2001 Tour de France
|Route of the 2001 Tour de France|
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
|Winning time||86h 17' 28"|
|Second||Jan Ullrich (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Third||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||(ONCE–Eroski)|
|Points||Erik Zabel (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Mountains||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||(CSC–Tiscali)|
|Youth||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||(Kelme–Costa Blanca)|
The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.
The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France did not include not enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure. U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classifications in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2001, after compensating for transfers. Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams: In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
|P||7 July||Dunkirk||8.2 km (5.1 mi)||Individual time trial||Christophe Moreau (FRA)|
|1||8 July||Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer||194.5 km (120.9 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|2||9 July||Calais to Antwerp (Belgium)||220.5 km (137.0 mi)||Plain stage||Marc Wauters (BEL)|
|3||10 July||Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium)||198.5 km (123.3 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|4||11 July||Huy (Belgium) to Verdun||215.0 km (133.6 mi)||Plain stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|5||12 July||Verdun to Bar-le-Duc||67.0 km (41.6 mi)||Team time trial||Crédit Agricole|
|6||13 July||Commercy to Strasbourg||211.5 km (131.4 mi)||Plain stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|7||14 July||Strasbourg to Colmar||162.5 km (101.0 mi)||Hilly stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|8||15 July||Colmar to Pontarlier||222.5 km (138.3 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|9||16 July||Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains||185.0 km (115.0 mi)||Plain stage||Serguei Ivanov (RUS)|
|10||17 July||Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez||209.0 km (129.9 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|11||18 July||Grenoble to Chamrousse||32.0 km (19.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19 July||Perpignan||Rest day|
|12||20 July||Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Félix Cárdenas (COL)|
|13||21 July||Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|14||22 July||Tarbes to Luz Ardiden||141.5 km (87.9 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)|
|23 July||Pau||Rest day|
|15||24 July||Pau to Lavaur||232.5 km (144.5 mi)||Plain stage||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)|
|16||25 July||Castelsarrasin to Sarran||229.5 km (142.6 mi)||Plain stage||Jens Voigt (GER)|
|17||26 July||Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Plain stage||Serge Baguet (BEL)|
|18||27 July||Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond||61.0 km (37.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19||28 July||Orléans to Évry||149.5 km (92.9 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|20||29 July||Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Plain stage||Ján Svorada (CZE)|
|Total||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a polkadot jersey.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.
For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 6' 44"|
|3||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 9' 05"|
|4||Andrei Kivilev (KAZ)||Cofidis||+ 9' 53"|
|5||Igor González (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 13' 28"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 17' 22"|
|7||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 18' 30"|
|8||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 20' 55"|
|9||Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 21' 45"|
|10||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||+ 22' 38"|
|1||Erik Zabel (GER)||Team Telekom||252|
|2||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||244|
|3||Damien Nazon (FRA)||Bonjour||169|
|4||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)||Fassa Bortolo||148|
|5||Sven Teutenberg (GER)||Festina||141|
|7||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||127|
|8||Ján Svorada (CZE)||Lampre–Daikin||124|
|9||Christophe Capelle (FRA)||BigMat–Auber 93||114|
|10||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||108|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||258|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||211|
|3||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||200|
|5||Stefano Garzelli (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||164|
|6||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||147|
|7||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||145|
|8||Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)||Team Telekom||134|
|9||Patrice Halgand (FRA)||Jean Delatour||123|
|10||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||120|
Young rider classification
|1||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||86h 35' 58|
|2||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 10' 03"|
|3||Jörg Jaksche (DEU)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 47' 32"|
|4||Denis Menchov (RUS)||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 13' 20"|
|5||Marco Pinotti (ITA)||Lampre–Daikin||+ 1h 15' 59"|
|6||Iván Gutiérrez (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 1h 40' 42"|
|7||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 1h 41' 10"|
|8||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 1h 47' 47"|
|9||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||+ 1h 59' 24"|
|10||Nicolas Vogondy (FRA)||Française des Jeux||+ 2h 09' 07"|
|1||Kelme–Costa Blanca||259h 14' 44"|
|2||ONCE–Eroski||+ 4' 59"|
|3||Team Telekom||+ 41' 06"|
|4||Bonjour||+ 41' 49"|
|5||Rabobank||+ 51' 53"|
|6||U.S. Postal Service||+ 54' 51"|
|7||Cofidis||+ 1h 20' 41"|
|8||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 22' 24"|
|9||Festina||+ 1h 45' 33"|
|10||Jean Delatour||+ 1h 49' 18"|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||94|
|2||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||55|
|3||Jens Voigt (GER)||Crédit Agricole||45|
|4||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||44|
|5||Paolo Bettini (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||36|
|6||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Française des Jeux||36|
|7||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||32|
|8||David Etxebarria (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||30|
|9||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||Jean Delatour||28|
|10||Nicolas Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||23|
In August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency recommended the disqualification of Lance Armstrong from all his results since 1998; in October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale agreed to this action. Having been stripped of the win owing to his use of banned substances, Armstrong's win, his third of 7 consecutive wins and the most in Tour history, no longer applies; therefore, there was no official winner of the 2001 Tour De France.
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2003 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
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- Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 5 (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 100. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 July 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 6 (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Jones, Jeff (2001). "Stage 20 - July 29: Corbeil Essones - Paris (Champs Elysées), 160.5 km: Zabel bags the green in exciting finale, Armstrong wins his third successive TdF". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
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