2-Methylfuran

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2-Methylfuran
Skeletal formula
Ball-and-stick model
Names
IUPAC name
2-Methylfuran
Identifiers
534-22-5 YesY
ChemSpider 10340 YesY
EC number 208-594-5
Jmol-3D images Image
Image
PubChem 10797
Properties
C5H6O
Molar mass 82.10 g/mol
Appearance Colorless to pale yellow/green liquid
Density 0.927 g/mL
Boiling point 63 to 66 °C (145 to 151 °F; 336 to 339 K)
3000 mg/L (20 °C)
Solubility in ethanol Soluble
Hazards
Main hazards Very flammable, harmful
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point −22 °C; −8 °F; 251 K
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

2-Methylfuran is a flammable, water-insoluble liquid[1] with a chocolate odor, found naturally in Myrtle and Dutch Lavender[2] used as a FEMA GRAS flavoring substance,[3] with the potential for use in alternative fuels.

Manufacture[edit]

2-Methylfuran is an article of commerce (chemical intermediate) and is normally manufactured by catalytic hydrogenolyis of furfuryl alcohol or via a hydrogenation-hydrogenolysis sequence from furfural in the vapor phase.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kenneth Barbalace. "Chemical Database - 2-Methylfuran. EnvironmentalChemistry.com. 1995 - 2008. Accessed on-line: 8/26/2008". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  2. ^ Jim Duke. "Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database] 26 August 2008. 2-METHYL-FURAN". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  3. ^ "2-methyl furan". The Good Scents Company. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  4. ^ L. W. Burnette, et al., "Production of 2-Methylfuran by Vapor Phase Hydrogenation of Furfural" Industrial and engineering Chemistry, V40, P502-505 (1948).

External links[edit]