3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||121.18 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||11.45 °C (52.61 °F; 284.60 K)|
|Boiling point||215 °C (419 °F; 488 K)|
Refractive index (nD)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
2,6-Xylidine is an aniline derivative with the chemical formula (CH3)2C6H3NH2. It is an isomer of 2,4-xylidine and 3,4-xylidine. It is a colourless liquid although commercial samples can appear to be yellow or even red.
Production and reactions
Many xylidines are prepared by nitration of a xylene followed by hydrogenation of the nitroaromatic, but this approach is not efficient for this isomer. Instead, it is prepared from by treatment of the related xylenol with ammonia in the presence of oxide catalysts.
- M. Meyer "Xylidines" in Ullmann's Encylclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2012. doi:10.1002/14356007.a28_455
- Ison, Elon A.; Ison, Ana (2012). "Synthesis of Well-Defined CopperN-Heterocyclic Carbene Complexes and Their Use as Catalysts for a "Click Reaction": A Multistep Experiment That Emphasizes the Role of Catalysis in Green Chemistry". Journal of Chemical Education. 89 (12): 1575. Bibcode:2012JChEd..89.1575I. doi:10.1021/ed300243s.