1st Commando Brigade (Turkey)
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2017)
|1st Commando Brigade|
|Motto(s)||Strong, Brave, Ready!|
|Engagements||Syrian–Turkish border clashes during the Syrian Civil War|
Turkish Invasion of Cyprus
Founded as a paratrooper brigade, later it was restructured as a ground force. A battalion from the brigade was detached and expanded which became the 5th Hakkari Mountain and Commando Brigade. Although formally being a paratrooper brigade Parachuting and para-warfare training is still given in this brigade to every one of its troops, including the special forces Gendarmerie Special Operations Command team within its brigade.
The Brigade was involved in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, and fought beside airborne commandos (Bolu) and Naval Infantry Brigade (Izmir). It served as a fighting force against the Greek Junta and the Cyprus National Guard. In its efforts the Turkish Army came out victorious in this war. The 1st Commando Brigade also acted as a peace keeping force in the Bosnian War and the War in Afghanistan. It has engaged Kurdish separatists in platoon size forces alongside the Hakkari Mountain and Commando Brigade in operations within and across Turkey's borders into Iraq in anti Insurgency campaign launched by the PKK from Iraq into Turkey.
In its latest engagement, the 1st Commando Brigade along with other Brigades across Turkey deployed troops along the Syrian border. In which causing it to Part in the Syrian–Turkish border incidents during the Syrian Civil War.
Training is given to officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers. Military parachute training at all levels is provided to the military personnel of all rank in the Turkish Armed Forces only by this brigade. In addition, contract soldiers and conscripts receive basic military and commando basic training.
Training periods vary between 3 weeks for basic military training, 5 weeks for commando basic training and 3 to 9 weeks for military parachute training.
The composition and size of this brigade is different from other commando formation of the Turkish Army. There are:
- 4 Commando Battalions
- 1 Airborne Battalion
- 1 Artillery Battalion
- 1 Logistics Support Battalion
- 1 Training Battalion
- 1 Training Support Battalion
As of 10 June 2015, the 1st Commando Brigade has a total of 342 killed in action, of which 76 are in the Cyprus Peace Operation and 235 in the Homeland Security Operation.
- David Miller, 'The Illustrated Directory of Special Forces,' Zenith Imprint, 2002, 98
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