1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery

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For the predecessor unit, see I Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery.
1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
Active 11 May 1938 – present
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Role Field artillery
Size 5 Batteries
Part of 1st Artillery Brigade
Garrison/HQ Tidworth, Wiltshire
Nickname(s) The South Yorks & Midland Gunners
Equipment AS-90 self-propelled guns
Timothy Granville-Chapman

1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Horse Artillery in the British Army. It currently serves in the armoured field artillery role, and is equipped with the AS-90 self-propelled gun and GMLRS Guided Multi Launch Rocket System. They are currently based in Assaye Barracks in Tidworth Camp and Albemarle Station in Newcastle.



  • 1938 – Although some of the Batteries had existed for 145 years, 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery were formed at Bulford Camp on 1 May 1938.

Second World War[edit]

  • 1940 – The Regiment arrived with the Middle East Command in October 1940 and took a large part in Wavell's Campaign which opened on 9 December 1940. The most notable actions were those during the Siege of Tobruk and all the batteries fought during the fierce fighting just before El Alamein and then the First and Second Battles of El Alamein itself. After battle the Regiment was withdrawn to refit, and took no further part in the war in the Western Desert Campaign

1st RHA then joined 10 Armd Division in Aleppo and spent the next year training all over Syria, Palestine and the Suez Canal Zone. 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery then landed in Italy from Palestine in May 1944 at Taranto, and were in action south of Rome on 15 May 1944 and thereafter played a full part in the remainder of the Italian Campaign and finished the war in Italy

Cold War[edit]

The regiment saw service as follows:[1]

Main article: Aden_Emergency
  • 1965 – 1st RHA deployed to Aden with three batteries (each split into three independent 2 gun sections), where they supported British battalions in the Radfan, and South Arabian battalions on the Yemeni border. The third battery was based at BP Camp in Little Aden, where they carried out internal security duties during the Aden Emergency. All three batteries rotated, and during 21 months in Aden, 1st RHA fired over 23,000 rounds in over 200 operations, supporting seven British and six Arab battalions, and suffered nearly 50 casualties.

Recent and current conflicts[edit]

Deployments continued as follows:[1]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Main article: Operation Banner

Persian Gulf War[edit]

Main article: Operation GRANBY
  • 1990 – Elements of 1 RHA were attached to 40 Field Regiment RA to bring them up to war establishment for the duration of Op Granby
  • 1992 – 1st RHA moved to Assaye Barracks in Tidworth in preparation for the AS-90 Self-propelled artillery.

Balkan Wars[edit]

  • 1996 – 1st RHA deployed with IFOR to Bosnia
  • 1998 – 1st RHA deployed with SFOR to Bosnia
  • 1999 – 1st RHA (BBty tac group) deployed with the NATO led force in Kosovo
  • 2000 - E Battery Royal Horse Artillery deployed to Kosovo (Podujevo) and Bosnia (Sanski Most) with 19 Regt RA as part of the first British Pan-Balkan Artillery Regiment.
  • 2000The Chestnut Troop deployed to Sanski Most, Bosnia; whilst L/N Battery and elements of O/Hq Bty deployed to Kosovo
  • 2002 – 1st RHA sent B Battery to Šipovo in Bosnia as the UK Artillery Battery; whist A Battery deployed with the QRL to Kosovo.

Operation TELIC in Iraq[edit]

Main article: Operation Telic

Future role[edit]

Under Army 2020, the regiment will move to Larkhill.[2]


The batteries are as follows:[3]

  • A Battery (The Chestnut Troop) – Equipped with AS-90 self-propelled gun and based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth Camp
  • B Battery – Equipped with AS-90 self-propelled gun and based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth Camp
  • E Battery – Equipped with AS-90 self-propelled gun and based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth
  • H Battery - Equipped with GMLRS Guided Multi Launch Rocket System and based at Albemarle Barracks, Newcastle. with the TAC group based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth.
  • L (Néry) Battery – OP(Observation Post) Battery, and based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth
  • O Battery (The Rocket Troop) – Headquarters Battery based at Assaye Barracks in Tidworth
  • REME Workshops

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Army 2020" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Battery Histories". Retrieved 10 May 2014. 

External links[edit]