|Discovery date||December 20, 2003|
|Epoch 13 January 2016 (JD 2457400.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||467 days (1.28 yr)|
|Aphelion||1.00244 AU (149.963 Gm)|
|Perihelion||0.974906 AU (145.8439 Gm)|
|0.988674 AU (147.9035 Gm)|
|0.98 yr (359.1 d)|
Average orbital speed
|Earth MOID||0.0045919 AU (686,940 km)|
|Jupiter MOID||3.9854 AU (596.21 Gm)|
Equatorial surface gravity
Equatorial escape velocity
2003 YN107, also written 2003 YN107, is a very small near-Earth object moving in a 1:1 mean-motion resonance with Earth. Because of that, it is in a co-orbital configuration relative to Earth.
Discovery, orbit and physical properties
It was discovered by the Lincoln Near Earth Asteroid Research (LINEAR) system in orbit around the Sun on December 20, 2003. Its diameter is approximately 10 to 30 metres. 2003 YN107 is on NASA's Earth Close Approach list, and is estimated to miss Earth by 0.01 AU. It revolves around the Sun on an Earth-like, almost circular, orbit. Its orbital period of 363.846 days also is very close to the sidereal year.
Co-orbital with Earth and orbital evolution
From approximately 1997 to 2006, the asteroid remained within 0.1 AU (15,000,000 km; 9,300,000 mi)) of Earth and it appeared to slowly orbit Earth. However, 2003 YN107 is no second moon, as it is not bound to Earth. It is the first discovered member of a postulated group of coorbital objects, or quasi-satellites, which show these path characteristics. Other members of this group include 10563 Izhdubar, 54509 YORP, (66063) 1998 RO1, (85770) 1998 UP1, and (85990) 1999 JV6. Before 1996, the asteroid had been on a so-called horseshoe orbit around the Sun, along the Earth's orbit. After 2006, it had regained such an orbit. This makes it very similar to 2002 AA29, which will become a quasi-satellite of Earth in approximately 600 years.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: (2003 YN107)". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Connors, M.; Veillet, C.; Brasser, R.; Wiegert, P.; Chodas, P.; Mikkola, S.; Innanen, K. (August 2004). "Discovery of Earth's quasi-satellite". Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 39 (8): 1251–1255. Bibcode:2004M&PS...39.1251C. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2004.tb00944.x.
- Brasser, R.; Innanen, K. A.; Connors, M.; Veillet, C.; Wiegert, P.; Mikkola, S.; Chodas, P. W. (September 2004). "Transient co-orbital asteroids". Icarus. 171 (1): 102–109. Bibcode:2004Icar..171..102B. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2004.04.019.
- de la Fuente Marcos, C.; de la Fuente Marcos, R. (July 2013). "A resonant family of dynamically cold small bodies in the near-Earth asteroid belt". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 434 (1): L1–L5. arXiv:. Bibcode:2013MNRAS.434L...1D. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slt062.
- MPEC 2003-Y76 : 2003 YN107 (Discovery MPEC)
- NASA's Near-Earth Object close approach tables
- NEODyS' information on 2003 YN107
- Corkscrew Asteroid, Dr. Tony Phillips, Science@NASA, June 9, 2006.
- Horseshoe asteroids and quasi-satellites in Earth-like orbits
- 2003 YN107 at the JPL Small-Body Database