2000 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
List of years in paleontology
In science
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2000.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Baltocteniza[2]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Eskov & Zonstein

Early Eocene (Miocene)

Baltic amber

 Europe

The type and only species is Baltocteniza kulickae

Electrocteniza[2]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Eskov & Zonstein

Early Eocene (Miocene)

Baltic amber

 Europe

The type and only species is Electrocteniza sadilenkoi

Makarkiniidae[3]

Fam nov

jr synonym

Martins-Neto

Aptian

Crato Formation

 Brazil

A lacewing family, syn of Kalligrammatidae

Molluscs[edit]

Bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Camyidae[4]

fam nov

valid

Hinz-Schallreuter

Early Cambrian

Bornholm

 Denmark

type and only genus Camya

Fishes[edit]

Newly named placoderms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aleosteus[5]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Johnson, Elliott, & Wittke

Lower Devonian

Sevy Dolomite Formation, Nevada

 USA

The type species is Aleosteus eganensis.

Newly named cartilaginous fish[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Debeerius[6]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Grogan & Lund

Carboniferous (late Chesterian)

Heath Formation

 USA
( Montana)

An early cartilaginous fish with a anatomy intermediate to the chimaeroid and selachian plans. The type species is D. ellefseni.

Amphibians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Avitabatrachus[7]

Valid

  • Baez
  • Trueb
  • Calvo

Middle Cretaceous

Candeleros Formation

 Argentina

The type species is Avitabatrachus uliana.

Banksiops[8]

Valid

  • Warren
  • Mariscano

A replacement genus for Banksia Warren & Mariscano, 1998 preoccupied for arachnid Banksia Voigt & Oudermans, 1905.

Jeholotriton[9]

Valid

  • Wang

Early Cretaceous

Daohugou Bed Formation

 China

The type species is Jeholotriton paradoxus.

Rileymillerus[10]

Valid

  • Bolt
  • Chatterjee

Upper Triassic

Cooper Canyon Formation

 USA

The type species is Rileymillerus cosgriffi.

Ichthyosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aegirosaurus[11]

Valid

  • Bardet
  • Fernández

Upper Jurassic

 Germany

The type species is Aegirosaurus leptospondylus.

Callawayia[12]

Valid

  • Maisch
  • Matzke

Upper Triassic

Pardonet Formation

 Canada

A new genus for "Shastasaurus" neoscapularis.

Guizhouichthyosaurus[13]

Valid

  • Cao
  • Luo

Upper Triassic

Falang Formation

 China

The type species is Guizhouichthyosaurus tangae.

Phantomosaurus[12]

Valid

  • Maisch
  • Matzke

Middle Triassic

Upper Muschelkalk Formation

 Germany

A new genus for "Shastasaurus" neubigi.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named crurotarsans[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adzhosuchus[14]

Valid

  • Efimov
  • Gubin
  • Kurzanov

Late Jurassic

Shar Teg Beds

 Mongolia

A basal crocodylomorph. The type species is Adzhosuchus fuscus.

Kyasuchus[15]

Valid

  • Efimov
  • Leshchinskiy

Early Cretaceous

Ilek Formation

 Russia

A basal crocodilomorph. The type species is Kyasuchus saevi.

Simosuchus[16]

Valid

  • Buckley
  • Brochu
  • Krause
  • Pol

Late Cretaceous

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

A notosuchian. The type species is Simosuchus clarki.

Stolokrosuchus[17]

Valid

  • Larrson
  • Gabo

Early Cretaceous

El Rhaz Formation

 Niger

A neosuchian. The type species is Stolokrosuchus lapparenti.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[18]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bambiraptor[19]

Valid

Two Medicine Formation

 USA

A very bird-like two foot long dromaeosaurid. May be a juvenile Saurornitholestes.

Pyroraptor with a human to show scale.

Byronosaurus[20]

Valid

Djadochta Formation

 Mongolia

A five foot long troodontid. Mysteriously, skulls of extremely small juveniles have been recovered from an oviraptorosaur nest. This may be evidence of brood parasitism or predator-prey relationships between the two species.

Charonosaurus[21]

Valid

  • Godefroit
  • Zan
  • Jin L.

Yuliangze Formation

 China

A 13 m (42.5 ft) long Parasaurolophus-like lambeosaur.

Chuanjiesaurus[22]

Valid

Chuanjie Formation

 China

A mamenchisaurid.

Fukuiraptor[23]

Valid

Kitadani Formation

 Japan

A neovenatorid known only from juvenile specimens.

"Ginnareemimus"

Nomen nudum

  • Kaneko

Sao Khua Formation

 Thailand

Formally named Kinnareemimus in 2009 in paleontology.

Glyptodontopelta[24]

Valid

  • Ford

Ojo Alamo Sandstone

 USA

Named after the armored mammal Glyptodon.

Graciliceratops[25]

Valid

Sheeregeen Gashoon Formation

 Mongolia

Primitive ceratopsian. Only a partial skeleton has been found.

Huabeisaurus[26]

Valid

  • Pang
  • Cheng Z.

Huiquanpu Formation

 China

Opisthocoelicaudia-like titanosaurid.

"Iguanoides"

Nomen nudum; synonym of Iguanodon

Conybeare vide:

  • Cadbury

Junior synonym of Iguanodon.

Ilokelesia[27]

Valid

Rio Limay Formation

 Argentina

A primitive abelisaur who name is derived from "flesh lizard" in Mapuche.

Isanosaurus[28]

Valid

  • Buffetaut
  • Suteethorn
  • et al.[CAL 3]

Nam Phong Formation

 Thailand

A small, 6.5 metres (21 ft) long sauropod.

Jeholosaurus[29]

Valid

Yixian Formation

 China

A 71.1 centimetres (28.0 in) long hypsilophodont.

Microraptor[30]

Valid

Jiufotang Formation

 China

A tiny "four-winged" dromaeosaurid.

Nanyangosaurus[31]

Valid

Sangping Formation

 China

A hadrosauroid.

Nomingia[32]

Valid

Beds of Bugeen Tsav

 Mongolia

The first non-avian dinosaur known to have a pygostyle at the end of its tail. In life this structure probably supported a fan of feathers.

Nqwebasaurus[33]

Valid

Kirkwood Formation

 South Africa

The earliest known coelurosaur from Gondwana, the type specimen was a three foot long juvenile with preserved gastroliths in its stomach.

"Ponerosteus"[34]

Nomen dubium; possibly non-dinosaurian

A dubious taxon whose name means "useless bone" to reflect the low quality of the material, which had fueled taxonomic confusion.

Pyroraptor[35]

Valid

Grès à Reptiles

 France

A dromaeosaurid known from a single specimen.

Rocasaurus[36]

Valid

  • Salgado
  • Azpilicueta

Allen Formation

 Argentina

A small, 8 meter long titanosaur.

"Saltriosaurus"

Nomen nudum

  • Dal Sasso

An Allosaurus-like theropod estimated to be 8 meters (26 ft) long. Only ten percent of its skeleton is known.

Sauroposeidon[37]

Valid

  • Wedel
  • Cifelli
  • Sanders

Antlers Formation

 USA

A gigantic brachiosaur with an estimated length of up to 34 m (112 ft) and a mass of 50–60 t (55–66 short tons). It is known from four neck vertebrae.

Tendaguria[38]

Valid

Tendaguru Formation

 Tanzania

A 20 meters (66 ft) long sauropod.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alca stewarti [39]

Valid

Sp. nov.

James W. R. Martin

Cyril A. Walker

Richard H. C. Bonser

Gareth J. Dyke

Early Pliocene

Kattendijk Sands Formation

 Belgium:

 East Flanders

An Alcidae.

Ameripodius alexis [40]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Early Miocene

MN 2a

 France

A Quercymegapodiidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1992.

Brachypteracias langrandi [41]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven M. Goodman

Holocene

Ampoza

 Madagascar

A Brachypteraciidae.

Caudipteryx dongi [42]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Zhou Zhonghe

Wang Xiaolin

Early Cretaceous

Lower Yixian Formation

 China

An Avialae Gauthier, 1986, Caudipterygidae Zhou et Wang, 2006.

Cerestenia pulchrapenna [43]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Middle Oligocene

MP 23

 France

Possibly a stem Turnicidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Cygnus verae [44]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Zlatozar N. Boev

Early Pliocene

MN 14, Ruscinian

 Bulgaria

An Anatidae.

Eocoracias brachyptera [45]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

The type species of the new genus, placed in the new family Eocoraciidae G. Mayr et Mourer-Chauviré, 2000.

Fratercula dowi [46]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Daniel A. Guthrie

Howell W. Thomas

George L. Kennedy

Late Pleistocene

Late Rancholabrean,

San Nicolas Island

 USA:

 California

An Alcidae.

Frigidafons babaheydariensis [47]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Dieter S. Peters

Ali Hamedani

Early Oligocene

Rupelian

 Iran

A Diomedeoididae Fischer, 1985, transferred to Diomedeoides Fischer, 1985 by Mayr, Peters & Rietschel, 2002 and to Rupelornis van Beneden, 1871 by Mayr & Smith, 2012.

Gallirallus huiatua [48]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Trevor H. Worthy

Atholl J. Anderson

Richard Walter

Holocene

Prehistoric

 Niue

A Rallidae.

Geranopterus milneedwardsi [45]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Eocene or Oligocene

Phosphotites du Quercy,

MP 16-28

 France

A Geranopteridae Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré, 2000.

Jibeinia luanhera [49]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lianhai Hou

Early Cretaceous

Huajiying Formation

 China

An Enantiornithes, described in 1997 but the name was a labelname, so a Nomen Nudum, in 2000 Hou gave a short description in the Picture Book of Chinese Fossil Birds, making the name valid.

Longipteryx chaoyangensis[50]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Fucheng Zhang

Zhou Zhonghe

Hou Lianhan

Gu Gang

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

 China

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981. The type species of the new genus.

Megapodius amissus [51]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Holocene

Cave deposists, Viti Levu

 Fiji

A Megapodiidae.

Megavitiornis altirostris [51]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Holocene

Cave deposists,

Viti Levu

 Fiji

A Megapodiidae, the type species of the new genus.

Messelirrisor grandis [52]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Early Middle Eocene

Messel pit

MN 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

An Upupiformes, Laurillardiidae Harrison, 1979.

Nycticorax kalavikai [48]

Valid

Sp. nov.

David W. Steadman

Trevor H. Worthy

Atholl J. Anderson

Richard Walter

Holocene

Prehistoric

 Niue

An Ardeidae.

Oligocolius brevitarsus [53]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Middle Oligocene

MP 23-24

 Germany:

 Baden-Württemberg

A stem Coliidae.

Paraortygoides messelensis [54]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Gallinuloididae Lucas, 1900.

Phirriculus pinicola [55]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Jirí Mlíkovský

Ursula B. Göhlich

Early Miocene

MN 2a and MN 3

 France;

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Phoeniculidae.

Porzana piercei [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Storrs L. Olson

David B. Wingate

Middle Pleistocene

Government Quarry

 Bermuda

A Rallidae.

Potamornis skutchi [57]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Andrzej Elzanowski

Gregory S. Paul

Thomas A. Stidham

Late Cretaceous

Late Maastrichtian

 USA:

 Wyoming

A Hesperornithiformas.

Protopteryx fengningensis[58]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Zhang Fucheng

Zhou Zhonghe

Early Cretaceous

Huajiying Formation

 China

An Enanthornithes. This is the type species of the new genus.

Pulchapollia gracilis [59]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Gareth J. Dyke

Joanne H. Cooper

Early Eocene

Ypresian, MP 8, London Clay

 UK:

 England

A Psittaciformes, Halcyornithidae Harrison et Walker, 1972, this is the type species of the new genus.

Qiluornis taishanensis [60]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Lian-Hai Hou

Zhong-He Zhou

Fu-Cheng Zhang

Jun-De Li

Miocene

Shanwang Formation

 China

An Accipitridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Rallus ibycus [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Storrs L. Olson

David B. Wingate

Middle Pleistocene

Government Quarry

 Bermuda

A Rallidae.

Salmila robusta [61]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Gruiformes, Salmilidae Mayr, 2002, this is the type species of the new genus.

Serudaptus pohli [62]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Psittaciformes, Halcyornithidae Harrison et Walker, 1972, this is the type species of the new genus.

Turnipax dissipata [43]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Early-Middle Oligocene

MP 21-25

 France

Possibly a stem Turnicidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Tynskya eocaena [63]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

MP 8, London Clay

 USA:

 Wyoming;

 UK:

 England

A Messelasturidae Mayr, 2005, this is the type species of the new genus.

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Domeykodactylus[64]

Valid

  • Martill
  • Frey
  • Diaz
  • Bell

Early Cretaceous

Santa Ana Formation

 Chile

A pterodactyloid. The type species is Domeykodactylus ceciliae.

Anhanguera piscator[65]

Valid

  • Kellner
  • Tomida

Early Cretaceous

Santana Formation

 Brazil

A pterodactyloid. Reclassified in 2006 to the genus Coloborhynchus.[66]

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Australobarbarus[67]

Valid

  • Kurkin

Upper Permian

Sokolki Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A dicynodont. Two species are described Australobarbarus kotelnitshi (type) and A. platycephalus.

Charruodon[68]

Valid

  • Abdala
  • Ribeiro

Upper Triassic

Santa Maria Formation

 Brazil

A cynodont. The type species is Charruodon tetracuspidatus.

Chlynovia[69]

Valid

  • Tatarinov

Upper Permian

Sokolki Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A therocephalian. The type species is Chlynovia serridentatus.

Dadadon[70]

Valid

  • Flynn
  • Parrish
  • Rakotosamimanana
  • Ranivoharimanana
  • Simpson
  • Wyss

Middle-Upper Triassic

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

An eucynodont. The type species is Dadadon isaloi.

Menadon[70]

Valid

  • Flynn
  • Parrish
  • Rakotosamimanana
  • Ranivoharimanana
  • Simpson
  • Wyss

Middle-Upper Triassic

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

A eucynodont. The type species is Menodon besairiei.

Nikkasaurus[71]

Valid

  • Ivakhnenko

Upper Permian

Mezen Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A nikkasaurid. The type species is Nikkasaurus tatarinovi.

Reiszia[71]

Valid

  • Ivakhnenko

Upper Permian

Mezen Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A nikkasaurid. Two species are described Reiszia gubini (type) and R. tippula.

Scalopodontes[69]

Valid

  • Tatarinov

Upper Permian

Sokolki Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A theriocephalian. The type species is Scalopodontes kotelnichi

Suchogorgon[72]

Valid

  • Tatarinov

Upper Permian

Sokolki Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A gorgonopsid. The type species is Suchogorgon golubevi.

Vivaxosaurus[73]

Valid

  • Kalandadze
  • Kurkin

Upper Permian

Sokolki Faunal Assemblage

 Russia

A dicynodont. The type species is Vivaxosaurus permicus.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Complete author list[edit]

As science becomes more collaborative, papers with large numbers of authors are becoming more common. To prevent the deformation of the tables, these footnotes list the contributors to papers that erect new genera and have many authors.

  1. ^ Burnham, Derstler, Phillip Currie, Robert Bakker, Zhou Z., John Ostrom.
  2. ^ Fang, Pang, Lu, Zhang Z., Pan, Wang Y., Li X. K., Cheng Z.
  3. ^ Buffetaut, Suteethorn, Cuny, Tong, Le Loeuff, Khansubha, Jongautchariyakul.
  4. ^ Xu Xing, Zhao X., Lü, Huang W., Li Z., Dong Zhiming.
  5. ^ Rinchen Barsbold, Halszka Osmólska, Watabe, Phillip Currie, Tsogtbaatar.
  6. ^ de Klerk, Forster, Sampson, Chinsamy, Ross.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b Eskov, K. Y.; Zonstein, S. L. (2000). "The First Ctenizoid Mygalomorph Spiders from Eocene Baltic Amber (Araneida: Mygalomorphae: Ctenizidae)". Paleontological Journal. 34 (suppl. 3): S268–S274.  Part 1; Part 2 (PDF).
  3. ^ Bechly, G.; Makarkin, V. N. (2016). "A new gigantic lacewing species (Insecta: Neuroptera) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil confirms the occurrence of Kalligrammatidae in the Americas". Cretaceous Research. in press: 135–140. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2015.10.014. 
  4. ^ Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves" (PDF). Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9. 
  5. ^ Johnson, H.G.; Elliott, D.K. & Wittke, J.H. (2000). "A new actinolepid arthrodire (Class Placodermi) from the Lower Devonian Sevy Dolomite, East-Central Nevada". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 129: 129–141. doi:10.1006/zjls.1999.0206. 
  6. ^ Eileen D. Grogan; Richard Lund (2000). "Debeerius ellefseni (Fam. Nov., Gen. Nov., Spec. Nov.), an autodiastylic chondrichthyan from the Mississippian Bear Gulch Limestone of Montana (USA), the relationships of the chondrichthyes, and comments on gnathostome evolution". Journal of Morphology. 243 (3): 219–245. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(200003)243:3<219::AID-JMOR1>3.0.CO;2-1. PMID 10681469. 
  7. ^ Baez, A.M.; Trueb, L. & Calvo, J.O. (2000). "The earliest known pioid frog from South America: a new genus from the middle Cretaceous of Argentina". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (3): 490–500. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0490:TEKPFF]2.0.CO;2. 
  8. ^ Warren, A.A.; Marsicano, C. (2000). "Banksiops, a replacement name for Banksia townrowi (Amphibia, Temnospondyli)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (1): 186–186. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0186:BARNFB]2.0.CO;2. 
  9. ^ Wang, Y. (2000). "A new salamander (Amphibia: Caudata) from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota". Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 38 (2): 100–103. 
  10. ^ Bolt, J.R.; Chatterjee, S. (2000). "A new temnospondyl amphibian from the Late Triassic of Texas". Journal of Paleontology. 74 (4): 670–683. doi:10.1666/0022-3360(2000)074<0670:ANTAFT>2.0.CO;2. 
  11. ^ Bardet, N.; Fernández, M. (2000). "A new ichthyosaur from the Upper Jurassic lithographic limestones of Bavaria". Journal of Paleontology. 74 (3): 503–511. doi:10.1666/0022-3360(2000)074<0503:ANIFTU>2.0.CO;2. 
  12. ^ a b Maisch, M.W.; Matzke, A.T. (2000). "The Ichthyosauria". Stuttgarter Beitrage zure Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Palaontologie) (298): 1–160. 
  13. ^ Yin G.; Zhou X.; Cao Z.; Yu Y; Luo Y. (2000). "A preliminary study on the Early Late Triassic marine reptiles from Guanling Guizhou, China". Geology, Geochemistry. 28 (3): 1–22. 
  14. ^ Efimov, M.B.; Gubin, Y.M. & Kurzanov, S.M. (2000). "New primitive crocodile (Crocodylomorpha: Shartegosuchidae) from the Jurassic of Mongolia". Paleontological Journal. 34: 238–241. 
  15. ^ Efimov, M.B. & Leshchinskiy, S.V. (2000). First finding of the fossil crocodile skull in Siberia [in Russian]. In: Komarov, A.V., ed., Materialy regional’noj konferencii geologov Sibiri, Dal’nego Vostoka i Severo−Vostoka Rossii. Tom II, 361–363. GalaPress, Tomsk.
  16. ^ Buckley, G.A.; Brochu, C.A.; Krause, D.W. & Pol, D. (2000). "A pug-nosed crocodyliform from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar". Nature. 405 (6789): 941–944. doi:10.1038/35016061. PMID 10879533. 
  17. ^ Larrson, H.C.E.; Gado, B. (2000). "A new early Cretaceous crocodyliform from Niger". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen. 217 (1): 131–141. 
  18. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  19. ^ Burnham, D.A., K.L. Derstler, P.J. Currie, R.T. Bakker, Z. Zhou, and J.H. Ostrom. 2000. Remarkable new birdlike dinosaur (Theropoda: Maniraptora) from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 13: pp. 1-14.
  20. ^ Norell, M.A., P.J. Makovicky, and J.M. Clark. 2000. A new troodontid theropod from Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia. Jpornal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20: pp. 1-11.
  21. ^ Godefroit P., S. Zan, and L. Jin. 2000. Charonosaurus jiayinensis n.g., n.sp., a lambeosaurine dinosaur from the Late Maastrichtian of northeastern China. Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences du Paris, Sciences de la Terre et des Planètes 330: pp. 875–882 (Paléontologie des Vertébrés).
  22. ^ Fang, Pang, Lü, Zhang, Pan, Wang, Li, and Cheng. 2000. Lower, Middle and Upper Jurassic divisions of the Lufeng region of Yunnan Province. Pp. 208-214 in: Proceedings of the Third National Stratigraphical Conference of China. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
  23. ^ Azuma , Y. and P.J. Currie. 2000. A new carnosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Japan. Can. J. Earth Sci. 37: pp. 1735-1753.
  24. ^ Ford, T.L. 2000. A review of ankylosaur osteoderms from New Mexico and a preliminary review of ankylosaur armor. In: Dinosaurs of New Mexico (S.G. Lucas and A.B. Heckert, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History Bulletin 17: pp. 157-176.
  25. ^ Sereno, P.C. 2000. The fossil record, systematics and evolution of pachycephalosaurs and ceratopsians from Asia. In The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia (M.J. Benton, M.A. Shishkin, D.M. Unwin, and E.N. Kurochkin, eds.). Cambridge University Press, New York: pp. 480-516.
  26. ^ Pang and Cheng. 2000. A new family of sauropod dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Tianzhen, Shanxi Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 74 (2): pp. 117-125.
  27. ^ Coria, R.A. and L. Salgado. 2000. A basal Abelisauria Novas 1992 (Theropoda- Ceratosauria) from the Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Gaia 15: pp. 89-102
  28. ^ Buffetaut E.; Suteethorn V.; Cuny G.; Tong H.; Loeuff J. Le; Khansubha S.; Jongautchariyakui S. (2000). "The earliest known sauropod dinosaur". Nature. 407 (6800): 72–74. doi:10.1038/35024060. PMID 10993074. 
  29. ^ Xu, X., X. Wang, and H. You. 2000. A primitive ornithopod from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 38 (4): pp. 318-325.
  30. ^ Xu X.; Zhou Z.; Wang X. (2000). "The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur". Nature. 408 (6813): 705–708. doi:10.1038/35047056. PMID 11130069. 
  31. ^ Xu, Z., X.J. Zhao, J.-C. Lu, W.-B. Huang, Z.-Y. Li Z., and Z.-M. Dong. 2000. A new Iguanodontian from Sangping Formation of Neixiang, Henan and its stratigraphical implications. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 38 (3): pp. 176-191.
  32. ^ Barsbold, R., H. Osmólska, M. Watabe, P.J. Currie, and K. Tsogtbaatar. 2000. A new oviraptorosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from Mongolia: the first dinosaur with a pygostyle. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 45 (2): pp. 97-106.
  33. ^ de Klerk W.J.; Forster C.A.; Sampson S.D.; Chinsamy A.; Ross C.F. (2000). "A new coelurosaurian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of South Africa". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (2): 324–332. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0324:ancdft]2.0.co;2. 
  34. ^ Olshevsky, G. 2000. An annotated checklist of dinosaur species by continent. Mesozoic Meanderings 3: pp. 1-157.
  35. ^ Allain R.; Taquet P. (2000). "A new genus of Dromaeosauridae (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of France". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (2): 404–407. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0404:angodd]2.0.co;2. 
  36. ^ Salgado, L., and C. Azpilicueta. 2000. Un nuevo saltasaurino (Sauropoda, Titanosauridae) de la provincia de Rio Negro (Formacion Allen, Cretacico Superior), Patagonia, Argentina. Ameghiniana 37 (3): pp. 259-264.
  37. ^ Wedel M.J., R.L. Cifelli, and R.K. Sanders. 2000. Osteology, paleobiology, and relationships of the sauropod dinosaur Sauroposeidon. Acta Palaeontologica Polinica 45 (4): pp. 343–388
  38. ^ Bonaparte, J.F., W.D. Heinrich, and R. Wild. 2000. Review of Janenschia Wild, with the description of a new sauropod from the Tendaguru beds of Tanzania and a discussion on the systematic value of procoelous caudal vertebrae in the Sauropoda. Palaeontographica A 256: pp. 25–76.
  39. ^ James W. R. Martin; Cyril A. Walker; Richard H. C. Bonser; Gareth J. Dyke (2000). "A New Species of Large Auk from the Pliocene of Belgium". Oryctos. 3: 53–60. 
  40. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2000). "A New Species of Ameripodius (Aves: Galliformes: Quercymegapodiidae) from the Lower Miocene of France". Palaeontology. 43 (3): 481–493. doi:10.1111/j.0031-0239.2000.00136.x. 
  41. ^ Steven M. Goodman (2000). "A Description of a New Species of Brachypteracias (Family Brachypteraciidae) from the Holocene of Madagascar". Ostrich. 71 (1-2): 318–322. doi:10.1080/00306525.2000.9639941. 
  42. ^ Zhou Zhonghe; Wang Xiaolin (2000). "A New Species of Caudipteryx from the Yixian Formation of Liaoning, Northeast China" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 38 (4): 111–127. 
  43. ^ a b Gerald Mayr (2000). "Charadriiform Birds from the Early Oligocene of Céreste (France) and the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)". Géobios. 33 (5): 625–636. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(00)80034-0. 
  44. ^ Zlatozar N. Boev (2000). "Cygnus verae sp. n. (Anseriformes: Anatidae) from the Early Pliocene of Sofia (Bulgaria)". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 43 (1-2): 185–192. 
  45. ^ a b Gerald Mayr; Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2000). "Rollers (Aves: Coraciiformes s.s.) from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Germany) and the Upper Eocene of the Quercy (France)" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (3): 533–546. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0533:racssf]2.0.co;2. 
  46. ^ Daniel A. Guthrie; Howell W. Thomas; George L. Kennedy (2000). Brown, D.R.; K.L. Mitchell; H.W. Chaney, eds. "A New Species of Extinct Late Pleistocene Puffin (Aves: Alcidae) rom the Southern California Channel Islands" (PDF). Proceedings of the Fifth California Islands Symposium: 525–530. 
  47. ^ Dieter S. Peters; Ali Hamedani (2000). "Frigidafons babaheydariensis n. sp., ein Sturmvogel aus dem Oligozän des Irans (Aves: Procellariidae)". Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 80 (1): 29–37. doi:10.1007/bf03043661. 
  48. ^ a b David W. Steadman; Trevor H. Worthy; Atholl J. Anderson; Richard Walter (2000). "New Species and Records of Birds from Prehistoric Sites on Niue, Southwest Pacific". The Wilson Bulletin. 112 (2): 165–186. doi:10.1676/0043-5643(2000)112[0165:nsarob]2.0.co;2. 
  49. ^ Lianhai Hou (2000). "Mesozoic Birds of China (1997); Picture Book of Chinese Fossil Birds" (PDF). Picture Book of Chinese Fossil Birds (2000). Natou, Taiwan: Taiwan Feng Huang Gu Bird Garden + English Translation; Yunnan Science and Technology Press. 
  50. ^ Zhang, F.; Zhou, Z.; Hou, L. & Gu, G. (2000). "Early diversification of birds: evidence from a new opposite bird". Chinese Science Bulletin (Chinese version); Chinese Science Bulletin (English version). 45 (for 2000); 46 (for 2001) (24; 11): 2650–2657; 945–950. doi:10.1007/BF02900473. 
  51. ^ a b Trevor H. Worthy (2000). "The Fossil Megapodes (Aves: Megapodiidae) of Fiji with Descriptions of a New Genus and Two New Species". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 30 (4): 337–364. doi:10.1080/03014223.2000.9517627. 
  52. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "Tiny Hoopoe-like Birds from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)" (PDF). The Auk. 117 (4): 964–970. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2000)117[0964:thlbft]2.0.co;2. 
  53. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "A New Mousebird (Coliiformes: Coliidae) from the Oligocene of Germany" (PDF). Journal für Ornithologie. 141 (1): 85–92. doi:10.1007/bf01651775. 
  54. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "A New Basal Galliform Bird ftom the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)" (PDF). Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 80 (1): 45–57. doi:10.1007/bf03043663. 
  55. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský; Ursula B. Göhlich (2000). "A New Wood-hoopoe (Aves: Phoeniculidae) from the Early Miocene of Germany and France" (PDF). Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae. 64: 419–424. 
  56. ^ a b Storrs L. Olson; David B. Wingate (2000). "Two New Species of Flightless Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from the Middle Pleistocene "Crane Fauna" of Bermuda" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 113 (2): 356–368. 
  57. ^ Andrzej Elzanowski; Gregory S. Paul; Thomas A. Stidham (2000). "An Avian Quadrate from the Late Cretaceous Lance Formation of Wyoming" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (4): 712–719. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0712:aaqftl]2.0.co;2. 
  58. ^ Zhang Fucheng; Zhou Zhonghe (2000). "A primitive Enantiornithine bird and the Origin of Feathers" (PDF). Science. 290 (5498): 1955–1959. doi:10.1126/science.290.5498.1955. PMID 11110660. 
  59. ^ Gareth J. Dyke; Joanne H. Cooper (2000). "A New Psittaciform Bird from the London Clay (Lower Eocene) of England". Palaeontology. 43 (2): 271–285. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00126. 
  60. ^ Lian-Hai Hou; Zhong-He Zhou; Fu-Cheng Zhang; Jun-De Li (2000). "A New Vulture from the Miocene of Shandong, Eastern China" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 38 (4): 104–110. 
  61. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "A Remarkable New "Gruiform" Bird from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)" (PDF). Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 74 (1-2): 187–194. doi:10.1007/bf02987960. 
  62. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "New or Previously Unrecorded Avian Taxa from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)" (PDF). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Geowissenschaftiche Reihe. 3: 207–219. doi:10.1002/mmng.4860030110. 
  63. ^ Gerald Mayr (2000). "A New Raptor-like Bird from the Lower Eocene of North America and Europe" (PDF). Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 80 (1): 59–65. doi:10.1007/bf03043664. 
  64. ^ Martill, D.M.; Frey, E.; Diaz, G.C. & Bell, C.M. (2000). "Reinterpretation of a Chilean pterosaur and the occurrence of Dsungaripteridae in South America". Geological Magazine. 137 (1): 19–25. doi:10.1017/S0016756800003502. 
  65. ^ Kellner, A.W.A.; Tomida, Y. (2000). "Description of a new species of Anhangueridae (Pterodactyloidea) with comments on the pterosaur fauna from the Santana Formation (Aptian-Albian), northeastern Brazil". National Science Museum Monograph (17): 1–135. 
  66. ^ Veldmeijer, A.J.; Meijer, H.J.M. & Signore, M. (2006). "Coloborhynchus from the Lower Cretaceous Santana Formation, Brazil (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea, Anhangueridae): an update". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 3 (2): 15–29. 
  67. ^ Kurkin, A.A. (2000). "New dicynodonts from the Upper Permian of the Vyatka Basin". Paleontological Journal. 34 (supplement 2): S203–S210. 
  68. ^ Abdala, F.; Ribeiro, A.M. (2000). "A new therioherpetid cynodont from the Santa Maria Formation (middle Late Triassic), southern Brazil". Geodiversitas. 22 (4): 589–596. 
  69. ^ a b Tatarinov, L.P. (2000). "New material on Scaloposaurians (Reptilia, Theriodontia) from the Upper Permian of the Kotelnich Locality, Kirov Region". Paleontological Journal. 34 (supplement 2): S187–S202. 
  70. ^ a b Flynn, J.J.; Parrish, J.M.; Rakotosamimanana, B.; Ranivoharimanana, L.; Simpson, W.F. & Wyss, A.R. (2000). "New traversodontids (Synapsida: Eucynodontia) from the Triassic of Madagascar". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20 (3): 422–427. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)020[0422:NTSEFT]2.0.CO;2. 
  71. ^ a b Ivakhnenko, M.F. (2000). "The Nikkasauridae—Problematic primitive therapsids from the Late Permian of the Mezen Localities". Paleontological Journal. 34 (supplement 2): S179–S186. 
  72. ^ Tatarinov, L.P. (2000). "A new gorgonopid (Reptilia, Theriodontia) from the Upper Permian of the Vologda Region". Paleontological Journal. 34 (1): 75–83. 
  73. ^ Kalandadze, N.N.; Kurkin, A.A. (2000). "A new Permian dicynodont and the question of the origin of the kannemeyeroidea". Paleontological Journal. 34 (6): 642–649.