2-Ethoxyethanol

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2-Ethoxyethanol
2-Ethoxyethanol
Names
IUPAC name
2-ethoxyethanol
Other names
Cellosolve
ethylene glycol ethyl ether
oxitol
Ethyl Cellosolve
EGEE
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
1098271
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.459
EC Number 203-804-1
82142
KEGG
RTECS number KK8050000
UNII
UN number 1171
Properties
C4H10O2
Molar mass 90.122 g·mol−1
Appearance clear liquid
Odor sweet, ether-like
Density 0.930 g/cm3, liquid
Melting point −70 °C (−94 °F; 203 K)
Boiling point 135 °C (275 °F; 408 K)
miscible
Vapor pressure 4 mmHg (20°C)[1]
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R10, R20/21/22,
R60, R61
S-phrases (outdated) S53, S45
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuelHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity (yellow): no hazard codeSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
2
2
Flash point 44 °C (111 °F; 317 K)
Explosive limits 1.7%-15.6%[1]
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
2451 mg/kg (mouse, oral)
2125 mg/kg (rat, oral)[2]
2000 ppm (rat, 7 hr)
1820 ppm (mouse, 7 hr)[2]
3000 ppm (guinea pig, 24 hr)[2]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 200 ppm (740 mg/m3) [skin][1]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 0.5 ppm (1.8 mg/m3) [skin][1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
500 ppm[1]
Related compounds
Related ethers
2-Propoxyethanol
2-Butoxyethanol
Related compounds
Ethylene glycol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

2-Ethoxyethanol, also known by the trademark Cellosolve or ethyl cellosolve, is a solvent used widely in commercial and industrial applications. It is a clear, colorless, nearly odorless liquid that is miscible with water, ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, and ethyl acetate.[3]

2-Ethoxyethanol can be manufactured by the reaction of ethylene oxide with ethanol.

As with other glycol ethers, 2-ethoxyethanol has the useful property of being able to dissolve chemically diverse compounds. It will dissolve oils, resins, grease, waxes, nitrocellulose, and lacquers.[3] This is an ideal property as a multi-purpose cleaner, and, therefore, 2-ethoxyethanol is used in products, such as varnish removers and degreasing solutions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0258". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  2. ^ a b c "2-Ethoxyethanol". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Concentrations (IDLH). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  3. ^ a b National Research Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations (1996). Spacecraft maximum allowable concentrations for selected airborne contaminants. National Academies Press. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-309-05478-2. Retrieved 19 February 2012.

External links[edit]