1st Parliament of the Province of Canada

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The 1st Parliament of the Province of Canada was in session from June 15, 1841, to 1843. Elections for the Legislative Assembly were held in the Province of Canada in April 1841. All sessions were held at Kingston, Canada West.

In 1841, the District Councils Act was passed which established a system of local government in Canada West based on district councils. Prior to 1841, local affairs were dealt with by the District Court of Quarter Sessions.

There were 41 seats in the Legislature of Canada East and 42 in Canada West.

The Speaker of this parliament was Austin Cuvillier.

Canada East[edit]

Riding Member Party
Beauharnois John William Dunscomb [1] Conservative
Edward Gibbon Wakefield (1842) Independent
Bellechasse Augustin-Guillaume Ruel [2] Patriote
Abraham Turgeon (1842) Patriote
Berthier David Morrison Armstrong Patriote
Bonaventure John Robinson Hamilton Independent
Chambly John Yule [3] Conservative
Louis Lacoste (1843) Patriote
Champlain René-Joseph Kimber [4] Patriote
Henry Judah (1843) Liberal
Deux-Montagnes Colin Robertson [5] Conservative
Charles John Forbes (1842) Conservative
Dorchester Antoine-Charles Taschereau Patriote
Drummond Robert Nugent Watts Conservative
Gaspé Robert Christie Independent
Huntingdon Austin Cuvillier Patriote
Kamouraska Amable Berthelot Patriote
Leinster Jean-Moïse Raymond [6] Patriote
Jacob De Witt (1842) Patriote
L'Islet Étienne-Paschal Taché Patriote
Lotbinière Jean-Baptiste-Isaïe Noël Patriote
Mégantic Dominick Daly Conservative
Missisquoi Robert Jones Conservative
Montmorency Frédéric-Auguste Quesnel Patriote
Montreal Benjamin Holmes Conservative
Montreal George Moffatt [7] Conservative
Pierre Beaubien (1843) Patriote
Montreal (county) Alexandre-Maurice Delisle [8] Conservative
André Jobin (1843) Reform
Nicolet Augustin-Norbert Morin [9] Patriote
Louis-Michel Viger (1842) Patriote
Ottawa Charles Dewey Day [10] Conservative
Denis-Benjamin Papineau (1842) Reformer
Portneuf Thomas Cushing Aylwin Patriote
Quebec County John Neilson Reformer
Quebec City David Burnet [11] Independent
Jean Chabot (1843) Patriote
Quebec City Henry Black Conservative
Richelieu Denis-Benjamin Viger Patriote
Rimouski Michel Borne [12] Patriote
Robert Baldwin (1843) Reformer
Rouville Melchior-Alphonse de Salaberry [13] Conservative
William Walker (1842) [14] Conservative
Timothée Franchère (1843) Patriote
Saguenay Étienne Parent [15] Patriote
Augustin-Norbert Morin Patriote
Saint-Hyacinthe Thomas Boutillier Patriote
Saint-Maurice Joseph-Édouard Turcotte Patriote
Shefford Sewell Foster Conservative
Sherbrooke Edward Hale Conservative
Sherbrooke (county) John Moore Conservative
Stanstead Marcus Child Conservative
Terrebonne Michael McCulloch Conservative
Trois-Rivières Charles Richard Ogden Conservative
Vaudreuil John Simpson Conservative
Verchères Henri Desrivières [16] Patriote
James Leslie Patriote
Yamaska Joseph-Guillaume Barthe Patriote


Canada West[edit]

Riding Member Party
Brockville George Sherwood Tory
Bytown Stewart Derbishire Conservative
Carleton James Johnston Reformer
Cornwall Solomon Yeomans Chesley Conservative
Dundas John Cook
Durham John Tucker Williams Tory
Essex John Prince
Frontenac Henry Smith, Jr Conservative
Glengarry John Sandfield Macdonald Reformer
Grenville Samuel Crane Reformer
Haldimand David Thompson Reformer
East Halton Caleb Hopkins Reformer
West Halton James Durand, Jr. Reformer
Hamilton Allan Napier MacNab Conservative
Hastings Robert Baldwin [17] Reformer
Edmund Murney (1842) Conservative
Huron James McGill Strachan [18] Conservative
William Dunlop Conservative
Kent Joseph Woods Conservative
Kingston Anthony Manahan [19] Conservative
Samuel Bealey Harrison (1841) Reformer
Lanark Malcolm Cameron Reformer
Leeds James Morris Reformer
Lennox & Addington John Solomon Cartwright Conservative
North Lincoln County William Hamilton Merritt Reformer
South Lincoln David Thorburn
London Hamilton Hartley Killaly [20]
Lawrence Lawrason (1844)
Middlesex Thomas Parke Reformer
Niagara (town) Edward C. Campbell[21]
Henry John Boulton (1842) Independent
Norfolk Israel Wood Powell
North Northumberland John Gilchrist Reformer
South Northumberland George Boswell
Oxford Francis Hincks Reformer
Prescott Donald Macdonald
Prince Edward John Philip Roblin Reformer
Russell William Henry Draper[22] Conservative
William Stewart (1843) Conservative
Simcoe Elmes Yelverton Steele Reformer
Stormont Alexander McLean Conservative
Toronto Isaac Buchanan[23] Reformer
Henry Sherwood (1843) Conservative
Toronto John Henry Dunn Reformer
Wentworth Harmannus Smith
1st York James Hervey Price
2nd York George Duggan Conservative
3rd York James Edward Small Reformer
4th York Louis Hippolyte LaFontaine[24] Reformer


Preceded by:
13th Parliament of Upper Canada
Parliaments in the Province of Canada
Succeeded by:
2nd Parliament of the Province of Canada
Preceded by:
15th Parliament of Lower Canada


  1. ^ resigned in October 1842; Edward Gibbon Wakefield was elected in a by-election in November 1842.
  2. ^ resigned in January 1842 to accept an appointment; Abraham Turgeon was elected to the seat in a by-election in June 1842.
  3. ^ resigned in 1843; Louis Lacoste was elected in a by-election.
  4. ^ resigned his seat to accept an appointment to the Legislative Council; Henry Judah was elected in a by-election in September 1843.
  5. ^ died in 1842; Charles John Forbes was elected in a by-election in April 1842.
  6. ^ resigned to accept an appointment; Jacob De Witt won the seat in a by-election in August 1842.
  7. ^ resigned in October 1843; Pierre Beaubien was elected to the seat in November 1843.
  8. ^ resigned his seat to accept an appointment; André Jobin was elected in a by-election in October 1843.
  9. ^ resigned in January 1842 to accept a post as judge; Louis-Michel Viger was elected in a by-election in February 1842.
  10. ^ accepted an appointment to the Court of Queen's Bench; Denis-Benjamin Papineau was elected to the seat in a by-election.
  11. ^ resigned in August 1843 after declaring bankruptcy; Jean Chabot was elected in a by-election in September 1843.
  12. ^ resigned his seat in December 1842 to allow Robert Baldwin, who had been defeated in a by-election, to run for his seat in 1843.
  13. ^ accepted an appointment in 1842; William Walker was elected in a by-election held in July 1842.
  14. ^ resigned in August 1843 due to illness; Timothée Franchère was elected in a by-election in September 1843.
  15. ^ resigned his seat for an appointment; Augustin-Norbert Morin was elected in a by-election in November 1842.
  16. ^ resigned in November 1841; James Leslie won the seat in a by-election in December.
  17. ^ lost his seat in a by-election required due to his appointment to cabinet.
  18. ^ The election of James McGill Strachan was protested by William Dunlop, who was awarded the seat.
  19. ^ resigned his seat in 1841 to allow Samuel Bealey Harrison to sit in the assembly.
  20. ^ resigned his seat in 1843; Lawrence Lawrason was elected in a January 1844 by-election.
  21. ^ election declared invalid. Edward C. Campbell was appointed judge. Henry John Boulton was elected in a September 1842 by-election
  22. ^ appointed to the Legislative Council; William Stewart was elected in a by-election held in 1843.
  23. ^ resigned in 1843 and was replaced by Henry Sherwood in a by-election held in March 1843.
  24. ^ Robert Baldwin was elected in both Hastings and 4th York; Louis Hippolyte LaFontaine was elected in a by-election in 4th York.

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