2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde hydrolase

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2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde hydrolase
EC no.
CAS no.54004-61-4
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde hydrolase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde + H2O formate + 2-oxopent-4-enoate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde and H2O, whereas its two products are formate and 2-oxopent-4-enoate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on carbon-carbon bonds in ketonic substances. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde formylhydrolase. Other names in common use include 2-hydroxy-6-oxohepta-2,4-dienoate hydrolase, 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde hydrolase, HMSH, and HOD hydrolase. This enzyme participates in 5 metabolic pathways: benzoate degradation via hydroxylation, toluene and xylene degradation, 1,4-dichlorobenzene degradation, carbazole degradation, and styrene degradation.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 10 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1IUN, 1IUO, 1IUP, 1UK6, 1UK7, 1UK8, 1UK9, 1UKA, 1UKB, and 2D0D.


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  • Sala-Trepat JM, Evans WC (1971). "The meta cleavage of catechol by Azotobacter species 4-Oxalocrotonate pathway". Eur. J. Biochem. 20 (3): 400–13. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1971.tb01406.x. PMID 4325686.