1st Marine Infantry Regiment
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2013)
|1er Régiment d'Infanterie de Marine|
|Active||1822 - present|
|Type||Troupes de marine|
|Role||light armoured cavalry|
9th Marine Infantry Brigade|
|Motto(s)||« Ils ne savent où le destin les mène, seule la mort les arrête »(Fr)|
|Colors||Red and blue|
|Louis Brière de l'Isle|
|Beret badge of the Troupes de Marine|
The 1st Marine Infantry Regiment (French: 1er Régiment d'Infanterie de Marine, 1er RIMa) is a French regiment heir of the colonial infantry. The regiment is one of the « quatre vieux » regiments of the Troupes de Marine, with the 2nd Marine Infantry Regiment 2e RIMa, the 3rd Marine Infantry Regiment 3e RIMa, as well the 4th Marine Infantry Regiment 4e RIMa (dissolved in 1998). Along with the 1st Marine Artillery Regiment 1e RAMa and the 2nd Marine Artillery Regiment 2e RAMa, the 1st Marine formed the Blue Division. The 1e RIMa is a light armoured unit, since 1986, alike with the régiment d'infanterie-chars de marine RICM.
- 1 Creating and different nominations
- 2 History
- 2.1 Ancien Regime
- 2.2 Wars of the Revolution & Empire
- 2.3 1815 to 1848
- 2.4 Second Empire
- 2.5 1870 to 1914
- 2.6 World War I
- 2.7 Interwar period
- 2.8 World War II
- 2.9 Combats of free France
- 2.10 1945 to present
- 3 Organisation
- 4 Traditions
- 5 Regimental Commanders
- 6 Notbale Officers & Marines
- 7 References
Creating and different nominations
Heir to the Compagnie Ordinaire de la Mer created in 1622 by Richelieu, the 1e RIMa was created by a Royal Decree in 1822 at the corps of the French Naval Ministry (French: Ministère de la Marine). This regiment was part of the « Quatre Grands » of the marine infantry which held garrison in the military ports ready to embark : the « Grand Un », le « Grand Deux », the « Grand Trois » and the « Grand Quatre ».
Designated as the 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment 1e RIC in 1900 at the creation of the colonial infantry at the corps of the Ministry of War (French: Ministère de la guerre), the regiment was redesignated as RIMa in 1958, when the colonial infantry was redesignated as marine infantry.
The evolution nomination of the corps:
- 1822 - 1827 : 1st Marine Infantry Regiment (French: 1er régiment d'infanterie de la Marine)
- 1854 : 1st Marine Infantry Regiment, 2nd formation
- 1870 : 1st Marching Marine Infantry Regiment
- 1900 - 1940 : Designated as the 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment 1e RIC at the creation of colonial infantry at the corps of the Ministry of War.
- 1941 - 1945 : 4th Demi-Brigade DFL
- 1945 - 1947 : 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment
- 1947 - 1948 : 1st Colonial Infantry Battalion
- 1948 : 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment
- 1958 : redesignated as RIMa, when the colonial infantry rebecame marine infantry.
The regiment is heir to the 1st Free French Division and the battalion of the Pacific which combat engaged at Bir Hakeim. The Marine Infantry and Pacific Battalion (French: bataillon d'infanterie de marine et du Pacifique) was issued from the merger, on July 1942, of the 1st Marine Infantry Battalion (French: 1er Bataillon d'Infanterie de Marine) and the Pacific Battalion (French: Bataillon du Pacifique).
Wars of the Revolution & Empire
- 1813 : German Campaign of 1813
- October 16–19 : Battle of Leipzig
- 1814 : Campaign of France
- February 14, 1918 : Battle of Vauchamps
1815 to 1848
In 1846, elements of the 1er RIMa were at Tahiti. The regiment was present in the battle of Fatahua (inscribed on the regimental colors of the 2e RIMa) of December 17, 1846 (3rd Company, Captain Masset).
- 1854 - Battle of Bomarsund
- Second Opium War, Franco-British campaign
- 1860 - Forts du Pei-Ho
- 1861 -Ki-Hao
- 1863 - Puebla
- With the 4th Marching Marine Infantry Regiment of colonel d'Arbaud, the 1er formed the first brigade under the orders of général Reboul. This 1re brigade, with the 2e brigade of général Martin des Pallières, three batteries of canons de 4, and one engineer company, constituted the 3rd Infantry Division commanded by division général Élie de Vassoigne. This infantry division evolved at the corps of 12th Army Corps with commander-in-chief Lebrun.
- August 23 to August 26 - March towards the east
- August 31, 1870 - Battle of Bazeilles
1870 to 1914
During the Paris Commune in 1871, the regiment participated with the Armée Versaillaise.
- 1878: Saint-Louis, Senegal
- 1883: Tonkin Expedition
World War I
- August 1914 - February 1916
- 3rd Colonial Infantry Division 3e DIC
In 1914, at the eve of the great war: the 2e, 3e, 7e and 1e RIC, were part of the 1st brigade under the orders of général Montignault, the 3rd colonial infantry division under the orders of général Raffanel.
The 3e DIC : Generals Raffanel, Leblond, Goulet (1914), Gadel (1915), Puypéroux (1916-1918). Engaged in the same sectors as the 2nd Colonial Infantry Division 2e DIC (4e, 8e, 24e R.I.C), to the first battle of Champagne (Ville-sur-Tourbe) and the second battle of Champaign (Ville-sur-Tourbe and Massiges). In 1916, in the first Battle of the Somme: Becquincourt, Dompierre, Assevilliers, Flaucourt, Belloy-en-Santerre (juillet), Villers-Carbonnel, Barlaux (end of July).
February 1916 - November 1918 : 17th Colonial Infantry Division, 17e D.I.C In 1917, to second battle of Aisne: Bois de Mortier, Mont de Singes (April–May). In 1918, at the fourth battle of Champagne: Montagne de Reims; the second battle of the Marne (July–September), to the battle of Serre (October).
- August 22 : Battle of Rossignol
- August 24 : Saint-Vincent
- September 6–7 : Battle of the Marne: Écriennes, Vauclerc
- July to August 1915: Operations in Argonne
- September 25 - October 6 : Second Battle of Champagne, Souin, September 28 Somme-Py
- April - May 1917 : attacks on the belt of Cerna.
- 1918 : Sokol, Battle of Dobro Pole, Kravitza
- September 15–18 : Vetrenik
- September 23–24 : Gradsko
World War II
Mobilization of coloniales troupes in 1939-1940
On May 10, 1940, the 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment was under the command of colonel Fauchon and part of the 3rd Colonial Infantry Division which reinforced the sector of Montmédy.
The 3rd Colonial Division, général Falvy, consisted of the 1st, 21e, 23e R.I.C and 3e and 203e R.A.C. The 3rd Colonial Division disappeared. The division immediately engaged the theatre, in the sector of Sun-sur-Meuse, Stenay, Martincourt, Aviot, Breux north of Verdun, at the level of cote 304 and Mort Homme, lieu of harsh combats in 1916-1917, where combats concentrated. On June 14, the 1er and 23e RIC were engaged in the ravine which separated cote 304 from Mort Homme. At 0630, the cote was crowned, despite a relentless resistance, the armoured contingents crossed the bridge of Bethoncout in direction of Esnes. The bridge was blown-up in the evening and redressed in the same night. The 1st company of the 1e RIC of captain Bertrand counter-attacked. At 17 hours, attacks were ceased. At 19 hours, the French Marines (French: Marsouis) gave their part to other engagements.
Combats of free France
The regiment was made compagnon de la Libération, June 28, 1945.
1945 to present
In July 2009, the regiment joined the 3rd Mechanised Brigade which became designated in March 2014 as 3rd Light Armoured Brigade.
The regiment has participated in all major operations of the French Army (Lebanon, Bosnia, Kosovo, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Central African Republic, Afghanistan). In 2010 members of the regiment were deployed in Guadeloupe and Djibouti or in operations in Kosovo and Afghanistan.
The regiment is organized into 7 squadrons.
The anniversary is celebrated for combats in Bazeilles, the village which was apprehended and abandoned four consecutive times under orders, respectively on August 31 and September 1, 1870.
- Et au Nom de Dieu, vive la coloniale !
In the Name of God, vive la coloniale !
The Marsouins and the Bigors have for Saint, God. This war calling concludes intimate ceremonies which part life in the regiments. Often also at origin as an act of grace to Charles de Foucauld.
Insignia of the 1er RIMa
The regimental colors are decorated with:
- Légion d'honneur
- Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with:
- 2 palms
- Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with:
- 1 palm
- croix de la Valeur militaire with:
- 1 silver star with 1 palm
- The regiment is entitled to wear the fourragere bearing the colors of the croix de guerre 1914-1918.
- Bomarsund 1854
- Forts du Pei-Ho 1860
- Ki-Hoa 1861
- Puebla 1863
- Bazeilles 1870
- Sontay 1883
- La Marne 1914
- Champagne 1915
- Dobropolje 1918
- Tobrouk 1941
- Bir-Hakeim 1942
- Garigliano 1944
- Belfort 1944
- Authion 1945
- Afn 1952-1962
1er RIMa (1822 - 1900)
- 1854 : Colonel de Vassoigne.
- 1870 : Colonel Brière de l'Isle.
- 01/10/1884 - 1885 : Général Duchemin.
- 1893 : Colonel Boilève.
1er RIC (1900 - 1958)
- 1903 : colonel Lalubin
- 23/09/1913 - 12/09/1914 : Général Guérin
1er RIMa (1958 - present)
Notbale Officers & Marines
- Joseph Gaudérique Aymerich, captain in the 1er RIMa in 1889.
- "1er régiment d'infanterie de marine". Armée de Terre. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
Sources and bibliography
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1er régiment d'infanterie de marine.|
- Erwan Bergot, La coloniale du Rif au Tchad 1925-1980, imprimé en France : décembre 1982, n° d'éditeur 7576, n° d'imprimeur 31129, sur les presses de l'imprimerie Hérissey.