1st millennium BCE in North American history
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The 1st millennium BCE in North American history provides a timeline of events occurring within the North American continent from 1000 BCE through 1 BCE in the Gregorian calendar. This time period (from 1000 BCE–1 BCE) is known as the Post-archaic period (Post-archaic stage) and specifically the Early Woodland Period in the Eastern Woodlands. Although this timeline segment may include some European or other world events that profoundly influenced later American life, it focuses on developments within Native American communities. The archaeological records supplements indigenous recorded and oral history.
Because of the inaccuracies inherent in radiocarbon dating and in interpreting other elements of the archaeological record, most dates in this timeline represent approximations that may vary a century or more from source to source. The assumptions implicit in archaeological dating methods also may yield a general bias in the dating in this timeline.
List of events
- 1000 BCE–800 CE: The Norton tradition develops in the Western Arctic along the Alaskan shore of the Bering Strait
- 1000 BCE: Athapaskan-speaking natives arrive in Alaska and western Canada, possibly from Siberia.
- 1000 BCE: Pottery making widespread in the Eastern Woodlands.
- 1000 BCE–100 CE: Adena culture takes form in the Ohio River valley, carving fine stone pipes placed with their dead in gigantic burial mounds.
- 500–1 BCE: Basketmaker phase of early Ancestral Pueblo culture begins in the American Southwest.
- 300 BCE: Mogollon people, possibly descended from the Cochise tradition, appear in southeast Arizona and southwest New Mexico.
- 200 BCE–500 CE: The Hopewell tradition begins flourishing in much of the East, with copper mining centered in the Great Lakes region.
- 1 BCE: Some central and eastern prairie peoples learned to raise crops and shape pottery from the mound builders to their east.
- "North America, 1000 b.c.–1 a.d." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. (retrieved 19 June 2011)
|Pre-Columbian civilizations and cultures|
|Americas||Paleo-Indians · Genetic history · Archaeology of the Americas · Indigenous peoples of the Americas|
|North America||North American pre-Columbian cultures – Caddoan Mississippian – Chichimeca – Hopewell tradition – Coles Creek – Fremont – Marksville – Mississippian – Mogollon – Plaquemine – Plum Bayou – Poverty Point – Troyville – Weeden Island|
|Mesoamerica||Mesoamerican pre-Columbian chronology – Capacha – Cholula – Coclé – Epi-Olmec – Huastec – Izapa – Mezcala – Mixtec – Olmec – Pipil – Quelepa – Shaft tomb tradition – Teuchitlan – Purépecha – Teotihuacan – Tlatilco – Tlaxcaltec – Toltec – Totonac – Veracruz – Xochipala – Zapotec|
|South America||South American Indigenous people – Pre-Columbian chronology – Cañaris – Chachapoya – Chancay – Chavín – Chimú – El Abra – Hydraulic culture of mounds (Bolivia) – Las Vegas – Lima – La Tolita (Tumaco) – Manteño-Guancavilca – Mapuche – Moche – Mollo – Muisca (Chibchas) – Nariño – Nazca – Norte Chico – Quimbaya – San Agustín – Shuar – Sican – Taino – Tairona – Tiwanaku – Tierradentro – Valdivia – Wari|
|Aztec||Maya civilization||Inca Empire – Andean civilizations|
|Writing||Aztec writing||Maya script||Quipu|
|Religion||Aztec religion||Maya religion||Inca religion|
|Mythology||Aztec mythology||Maya mythology||Inca mythology|
|Calendar||Aztec calendar||Maya calendar|
|Society||Aztec society||Maya society||Inca society|
|Infrastructure||Chinampas||Maya architecture||Inca architecture (road system)
|History||Aztec history||Inca history
|K'inich Janaab' Pakal
Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil
Jasaw Chan K'awiil I
Manco Inca Yupanqui
Túpac Amaru II
|Conquest||Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
|Spanish conquest of the Maya
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
(Francisco de Montejo)
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
(Pedro de Alvarado)
|Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
|Portal:Indigenous peoples of North America – Portal:Mesoamerica – Columbian Exchange – Mesoamerican writing systems – Native American cuisine – Native American pottery – Population history of the indigenous peoples of the Americas – Pre‑Columbian art – Painting in the Americas before colonization|