2-Ethoxyethyl acetate

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2-Ethoxyethyl acetate
2-ethoxyethylacetaat t.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Ethoxyethyl acetate
Other names
Ethyglycol acetate; Ethylene glycol mono ethyl ether acetate; 2-EEA; Ethoxyethanol acetate; EGA; Cellosolve acetate; Ethoxol acetate; Oxidol acetate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.491 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 203-839-2
RTECS number
  • KK8225000
UNII
UN number 1172
  • InChI=1S/C6H12O3/c1-3-8-4-5-9-6(2)7/h3-5H2,1-2H3
    Key: SVONRAPFKPVNKG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CCOCCOC(=O)C
Properties
C6H12O3
Molar mass 132.159 g·mol−1
Density 0.973 (20 °C)
Melting point < -62 °C
Boiling point 156 °C (313 °F; 429 K)
229 g/L (20 °C)
Vapor pressure 270 Pa (20 °C)
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Exclamation markGHS08: Health hazard
Danger
H226, H302, H312, H332, H360
P201, P280, P308, P313
Flash point 51 °C (124 °F; 324 K)
380 °C (716 °F; 653 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH2OCH2CH2O2CCH3. It is the ester of ethoxyethanol and acetic acid. A colorless liquid, it is partially soluble in water.[1]

Properties[edit]

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate is a liquid at room temperature that is used as a solvent. It can be absorbed through inhalation, ingestion, and dermally and should be avoided. It may form an explosive mixture with air. It is also incompatible with strong acids, strong alkalis and nitrates. It may form unstable peroxides and it can soften many plastics, attack plastics, rubber and coatings.[2][3]

Uses[edit]

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate has been used to dissolve polyester and short oil alkyd resins.[4] It has also been used in coatings, dyes, insecticides, soaps and cosmetics.[5] It is also a solvent for nitro-cellulose and is being used for the same applications as ethyl glycol[4][6]

In automobile lacquers it has been used to reduce evaporation and to impart a high gloss.[7]

Metabolism[edit]

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate is rapidly metabolized to 2-ethoxyethanol in the blood via hydrolysis. Then, 2-ethoxyethanol is metabolized, mainly by alcohol dehydrogenase, to 2-ethoxyacetaldehyde, which is further metabolized by aldehyde dehydrogenase to 2-ethoxyacetic acid (2-EAA) in the liver. These two compounds are the likely active metabolites, which are thought to be involved in some of the toxic effects. Also in the liver, ethylene glycol is produced.[8][9][10] All this reactions belong to the phase I of the biotransformation process. In rats, EAA can be conjugated with glycine or may suffer O-deethylated. After this, it can be metabolized to carbon dioxide. An extra pathway in these animals involves microsomal P450 mixed function oxidases, with deethylation producing acetaldehyde and ethylene glycol.[9]

Safety[edit]

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate can cause a slight skin and eye irritation after exposure.[6] High exposure can lead to kidney damage and paralysis.[11] In animals, reproductive and teratogenic effects have been observed.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ketting J. "Ethyl Glycol Acetate - KH Chemicals". KH Chemicals. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  2. ^ Pohanish RP (2017-06-05). Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens. William Andrew. ISBN 978-0-323-38969-3.
  3. ^ 2-Ethoxyethyl acetate: Summary Risk Assessment (Report). European Chemicals Agency. 2008.
  4. ^ a b JETLAG. "Ethyl glycol acetate - Coating Terms - Kansai Altan". www.kansaialtan.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  5. ^ Guest D, Hamilton ML, Deisinger PJ, DiVincenzo GD (August 1984). "Pulmonary and percutaneous absorption of 2-propoxyethyl acetate and 2-ethoxyethyl acetate in beagle dogs". Environmental Health Perspectives. 57: 177–83. doi:10.2307/3429914. JSTOR 3429914. PMC 1568274. PMID 6499802.
  6. ^ a b Proctor NH, Hughes JP, Hathaway GJ (2004). Proctor and Hughes' Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-26883-3.
  7. ^ Montgomery JH (2010-12-12). Groundwater Chemicals Desk Reference, 3rd Edition. CRC Press. ISBN 9781420032765.
  8. ^ "Chemical Sampling Information | 2-Ethoxyethyl acetate". www.osha.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  9. ^ a b "Selected Alkoxyethanols: 2-Ethoxyethanol and 2-Eropoxyethanol" (PDF). Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 67. World Health Organization. 2009.
  10. ^ Gargas ML, Tyler TR, Sweeney LM, Corley RA, Weitz KK, Mast TJ, Paustenbach DJ, Hays SM (May 2000). "A toxicokinetic study of inhaled ethylene glycol ethyl ether acetate and validation of a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for rat and human". Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 165 (1): 63–73. doi:10.1006/taap.2000.8927. PMID 10814554. S2CID 12036787.
  11. ^ a b "2-Ethoxyethyl acetate". NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.