2003 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2003.

Paleozoology[edit]

Arthropods[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brownimeciinae[2]

Subfam. nov

Valid

Bolton

Turonian

New Jersey amber

 USA

A stem group ant, type species B. clavata

Halictus? savenyei[3]

Sp. nov

valid

Engel & Archibald

Ypresian

Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

 Canada

first apoid bee described from Canada

Raphidia funerata[4]

sp nov

Valid

Engel

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

 USA

Wesmaelius mathewesi[5]

Sp. nov

valid

Engel & Archibald

Ypresian

Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

 Canada

A Hemerobiinae lacewing

Conodont paleozoology[edit]

German paleontologist and stratigrapher Heinz Walter Kozur (1942-2013) described the conodont genus Carnepigondolella.

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Parareptiles[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
Bunostegos Valid taxon  Niger This was one of the largest herbivores of their time

Non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
"Abdallahsaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Blancocerosaurus"[8]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Amazonsaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Carvalho
  • Avilla
  • Salgado
 Brazil
Amazonssauro.png
Antetonitrus[10] Valid taxon
  • Yates
  • Kitching
 South Africa
Aviatyrannis[11] Valid taxon
  • Rauhut
 Portugal
Aviatyrannis.jpg
Bainoceratops[12] Valid taxon
  • Tereschenko
  • Alifanov
 China
Brohisaurus Valid taxon
  • Malkani
 Pakistan
Colepiocephale[13] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
 Canada
Colepiocephale updating version.JPG
"Domeykosaurus" Nomen nudum

Rubilar-Rogers and Vargas vide:

  • Anonymous in May 29, 2003 Reuters news reports.
 Chile
Dromaeosauroides[14] Valid taxon
  • Christiansen
  • Bonde
 Denmark
Equijubus[15] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Luo
  • Shubin
  • Witmer
  • Tang Z.
  • Tang F.
 China
Ferganasaurus[16] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
  • Averianov
 Kyrgyzstan
Fukuisaurus[17] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
  • Azuma
 Japan
Gobititan[18] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Tang F.
  • Luo
 China
Hanssuesia[19] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
 Canada
Heyuannia[20] Valid taxon
 China
Hongshanosaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
 China
Isisaurus[22] Valid taxon  India
"Issasaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Lamaceratops[23] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
 China
"Ligomasaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Lusotitan[24] Valid taxon
  • Antunes
  • Mateus
 Portugal
Magnirostris[25] Valid taxon  China
Mendozasaurus[26] Valid taxon
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
 Argentina
"Mohammadisaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Tornieria

"Mtapaiasaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Mtotosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

"Nteregosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Janenschia

"Nyororosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Olorotitan[27] Valid taxon
  • Godefroit
  • Bolotsky
  • Alifanov
 Russia
Platyceratops[23] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
 Mongolia
Rajasaurus[28] Valid taxon  India
Rinconsaurus[29] Valid taxon
  • Calvo
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
 Argentina
"Salimosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Selimanosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Serendipaceratops[30] Valid taxon
  • T. Rich
  • Vickers-Rich
 Australia
Shenzhousaurus[31] Valid taxon  China
Shuangmiaosaurus[32] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Ji Q.
  • Li J.
  • Li Y. X.
 China
Silesaurus[33] Valid taxon
  • Dzik
 Poland
Sinornithomimus[34] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
 China
Sphaerotholus[35] Possible junior synonym of Prenocephale
  • Williamson
  • Carr
"Wangonisaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Yixianosaurus[36] Valid taxon
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
 China
Zalmoxes[37] Valid taxon
  • Weishampel
  • Jianu
  • Csiki
  • Norman
 Romania
Zupaysaurus[38] Valid taxon

Arcucci & Coria

 Argentina

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amanuensis pickfordi [39]

Gen. et sp. nov

valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

MN 4

 Namibia

A Sagittariidae, relative of the secretarybird. The type species of Amanuensis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

Amitabha urbsinterdictensis [40]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Bonnie E. Gulas-Wroblewski

Anton F.-J. Wroblewski

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

The type species of Amitabha Gulas-Wroblewski & Wroblewski, 2003. Placed in crown Galliformes, but only compared with Phasianidae, not with other Eocene birds from North America.

Anhinga minuta [41]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Edson Guilherme

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Huayquerian-Montehermosian,

Solimõas Formation

 Brazil

An Anhingidae.

Coenocorypha miratropica [42]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Holocene

Vitilevu

 Fiji

A Scolopacidae.

Diomedea tanakai [43]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Paul G. Davis

Late Early Miocene

Oi Formation

 Japan

An Diomedeidae.

Eoeurypyga olsoni [44]

Nomen Nudum

Thesis name.

Ilka Weidig

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

An Eurypygidae.

Falco umanskajae [45]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Denis V. Sobolev

Pliocene

MN 16

 Ukraine

A Falconidae.

Gallicolumba leonpascoi [46]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Graham M. Wragg

Late Pleistocene-Holocene

Henderson Island

 Pitcairn

A Columbidae.

Hemignathus vorpalis [47]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Helen F. James

Storrs L. Olson

Subresent

Hawaii

 USA:

 Hawaii

A Fringillidae, Carduelinae, Drepanidini.

Macranhinga ranzii [41]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Edson Guilherme

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Huayquerian-Montehermosian

 Brazil

An Anhingidae.

Milvago carbo [48]

Valid

Sp. nov.

William Suárez Duque

Storrs L. Olson

Quaternary, possibly Late Pleistocene or Early Holocene

Las Breas de San Felipe

 Cuba

A Falconidae.

Morus peruvianus [49]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcelo Stucchi

Pliocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A Sulidae.

Namibiavis senutae[39]

Gen. et sp. nov

valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

MN 4

 Namibia

Initially thought to be an Idiornithidae, Cariamiformes but in 2011 reinterpreted as an Opisthocomidae, a relative of the hoatzin.[50] The type species of Namibiavis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

Nycticorax olsoni [51]

Valid

Sp. nov.

W. R. P. Bourne

N. P. Ashmole

K. E. L. Simmons

Subrecent

Ascension Island

 Ascension Island

An Ardeidae.

Palaeogrus mainburgensis [52]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Ursula B. Göhlich

Early Middle Miocene

MN 5

 Germany

 Bavaria

A Gruidae.

Parargornis messelensis [53]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Early Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany

 Hessen

An Apodiformes, Cypselavidae Mourer-Chauviré, 2006.

Shandongornis yinansis [54]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pliocene

 China

A Phasianidae.

Spheniscus chilensis [55]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Carlos Guerra Correa

Pliocene

Mejillones Formation

 Chile

A Spheniscidae.

Spheniscus megaramphus [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Mario Urbina

Alfredo Giraldo

Late Miocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A Spheniscidae.

Sula magna [49]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A Sulidae.

Sula sulita [49]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A Sulidae.

Wyomingcypselus pohli [44]

Nomen Nudum

Thesis name.

Ilka Weidig

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

An Apodiformes.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]
Name Status Authors Notes

Terminonatator

Valid

Sato

Thililua

Valid

Bardet Suberbiola Jalil

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]
Name Status Authors Notes

Beipiaopterus

Valid

Lü J.-C.

Chaoyangopterus

Valid

Wang Zhou

Harpactognathus

Valid

Carpenter Unwin et al.

Jidapterus

Valid

Dong, Sun, & Wu,

Liaoningopterus

Valid

Wang X.-L. and Zhou Z.-H

Liaoningopteryx

Valid

Wang X. Zhao

Ludodactylus

Valid

Frey, E., Martill Buchy, M

Nurhachius

Valid

Wang Kellner et al.

Phosphatodraco

Valid

Pereda-Suberbiola N. Bardet et al.

Sinopterus

Valid

Wang, X. Zhou, Z

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]
Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeovenator[57]

Valid

  • Reisz
  • Dilkes

Upper Carboniferous
(Upper Pennsylvanian)

Hamilton Quarry

 USA

a pelycosaur

Brasilitherium[58]

Valid

  • Bonaparte
  • Martinelli
  • Schultz
  • Rupert

 Brazil

Brasilodon[58]

Valid

  • Bonaparte
  • Martinelli
  • Schultz
  • Rupert

 Brazil

Bullacephalus[59]

Valid

  • Rubidge
  • Kitching

 South Africa

Colobodectes[60]

Valid

  • Modesto
  • Rubidge
  • Visser
  • Welman

Upper/Middle Permian
(Capitanian)

Abrahamskraal formation

 South Africa

an anomodont

Lanthanostegus[61]

Valid

  • Modesto
  • Rubidge
  • Welman

Middle/Upper Permian
(Capitanian)

 South Africa

an anomodont; replacement name for Lanthanocephalus Modesto, Rubidge & Welman, 2002, preoccupied by the cnidarian genus Lanthanocephalus Williams & Starmer, 2000[62]

Santacruzodon[63]

Valid

  • Abdala
  • Ribeiro

 Brazil

Xiyukannemeyeria[64]

Valid

  • Liu
  • Li

Middle Triassic
(Anisian)

 China

an anomodont; new genus for "Parakannemeyeria" brevirostris

Mammals[edit]
Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Caracal depereti[65]

Disputed

  • Morales et al.

Pliocene

 Spain

A member of Felidae, originally described as a species of Caracal. Boscaini et al. (2016) considered this species to be a junior synonym of Lynx issiodorensis.[66]

Iridodon[67]

Valid

  • Morlo
  • Gunnell

Eocene (Bridgerian)

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Hyaenodontidae belonging to the subfamily Limnocyoninae. The type species is I. datzae.

Kogolepithecus[68]

Valid

  • Pickford et al.

Miocene

 Uganda

An early catarrhine of uncertain affinity. The type species is K. morotoensis.

Fungi[edit]

newly named[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aureofungus[69]

Valid

  • Hibbett
  • et al

Burdigalian (Miocene)

 Dominican Republic one of four mushroom genera described from the fossil record

Plants[edit]

Conifers[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Chamaecyparis eureka[70]

Valid

  • Kotyk
  • Basinger
  • McIlver

Lutetian

Buchanan Lake Formation, Axel Heiberg Island

 Canada

C. eureka is the oldest confirmed member of the genus Chamaecyparis[70]

Angiosperms[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Corylus johnsonii[71]

Valid

  • Pigg
  • Manchester
  • Wehr

Ypresian

Tom Thumb Tuff, Klondike Mountain Formation

 USA

Araripia florifera[72]

Valid

  • Mohr
  • Eklund

lower Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

Gnetophytes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cratonia cotyledon[73]

Valid

  • Rydin
  • Mohr
  • Friis

lower Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Engel, Michael S.; Archibald, S. Bruce (2003). "An Early Eocene bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) from Quilchena, British Columbia". The Canadian Entomologist. 135: 63–69. doi:10.4039/n02-030. [permanent dead link]
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  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Maier, G. 2003. African dinosaurs unearthed: the Tendaguru expeditions. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IA (512 pages).
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  10. ^ Yates, A.M. and J.W. Kitching. 2003. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur and the first steps towards sauropod locomotion. Proceedings: Biological Sciences DOI 10.1098/rspb. 2003: p. 2417 (Antetonitrus ingenipes).
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  12. ^ Tereschenko, V.S. and V.R. Alifanov. 2003. Bainoceratops efremovi, a New Protoceratopid Dinosaur (Protoceratopidae, Neoceratopsia) from the Bain-Dzak Locality (South Mongolia). Abstract in: Paleontological Journal 37: p. 3.
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  16. ^ Alifanov, V.R.; Averianov, A.O. (2003). "Ferganasaurus verzilini gen. et sp. nov., a new neosauropod (Dinosauria, Saurischia, Sauropoda) from the Middle Jurassic of Fergana Valley, Kirghizia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23 (2): 358–372. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2003)023[0358:fvgesn]2.0.co;2. 
  17. ^ Kobayashi, Y., and Y. Azuma. 2003. A new iguanodontian (Dinosauria: ornithopoda) from the Lower Cretaceous Kitadani Formation of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 166-175.
  18. ^ You, H.-L., F. Tang, and Z.-X. Luo. 2003. A New Basal Titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Early Cretaceous of China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 77 (4): pp. 424-429.
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  20. ^ Lu, J. [2002 / 2003]. A new oviraptorosaurid (Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria) from the Late Cretaceous of southern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22 (4): pp. 871-875.
  21. ^ You, H.L., X. Xu, and X.-L. Wang. 2003. A new genus of Psittacosauridae (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) and the origin and early evolution of marginocephalian dinosaurs. Acta Geologica Sinica 77 (1):pp. 15-20.
  22. ^ Wilson, J.A. and P. Upchurch. 2003. A revision of Titanosaurus Lydekker (Dinosauria- Sauropoda), the first dinosaur genus with a "Gondwanan" distribution. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 1 (3).
  23. ^ a b Alifanov, V.R. 2003. Two new dinosaurs of the infraorder neoceratopsia (Ornithischia) from the Upper Cretaceous of the Nemegt Depression, Mongolian People's Republic. Paleontological Journal 37 (5): pp. 524-534.
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  29. ^ Calvo, J.O. and B.J.G. Gonzalez Riga. 2003. Rinconsaurus caudamirus gen. et sp nov., a new titanosaurid (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Revista Geologica de Chile 30 (2): pp. 333-353.
  30. ^ Rich, T.H. and P. Vickers-Rich. 2003. Protoceratopsian? ulnae from the Early Cretaceous of Australia. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum no. 113.
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  32. ^ You, H.L.; Ji, Q.; Li, J.; Li, Y.X. (2003). "A new hadrosauroid dinosaur from the mid- Cretaceous of Liaoning, China". Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition). 77 (2): 148–154. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2003.tb00557.x. 
  33. ^ Dzik, J. (2003). "A beaked herbivorous archosaur with dinosaur affinities from the early Late Triassic of Poland". J. Vert. Paleontol. 23 (3): 556–574. doi:10.1671/a1097. 
  34. ^ Kobayashi, Y.; Lu, J.-C. (2003). "A new ornithomimid dinosaur with gregarious habits from the Late Cretaceous of China". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 48 (2): 235–259. 
  35. ^ Willamson, T.E.; Carr, T.D. (2003). "A new genus of derived pachycephalosaurian from western North America". J. Vert. Paleontol. 22 (4): 779–801. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2002)022[0779:angodp]2.0.co;2. 
  36. ^ Xu, X.; Wang, X.-L. (2003). "A new maniraptoran dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Western Liaoning". Vertebrate Palasiatica. 41 (3): 195–202. 
  37. ^ Weishampel, D.B.; Jianu, C.-M.; Csiki, Z.; Norman, D.B. (2003). "Osteology and phylogeny of Zalmoxes (n.g.), an unusual euornithopod dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous of Romania". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 1 (2): 65–123. doi:10.1017/s1477201903001032. 
  38. ^ Arucci, A. B.; Coria, R. A. (2003). "A new Triassic carnivorous dinosaur from Argentina". Ameghiniana. 40 (2): 217–228. 
  39. ^ a b Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2003). "Birds (Aves) from the Middle Miocene of Arrisdrift (Namibia). Preliminary study with description of two new genera: Amanuensis (Accipitriformes, Sagittariidae) and Namibiavis (Gruiformes, Idiornithidae)". In Martin Pickford; Brigitte Senut. Geology and palaeobiology of the Central and Southern Namib. Vol. 2: Paleontology of the Orange River Valley. Geological Survey of Namibia, Memoir 19. pp. 103–113. 
  40. ^ Bonnie E. Gulas-Wroblewski; Anton F.-J. Wroblewski (2003). "A Crown-group Galliform Bird from the Middle Eocene Bridger Formation of Wyoming". Palaeontology. 46 (6): 1269–1280. doi:10.1046/j.0031-0239.2003.00340.x. 
  41. ^ a b Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga; Edson Guilherme (2003). "The Anhingas (Aves: Anhingidae) From the Upper Tertiary (Miocene–Pliocene) of Southwestern Amazonia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23 (3): 614–621. doi:10.1671/1890. 
  42. ^ Trevor H. Worthy (2003). "A New Extinct Species of Snipe Coenocorypha from Vitilevu, Fiji". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club. 123 (2): 90–103. 
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