2001 Singaporean general election

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2001 Singaporean general election

← 1997 3 November 2001 2006 →

84 seats (only 29 seats contested) to the Parliament of Singapore
43 seats needed for a majority
1 NCMP seat offered
Turnout94.6%
  First party Second party Third party
  GohChokTong-WashingtonDC-20010614.jpg ChiamSeeTong-SDARally-20060502.jpg Low Thia Khiang 4 (cropped).jpg
Leader Goh Chok Tong Chiam See Tong Low Thia Khiang
Party PAP SDA WP
Leader's seat Marine Parade GRC Potong Pasir SMC Hougang SMC
Last election 81 seats, 65.0% 1 seat + 1 NCMP, 14.2%
Seats won 82 1 + 1 NCMP 1
Seat change Increase1 Increase1 Increase 1 NCMP Decrease 1 NCMP
Popular vote 470,765 75,248 19,060
Percentage 75.3% 12.0%(total) / 27.6%(valid) 3.0%(total) / 39.3%(valid)
Swing Increase10.3% new alliance Decrease11.2%/Increase1.7%

Singapore election 2001 results.png
Results:
  People's Action Party
  Workers' Party of Singapore
  Singapore Democratic Alliance

Prime Minister before election

Goh Chok Tong
PAP

Prime Minister after election

Goh Chok Tong
PAP

General elections were held in Singapore on 3 November 2001. President S.R. Nathan dissolved parliament on 18 October 2001 on the advice of Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. The ruling People's Action Party (PAP) won 82 of the 84 elected seats in Parliament. Due to the large number (51) of uncontested seats, only 675,306 of the 2,036,923 eligible voters (33.2%) had an opportunity to vote. As of the recent election in 2020, this was the most recent, and fourth overall (third consecutive) election PAP returned to power on nomination day with a majority of uncontested walkovers. The election marked Goh Chok Tong's last election in which he led the party into a general election; his successor, Lee Hsien Loong, would succeed Goh on 12 August 2004.

Background[edit]

The ruling PAP's secretary-general and Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong initially scheduled for the election to be held in 2002, but pushed to November after Singapore faced an economic crisis due to the events of September 11 attacks in the United States.

For the first time since 1963, a formal political umbrella emerged from within the opposition. The four-party Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA), which consist of the leader party Singapore People's Party (SPP), the National Solidarity Party (NSP), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura (PKMS) and Singapore Justice Party (SJP), was led by Chiam See Tong. SDA fielded the most candidates in the election, where NSP provided the bulk of nine candidates, SPP with four, and PKMS providing a required minority candidate.

Former Workers' Party (WP) Non-Constituency Member of Parliament Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, who lost his seat after being declared a bankrupt owing to lawsuits by PAP leaders, resigned from the party, citing disagreements with the present leadership. The only WP Member of Parliament, Low Thia Khiang took over as secretary-general. During nomination day, WP was nominated on only two wards (Hougang and Nee Soon East SMC), as their sole GRC team who attempt to nominate in Aljunied Group Representation Constituency was disqualified for filing incomplete papers.

A seat had been vacated in 1999 after the conviction of Jalan Besar GRC's MP Choo Wee Khiang over commercial crimes, but no by-election was held as the seat was within a GRC. Under the law, an entire electoral constituency (for both single member and GRC seats) has to be vacated before a by-election could be called, as this was done during the Marine Parade GRC by-election of 1992.

Campaign[edit]

This election saw its shortest campaigning period of 17 days after opening of the register of electors, as well as the absence of four-member GRCs from the electoral map (four-member GRCs would reappear again in the 2011 elections, in nearly a decade later). Another increase of the election deposit amount this time was the most significant one in history, which almost doubled.

The end result saw WP's Low and SDA's Chiam retaining their seats, but saw their winning margins slashed from the 1997. With these two opposition wins, one NCMP seat was offered to and accepted by Steve Chia of Singapore Democratic Alliance, who became the youngest and first-ever non-WP NCMP.

Chee Soon Juan incident[edit]

Singapore Democratic Party (SDP) leader Chee Soon Juan came under fire in the media when he encountered Prime Minister Goh while campaigning at a hawker centre. He used a megaphone to ask Goh, "Where is the $18 billion that you have lent to (Indonesian President) Suharto?". Goh and Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew sued Chee for defamation shortly after the election.

Chee lost the lawsuits and was ordered to pay damages of S$300,000 to Goh and S$200,000 to Lee. On 10 February 2006, Chee was declared bankrupt by the High Court after failing to pay the damages owed to Goh and Lee, and was unable to stand in the elections held later May that year, until on 23 November 2012 where Chee was discharged from bankruptcy, and later returned to participate in the 2015 elections.

Timeline[edit]

Date Event
17 October Publication of Electoral Boundaries report
17 October Certification of Registers of Electors
18 October Dissolution of 9th Parliament; Writ of Election issued
25 October Nomination Day
26 October-2 November Campaigning Period
3 November Polling Day
25 March 2002 Opening of 10th Parliament

Electoral boundaries[edit]

Constituency Changes
Aljunied GRC Absorbed the southern Punggol divisions from Cheng San GRC, and Lorong Halus area/Paya Lebar Air Base from Pasir Ris GRC
Kampong Kembangan division was split into Aljunied-Kembangan and Kembangan-Punggol divisions (the latter absorbed with Punggol East from Cheng San GRC), while Punggol South division was renamed to Aljunied–Hougang
Carved out Changi-Simei division to East Coast GRC and Aljunied division to Marine Parade GRC
Ang Mo Kio GRC Ward upsized to six members
Absorbed Cheng San and Jalan Kayu divisions from Cheng San GRC
Ang Mo Kio division was absorbed into Yio Chu Kang and Teck Ghee divisions
Bishan–Toa Payoh GRC No Change in Boundaries
East Coast GRC Absorbed Changi-Simei division from Aljunied GRC
Carved out Joo Chiat division into SMC
Holland–Bukit Panjang GRC New Constituency
Formed with Ulu Pandan, Bukit Panjang and Buona Vista divisions from Bukit Timah GRC, Sembawang GRC and Tanjong Pagar GRC, respectively
Bukit Panjang divisions was split to include Cashew and Zhenghua divisions, while some of Zhenghua division was split from Tanglin division
Hong Kah GRC Absorbed Bukit Gombak SMC, and a portion of Chua Chu Kang SMC (to form Keat Hong division)
Carved out Hong Kah East division to Jurong GRC
Hong Kah West was merged into Nanyang division
Jalan Besar GRC Ward upsized to five members
Absorbed Kampong Glam SMC, Kreta Ayer and Kim Seng divisions (which would merge into Kreta Ayer–Kim Seng division) from Kreta Ayer–Tanglin GRC
Geylang West division was absorbed into Kolam Ayer and Jalan Besar divisions
Jurong GRC New Constituency
Formed from a majority of Bukit Timah GRC (except for Bukit Timah division, which carved into SMC), and Hong Kah East division from Hong Kah GRC
Jurong division was split into Pioneer and Taman Jurong divisions, while Bukit Batok East division was formed from portions of Bukit Batok, Bukit Gombak & Bukit Timah divisions
Marine Parade GRC No Change in Boundaries
Pasir Ris–Punggol GRC New Constituency
Formed from Pasir Ris GRC (except for the Pasir Ris South division, which was absorbed into Tampines GRC) and northern Punggol divisions of Cheng San GRC (Punggol Central, North and South)
Sembawang GRC Carved out Nee Soon East division into SMC, and Bukit Panjang division into Holland–Bukit Panjang GRC
Sembawang and Woodlands division were split to include Canberra and Admiralty divisions respectively
Tampines GRC Ward upsized to five members
Absorbed Pasir Ris South division from Pasir Ris GRC (renamed to Tampines North)
Tanjong Pagar GRC Absorbed Moulmein and Tanglin (renamed to Tanglin-Cairnhill) divisions from Kreta Ayer–Tanglin GRC
Carved out Buona Vista division to Holland–Bukit Panjang GRC
Leng Kee division was absorbed into Queenstown, Radin Mas and Tanglin-Cairnhill divisions
West Coast GRC Ward upsized to five members
Absorbed Boon Lay SMC and some of Bukit Timah GRC (Jurong, Joo Koon, Gul Circle and Tuas)
Pasir Panjang division was dissolved into Telok Blangah and West Coast divisions

Outgoing/New MPs[edit]

There were a total of 40 (25 PAP) candidates making their political debut in the 2001 election. Among the new faces were Tharman Shanmugaratnam and Halimah Yacob who would later become future Senior Minister and President of Singapore, respectively. 24 incumbent MPs retired prior to the announcements. 15 candidates outside PAP were also new, among which new faces include Chee Siok Chin, sister of the SDP's leader Chee Soon Juan, as well as Desmond Lim, who would later lead the newly-formed SDA in future years, and a future Perennial candidate Ooi Boon Ewe.

New PAP candidates Outgoing MPs New opposition candidates
  • Chee Siok Chin, 35 (SDP)
  • Fong Chin Leong, 32 (SDA)
  • Foo Kok Wah, 30 (SDA)
  • Mohamad Isa bin Abdul Aziz, 43 (SDP)
  • Desmond Lim Bak Chuan, 34 (SDA)
  • Lim Boon Heng, 25 (SDP)
  • Arthero Lim Tung Hee, 46 (SDP)
  • Ng Kee How, 47 (SDA)
  • Ooi Boon Ewe, 60 (IND)
  • Poh Lee Guan, 40 (WP)
  • Mohamad Rahizan bin Yaacob, 45 (SDA)
  • Tan Kim Chuang, 55 (IND)
  • Sebastian Teo Kway Huang, 53 (SDA)
  • Tong Meng Chye, 53 (SDA)
  • Vincent Yeo Boon Keng, 48 (SDP)
  1. ^ Richard Hu initially announced that he would seek another term in leading a team for the new Holland–Bukit Panjang GRC, but the idea was scrapped.

Results[edit]

PAP won a landslide victory and its best result since 1980. The party achieved its third highest score among the general elections it has contested since 1959. The PAP's vote percentage of 75.3% signalled an overwhelming endorsement of the PAP to lead the nation out of the crisis that came at a time of great uncertainty over world security and the recession that came after the September 11 attacks.

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
People's Action Party470,76575.2982+1
Singapore Democratic Alliance75,24812.0310
Singapore Democratic Party50,6078.0900
Workers' Party19,0603.0510
Democratic Progressive Party5,3340.8500
Independents4,2530.6800
Total625,267100.0084+1
Valid votes625,26797.87
Invalid/blank votes13,6362.13
Total votes638,903100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,036,92394.61
Source: Singapore Elections[a]

By constituency[edit]

Constituency Seats Electorate Turnout % Party Candidates Votes %
Aljunied GRC 5 125,115 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Ong Seh Hong
Cynthia Phua
Yeo Guat Kwang
George Yeo Yong-Boon
Zainul Abidin Bin Mohamed Rasheed
Uncontested walkover
Ang Mo Kio GRC 6 166,644 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Inderjit Singh
Lee Hsien Loong
Sadasivan Balaji
Seng Han Thong
Tan Boon Wan
Wee Siew Kim
Uncontested walkover
Ayer Rajah SMC 1 18,475 17,420 94.29 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Tan Cheng Bock 15,024 87.96%
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party Tan Lead Shake 2,057 12.04%
Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC 5 114,621 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Davinder Singh
Leong Horn Kee
Ng Eng Hen
Wong Kan Seng
Zainudin Nordin
Uncontested walkover
Bukit Timah SMC 1 26,951 25,215 93.56 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Wang Kai Yuen 19,121 77.37%
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Tong Meng Chye 4,376 17.71%
Independent Tan Kim Chuang 1,215 4.92%
Chua Chu Kang SMC 1 24,863 23,936 96.27 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Low Seow Chay 15,349 65.34%
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Steve Chia[b] 8,143 34.66%
East Coast GRC 6 144,012 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Abdullah Tarmugi
Chew Heng Ching

Lee Yock Suan
Lim Siang Keat Raymond
S Jayakumar
Tan Soo Khoon
Uncontested walkover
Holland-Bukit Panjang GRC 5 118,834 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Gan Kim Yong
Lim Swee Say
David Lim Tik En
Teo Ho Pin
Vivian Balakrishnan
Uncontested walkover
Hong Kah GRC 5 129,073 123,749 95.88 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Ahmad Khalis Abdul Ghani
Ang Mong Seng
John Chen
Amy Khor Lean Suan
Yeo Cheow Tong
96,450 79.74%
SDP logo variation.svg Singapore Democratic Party Cheo Chai Chen
Lim Boon Heng
Lim Tung Hee
Sarry Bin Hassan
Wong Hong Toy
24,513 20.26%
Hougang SMC 1 23,320 22,247 95.40 WP SG LOGO VARIANT.svg Workers' Party Low Thia Khiang 12,070 54.98%
PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Eric Low Siak Meng 9,882 45.02%
Jalan Besar GRC 5 100,268 93,451 93.20 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Heng Chee How
Lee Boon Yang
Loh Meng See
Lily Tertasana Neo
Yaacob Bin Ibrahim
68,309 74.48%
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Fong Chin Leong
Lim Bak Chuan
Mohd Rahizan Bin Yaacob
Ng Kee How
Sin Kek Tong
23,391 25.51%
Joo Chiat SMC 1 21,745 19,049 87.60 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Chan Soo Sen 15,426 83.55%
Independent Ooi Boon Ewe 3,038 16.45
Jurong GRC 5 115,113 109,198 94.86 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Foo Yee Shoon
Halimah Bte Yacob
Lim Boon Heng
Ong Chit Chung
Shanmugaratnam Tharman
84,742 79.75%
SDP logo variation.svg Singapore Democratic Party Chee Siok Chin
Chee Soon Juan
Karuppiah Ambalam Gandhi
Mohamed Isa Bin Abdul Aziz
Yeo Boon Keng Vincent
21,511 20.25%
MacPherson SMC 1 22,010 20,724 94.16 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Matthias Yao Chih 16,870 83.73%
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party Tan Soo Phuan 3,277 16.27%
Marine Parade GRC 6 140,174 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Gan Lai Chiang
Goh Chok Tong
Mohamad Maidin bin Packer Mohd
Othman Haron Eusofe
R Ravindran
Tan Hwee Hua
Uncontested walkover
Nee Soon Central SMC 1 22,975 21,836 95.04 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Ong Ah Heng 16,755 78.52%
SDP logo variation.svg Singapore Democratic Party Ling How Doong 4,583 21.48%
Nee Soon East SMC 1 28,465 26,969 94.74 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Ho Peng Kee 19,566 73.68%
WP SG LOGO VARIANT.svg Workers' Party Poh Lee Guan 6,990 26.32%
Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC 5 134,151 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Ahmad Magad
Charles Chong
Michael Lim
Penny Low
Teo Chee Hean
Uncontested walkover
Potong Pasir SMC 1 16,616 15,630 94.07 Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Chiam See Tong 8,107 52.43%
PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Sitoh Yih Pin 7,356 47.57%
Sembawang GRC 6 166,137 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Chin Tet Yung
Hawazi Daipi
K. Shanmugam
Lee Wei Rhen Warren
Mohd Maliki Osman
Tony Tan Keng Yam
Uncontested walkover
Tampines GRC 5 125,432 119,479 95.25 PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Mah Bow Tan
Ng Phek Hoong Irene
Ong Kian Min
Sin Boon Ann
Yatiman B Yusof
85,915 73.34%
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Abdul Rahim Bin Osman
Foo Kok Wah
Neo Ting Wei
Sebastian Teo K H
Yip Yew Weng
31,231 26.66%
Tanjong Pagar GRC 6 141,150 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Chay Wai Chuen
Chong Weng Chiew
Indranee Thurai Rajah
Khaw Boon Wan
Koo Tsai Kee
Lee Kuan Yew
Uncontested walkover
West Coast GRC 5 110,779 No election PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party Fong Jen Arthur
Foo Chee Keng Cedric
Ho Geok Choo Madeleine
Lim Hng Kiang
S Iswaran
Uncontested walkover
Source: ELD

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1,361,617 of the 2,036,923 voters were registered in uncontested constituencies
  2. ^ Elected as NCMP on 5 November 2001.

References[edit]

External links[edit]