2002 Kenyan general election

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2002 Kenyan presidential election

← 1997 27 December 2002 (2002-12-27) 2007 →
Turnout57.2%
  Mwai Kibaki, October 2003.jpg Uhuru Kenyatta 2015.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Mwai Kibaki Uhuru Kenyatta Simeon Nyachae
Party NARC KANU FORD–People
Popular vote 3,646,277 1,835,890 345,152
Percentage 62.2% 31.3% 5.9%

President before election

Daniel arap Moi
KANU

Elected President

Mwai Kibaki
NARC

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General elections were held in Kenya on 27 December 2002.[1] Voters elected the President, and members of the National Assembly. They coincided with the 2002 Kenyan local elections.

Mwai Kibaki of the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) was elected, defeating Uhuru Kenyatta of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) and Simeon Nyachae of FORD–People.

Incumbent president Daniel arap Moi was ineligible to pursue a third term due to the two-term limit in the Constitution of Kenya. This was the first truly free general election held in Kenya since independence in 1964; a number of by-elections were held in 1966 before the onset of de facto one-party rule in 1969. The general election saw the end of the long-standing dominance of the KANU, which had governed the country since independence in 1963, including 23 years as the only legal party. The National Rainbow Coalition won a majority in the National Assembly.

Background[edit]

Incumbent president Moi was constitutionally barred from running in the 2002 presidential elections. Some of his supporters floated the idea of amending the constitution to allow him to run for a third term, but Moi preferred to retire, choosing Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of Kenya's first President, as his successor.[2] In protest of Moi's decision a group of disappointed KANU presidential aspirants quit KANU and formed the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

In preparation for the 2002 elections, Kibaki's Democratic Party affiliated with several other opposition parties, including the LDP and National Alliance Party of Kenya (NAK) to form the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC). On 14 October 2002, at a large opposition rally in Uhuru Park, Nairobi, Kibaki was nominated the NARC opposition alliance presidential candidate after Raila Odinga made the famous declaration, Kibaki Tosha![3]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Mwai Kibaki National Rainbow Coalition 3,646,277 61.3
Uhuru Kenyatta Kenya African National Union 1,835,890 30.2
Simeon Nyachae FORD–People 345,152 5.9
James Orengo Social Democratic Party 24,524 0.4
David Ng'ethe Chama Cha Uma 10,061 0.1
Invalid/blank votes 114,006
Total 5,861,904 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,451,150 57.2
Source: IFES

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/– Appointees
National
Rainbow
Coalition
Liberal Democratic Party 2,634,173 56.1 59 New 7
Democratic Party 39 0
FORD–Kenya 21 +4
National Party of Kenya 6 New
Kenya African National Union 1,361,828 29.0 64 –43 4
FORD–People 702,258 14.9 14 +11 1
FORD–Asili 2 +1 0
Safina 2 –3 0
Sisi Kwa Sisi 2 New 0
Shirikisho Party of Kenya 1 0 0
Other parties 0 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 4,698,259 100 210 0 12
Registered voters/turnout 10,498,122
Source: Psephos, African Elections Database

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kenya: 2002 National Assembly election results EISA
  2. ^ Marc Lacey (13 October 2002). "Kenya's Leader to Step Down but Not Out". New York Times.
  3. ^ "The deal and deal makers in Kibaki's 2002 victory". Nation.co.ke. Retrieved 1 June 2010.