2000 World Monuments Watch
The World Monuments Watch is a flagship advocacy program of the New York-based private non-profit organization World Monuments Fund (WMF) and American Express to call upon every government in the world, preservation organizations, and other groups and individuals to nominate sites and monuments that are particularly endangered. At the same time, the nominators commit themselves to participate in a carefully planned preservation project.
Every two years, the program publishes a select list known as the Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites that is in urgent need of preservation funding and protection. The sites are chosen from these nominations by an independent panel of international experts, based on the significance of the site, the urgency of the problem, and the viability of the proposal for action. WMF would then publicize their plight and help find the resources and expertise to carry out the preservation projects for the 100 sites on the Watch List. The leverage from the listing also spurs government agencies and local donors to allocate funds and take an active role in protecting the cultural landmark, in addition to grants directly coming from WMF and American Express.
2000 Watch List
[World Monuments] Watch is a bold challenge to local and national authorities to step up to their responsibilities—and an appeal to the public to take immediate action—to save these irreplaceable sites that define the history and the humanity of the peoples of the world[…] Once these sites are lost, they are gone forever. They are the very definition of the word irreplaceable.— Bonnie Burnham, WMF president, launch of 2000 Watch List
List by country/territory
|1||Albania||Butrint Archaeological Site||Sarande||8th century BC–18th century AD|
|2||Algeria||Tipasa Archaeological Park||Tipasa||40 BC|
|3||Belgium||Tour and Taxis (transport hub)||Brussels||1897–1907|
|4||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Mostar Historic Center||Mostar||16th century|
|5||Brazil||Santo Antonio do Paraguacu, Sao Francisco do Paraguacu||Bahia||1650–1700|
|6||Brazil||Vila de Paranapiacaba||Santo Andre||1868|
|7||Bulgaria||Ivanovo Rock Chapels||Rousse Region||13th–14th century|
|8||Cambodia||Banteay Chhmar Temple of Jayavarman VII||Thmar Puok||12th century|
|9||Chile||Orongo Ceremonial Site||Easter Island||15th–18th century|
|10||China||Dulan County Tibetan Royal Tomb Group||Reshuixiang-Xuewei, Dulan||7th–9th century|
|11||China||Palpung Monastery||Babang Village, Sichuan||1725|
|12||China||Temple of Agriculture (Xiannongtan)||Beijing||15th century|
|13||China||Xuanjian Tower||Yuci City, Shanxi||1515|
|14||Croatia||Vukovar City Center||Vukovar||Mid–18th century|
|15||Cuba||National Art Schools||Cubanacan, Havana||1961–1965|
|16||Cuba||San Isidro de los Destiladeros||Valle de los Ingenios, Trinidad||1828|
|17||Cuba||Santa Teresa de Jesus Cloisters||Havana||18th century|
|18||Czech Republic||Kuks Forest Sculptures||Kuks||1695–1732|
|19||Dominican Republic||Puerto Plata Lighthouse||Puerto Plata||1879|
|20||El Salvador||Suchitoto City||Cuscatlan||16th century|
|21||Egypt||Khasekhemwy at Hierakonpolis||Edfu, Kom el Ahmar||28th century BC|
|22||Egypt||Sultan Qa'itbay Complex||Cairo||1477|
|23||Egypt||Valley of the Kings||Thebes, Luxor||16th–11th century BC|
|24||Ethiopia||Mentewab-Qwesqwam Palace||Gondar||18th century|
|25||France||Saint Pierre Cathedral||Beauvais||1225–1272|
|26||Georgia||Ikorta Church of the Archangel||Zemo Artsevi Village||1172|
|27||Georgia||Tbilisi Historic District||Tbilisi||6th century-Present|
|30||Greece||Kahal Shalom Synagogue||Rhodes||1577|
|31||India||Basgo Gompa (Maitreya Temples)||Ladakh, Leh||1530–1699|
|32||India||Champaner Archaeological Site||Panchmahal, Gujarat||15th–16th century|
|33||India||Jaisalmer Fort||Rajasthan||12th century|
|35||India||Saint Anne Church||Talaulim, Goa||1681–1689|
|36||Indonesia||Omo Hada (Royal Palace Complex)||Nias, Teluk Dalam, North Sumatra||1715|
|37||Indonesia||Tanah Lot Temple||Tabanan, Bali||15th century|
|38||Iraq||Citadel of Arbil||Kurdish Autonomous Region||6th millennium BC|
|39||Ireland||Saint Brendan's Cathedral||Clonfert, County Galway||1165|
|40||Israel||Tel-Dan Canaanite Gate||Near Kibbutz Dan, Upper Galilee||18th century BC|
|41||Israel||Ramle White Mosque Archaeological Site||Ramle||8th century|
|42||Italy||Ancient Pompeii||Naples||1st century BC–AD 79|
|43||Italy||Bridge of Chains||Bagni di Lucca||1839–1860|
|45||Italy||Santi Quattro Coronati Cloister||Rome||Early 13th century|
|46||Jamaica||Falmouth Historic Town||Trelawny Parish||1770s|
|47||Jordan||Petra Archaeological Site||Wadi Mousa||1st–6th century|
|48||Kenya||Thimlich Ohinga Cultural Landscape||Migori||14th century|
|49||Lebanon||Enfeh Archaeological Site||Enfeh, near Tripoli||2nd millennium BC–13th century AD|
|50||Malaysia||George Town Historic Enclave||Penang State||1786–mid–20th century|
|51||Malaysia||Kampung Cina River Frontage||Kuala Terengganu||Late 19th–early 20th century|
|52||Malta||Mnajdra Prehistoric Temples||Mnajdra||3600 BC–2500 BC|
|53||Mexico||Madera Cave Dwellings||Madera, Chihuahua||10th–14th century|
|54||Mexico||San Juan de Ulua Fort||Veracruz||1535–1786|
|55||Mexico||Santa Prisca Parish Church||Taxco de Alarcon, Guerrero||1751–1758|
|56||Mexico||Teotihuacan Archaeological Site||San Juan Teotihuacan||100 BC–AD 750|
|57||Mexico||Yaxchilan Archaeological Zone||Cuenca del Usumacinta, Chiapas||400–900|
|58||Mongolia||Bogd Khaan Palace Museum||Ulaanbaatar||1893–1903|
|59||Nepal||Itum Monastery||Kathmandu||Before 1241|
|60||Nepal||Teku Thapatali Monument Zone||Kathmandu||18th–19th century|
|61||Niger||Giraffe Rock Art Site||Agadez||6th millennium BC|
|62||Pakistan||Uch Monument Complex||Uch, Bahawalpur District, Punjab Province||ca. 2nd millennium BC–16th century AD|
|63||Panama||San Lorenzo Castle and San Geronimo Fort||Colon and Portobelo||1595–1770 and 1653–1760|
|64||Peru||Cusco Historic Center||Cusco||13th–17th century|
|65||Peru||Los Pinchudos Archaeological Site||Rio Abiseo National Park||16th century|
|66||Peru||Machu Picchu||Urubamba, Cusco||15th century|
|67||Philippines||Rice Terraces of the Cordilleras||Ifugao||1st century–Present|
|69||Romania||Bánffy Castle||Bonţida||16th–18th century|
|70||Russia||Arkhangelskoye State Museum||Moscow||1751–1831|
|71||Russia||Irkoutsk Historic Center||Irkoutsk||1770–1799|
|72||Russia||Oranienbaum State Museum||Lomonosov||1711–1774|
|73||Russia||Paanajarvi Village||Kemi Province||14th century–Present|
|74||Russia||Rostov Veliky Historic Center||Rostov Veliky||9th century–early 20th century|
|77||Slovakia||Basil the Great Church||Krajne Cierno||1750|
|78||Sudan||Gebel Barkal Archaeological Site||Karima||1460 BC–AD 100|
|79||Suriname||Jodensavanne Archaeological Site||Redi Doti||1660–1830|
|80||Turkey||Ani Archaeological Site||Ocarli Koyu, Kars||3rd–14th century|
|81||Turkey||Çatalhöyük||Cumra, Konya||10th millennium BC|
|82||Turkey||Mount Nemrut Archaeological Site||Kahta||80 BC–72 BC|
|84||Turkmenistan||Merv Archaeological Site||Bairam Ali||6th century BC–15th century AD|
|85||Ukraine||Kamyanets Podilsky Castle Bridge||Kamyanets Podilsky||ca. 2nd century–1942|
|87||United Kingdom||Abbey Farmstead||Faversham, Kent, England||13th century–Present|
|88||United Kingdom||Saint Francis Church and Monastery||East Manchester, England||1863–1872|
|89||United States of America||Eastern State Penitentiary||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||1822–1836|
|90||United States of America||Lancaster County||Lancaster County, Pennsylvania||1710 – present|
|91||United States of America||Seventh Regiment Armory||New York City||1877–1881|
|92||United States of America||Tree Studios and Medinah Temple||Chicago, Illinois||1894–1913|
|93||United States of America||VDL Research House II||Los Angeles||1932; rebuilt 1966|
|95||Venezuela||San Francisco Church||Coro, Falcon||1720–1887|
|96||Vietnam||Minh Mang Tomb||Hue||1840|
|97||Vietnam||My Son Temple Complex||Duy Xuyen, Quang Nam||4th–13th century|
|98||Yemen||Tarim Historic City||Wadi Hadramaut||1870–1920|
|100||Zimbabwe||Khami National Monument||Bulawayo||Mid–15th century–Mid–17th century|
Statistics by country/territory
The following countries/territories have multiple sites entered on the 2000 Watch List, listed by the number of sites:
|Number of sites||Country/Territory|
|5||India, Mexico and United States of America|
|4||China, Italy and Turkey|
|3||Cuba, Egypt and Peru|
|2||Brazil, Georgia, Germany, Indonesia, Israel, Malaysia, Nepal, Ukraine, United Kingdom and Vietnam|
^ A. Numbers list only meant as a guide on this article. No official reference numbers have been designated for the sites on the Watch List.
^ B. Names and spellings used for the sites were based on the official 2000 Watch List as published.
^ C. The references to the sites' locations and periods of construction were based on the official Watch List as published.
- James Wiseman (November–December 1999). "Insight: The World's Most Endangered Sites". Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "Palpung named to list of endangered monuments". World Monuments Fund. September 1997. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "1998 World Monuments Watch" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Retrieved 8 September 2009.[dead link]
- "Tipasa". World Heritage Center. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum – Rhodes, Greece". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 27 May 2005.
- "World Monuments Watch". World Monuments Fund. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "Merv". Archived from the original on 24 June 2007.
- "The History of Gorton Monastery". gortonmonastery.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
- "My Son Sanctuary". World Heritage Center. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "Khami Ruins National Monument". World Heritage Center. Retrieved 8 September 2009.