1st Philippine Legislature

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The First Philippine Legislature was the first session of the Philippine Legislature, the first representative legislature of the Philippines. Then known as the Philippine Islands, the Philippines under the sovereign control of the United States through the Insular Government. The Philippine Legislature consisted of an appointed upper house, the Philippine Commission and an elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly. These bodies were the predecessors of the Philippine Senate and Philippine House of the Philippine Congress.

Sessions[edit]

  • Inaugural Regular Session: October 16, 1907 – February 1, 1908
  • First Regular Session: February 3, 1908 – May 21, 1908
  • First Special Session: May 22 – June 19, 1908
  • Second Regular Session: February 1 – May 20, 1909

Legislation[edit]

The First Philippine Legislature passed a total of 170 laws (Act Nos. 1801-1970)

Major legislation[edit]

  • Act No. 1801 — Gabaldon Act

Leadership[edit]

Philippine Commission[edit]

  • Governor-General:
James Francis Smith
William Cameron Forbes, appointed on November 11, 1909[1]

Philippine Assembly[edit]

Members[edit]

Philippine Commission[edit]

Filipino Members
Gregorio S. Araneta
Benito Legarda 1
Jose de Luzuriaga
Rafael Palma
Trinidad Pardo de Tavera 2
Juan Sumulong
^1 Resigned on December 21, 1907.
^2 Resigned on March 1, 1909.
American Members
Frank A. Branagan
William Cameron Forbes
Newton W. Gilbert
James Francis Smith 1
William Morgan Shuster
Dean C. Worcester
^1 Resigned on November 11, 1909.

Philippine Assembly[edit]

Province District Representative Party
Albay
1st
Tomas Almonte Nacionalista
2nd
Carlos A. Imperial Progresista
3rd
Angel Roco Progresista
Ambos Camarines
1st
Tomas N. Arejola Nacionalista
2nd
Manuel Rey Nacionalista
3rd
Francisco Alvarez Nacionalista
Antique
Lone
Pedro V. Jimenez Progresista
Bataan
Lone
Jose M. Lerma Nacionalista
Batangas
1st
Felipe Agoncillo Independista
2nd
Eusebio Orense Nacionalista
3rd
Gregorio Katigbak Nacionalista
Bohol
1st
Candelario Borja Nacionalista
2nd
Jose A. Clarin Nacionalista
3rd
Eustaquio Boyles Nacionalista
Bulacan
1st
Aguedo Velarde Nacionalista
2nd
Leon Ma. Guerrero Nacionalista
Cagayan
1st
Pablo Guzman Progresista
2nd
Gabriel Lasam Progresista
Capiz
1st
Eugenio Picazo Nacionalista
2nd
Jose Altavas Nacionalista
3rd
Simeon Mobo Nacionalista
Cavite
Lone
Rafael Palma 1 Nacionalista
Emiliano Tria Tirona 2 Nacionalista
Cebu
1st
Celestino Rodriguez Nacionalista
2nd
Sergio Osmeña Nacionalista
3rd
Filemon Sotto Nacionalista
4th
Alejandro Ruiz Nacionalista
5th
Troadio Galicano Nacionalista
6th
Casiano Causing Nacionalista
7th
Pedro Rodriguez Nacionalista
Ilocos Norte
1st
Ireneo Javier Nacionalista
2nd
Baldomero Pobre Nacionalista
Ilocos Sur
1st
Vicente Singson Encarnacion Progresista
2nd
Maximino Mina Nacionalista
3rd
Juan Villamor Nacionalista
Iloilo
1st
Amando Avanceña Nacionalista
2nd
Nicolas Jalandoni Nacionalista
3rd
Salvador Laguda Progresista
4th
Adriano Hernandez Nacionalista
5th
Regino Dorillo Progresista
Isabela
Lone
Nicasio Claravall 3 Progresista
Dimas Guzman 4 Nacionalista
La Union
1st
Andres Asprer Nacionalista
2nd
Francisco Zandueta Progresista
Laguna
1st
Pedro A. Paterno Nacionalista
2nd
Crispin Oben Nacionalista
Leyte
1st
Quiremon Alkuino Nacionalista
2nd
Salvador K. Demeterio Nacionalista
3rd
Florentino Peñaranda Nacionalista
4th
Jaime C. de Veyra Nacionalista
Manila*
1st
Dominador Gomez 5 Nacionalista
Justo Lukban 6 Nacionalista
2nd
Fernando Ma. Guerrero Nacionalista
Mindoro
Lone
Macario Adriatico Nacionalista
Misamis
1st
Carlos Corrales Independista
2nd
Manuel Corrales Independista
Negros Occidental
1st
Antonio Jayme Nacionalista
2nd
Dionisio Mapa Nacionalista
3rd
Agustin Montilla Progresista
Negros Oriental
1st
Leopoldo Rovira Progresista
2nd
Vicente Locsin Progresista
Nueva Ecija
Lone
Isauro Gabaldon Nacionalista
Palawan
Lone
Santiago M. Patero Progresista
Pampanga
1st
Monico R. Mercado Nacionalista
2nd
Marcelino Aguas Nacionalista
Pangasinan
1st
Nicanor Padilla Independista
2nd
Deogracias Reyes Nacionalista
3rd
Juan Alvear Nacionalista
4th
Lorenzo Fenoy Nacionalista
5th
Matias Gonzales Independista
Rizal
1st
Cayetano Lukban Nacionalista
2nd
Bartolome Revilla Nacionalista
Samar
1st
Honorio Rosales Nacionalista
2nd
Luciano Sinko Nacionalista
3rd
Eugenio D. Daza Nacionalista
Sorsogon
1st
Vicente de Vera Nacionalista
2nd
Pedro Chavez Nacionalista
Surigao
Lone
Francisco Soriano Progresista
Tarlac
1st
Melecio Cojuangco 7 Progresista
2nd
Aurelio Pineda Progresista
Tayabas
1st
Manuel L. Quezon 8 Nacionalista
2nd
Emiliano A. Gala Nacionalista
Zambales
Lone
Alberto Barretto Nacionalista
* Capital city
^1 Appointed as a member of the Philippine Commission on July 1, 1908.
^2 Won the special election held on January 19, 1909.
^3 Unseated by the Assembly.
^4 Replaced Nicasio Claravall on January 20, 1908 and died in 1909.
^5 The votes he obtained were annulled on June 18, 1908.
^6 Won the special election held on August 11, 1908.
^7 Died in 1909.
^8 Elected as the Resident Commissioner to Washington on May 15, 1909.

Source: Philippine Assembly (1908). Official Directory of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]