1 Peter 2:7-12 (left) and 2:12-17 (right) in Papyrus 72 from 3rd/4th century.

Verse 6[edit]

Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture,
"Behold, I lay in Zion
A chief cornerstone, elect, precious,
And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame."[8]

Citing Isaiah 28:16
Cross reference: Romans 9:33, Ephesians 2:20

Verse 7[edit]

Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient,
"The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone,"[9]

Citing Psalm 118:22

Verse 8[edit]

"A stone of stumbling
And a rock of offense."
They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed.[10]

Citing Isaiah 8:14,[5] Isaiah 28:16

Verse 9[edit]

But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;[11]

Citing: Isaiah 62:12

Principles of Conduct in Human Society (2:11–17)[edit]

This section addresses the distinctness of the believers' communities which is preserved when their conduct is good by God's standards.[12]

The Principles in Practice (2:18–3:22)[edit]

The advice is given to the slaves and wives, two vulnerable groups which is indirectly employed as examples of proper submission for Christians.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Eve 2007, pp. 1263–1264.
  2. ^ Davids, Peter H. (1982). I Howard Marshall and W. Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  3. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A. Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  4. ^ Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 838. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Kidner, Derek (1994). "Isaiah". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. p. 640. ISBN 9780851106489.
  6. ^ 1 Peter 2:2 NKJV
  7. ^ New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson.
  8. ^ 1 Peter 2:6 NKJV
  9. ^ 1 Peter 2:7 NKJV
  10. ^ 1 Peter 2:8 NKJV
  11. ^ 1 Peter 2:9 NKJV
  12. ^ a b Eve 2007, p. 1266.


This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gill, John. Exposition of the Entire Bible (1746-1763).

External links[edit]