||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (May 2009)|
|Location||Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands|
|Cause||Differential perspectives on FAI policy|
|Participants||Roy Keane, Mick McCarthy, Bertie Ahern, Irish society|
|Outcome||Dismissal of Roy Keane, Prolonged national self-examination|
|Inquiries||FAI Genesis Report|
The Saipan incident was a public quarrel in May 2002 between Republic of Ireland national football team's captain Roy Keane and manager Mick McCarthy when the team was preparing in Saipan for its matches in Japan in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. It resulted in Keane, the key player, being sent home from the squad. The general public in Ireland was divided about apportioning blame for the incident.
Prior to the incident, Keane was captain of the Irish national team. Since his senior debut under Jack Charlton and then-captain McCarthy, Keane had perceived problems with the preparations of the Irish side. He regarded the Football Association of Ireland (FAI)'s preparations as unprofessional and challenged both Charlton and McCarthy in a number of notable incidents.
Among Keane's issues with Irish management were the conditions of the training field, travel arrangements (which made the players sit in second class seats on flights, while FAI officials sat in first class), strategy, expectations, diet and McCarthy's competence. In his autobiography, Keane said that before a World Cup qualifier away versus the Netherlands, the Irish players were eating cheese sandwiches because pasta, the proper diet before games, was not available.
World Cup preparation
The island of Saipan was selected by an FAI delegation as an initial base. From the management perspective the time was considered a period of relative rest and recreation at the end of a long season before moving to Japan to up the preparation levels for the tournament. Keane, on the other hand, who is reputed to have told Alex Ferguson that he was going to the World Cup "to win it", viewed it as a period of preparation for the World Cup Finals. He therefore became dissatisfied when facilities and general preparation did not match his expectations.
On 21 May Keane decided he was going home but subsequently changed his mind and stayed on.
Irish broadcaster RTÉ became aware of the developing row, as did several Irish newspapers. Because of its isolated location, there were certain stories circulating about the event which were all critical of Keane. The Daily Star newspaper had been a harsh critic of Keane for months in the run up to the competition. This included persistent allegations about Keane's commitment to the Irish football team.
Contrary to what many believe that Keane gave an interview to leading sports journalist Tom Humphries, of the Irish broadsheet daily newspaper The Irish Times, Keane had actually originally agreed to give the interview to Paul Kimmage of the The Sunday Independent. Kimmage then agreed to let Tom Humphries join in on the interview, but made him promise not to print the article until after Kimmages column on Sunday. Humphries reneged on the deal and in retrospect this proved to be a major scoop for the Irish Times. In the article, Keane listed the events and concerns which had led him to decide to leave the team. This article included details and references to the preparations that had been set in place for the Irish team. This would be an indirect implication that the event was organized as a junket for FAI officialdom. The article was seen as a direct affront to the authority of the Irish manager, and the competence of the FAI.
The Irish Times article increased tensions greatly. McCarthy decided to question Keane about the article. In a team meeting McCarthy held up a copy of the article and asked "What's this all about?", and an argument started. McCarthy then accused Keane of faking injury when Ireland were playing Iran in the second leg of the play off. Keane then unleashed a stinging verbal tirade against McCarthy: "Mick, you're a liar … you're a fucking wanker. I didn't rate you as a player, I don't rate you as a manager, and I don't rate you as a person. You're a fucking wanker and you can stick your World Cup up your arse. The only reason I have any dealings with you is that somehow you are the manager of my country! You can stick it up your bollocks." Mick McCarthy then held a press conference announcing that he had sent Keane home.
Niall Quinn observed in his autobiography that "Roy Keane's 10-minute oration [against Mick McCarthy] … was clinical, fierce, earth-shattering to the person on the end of it and it ultimately caused a huge controversy in Irish society." But at the same time, he was also critical of Keane's stance, saying that "[He] left us in Saipan, not the other way round. And he punished himself more than any of us by not coming back."
None of his team-mates voiced support for Keane during the meeting, though some later expressed their support to him privately. Keane mentioned in his autobiography that Gary Breen and David Connolly visited his room. Senior players Steve Staunton and Niall Quinn seemed to take the side of McCarthy, and the FAI, in the argument that followed. Staunton was the most loyal to the FAI line of the argument. He was later given the captaincy in Keane's absence.
Despite the efforts of the media and Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, Keane and McCarthy failed to resolve the conflict and Keane missed the World Cup. Keane gave an interview concerning the controversy to RTÉ and when asked if it was possible to go back he did not deny that he might. The Irish football team were defeated in a penalty shootout by Spain in the second round.
The Genesis Report
The FAI commissioned a report from external consultants Genesis, into its World Cup preparations. The "Genesis Report" agreed with many of Keane's criticisms, finding that the FAI structure was not conducive to good planning and making a range of recommendations. The complete report was never published for legal reasons. [What were they?] Brendan Menton resigned as FAI General Secretary at this time, and the media linked the two events, though Menton denied this.
Roy Keane stated that he would not play again for Ireland under McCarthy, and in his autobiography even said that his former national team coach could 'rot in hell'. McCarthy continued as national team manager and Ireland then played Russia in a qualifying match for the European Championship. Ireland lost to a badly resourced Russian team 4–2, who had played badly in the World Cup. This was followed by a "booing" episode in Ireland's next qualifier against Switzerland, with many fans blaming McCarthy. Ireland lost the game 2–1 at Lansdowne Road. In the face of rebellion on the terraces, a decrease in support for the national team, and consequent declining attendance revenues, the FAI decided to remove McCarthy. Ireland then failed to qualify for any major tournament until 2011, when after beating Estonia they qualified for the 2012 European Championships. The appointment of Brian Kerr as team manager in 2003 led to Keane's return to international football on 27 May 2004, in a friendly match against Romania at Lansdowne Road. He played his final international game the following year, having been capped 67 times for the nation since 1991. He retired from playing at club level in 2006.
As of November 2006, Keane appeared to have mended the fences with McCarthy when the two men settled their differences via a phone call ahead of a match between McCarthy's Wolverhampton Wanderers and Keane's Sunderland. The handshake between the two men received considerable media attention. In April 2007, the managers again met in another match, and Keane praised McCarthy for his work in Sunderland previous to Keane's tenure there.
In December 2013, Keane speaking in an ITV4 documentary admitted his regret at missing out on the 2002 World Cup and said that he should have put his personal issues with Mick McCarthy to one side for the sake of the country, saying "To play in the World Cup. It would have been nice to play, A lot of people were disappointed, particularly my family."
The incident was so divisive that it was called a "civil war" for Ireland. The Irish Times later wrote that "[m]ost people have ... a story of a split between families, between friends, between work colleagues." In 2005, a musical comedy play parodying the incident and its key players, I, Keano, opened in Dublin. The play, written by Arthur Mathews, Michael Nugent, and Paul Woodfull, represented the incident as a mock-epic melodrama about a Roman legion preparing for war. Keane attended a performance of the show, which ran in Dublin until May 2008.
In an echo of the incident, three main cast members, including Mario Rosenstock, who portrayed "Keano" (the play's version of Roy Keane), left the show early in its first run, leading to media articles about life imitating art imitating life.
- Keane, Roy; Dunphy, Eamon (2002). Keane: The Autobiography. Michael Joseph. ISBN 0-7181-4554-2. p. 244
- Soccer-Ireland.com Saipan Incident Thesis
- Irish Times Archived Irish Times report on the incident.
- "10 classic Roy Keane rants". Guardian football (London). 24 August 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "The Odd Couple". BBC Sport. 27 August 2006. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- "World Cup: 25 stunning moments ... No13: Roy Keane walks out on Ireland". Guardian. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "Keane: Missing 2002 World Cup is biggest regret of my career". Irish Independent. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "13 things we learned from the Roy Keane-Patrick Vieira documentary". The Score. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Clerkin, Malachy (12 May 2012). "How war in the Pacific brought madness to these shores". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- Hundreds Queue for Tickets on Roy's Home Turf Niamh Hennessy, Irish Examiner, 26 July 2005
- Art Imitates Life as Hit I, Keano Camp Splits. Evening Herald, 25 Feb 2005
- New Scandal For Roy Keane Musical. Brian Logan, The Guardian, 3 March 2005
- Lasting Impression Interview with Mario Rosenstock, Irish Examiner, 24 December 2005