2003 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • In science
    2000
    2001
    2002
    2003
    2004
    2005
    2006

    Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2003.

    Paleozoology[edit]

    Arthropods[edit]

    New taxa[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Brownimeciinae[2]

    Subfam. nov

    Valid

    Bolton

    Turonian

    New Jersey amber

     USA

    A stem group ant, type species B. clavata

    Halictus? savenyei[3]

    Sp. nov

    valid

    Engel & Archibald

    Ypresian

    Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

     Canada

    first apoid bee described from Canada

    Raphidia funerata[4]

    sp nov

    Valid

    Engel

    Priabonian

    Florissant Formation

     USA

    Wesmaelius mathewesi[5]

    Sp. nov

    valid

    Engel & Archibald

    Ypresian

    Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

     Canada

    A Hemerobiinae lacewing

    Conodont paleozoology[edit]

    German paleontologist and stratigrapher Heinz Walter Kozur (1942-2013) described the conodont genus Carnepigondolella.

    Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

    Parareptiles[edit]

    Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
    Bunostegos Valid taxon  Niger This was one of the largest herbivores of their time

    Non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

    Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

    Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

    Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
    "Abdallahsaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    "Blancocerosaurus"[8]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    Amazonsaurus[9] Valid taxon
    • Carvalho
    • Avilla
    • Salgado
     Brazil
    Amazonssauro.png
    Antetonitrus[10] Valid taxon
    • Yates
    • Kitching
     South Africa
    Aviatyrannis[11] Valid taxon
    • Rauhut
     Portugal
    Aviatyrannis.jpg
    Bainoceratops[12] Valid taxon
    • Tereschenko
    • Alifanov
     China
    Brohisaurus Valid taxon
    • Malkani
     Pakistan
    Colepiocephale[13] Valid taxon
    • Sullivan
     Canada
    Colepiocephale updating version.JPG
    "Domeykosaurus" Nomen nudum

    Rubilar-Rogers and Vargas vide:

    • Anonymous in May 29, 2003 Reuters news reports.
     Chile
    Dromaeosauroides[14] Valid taxon
    • Christiansen
    • Bonde
     Denmark
    Equijubus[15] Valid taxon
    • You
    • Luo
    • Shubin
    • Witmer
    • Tang Z.
    • Tang F.
     China
    Ferganasaurus[16] Valid taxon
    • Alifanov
    • Averianov
     Kyrgyzstan
    Fukuisaurus[17] Valid taxon
    • Kobayashi
    • Azuma
     Japan
    Gobititan[18] Valid taxon
    • You
    • Tang F.
    • Luo
     China
    Hanssuesia[19] Valid taxon
    • Sullivan
     Canada ( Alberta)
    Heyuannia[20] Valid taxon
     China
    Hongshanosaurus[21] Valid taxon
    • You
    • Xu X.
    • Wang X.
     China
    Isisaurus[22] Valid taxon  India
    "Issasaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

    Lamaceratops[23] Valid taxon
    • Alifanov
     China
    "Ligomasaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    Lusotitan[24] Valid taxon
    • Antunes
    • Mateus
     Portugal
    Magnirostris[25] Valid taxon  China
    Mendozasaurus[26] Valid taxon
    • González-Riga (as González Riga)
     Argentina
    "Mohammadisaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Tornieria

    "Mtapaiasaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    "Mtotosaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

    "Nteregosaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Janenschia

    "Nyororosaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

    Olorotitan[27] Valid taxon
    • Godefroit
    • Bolotsky
    • Alifanov
     Russia
    Platyceratops[23] Valid taxon
    • Alifanov
     Mongolia
    Rajasaurus[28] Valid taxon  India
    Rinconsaurus[29] Valid taxon
    • Calvo
    • González-Riga (as González Riga)
     Argentina
    "Salimosaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    "Selimanosaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

    Serendipaceratops[30] Valid taxon
    • T. Rich
    • Vickers-Rich
     Australia
    Shenzhousaurus[31] Valid taxon  China
    Shuangmiaosaurus[32] Valid taxon
    • You
    • Ji Q.
    • Li J.
    • Li Y. X.
     China
    Silesaurus[33] Valid taxon
    • Dzik
     Poland
    Sinornithomimus[34] Valid taxon
    • Kobayashi
     China
    Sphaerotholus[35] Possible junior synonym of Prenocephale
    • Williamson
    • Carr
    "Wangonisaurus"[7]

    Nomen nudum.

    Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

    Yixianosaurus[36] Valid taxon
    • Xu X.
    • Wang X.
     China
    Zalmoxes[37] Valid taxon
    • Weishampel
    • Jianu
    • Csiki
    • Norman
     Romania
    Zupaysaurus[38] Valid taxon

    Arcucci & Coria

     Argentina

    Newly named birds[edit]

    Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Amanuensis pickfordi [39]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    valid

    Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

    Middle Miocene

    MN 4

     Namibia

    A Sagittariidae, relative of the secretarybird. The type species of Amanuensis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

    Amitabha urbsinterdictensis [40]

    Valid

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Bonnie E. Gulas-Wroblewski

    Anton F.-J. Wroblewski

    Middle Eocene

    Bridger Formation

     USA:

     Wyoming

    The type species of Amitabha Gulas-Wroblewski & Wroblewski, 2003. Placed in crown Galliformes, but only compared with Phasianidae, not with other Eocene birds from North America.

    Anhinga minuta [41]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

    Edson Guilherme

    Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

    Huayquerian-Montehermosian,

    Solimõas Formation

     Brazil

    An Anhingidae.

    Coenocorypha miratropica [42]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Holocene

    Vitilevu

     Fiji

    A Scolopacidae.

    Diomedea tanakai [43]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Paul G. Davis

    Late Early Miocene

    Oi Formation

     Japan

    An Diomedeidae.

    Eoeurypyga olsoni [44]

    Nomen Nudum

    Thesis name.

    Ilka Weidig

    Early Eocene

    Green River Formation

     USA:

     Wyoming

    An Eurypygidae.

    Falco umanskajae [45]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Denis V. Sobolev

    Pliocene

    MN 16

     Ukraine

    A Falconidae.

    Gallicolumba leonpascoi [46]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Graham M. Wragg

    Late Pleistocene-Holocene

    Henderson Island

     Pitcairn

    A Columbidae.

    Hemignathus vorpalis [47]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Helen F. James

    Storrs L. Olson

    Subresent

    Hawaii

     USA:

     Hawaii

    A Fringillidae, Carduelinae, Drepanidini.

    Macranhinga ranzii [41]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

    Edson Guilherme

    Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

    Huayquerian-Montehermosian

     Brazil

    An Anhingidae.

    Milvago carbo [48]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    William Suárez Duque

    Storrs L. Olson

    Quaternary, possibly Late Pleistocene or Early Holocene

    Las Breas de San Felipe

     Cuba

    A Falconidae.

    Morus peruvianus [49]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Marcelo Stucchi

    Pliocene

    Pisco Formation

     Peru

    A Sulidae.

    Namibiavis senutae[39]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    valid

    Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

    Middle Miocene

    MN 4

     Namibia

    Initially thought to be an Idiornithidae, Cariamiformes but in 2011 reinterpreted as an Opisthocomidae, a relative of the hoatzin.[50] The type species of Namibiavis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

    Nycticorax olsoni [51]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    W. R. P. Bourne

    N. P. Ashmole

    K. E. L. Simmons

    Subrecent

    Ascension Island

     Ascension Island

    An Ardeidae.

    Palaeogrus mainburgensis [52]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Ursula B. Göhlich

    Early Middle Miocene

    MN 5

     Germany

     Bavaria

    A Gruidae.

    Parargornis messelensis [53]

    Valid

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Gerald Mayr

    Early Middle Eocene

    Messel pit,

    MP 11

     Germany

     Hessen

    An Apodiformes, Cypselavidae Mourer-Chauviré, 2006.

    Shandongornis yinansis [54]

    Valid

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Hou Lianhai

    Pliocene

     China

    A Phasianidae.

    Spheniscus chilensis [55]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Steven D. Emslie

    Carlos Guerra Correa

    Pliocene

    Mejillones Formation

     Chile

    A Spheniscidae.

    Spheniscus megaramphus [56]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Marcello Stucchi

    Mario Urbina

    Alfredo Giraldo

    Late Miocene

    Pisco Formation

     Peru

    A Spheniscidae.

    Sula magna [49]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Marcello Stucchi

    Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

    Pisco Formation

     Peru

    A Sulidae.

    Sula sulita [49]

    Valid

    Sp. nov.

    Marcello Stucchi

    Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

    Pisco Formation

     Peru

    A Sulidae.

    Wyomingcypselus pohli [44]

    Nomen Nudum

    Thesis name.

    Ilka Weidig

    Early Eocene

    Green River Formation

     USA:

     Wyoming

    An Apodiformes.

    Plesiosaurs[edit]

    New taxa[edit]
    Name Status Authors Notes

    Terminonatator

    Valid

    Sato

    Thililua

    Valid

    Bardet Suberbiola Jalil

    Pterosaurs[edit]

    New taxa[edit]
    Name Status Authors Notes

    Beipiaopterus

    Valid

    Lü J.-C.

    Chaoyangopterus

    Valid

    Wang Zhou

    Harpactognathus

    Valid

    Carpenter Unwin et al.

    Jidapterus

    Valid

    Dong, Sun, & Wu,

    Liaoningopterus

    Valid

    Wang X.-L. and Zhou Z.-H

    Liaoningopteryx

    Valid

    Wang X. Zhao

    Ludodactylus

    Valid

    Frey, E., Martill Buchy, M

    Nurhachius

    Valid

    Wang Kellner et al.

    Phosphatodraco

    Valid

    Pereda-Suberbiola N. Bardet et al.

    Sinopterus

    Valid

    Wang, X. Zhou, Z

    Synapsids[edit]

    Non-mammalian[edit]
    Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Archaeovenator[57]

    Valid

    • Reisz
    • Dilkes

    Upper Carboniferous
    (Upper Pennsylvanian)

    Hamilton Quarry

     USA

    a pelycosaur

    Brasilitherium[58]

    Valid

    • Bonaparte
    • Martinelli
    • Schultz
    • Rupert

     Brazil

    Brasilodon[58]

    Valid

    • Bonaparte
    • Martinelli
    • Schultz
    • Rupert

     Brazil

    Bullacephalus[59]

    Valid

    • Rubidge
    • Kitching

     South Africa

    Colobodectes[60]

    Valid

    • Modesto
    • Rubidge
    • Visser
    • Welman

    Upper/Middle Permian
    (Capitanian)

    Abrahamskraal formation

     South Africa

    an anomodont

    Lanthanostegus[61]

    Valid

    • Modesto
    • Rubidge
    • Welman

    Middle/Upper Permian
    (Capitanian)

     South Africa

    an anomodont; replacement name for Lanthanocephalus Modesto, Rubidge & Welman, 2002, preoccupied by the cnidarian genus Lanthanocephalus Williams & Starmer, 2000[62]

    Santacruzodon[63]

    Valid

    • Abdala
    • Ribeiro

     Brazil

    Xiyukannemeyeria[64]

    Valid

    • Liu
    • Li

    Middle Triassic
    (Anisian)

     China

    an anomodont; new genus for "Parakannemeyeria" brevirostris

    Mammals[edit]
    Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Caracal depereti[65]

    Disputed

    • Morales et al.

    Pliocene

     Spain

    A member of Felidae, originally described as a species of Caracal. Boscaini et al. (2016) considered this species to be a junior synonym of Lynx issiodorensis.[66]

    Iridodon[67]

    Valid

    • Morlo
    • Gunnell

    Eocene (Bridgerian)

    Wasatch Formation

     United States

    A member of Hyaenodontidae belonging to the subfamily Limnocyoninae. The type species is I. datzae.

    Kogolepithecus[68]

    Valid

    • Pickford et al.

    Miocene

     Uganda

    An early catarrhine of uncertain affinity. The type species is K. morotoensis.

    Fungi[edit]

    newly named[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Aureofungus[69]

    Valid

    • Hibbett
    • et al

    Burdigalian (Miocene)

     Dominican Republic one of four mushroom genera described from the fossil record

    Plants[edit]

    Conifers[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Chamaecyparis eureka[70]

    Valid

    • Kotyk
    • Basinger
    • McIlver

    Lutetian

    Buchanan Lake Formation, Axel Heiberg Island

     Canada

    C. eureka is the oldest confirmed member of the genus Chamaecyparis[70]

    Angiosperms[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Corylus johnsonii[71]

    Valid

    • Pigg
    • Manchester
    • Wehr

    Ypresian

    Tom Thumb Tuff, Klondike Mountain Formation

     USA

    Araripia florifera[72]

    Valid

    • Mohr
    • Eklund

    lower Cretaceous

    Crato Formation

     Brazil

    Gnetophytes[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Cratonia cotyledon[73]

    Valid

    • Rydin
    • Mohr
    • Friis

    lower Cretaceous

    Crato Formation

     Brazil

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
    2. ^ Bolton, B. (2003), "Synopsis and classification of Formicidae.", Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1–370 
    3. ^ Engel, Michael S.; Archibald, S. Bruce (2003). "An Early Eocene bee (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) from Quilchena, British Columbia". The Canadian Entomologist. 135: 63–69. doi:10.4039/n02-030. [permanent dead link]
    4. ^ Engel, M.S. (2003). "A New Eocene-Oligocene Snakefly from Florissant, Colorado (Raphidioptera: Raphidiidae)". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 106: 124–128. doi:10.1660/0022-8443(2003)106[0124:anesff]2.0.co;2. JSTOR 3628392. 
    5. ^ Makarkin, VN; Archibald, SB; Oswald, JD (2003). "New Early Eocene brown lacewings (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) from western North America". The Canadian Entomologist. 135: 637–653. doi:10.4039/n02-122. 
    6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
    7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Maier, G. 2003. African dinosaurs unearthed: the Tendaguru expeditions. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IA (512 pages).
    8. ^ Maier, G. 1997. Tendaguru. In: Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs (J.Currie and K.Padian, eds.). Academic Press, San Diego, California/London, UK: pp.725-726.
    9. ^ de Souza Carvalho, I., L. dos Santos Avilla, and L. Salgado. 2003. Amazonsaurus maranhensis gen. et sp. nov. (Sauropoda, Diplodocoidea) from the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian–Albian) of Brazil. Cretaceous Research 24 (6): pp. 697-713.
    10. ^ Yates, A.M. and J.W. Kitching. 2003. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur and the first steps towards sauropod locomotion. Proceedings: Biological Sciences DOI 10.1098/rspb. 2003: p. 2417 (Antetonitrus ingenipes).
    11. ^ Rauhut, O.W.M. 2003. A tyrannosauroid dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal Palaeontology 46 (5): p. 903.
    12. ^ Tereschenko, V.S. and V.R. Alifanov. 2003. Bainoceratops efremovi, a New Protoceratopid Dinosaur (Protoceratopidae, Neoceratopsia) from the Bain-Dzak Locality (South Mongolia). Abstract in: Paleontological Journal 37: p. 3.
    13. ^ Sullivan, R.M. 2003. Revision of the dinosaur Stegoceras Lambe (Ornithischia, Pachycephalosauridae): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 181-207.
    14. ^ Christiansen, P. N. Bonde. 2003. The first dinosaur from Denmark. Neues Jahrbuch der Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 227 (2): pp. 287–299.
    15. ^ You; Luo, Z.-X.; Shubin, N.H.; Witmer, L.M.; Tang, Z.- L.; Tang, F. (2003). "The earliest-known duck-billed dinosaur from deposits of late Early Cretaceous age in northwest China and hadrosaur evolution". Cretaceous Research. 24: 347–355. doi:10.1016/s0195-6671(03)00048-x. 
    16. ^ Alifanov, V.R.; Averianov, A.O. (2003). "Ferganasaurus verzilini gen. et sp. nov., a new neosauropod (Dinosauria, Saurischia, Sauropoda) from the Middle Jurassic of Fergana Valley, Kirghizia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23 (2): 358–372. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2003)023[0358:fvgesn]2.0.co;2. 
    17. ^ Kobayashi, Y., and Y. Azuma. 2003. A new iguanodontian (Dinosauria: ornithopoda) from the Lower Cretaceous Kitadani Formation of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23 (1): pp. 166-175.
    18. ^ You, H.-L., F. Tang, and Z.-X. Luo. 2003. A New Basal Titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Early Cretaceous of China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 77 (4): pp. 424-429.
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    20. ^ Lu, J. [2002 / 2003]. A new oviraptorosaurid (Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria) from the Late Cretaceous of southern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22 (4): pp. 871-875.
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    22. ^ Wilson, J.A. and P. Upchurch. 2003. A revision of Titanosaurus Lydekker (Dinosauria- Sauropoda), the first dinosaur genus with a "Gondwanan" distribution. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 1 (3).
    23. ^ a b Alifanov, V.R. 2003. Two new dinosaurs of the infraorder neoceratopsia (Ornithischia) from the Upper Cretaceous of the Nemegt Depression, Mongolian People's Republic. Paleontological Journal 37 (5): pp. 524-534.
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    26. ^ González Riga, B.J. 2003. A new titanosaur (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mendoza Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana 40 (2): pp. 155-172.
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    28. ^ Wilson, J.A., P.C. Sereno, S. Srivastava, D.K. Bhatt, A. Khosla, and A. Sahni. 2003. A new abelisaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Lameta Formation (Cretaceous, Maastrichtian) of India. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology [University of Michigan] 31 (1): pp. 1-42.
    29. ^ Calvo, J.O. and B.J.G. Gonzalez Riga. 2003. Rinconsaurus caudamirus gen. et sp nov., a new titanosaurid (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Revista Geologica de Chile 30 (2): pp. 333-353.
    30. ^ Rich, T.H. and P. Vickers-Rich. 2003. Protoceratopsian? ulnae from the Early Cretaceous of Australia. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum no. 113.
    31. ^ Ji, Q.; Norell, M.A.; Makovicky, P.J.; Gao, K.-Q; Ji, S.-A.; Yuan, C. (2003). "An early ostrich dinosaur and implications for ornithomimosaur phylogeny". Amer. Mus. Novitates. 3420: 1–19. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2003)420<0001:aeodai>2.0.co;2. 
    32. ^ You, H.L.; Ji, Q.; Li, J.; Li, Y.X. (2003). "A new hadrosauroid dinosaur from the mid- Cretaceous of Liaoning, China". Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition). 77 (2): 148–154. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2003.tb00557.x. 
    33. ^ Dzik, J. (2003). "A beaked herbivorous archosaur with dinosaur affinities from the early Late Triassic of Poland". J. Vert. Paleontol. 23 (3): 556–574. doi:10.1671/a1097. 
    34. ^ Kobayashi, Y.; Lu, J.-C. (2003). "A new ornithomimid dinosaur with gregarious habits from the Late Cretaceous of China". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 48 (2): 235–259. 
    35. ^ Willamson, T.E.; Carr, T.D. (2003). "A new genus of derived pachycephalosaurian from western North America". J. Vert. Paleontol. 22 (4): 779–801. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2002)022[0779:angodp]2.0.co;2. 
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