2000 European Grand Prix
|2000 European Grand Prix|
|Race 6 of 17 in the 2000 Formula One World Championship|
The Nürburgring (last modified in 1995)
|Date||21 May 2000|
|Official name||XLIV Warsteiner Grand Prix d'Europe|
|Location||Nürburgring, Nürburg, Germany|
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.556 km (2.831 mi)|
|Distance||67 laps, 305.252 km (189.675 mi)|
|Weather||Dry at first, rain later on, Air: 11 °C (52 °F), Track: 12 °C (54 °F)|
|Time||1:22.269 on lap 8|
The 2000 European Grand Prix (offically the XLIV Warsteiner Grand Prix d'Europe) was a Formula One motor race held on 21 May 2000 at the Nürburgring in the German town of Nürburg in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. 142,000 spectators attended the event. It was the sixth round of the 2000 Formula One World Championship and the ninth edition of the event as a standalone race. The 67-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher after starting from second place. Mika Häkkinen of the McLaren team finished in second and his teammate David Coulthard was third.
Although Coulthard won the ninth pole position of his career by recording the fastest lap in qualifying, his teammate Häkkinen made a fast getaway from third to take the lead into the first corner. He led the first ten laps until Michael Schumacher overtook him on lap 11. Heavy rain on lap 12 prompted the entire field to make pit stops and switch from the dry compound tyres to the wet-weather tyres. Michael Schumacher continued to lead until his second pit stop on lap 36, handing the position to Häkkinen for the following nine laps, after which the Ferrari driver regained the position. Michael Schumacher won the race, with Häkkinen 13.822 seconds behind in second, and Coulthard one lap adrift in third. It was Schumacher's second victory at the Nürburgring, his fourth of the season, and the 39th of his career.
Due to the result of the race, Michael Schumacher extended his advantage over Häkkinen at the top of the Drivers' Championship to 18 points. Coulthard remained in third place and he increased the gap by one points over the second Ferrari of Rubens Barrichello in fourth. In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari increased their lead to ten points ahead of the second-placed McLaren. Williams remained in third although the team scored no points while Benetton moved ahead of Jordan in the battle for fourth with eleven races left in the season.
The 2000 European Grand Prix was the sixth of seventeen scheduled single seater races of the 2000 Formula One World Championship and the ninth edition of the event as part of the series. It was held at the 13-turn 4.556 km (2.831 mi) Nürburgring in the German town of Nürburg in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate on 21 May 2000. Tyre supplier Bridgestone brought four types to tyre to the race: two dry compounds, the Soft and the Extra Soft compounds, and two wet-weather compounds (the soft and the hard rain tyres).
Going into the race, Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher led the Drivers' Championship with 36 points. His nearest rival was McLaren's Mika Häkkinen in second with 22 points and his teammate David Coulthard was a further two points behind in third. Rubens Barrichello in the second Ferrari was fourth with 13 points and Ralf Schumacher of the Williams team rounded out the top five with 12 points. In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari (with 49 points) held a seven-point lead over McLaren in second. With 15 points, Williams stood in third, while Jordan (nine points) and Benetton (eight points) contended for fourth place.
After the Spanish Grand Prix on 7 May 2000, the teams conducted in-season testing to prepare for the event. The McLaren, Sauber, Benetton. Jordan, Arrows, British American Racing (BAR) and Williams outfits opted to test at the Circuito de Jerez between 9 to 11 May. Coulthard missed the test to help him recover from three broken ribs he sustained in a plane crash at Lyon. His teammate Häkkinen was fastest on the first day of running while BAR driver Ricardo Zonta paced the second day's running. Alexander Wurz set the fastest lap on the final day for the Benetton team. The Prost team conducted three days of running at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours with driver Nick Heidfeld to test the AP03's aerodynamic components. Luca Badoer spent three days at the Fiorano Circuit practicing pit stops and testing aerodynamic and mechanical setups of the F1-F2000. Barrichello ran a new engine for the car and performed tyre testing at the Mugello Circuit.
Michael Schumacher won the opening three races of the season and had an healthy advantage over Häkkinen, who had reliability issues in the Australian and Brazilian races. Coulthard then won the British Grand Prix and Hakkinen took the Spanish Grand Prix as Michael Schumacher had sub-par results at both of those races. Häkkinen said that the gap was not extensive considering there were twelve races left in the season and explained that he was better able to handle pressure, "In this sport something weird always happens If I were in Michael's shoes I would be getting a little bit worried at seeing us pick up two wins in a row - more than that, two 1-2 finishes.” His teammate Coulthard said he would not allow a loss of momentum caused by him breaking three of his ribs and hoped that McLaren would finish first and second, "We are slowly chipping away at Michael's lead, but he has had this amazing run of luck and has finished every race in the points this season so it is still going to be difficult. But I am very confident, given my recent results, though it is still hard thinking about those six points I lost in Brazil when I was disqualified."
Some teams made modifications to their cars for the European Grand Prix. Both Ferrari and McLaren fitted a revised aerodynamic package primarily aimed at improving their car's performance in the qualifying session. Ferrari additionally brought its newer-specification of engine called the 049B and installed reduced-size Brembo brake calipers and lighter disc pads. McLaren mounted cooling chimneys on both sides of the MP4-15 to facilitate in the disposal of heat. Williams brought new cast titanium uprights that the team elected not to use at the preceding Spanish Grand Prix. BAR ran its 002s with a newer-specification Honda engine and a revised version of its Xtrac-designed gearbox. Minardi installed a revised specification of front wing to their M02s following the completion of wind tunnel testing on it and the team continued to use a cast titanium transmission in Gastón Mazzacane's car.
Four practice sessions were held before the Sunday race, two each on Friday and Saturday. The Friday morning and afternoon sessions each lasted an hour; the third and fourth sessions, on Saturday morning, lasted 45 minutes each. The Friday practice sessions were held in cool and variable weather conditions. Overnight rain meant the track was wet for the early minutes of the first session and it dried as it progressed. Michael Schumacher was fastest with a time of 1 minute and 21.092 seconds, followed by BAR's Jacques Villeneuve and the two Jordans of Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Jarno Trulli in positions two to four. Barrichello, Coulthard, Zonta, Häkkinen and Pedro Diniz for Sauber rounded out the session's top ten drivers. During his final lap of the session, Häkkinen locked his tyres at the Dunlop Curve corner and got beached in the turn's gravel trap.
Rain fell between the conclusion of the first practice session and the start of the second session. It continued to fall at the north section of the track in the opening minutes of the second practice session before it dried and lap times improved sufficiently in the next 20 minutes. A light fuel load and a new set of tyres on his Williams FW22 meant Jenson Button recorded the day's fastest lap of 1 minute and 19.808 seconds with one minute pf the session remaining. Wurz was 0.440 seconds slower in second. The McLarens of Häkkinen and Coulthard placed third and fourth. Michael Schumacher, Ralf Schumacher, Trulli, Zonta, Heidfeld and Villeneuve followed in the top ten. An engine fault curtailed Ralf Schumacher's running and Giancarlo Fisichella of the Benetton team damaged the left-hand side of his car in an collision with a tyre barrier beside the circuit. Coulthard spun on a kerb at the Veedol chicane.
Weather conditions were cold and overcast for the two practice sessions on Saturday morning. In the third practice session, Michael Schumacher set the fastest lap of 1 minute and 18.527 seconds, ahead of Häkkinen in second and Frentzen was third. Coulthard was fourth-fastest, Pedro de la Rosa of the Arrows team placed fifth and Ralf Schumacher came sixth. Zonta, Villeneuve, Button and Barrichello were in positions seven through ten. Verstappen's running was curtailed after 17 minutes due to smoke bellowing from his engine, and Button clouted the kerbs on the track and heavily damaged his car with a spin against the tyre barrier.
Michael Schumacher did not improve his time though he remained the fastest driver in the fourth practice session. Barrichello in second was driving faster and he finished the session 0.227 seconds slower than his teammate. Häkkinen and Coulthard fell to third and fourth as Frentzen dropped to fifth. Fisichella improved to sixth, as the rest of the top ten ahead of qualifying consisted of Villeneuve, Ralf Schumacher, de la Rosa and Trulli. During the session, Coulthard slid into the gravel trap at turn three though he rejoined the track without any apparent damage. He stopped at the side of the circuit at the Ford Kurve and track marshals extricated his car into an escape road. Marc Gené pirouetted his Minardi at the Castrol-S chicane and Ralf Schumacher drove into the grass after running deep at the Veedol chicane.
Saturday afternoon's qualifying session lasted for an hour. Each driver was limited to twelve laps, with the starting order decided by the drivers' fastest laps. During this session the 107% rule was in effect, requiring each driver to remain within 107% of the fastest lap time to qualify for the race. Sections of the circuit were damp from an earlier rain shower, and more rain was forecast, prompting teams to install the extra soft compound tyres on their cars and drivers ventured onto the track early in qualifying. A heavy rainstorm in the final 25 minutes prevented drivers from improving their lap times due to a slippery track. Coulthard took McLaren's first pole position in the history of the European Grand Prix, his first in Formula One since the 1998 Canadian Grand Prix and the ninth of his career with a lap of 1 minute and 17.529 seconds. He was joined on the grid's front row by Michael Schumacher who recorded a lap 0.138 seconds slower and had the pole position until Coulthard's time and ran wide at the Ford Kurve. This formation continued on the second row with Häkkinen third after not feeling confident in the setup of his car and Barrichello took fourth after driver errors on his first two timed laps. Fifth-placed Ralf Schumacher was caught out by the change in conditions while on a timed lap and went straight on at the Veedol chicane. Trulli, nursing a perforated eardrum, improved in the final minutes for sixth, while Fisichella was delayed by Ralf Schumacher at the Coca-Cola Kurve and took seventh. Jaguar's Eddie Irvine was baulked by one of the Prosts en route to eighth as Villeneuve in ninth could not begin a fourth timed lap before qualifying ended.
Frentzen completed the top ten qualifiers as Jos Verstappen's Arrows slowed his first timed lap. Button was the fastest driver not to qualify in the top ten since he was 1.358 seconds slower than Coulthard. He bemoaned venturing onto the track earlier than planned for his first timed lap and slower traffic baulked him during his final lap. A strategic error by the Arrows team meant de la Rosa was 12th and his teammate Verstappen qualified in 14th. They were separated by the Prost of Heidfeld who fell from ninth to provisional 13th in qualifying's final moments because he did not start a fourth timed lap. Wurz was caught out by the changeable weather conditions and placed 15th. Diniz in 16th mistimed a chance to begin his final timed lap and Johnny Herbert's Jaguar was 17th. Jean Alesi, who took 18th place, switched to the spare Prost setup for his teammate Heidfeld after his race car's electronic management system caused the gearbox to stop working. He spun on the wet track and returned to the pit lane to retake his race car until the gearbox failed. Zonta qualified in 19th because his car's setup slowed him and another driver prevented him from setting his final timed lap because the session ended less than a second before he crossed the start/finish line. Sauber's Mika Salo was another driver who missed the cut-off time to set his final timed lap and was in 20th place. Slower traffic meant Gené qualified no better than 21st while his teammate Mazzacane had the same problem and was the final qualifier in 22nd.
Heidfeld's car was found to be 2 kg (4.4 lb) under the minimum weight limit of 600 kg (1,300 lb) when it was pushed onto the weighbridge during qualifying. The Prost team were summoned to meet the stewards and accepted that the car was underweight. The stewards disqualified Heidfeld from the race under Article 82C of the FIA Formula One Sporting Regulations. No appeal was filed by the Prost team.
- ^1 – Nick Heidfeld was found to have a car 2 kg (4.4 lb) underweight and was barred from competing in the race.
The drivers took to the track at 09:30 Central European Summer Time (UTC+2) for a 30-minute warm-up session in cool and dry weather conditions. All drivers fine-tuned their race set-ups and undertook laps in their spare cars. Michael Schumacher went fastest in the closing seconds of the session with a time of 1 minute and 20.251 seconds. Häkkinen was nine-thousands of a seconds slower in second and Frentzen was third. Barrichello was fourth-fastest, ahead of Verstappen in fifth and Coulthard sixth. De La Rosa was seventh, Villeneuve eighth, Irvine ninth and Trulli completed the top ten ahead of the race. Towards the conclusion of the session, the left rear wheel detached from Fisichella's car and a track marshal retrieved it as it rolled onto the track.
The race was held in front of a crowd of 142,000 from 14:00 local time. Weather conditions at the start were overcast though dry with an 80% chance of rainfall. The air temperature was 11 °C (52 °F) and the track temperature was 12 °C (54 °F). Every driver, except the Ferraris, Villeneuve and Verstappen, began on the soft compound tyre. Coulthard was slow to react while his teammate Häkkinen made a fast getaway to drive in-between Coulthard and Michael Schumacher and move into the lead going into Castrol-S chicane. Villeneuve also made a fast start, moving from ninth to fifth by driving on the left. Ralf Schumacher turned left to draw alongside Villeneuve but the latter held fourth place as Villeneuve went onto the grass. Further down the field, Trulli and Fisichella collided at the Castrol-S chicane, breaking Trulli's left-rear suspension and he stopped at the side of the track to retire. The two Arrows put Frentzen off the track at the same corner and allowing them and Diniz to pass. Going downhill to the Dunlop chicane, Ralf Schumacher attempted to pass on Villeneuve for fifth but the BAR driver defended the position.
At the end of the first lap, Häkkinen led Michael Schumacher by 0.562 seconds, who in turn was 0.998 seconds ahead of Coulthard in third. Barrichello in fourth, was followed by Villeneuve in fifth and Ralf Schumacher in sixth. Michael Schumacher set the fastest lap at the time on lap two, completing a circuit in 1 minute and 22.438 seconds. On the same lap, de la Rosa overtook his teammate Verstappen to move into ninth and Alesi passed Button for 13th. Frentzen retired on lap three with smoke bellowing from the rear of his car due to a piston sealing a gap between the engine's combustion chamber and crankcase breaking off. Upfront, another fastest lap from Michael Schumacher lowered Häkkinen's advantage to 0.489 seconds. Coulthard had a lack of rear-end grip that affected his handling and the fourth-placed Barrichello pressured him. Villeneuve in fifth was distanced by the top four. Overtakes occurred further down the field on lap four. Ralf Schumacher was passed by Fisichella for sixth and de la Rosa overtook Irvine to move into eighth place. Fisichella drew close to Villeneuve in fifth as de la Rosa got ahead of Ralf Schumacher for seventh two laps later.
On the eighth lap, Michael Schumacher set the race's overall fastest lap, a circuit of 1 minute and 22.269 seconds as he utilised less of the racing surface all round the lap than the leader Häkkinen. Villeneuve made a driver error at the Veedol chicane on lap nine, and Fisichella used his better traction and car handling to steer right leaving the turn and pass Villeneuve into the Coca-Cola Kurve. Light rain began to fall on the tenth lap. Cresting a hill to the Veedol chicane on lap 11, Michael Schumacher slipstreamed Häkkinen, and put him wide, making a pass to the left for the lead. Häkkinen began to lose traction and Michael Schumacher opened a lead of four-tenths of a second at the end of the lap. The rain began to increase in intensity on the next lap and the track became slippery. Barrichello achieved a better exit coming out of the Coca-Cola Kurve and he overtook Coulthard for third down the start/finish straight. Further back, Irvine passed Ralf Schumacher at the Veedol chicane to move into eighth and Wurz was overtaken by Alesi for tenth. The rain made teams uncertain whether to stop for the wet-weather tyres though Herbert began the pit stop phase at the end of lap 12.
In clear air, Michael Schumacher extended his lead to more than five seconds over Häkkinen by the 13th lap. Gené spun into the grass and damaged the front wing on the lap for which he entered the pit lane to have it replaced. Coulthard made his first pit stop on the next lap and Michael Schumacher and Häkkinen followed on lap 15. Both of their pit stops were problematic: Michael Schuamcher's refueller discovered that no fuel was inserted into the car for three seconds before resetting the fuel nozzle. Häkkinen's pit crew had difficulty fitting the right-rear wheel on the McLaren and was stationary for an additional ten seconds. Michael Schumacher rejoined the race in front of Coulthard and Häkkinen fell to fifth. Coulthard turned left to attempt an overtake on Michael Schumacher into turn three though the latter responded by blocking Coulthard's path. Barrichello led one lap before his pit stop on lap 16 and Ralf Schumacher followed suit. Because he spent longer on the wet track on the dry compound tyres than his teammate, Barrichello emerged in ninth and Michael Schumacher regained the lead. On the 19th lap, Fisichella drove right to pass de la Rosa going downhill to the Dunlop-Kurve hairpin for fourth and repelled the latter's manoevure to retake the position.
By the 20th lap, Häkkinen was the fastest driver on the track and he reduced the gap to Michael Schumacher by two seconds per lap while his teammate Coulthard lost seven seconds to the Ferrari driver. Coulthard went to the left of the Veedol chicane and allowed his teammate Häkkinen to move into second on the next lap. Although Michael Schumacher lost control of his car at the Veedol chicane on lap 22, he retained the lead. Further back, Barrichello overtook Verstappen, Irvine and Ralf Schumacher to return to fifth place by lap 23. Two laps later, Ralf Schumacher passed Herbert for ninth. On lap 28, Salo's driveshaft failed and he retired through a loss of car control that beached him in a gravel trap. Verstappen overtook Irvine for seventh at the exit to the Coca-Cola Kurve at the end of lap 29. Irvine attempted to retake the position by out-braking Verstappen entering the Castrol-S chicane but he lost rear grip past the apex and slid into the side of Verstappen's car. As Irvine rotated in front of Ralf Schumacher, the latter spun into the rear of the Jaguar. Ralf Schumacher pirouetted into the grass and Irvine's rear wing detached at turn three. The loss of downforce beached Irvine in the gravel trap, while Verstappen spun and crashed heavily against the right-side tyre barrier exiting the Ford Kurve.
Further up the field, Barrichello caught and got past Fisichella into the Veedol chicane to move into fourth on lap 32. He entered the pit lane on the next lap as the technical director of Ferrari Ross Brawn switched Barrichello to a three-stop strategy to better recover positions while on dry tyres on a wet track. Michael Schumacher made a pit stop on lap 35 for enough fuel to finish the race. Häkkinen took the lead on lap 36 as Schumacher emerged in second. He increased the lead to 25.6 seconds by lap 40 since Michael Schumacher had a heavily fuelled car. Three laps later, Alesi overtook Wurz for tenth. Häkkinen and his teammate Coulthard made their final pit stops on lap 45. Both drivers rejoined in second and fifth. With their pit stops complete, Michael Schumacher led Häkkinen by 12.5 seconds with the yet-to-stop de la Rosa third. Villeneuve was called into the pit lane via radio from fifth on lap 46. He was retired because his team detected via telemetry an engine fault related to a valve problem. De La Rosa made his stop on the 48th lap, elevating Barichello to third and Coulthard to fourth. That lap, Gené retired with a failed accelerator throttle.
On lap 49, Button ran into the rear of Herbert's car at the Veedol chicane, creating a hole in the Williams' front wing, although both drivers continued. Barrichello made the race's final pit stop on lap 51. Although he gained seven seconds on Coulthard, the gap was not large enough for Barrichello to retain third and he fell to fourth. Three laps later, Zonta spun into a gravel trap after his rear wheels locked under braking and then beached upon a kerb. On lap 61, Wurz out-braked Button going uphill towards the Veedol chicane for tenth. Entering the Coca-Cola Kurve on the next lap, Wurz went to the right of Herbert, who remained wide to provide Wurz with space to negotiate through. Wurz was 16 km/h (9.9 mph) faster and he collided with Herbert. Both cars pirouetted through 180 degrees into a gravel trap. Wurz retired but Herbert continued until he spun through 180 degrees for a second time before retiring. Their retirements elevated Button to seventh. He remained there until water penetrated the hole in his front wing and caused an electrical fault that cut out the engine on lap 65.
Unhindered in the final 19 laps, Michael Schumacher negotiated his way past slower traffic, and he crossed the start/finish line first after 67 laps in a time of 1 hour, 42 minutes and 0.307 seconds at an average speed of 179.540 km/h (111.561 mph). It was his second victory at the Nürburgring after he won the 1995 race with the Benetton team, his fourth of the season and the 39th of his career. Häkkinen followed 13.822 seconds later in second and his teammate Coulthard was one lap behind in third. Off the podium, Barrichello was close behind Coulthard in fourth, Fisichella took fifth and de la Rosa in sixth registered Arrows' first points-scoring finish of 2000. Outside of the top six finishers, Diniz moved up eight places from his starting position of 15th to finish seventh despite pirouetting three times early in the race. Mazzacane had an untroubled race and progressed from 21st to eighth. Alesi was the final finisher after gearbox problems meant he made four pit stops and he entailed a ten second stop-and-go penalty due to a faulty pit lane speed limiter button on his steering wheel that caused him to violate the pit lane speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph). The attrition rate was high, with nine of the 21 starters finishing the race.
The top three drivers appeared on the podium to collect their trophies and spoke to the media in a later press conference. Michael Schumacher explained that none of the leaders made pit stops on lap 12 because they did not elect to risk knowing that the wet-weather tyres were slower than the slick dry compounds, "We knew [the heavy rain] would come, but nobody had any idea whether it would start then or later. So obviously it was difficult. Then some drivers started to come in for rain tyres, and as soon as we saw they were faster we went straight in too." Häkkinen said his start from third to the lead was one of the best of his career, "[When you're third on the grid] that's the only chance to get through. You can immediately improve your position, and I was happy to do it because the disappointment I had in qualifying was fixed." Coulthard spoke of his feeling that he was fortunate to have finish third and called it "one of my most difficult race" due to a lack of grip at the rear of his car, "But I knew from following other cars myself that visibility was very bad. So I just concentrated on driving my car and waiting to see where I would finish when it was over."
Barrichello said he was disappointed to take fourth because he felt he could have finished on the podium, "Three-stops was definitely the way to make up lost time, but it was very difficult to overtake other cars in the spray. I have been looking forward to a close fought-race for some time now, and maybe I should have been on the podium today." De La Rosa scored his first points of the season and his best finish since the 1999 Australian Grand Prix. The Arrows team owner Tom Walkinshaw said the driver's sixth-place finish would produce "a good foundation for the team to aspire to do better", while de la Rosa stated the result made up a poor start of the season, "We will try now, we will have to do it. I had some very good first laps and was always with the group but not because of drivers going out -- this was just a deserved point." Wurz apologised to Herbert for the collision between the two drivers at the Coca-Cola Kurve in the final laps of the race. Frentzen failed to finish a race at the Nürburgring for the fourth time in his career. He called it "a very disappointing weekend all round" and that "things have just not gone our way – and that is frustrating when you know your car is competitive."
Irvine argued that the three-car collision at the Castrol-S chicane on lap 30 lost him the opportunity to score points and Verstappen echoed similar feelings. Ralf Schumacher said that he had no opportunity to avoid the accident, "I saw the accident coming between Jos and Eddie and I expected them both to slide off onto the inside. But as Irvine's back end moved right in front of me, I had no way of getting out of the way." The new gap between Michael Schumacher and Häkkinen in the Drivers' Championship after the event stood at 18 points in the former's favour. Coulthard was in third place with 24 points and moved a point clear from Barrichello in fourth. Ralf Schumacher remained in fifth with 12 points despite his retirement. In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari moved a further three points in front of McLaren. Williams retained third place while Benetton moved ahead of Jordan in the battle for fourth with eleven races left in the season.
|3||2||David Coulthard||McLaren-Mercedes||66||+1 Lap||1||4|
|4||4||Rubens Barrichello||Ferrari||66||+1 Lap||4||3|
|5||11||Giancarlo Fisichella||Benetton-Playlife||66||+1 Lap||7||2|
|6||18||Pedro de la Rosa||Arrows-Supertec||66||+1 Lap||12||1|
|7||16||Pedro Diniz||Sauber-Petronas||65||+2 Laps||15|
|8||21||Gastón Mazzacane||Minardi-Fondmetal||65||+2 Laps||21|
|9||14||Jean Alesi||Prost-Peugeot||65||+2 Laps||17|
|Ret||23||Ricardo Zonta||BAR-Honda||51||Spun off||18|
|Ret||7||Eddie Irvine||Jaguar-Cosworth||29||Collision/Rear wing||8|
|Ret||19||Jos Verstappen||Arrows-Supertec||29||Spun off/Accident||13|
|Ret||9||Ralf Schumacher||Williams-BMW||29||Collision/Rear wing||5|
Championship standings after the race
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
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2001 European Grand Prix