2000 Tour de France

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2000 Tour de France
Route of the 2000 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2000 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 1–23 July
Stages 21
Distance 3,662 km (2,275 mi)
Winning time 92h 33' 08"
Results
Winner Lance Armstrong none[n 1]
Second  Jan Ullrich (GER) (Team Telekom)
Third  Joseba Beloki (ESP) (Festina)

Points  Erik Zabel (GER) (Team Telekom)
Mountains  Santiago Botero (COL) (Kelme–Costa Blanca)
Youth  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) (Banesto)
Team Kelme–Costa Blanca
1999
2001

The 2000 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 1 to 23 July, and the 87th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.

The Tour started with an individual time trial in Futuroscope (not an official prologue because it was longer than 8 km)[3] and ended, traditionally, in Paris. The distance travelled was 3663 km (counter-clockwise around France). The Tour passed through Switzerland and Germany.

Before the race started, there were several favourites:[4] Armstrong, after his 1999 Tour de France victory; Jan Ullrich, having won the 1997 Tour de France, finishing second in the 1996 and 1998 tours, and not entering the 1999 Tour due to an injury; and 1998 Tour winner Marco Pantani. Richard Virenque finished 8th place in the 1999 Tour despite bad preparation, and for the 2000 edition he was considered an important rider. Fernando Escartín, Bobby Julich, Alexander Vinokourov and Alex Zülle were also considered contenders.

Teams[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the 2000 Tour de France.

17 teams were automatically selected based on their UCI rankings. In addition, three teams were given wildcards by organisers of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO).[5] Each of these 20 teams sent 9 cyclists, for a total of 180:[6][7] Before the start, each rider had to do a health check. Three riders failed this health check; Sergei Ivanov, from Farm Frites; Rossano Brasi, from Team Polti; Andrei Hauptman, from Vini Caldirola–Sidermec; all because they had a hematocrit value above 50%. The race thus started with 177 cyclists.[6]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Route and stages[edit]

Stage characteristics and winners[6][8][9]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 1 July Futuroscope 16.5 km (10.3 mi) Individual time trial  David Millar (GBR)
2 2 July Futuroscope to Loudun 194.0 km (120.5 mi) Plain stage  Tom Steels (BEL)
3 3 July Loudun to Nantes 161.5 km (100.4 mi) Plain stage  Tom Steels (BEL)
4 4 July Nantes to Saint-Nazaire 70.0 km (43.5 mi) Team time trial  ONCE–Deutsche Bank
5 5 July Vannes to Vitré 202.0 km (125.5 mi) Plain stage  Marcel Wüst (GER)
6 6 July Vitré to Tours 198.5 km (123.3 mi) Plain stage  Leon van Bon (NED)
7 7 July Tours to Limoges 205.5 km (127.7 mi) Plain stage  Christophe Agnolutto (FRA)
8 8 July Limoges to Villeneuve-sur-Lot 203.5 km (126.4 mi) Plain stage  Erik Dekker (NED)
9 9 July Agen to Dax 181.0 km (112.5 mi) Plain stage  Paolo Bettini (ITA)
10 10 July Dax to Hautacam 205.0 km (127.4 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Javier Otxoa (ESP)
11 11 July Bagnères-de-Bigorre to Revel 218.5 km (135.8 mi) Hilly stage  Erik Dekker (NED)
12 July Provence Rest day
12 13 July Carpentras to Mont Ventoux 149.0 km (92.6 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
13 14 July Avignon to Draguignan 185.5 km (115.3 mi) Plain stage  José Vicente Garcia (ESP)
14 15 July Draguignan to Briançon 249.5 km (155.0 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Santiago Botero (COL)
15 16 July Briançon to Courchevel 173.5 km (107.8 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
17 July Courchevel Rest day
16 18 July Courchevel to Morzine 196.5 km (122.1 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Richard Virenque (FRA)
17 19 July Évian-les-Bains to Lausanne 155.0 km (96.3 mi) Hilly stage  Erik Dekker (NED)
18 20 July Lausanne to Freiburg (Germany) 246.5 km (153.2 mi) Plain stage  Salvatore Commesso (ITA)
19 21 July Freiburg (Germany) to Mulhouse 58.5 km (36.4 mi) Individual time trial  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
20 22 July Belfort to Troyes 254.5 km (158.1 mi) Plain stage  Erik Zabel (GER)
21 23 July Paris (Eiffel Tower [10]) to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 138.0 km (85.7 mi) Plain stage  Stefano Zanini (ITA)
Total 3,662 km (2,275 mi)[11]

Race overview[edit]

Riders on the Col d'Allos on stage 14 from Draguignan to Briançon

The first stage was won by British cyclist David Millar, with Lance Armstrong only 2 seconds behind in second place. Of the other pre-race favorites, Laurent Jalabert, Jan Ullrich and Alex Zülle all lost less than 20 seconds. Virenque, Vinokourov and Escartin lost around 1:30 on Armstrong, while Marco Pantani lost more than 2 minutes. The next two stages were sprinter stages, both won by Tom Steels, not changing much in the overall classification. Stage 4, a team time trial, was won by the ONCE cycling team, and after that stage the top 10 included 8 ONCE cyclists, including leader Laurent Jalabert.

In stage 6, 12 cyclists broke away and kept a 7:49-minute lead, which shook up the classification. Alberto Elli, one of the breakaways, took over the yellow jersey.

In stage 10, the Tour entered the mountains. The stage, which finished at Hautacam, was won by Spaniard Javier Otxoa, but Lance Armstrong finished second and took the yellow jersey, with Ullrich in second place, more than 4 minutes behind. The 12th stage, finishing on Mont Ventoux, was won by Marco Pantani, but Lance Armstrong finished second with the same time, so Armstrong increased his lead. Stage 15 was also won by Pantani, but again Armstrong gained time on second-place Ullrich, who was 7:26 behind. On the 16th stage, Armstrong had a bad day and lost time. Ullrich's gap shrunk to 5:37.

On stage 17, Erik Dekker won his third stage of the Tour. Stage 19, an individual time trial, was the last chance to change the general classification, although it was very unlikely that time trial specialist Armstrong would lose his 5:37 lead. Armstrong eventually went on to win the stage, and secured his Tour win. He maintained his lead in the final two stages.

Doping[edit]

Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles.[12][13] Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes.[1] On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.[2]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were several classifications in the 2000 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[14]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[14]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[14]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[14] Up until 1989 the leader received a white jersey. After 1989 the white jersey was no longer awarded, but the classification was still held. In 2000 the race organizers decided to start awarding the white jersey.

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[15]

For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
A yellow jersey.
Points classification
A green jersey
Mountains classification
A white jersey with red polka dots.
Young rider classification
A white jersey.
Team classification Combativity award
A white jersey with a red number bib.
1 David Millar David Millar David Millar Marcel Wüst David Millar U.S. Postal Service no award
2 Tom Steels Tom Steels Erik Dekker
3 Tom Steels Jens Voigt
4 ONCE Laurent Jalabert David Cañada ONCE no award
5 Marcel Wüst Paolo Bettini Erik Dekker
6 Leon van Bon Alberto Elli Salvatore Commesso Rabobank Jacky Durand
7 Christophe Agnolutto Marcel Wüst Christophe Agnolutto
8 Erik Dekker Erik Dekker Erik Dekker
9 Paolo Bettini Erik Zabel Paolo Bettini
10 Javier Otxoa Lance Armstrong[n 1] Javier Otxoa Francisco Mancebo Javier Otxoa
11 Erik Dekker Santiago Botero
12 Marco Pantani Banesto Christophe Agnolutto
13 José Vicente García Didier Rous
14 Santiago Botero Santiago Botero Santiago Botero
15 Marco Pantani
16 Richard Virenque Kelme-Costa Blanca Marco Pantani
17 Erik Dekker Massimiliano Lelli
18 Salvatore Commesso Jacky Durand
19 Lance Armstrong[n 1] no award
20 Erik Zabel François Simon
21 Stefano Zanini Massimo Apollonio
Final Lance Armstrong[n 1] Erik Zabel Santiago Botero Francisco Mancebo Kelme-Costa Blanca Erik Dekker

Final standings[edit]

Legend
Green jersey Denotes the leader of the points classification[16] Polka dot jersey Denotes the leader of the mountains classification[16]
White jersey Denotes the leader of the young rider classification[16] A white jersey with a red number bib. Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[16]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[6][17]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 92h 33' 08"
2  Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom + 6' 02"
3  Joseba Beloki (ESP) Festina + 10' 04"
4  Christophe Moreau (FRA) Festina + 10' 34"
5  Roberto Heras (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca + 11' 50"
6  Richard Virenque (FRA) Team Polti + 13' 26"
7  Santiago Botero (COL) Polka dot jersey Kelme–Costa Blanca + 14' 18"
8  Fernando Escartín (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca + 17' 21"
9  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) White jersey Banesto + 18' 09"
10  Daniele Nardello (ITA) Mapei–Quick-Step + 18' 25"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[6][17]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Erik Zabel (GER) Green jersey Team Telekom 321
2  Robbie McEwen (AUS) Farm Frites 203
3  Romans Vainsteins (LAT) Vini Caldirola–Sidermec 184
4  Emmanuel Magnien (FRA) Française des Jeux 157
5  Erik Dekker (NED) A white jersey with a red number bib. Rabobank 138
6  Stefano Zanini (ITA) Mapei–Quick-Step 130
7  Jacky Durand (FRA) Lotto–Adecco 130
8  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour 122
9  Salvatore Commesso (ITA) Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli 118
10  Nico Mattan (BEL) Cofidis 106

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[6][17]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Santiago Botero (COL) Polka dot jersey Kelme–Costa Blanca 347
2  Javier Otxoa (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca 283
3  Richard Virenque (FRA) Team Polti 267
4  Pascal Hervé (FRA) Team Polti 234
5  Nico Mattan (BEL) Cofidis 164
6  Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 162
7  Fernando Escartín (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca 149
8  Roberto Heras (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca 113
9  Joseba Beloki (ESP) Festina 112
10  José Maria Jimenez (ESP) Banesto 110

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[6][17]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) White jersey Banesto 92h 51' 17"
2  Guido Trentin (ITA) Vini Caldirola–Sidermec + 17' 48"
3  Grischa Niermann (GER) Rabobank + 33' 57"
4  David Cañada (ESP) ONCE–Deutsche Bank + 59' 35"
5  David Millar (GBR) Cofidis + 1h 54' 54"
6  Salvatore Commesso (ITA) Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli + 2h 10' 39"
7  David Moncoutie (FRA) Cofidis + 2h 14' 17"
8  Benoit Joachim (LUX) U.S. Postal Service + 2h 27' 47"
9  Andreas Klier (GER) Farm Frites + 2h 39' 55"
10  Magnus Backstedt (SWE) Crédit Agricole + 3h 02' 18"

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[6][17]
Rank Team Time
1 Kelme–Costa Blanca 278h 10' 47"
2 Festina + 13' 42"
3 Banesto + 18' 21"
4 Team Telekom + 40' 08"
5 Lotto–Adecco + 1h 11' 50"
6 Rabobank + 1h 16' 34"
7 ONCE–Deutsche Bank + 1h 36' 14"
8 U.S. Postal Service + 1h 46' 04"
9 Mapei–Quick-Step + 1h 50' 17"
10 Cofidis + 2h 06' 48"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity award classification (1–10)[17]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Erik Dekker (NED) Rabobank 99
2  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca 98
3  Christophe Agnolutto (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance 79
4  Jacky Durand (FRA) Lotto–Adecco 77
5  Jens Voigt (GER) Crédit Agricole 70
6  Javier Otxoa (ESP) Kelme–Costa Blanca 53
7  Didier Rous (FRA) Bonjour 44
8  Salvatore Commesso (ITA) Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli 44
9  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour 38
10  Massimiliano Lelli (ITA) Cofidis 33

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2000 Tour de France.[1] The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Tour de France for dummies: Time Trials, Mountains Stages, Prologues, and More
  4. ^ Tour de France 2000 favorieten (Dutch), NRC
  5. ^ a b "Tour de France teams 2000". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "87ème Tour de France 2000" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Complete starting list". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 30 June 2000. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Historical guide 2016, p. 91.
  9. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  10. ^ Jones, Jeff (23 July 2000). "Mapei end it in a thrilling finale". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  11. ^ Historical guide 2016, p. 110.
  12. ^ "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified – Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  15. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c d ASO 2000, p. 6.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Jeff (23 July 2000). "Mapei end it in a thrilling finale". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]