1st Expeditionary Force (Ottoman Empire)

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1st Expeditionary Force
Birinci Kuvve-i Seferiye
Active November 1914[1] – 20 September 1915[2]
Country  Ottoman Empire
Branch  Ottoman Army
Type Expeditionary Force
Patron Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Caucasus Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Dilman
Second Battle of Tortum
Kaymakam Kâzım Karabekir Bey
Kaymakam Ali İhsân Bey

The 1st Expeditionary Force (Turkish: Birinci Kuvve-i Seferiye) of the Ottoman Empire was one of the expeditionary forces of the Ottoman Army.

Order of Battle[edit]

In December 1914, the 1st Expeditionary Force was structured as follows:[3]


  1. ^ Erickson 2007, p. 70.
  2. ^ Erickson 2007, p. 72.
  3. ^ Erickson 2007, p. 71.


  • Erickson, Edward J. (2007). Ottoman Army Effectiveness in World War I: A Comparative Study. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-77099-6.