1st Foreign Engineer Regiment

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1st Foreign Engineer Regiment
(1er Régiment étranger de génie)
1reg.JPG
Regimental badge of 1er REG
Active

1939 – 1942
1949 – 1955

1 July 1984 – Present
Country  France
Allegiance Flag of legion.svgFrench Foreign Legion
Branch Logo of the French Army (Armee de Terre).svg French Army
Type Engineer and former 6e REG
Role

Foreign Combat Engineer

Foreign Airborne Combat Engineer
Size 980 men
Part of 6th Light Armoured Brigade
Garrison/HQ Quartier General Rollet, Laudun, France
Motto(s) AD UNUM ( All to One End )
Colors Green & Red
March Le fanion claque et s'élève
Mascot(s) Saint Barbara
Anniversaries Camerone Day (April 30)
Engagements

Koweït 1990–1991
Global War on Terrorism (2001-present)

Battle honours Camerone 1863[1]
Koweït 1990–1991[2]
Insignia
Insignia of 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment Insigne de béret du 1er REG.jpg
Abbreviation 1er REG
Each year, the French Foreign Legion commemorates and celebrates Camarón in its headquarters in Aubagne and Bastille Day military parade in Paris; featuring the Pionniers leading and opening the way.

The 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment (French: 1er Régiment étranger de génie, 1er REG) is one of two combat engineer regiments in the French Foreign Legion integrated in the rapid reaction force and part component of the 6th Light Armoured Brigade (6e BLB).[3] Currently stationed at Quartier General Rollet in Laudun-l'Ardoise, Gard, southern France.[4]

History, creation and different nominations[edit]

Heir to the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment ( 6e REI )[edit]

World War II[edit]

6th Foreign Infantry Regiment ( 1939 - 1/1/1942 ), ( 1949 - 1955 )

" Oriental Mediterranean Regiment " known as Regiment du Levant, the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment (French: 6e régiment étranger d'infanterie, 6e REI) has existed through history on two occasions, in the Levant ( Syria and Lebanon ) from October 1, 1939 to January 1, 1942 and in Tunisia from April 1, 1949 to June 1955.[5] At creation in 1939, the manpower came from the 1st, 4th, 6th battalions of the 1st Foreign Infantry Regiment, 1er R.E.I (forming the 1st, 2nd, 4th battalions of the 6e R.E.I) and the 2nd battalion of the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment (forming the 3rd battalion of the 6e R.E.I)[6] with the Legion Artillery Group of the Levant (French: Groupe d’Artillerie de Légion du Levant, G.A.L.L) compromising 3 artillery batteries. On August 23, 1941; the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment embarked at Marseilles; reduced from the results of combats to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd battalion and an artillery group, the regiment rallied to the Free French including other French constituents. The regiment was disbanded on January 1, 1942 after the British success in the Syria-Lebanon Campaign and its legionnaires were transferred into the 1st Foreign Regiment and Communal Depot of the Foreign Regiments while 690 of the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment opted for Charles de Gaulle.[7] The regiment left Lebanon on August 16, 1941 and rejoined the Camp Idron (Pau) on August 25 before rejoining Sidi-bel-Abbès on December 3, 1941. During the regiment's dissolve on December 31, 1941, the legionnaires of the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment were assigned to the later reconstituted 1st Foreign Marching Infantry Regiment (French: 1e Régiment Etranger d'Infanterie de Marche, 1er R.E.I.M) and the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (French: Régiment de Marche de la Légion Etrangère, R.M.L.E).

On June 7, 1949, the 3rd battalion of the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment embarked for Indochina and transformed to the 1st battalion of the 5th Foreign Infantry Regiment (French: 5e Regiment Etranger d'Infanterie, 5e REI) on October 31.[5] The 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment participated to the operations of maintaining order.[5] The regiment notably engaged in the battles of djebel Selloum, Kasserine and djebel Gouleb.[5] the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment was dissolved for the second time on June 30, 1955 when the French Foreign Legion was in phase of reorganization following the return from Indochina.[5]

Creation of the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e REG )[edit]

6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 1984 - 1999 )

The 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment (French: 1er régiment étranger de génie, 1er REG) was created in 1984 as the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment (French: 6e régiment étranger de génie, 6e REG ).[5][8] On July 1, 1984, Foreign Legion Groupment, G.L.E Commander, général Jean-Claude Coullon assisted to the patronization ceremony marking the enacting of the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment, 6e R.E.G.[5] For the first time in Legion history, the colors of a French foreign legion regiment included the inscription "Génie".[5] Accordingly, the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e R.E.G ) received the regimental colors on October 12, 1984.[5] The creation of the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e R.E.G ) was delayed with a doubtful bet.[5] The Legion had a long history of Fortification construction (French: génie bâtisseur), however, had little experience in combat engineering assault.[5] The whites cadres combat engineer assault specialist of the general regime, a part component of the Military Combat Engineer Assault of the French Army brought forth their precious savoir-faire and formed the legionnaires in the various fields of specialties.[5] Material arrived and the units prowled.[5] The combat section and companies of the 6e REG deployed in missions of short duration in Mayotte, Guyane, RCA and very quickly the regiment gained its first combat operational engagements.[5] For the actions of 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e R.E.G ) in Tchad at Faya-Largeau in 1987, the 1st combat company was cited at the orders of the armed forces with the Croix de la Valeur militaire.[5] In the same theater of combat engagement, Sergent-Chef Panic was killed by an Anti-tank mine on January 14, 1988 during a mission of opening and clearing the route.[5] In 1989, a detachment of the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment participated at Operation Salam in Pakistan which consisted of forming the Pakistanis in the delicate art of demining.[5] At Laudun, the mood and mode of the regiment was accelerated by the dispatching of combat companies, sections and small separate detachments tasked with punctual missions.[5] In 1990, for the first time, the entire regiment intervened.[5] In Iraq and Kuwait, the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment participated to the victorious offensive of the Division Daguet part of Opération Daguet and was seen cited at the orders of the armed forces with Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with a palm.[5] During the Gulf War, D.I.N.O.P.S operated in support of the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division, and provided the EOD services to the division. After the cease fire took hold they conducted a joint mine clearing operation alongside an Royal Australian Navy Clearance Diver Team Unit. Barely in return to Laudun, combat companies were seen redispatched to new theatres of combat operations.[5] The regiment would be found in Cambodia, Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda, Kosovo and other geographical locations.[5] In some twenty years, the regiment acquired across the four corners of the globe a remarkable experience that sealed the conclusion of initial doubts.[5]

Campaigns[edit]

Engineer Combat Missions

The 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e REG ) then 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 1er REG ) engaged in:

Humanitarian Missions

1st Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 1er REG )[edit]

1st Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 1999–present )

The 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment (French: 1er Regiment Etranger de Genie) on was renamed on July 1, 1999 with the creation of the 2nd Foreign Engineer Regiment.[9]

Organization[edit]

The regiment is composed of 980 men organized into 8 companies.[10]

  • Compagnie de Commandement et de Logistique (CCL) – Command and Logistics Company
  • Legion Pionniers Groups
  • Compagnie d'Administration et de Soutien (CAS) – Administrative and Services Company
  • 1er Compagnie de Combat – 1st Combat Company (3 combat sections, a support section and a command section)
  • 2e Compagnie de Combat – 2nd Combat Company (3 combat sections, a support section and a command section)
  • 3e Compagnie de Combat – 3rd Combat Company (3 combat sections, a support section and a command section)
  • 4e Compagnie de Combat - 4th Combat Company ( 3 combat sections, a support section and a command section)[11]
  • Compagnie d'Appui (CA) – Support Company
  • 5e Compagnie – 5th Reserve Company
  • PCG Teams (Combat Engineer Divers, French: Plongeurs du Combat du Génie) former DINOPS Teams of Nautical Subaquatic Intervention Operational Detachment ( French: Détachement d'Intervention Nautique Operationnelle Subaquatique ) specialized in Parachute, Underwater demolition and Diving.

Traditions[edit]

Insignias[edit]

Regimental Colors[edit]

Regimental Colors of the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment.[1]
Regimental Colors of the 6th Foreign Engineer Regiment.[1]
Regimental Colors of the 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment.[1]

Regimental Song[edit]

Chant de Marche : Le fanion claque et s'élève featuring:[12]

Le fanion claque et s'élève
Au dessus du pont romain.
Légionnaire marche sans trève
Sur les pas de nos anciens.
Les médailles sonnent sur le tablier,
Sur l'épaule brille la hache du pionnier.
Honneur fidélité.
Premier régiment étranger de génie
Grenades à sept flammes sur ta cuirasse brille.
Honneur fidélité

En sondant, les baïonnettes
Chantent toutes le même refrain,
Il faut faire place nette
Déminer tout le terrain.
Les grappins soulèvent des mines piégées
Il faut avancer au mépris du danger.
Honneur fidélité.
Premier régiment étranger de génie
Grenades à sept flammes sur ta cuirasse brille.
Honneur fidélité.

Une seule devise aux lèvres :
Légio patria nostra.
Le lance flammes ou la portière
Légionnaire tu serviras.
Quand le vert et rouge de ton fanion surgit
C'est la débandade dans les rangs ennemis.
Honneur fidélité.
Premier régiment étranger de génie
Sapeur de combat sans crainte ni répit.
Honneur fidélité

Decorations[edit]

Honors[edit]

Battle honours[edit]

Regimental Commanders[edit]

6th Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 6e R.E.G )

  • 1984 : colonel Degré
  • 1985 : colonel Boileau
  • 1987 : colonel Martial
  • 1989 : colonel Manet
  • 1991 : colonel Petersheim
  • 1993 : colonel Danigo
  • 1995 : colonel Houbron
  • 1997 : colonel Ganascia

1st Foreign Engineer Regiment ( 1er R.E.G )

  • 1999 : colonel Ripoll
  • 2001 : colonel Rittimann
  • 2003 : colonel Breuille
  • 2005 : colonel Lejeune
  • 2007 : colonel Cornefert
  • 2009 : colonel Nachez
  • 2011 : colonel Gombaud
  • 2013 : colonel Coulet

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e [1] Official Website of the 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment, Historique et Traditions, Le drapeau du 1er REG
  2. ^ a b "Édition Chronologique n° 45 du 29 octobre 2010".Le Ministère de la Défense instruction n°1515/DEF/EMA/OL/2 du 23 septembre 1983, modifiée, sur les filiations et l'héritage des traditions des unités; décision n°010318/DEF/CAB/SDBG/CPAG du 15 juillet 2008 portant création d'une commission des emblèmes. Art 1er. L'inscription "Koweït 1990-1991" est attribuée aux drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées énumérées ci-dessous. 2e R.E.I, 1er R.E.C, 6e R.E.G, 3e R.I.Ma, 1er R.P.I.Ma, 11e R.A.Ma, 4e Régiment de dragon, 1er Régiment de Spahis, 6e Régiment de Commandement et de Soutien, 1er R.H.C, 3e R.H.C, puis les formations de l'Armée de l'Air les 5e, 7e, 11e escadre de chasse, la 33e escadre de reconnaissance et les 61e et 64e escadre de transport. Le présent arrêté sera publié au bulletin officiel des armées, Hervé Morin.
  3. ^ "Les subordinations". Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  4. ^ "La Garrison". Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y [2] Official Website of the 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment, Historique du 1er Régiment Etranger de Génie
  6. ^ Anthony Clayton, France, Soldiers, and Africa. Brassey's Defence Publishers, (1988:133)
  7. ^ Anthony Clayton, France, Soldiers, and Africa. Brassey's Defence Publishers, (1988:136)
  8. ^ Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion Since 1945. p. 45. 
  9. ^ "Le drapeau du 1er REG". Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  10. ^ "Structure du 1er régiment étranger de génie". Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  11. ^ "De nouvelles unités pour la Légion étrangère". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  12. ^ [3] Official Website of the 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment, Historique et traditions, Chant de Marche du 1er REG.
  13. ^ [4] Official Website of the 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment, Historiques et Traditions, Le drapeau du 1er REG

References[edit]

  • www.legion-etrangere.com
  • Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion Since 1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-621-3. 
  • Anthony Clayton, France, Soldiers, and Africa. Brassey's Defence Publishers, 1988

External links[edit]