1st G6 summit
|1st G6 summit|
Château de Rambouillet
|Dates||15–17 November 1975|
|Precedes||2nd G7 summit|
The Group of Six (G6) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. This summit, and the others which would follow, were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a kind of frustrated rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was an element in the genesis of cooperation between France's President and West Germany's Chancellor as they conceived the first summit of the G6.
Later summits in what could become a continuing series of annual meetings were identified as the Group of Seven (G7) summits and then the Group of Eight (G8) summits—but this informal gathering was the one which set that process in motion.
Leaders at the Summit
This was an unofficial forum (retreat) for the leaders of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, and a chance for them to get to know one another.
Core G6 participants
These summit participants considered themselves reprentative of the "core" industrialized countries.forum:
|Core G6 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
|France||Valéry Giscard d'Estaing||President|
|West Germany||Helmut Schmidt||Chancellor|
|Italy||Aldo Moro||Prime Minister|
|Japan||Takeo Miki||Prime Minister|
|United Kingdom||Harold Wilson||Prime Minister|
|United States||Gerald Ford||President|
The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions. Rambouillet had no easy answers to what was then the most serious recession since the 1930s; but the main themes of what would later become known as the "1st G8 summit" will remain for decades on the world's agenda—avoiding protectionism, energy dependency and boosting growth.
Issues which were discussed at this summit included:
- Searching and productive exchange of views on world economy
- Political and economic responsibilities of democracies
- Growth of interdependence and fostering international cooperation
- Inflation and energy crises
- Unemployment and economic recovery
- Fostering growth of world trade
- Monetary stability
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- Economic relations with the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc
- Cooperative relationship and improved understanding of developing countries
- Conference on International Economic Co-operation
- Cooperation via international organizations
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
- Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Globe and Mail (Toronto). 5 July 2008 – n.b., the G6 becomes the Group of Seven (G7) with the addition of Canada starting in 1976; and the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G8) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
- Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
- Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Brookings. 27 March 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site).
- Stewart, Heather and Larry Elliott. "Hopes fading for salvation at the summit," The Guardian (London). 22 March 2009.
- "Big Six optimistic after currency pact". Glasgow Herald. 18 November 1975. p. 2. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Bayne, Nicholas and Robert D. Putnam. (2000). Hanging in There: The G7 and G8 Summit in Maturity and Renewal. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-1185-1; OCLC 43186692 (Archived 2009-05-13)
- Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-16486-3; ISBN 978-0-203-45085-7; OCLC 39013643
- No official website is created for any G6/G7 summit prior to 1995 – see the 21st G7 summit.
- University of Toronto: G8 Research Group, G8 Information Centre