Philippine Senate election, 2004
12 (of the 24) seats in the Senate
13 seats needed for a majority
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politics and government of
The senatorial election was held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. The major coalitions that participated are the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K4; Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) composed of parties that support the candidacy of president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP; Coalition of United Filipinos), parties that support the candidacy of film actor Fernando Poe Jr. A third coalition, the Alyansa ng Pag-asa (Alliance of Hope) was made up of Aksyon Demokratiko and Reporma-LM. K4 won seven seats, while the KNP won the remaining five contested seats in the Philippine Senate.
The elections were notable for several reasons. This election first saw the implementation of the Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003 (see Wikisource), which enabled Filipinos in over 70 countries to vote.
- 1 Parties and coalitions
- 2 Candidates
- 3 Election results
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
- 6 References
Parties and coalitions
This election has seen strong shifts of alliances and new parties as candidates switched allegiances. The two major coalitions seen in this elections were the K-4 (Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan), of the administration, and the KNP (Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino), the united opposition.
Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4)
The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) or K-4, is the remnant of the People Power Coalition that was formed following the ascendancy of president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to power. Arroyo is seeking a complete term under this coalition with Sen. Noli de Castro, an independent, yet popular, politician, as her running mate. The leading party in this coalition is the ruling Lakas-CMD, of which Arroyo is a member. Other parties under this coalition are the Liberal Party, the Nacionalista Party, the Nationalist People's Coalition and the People's Reform Party.
Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
The Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (Coalition of United Filipinos), or KNP, is the coalition of the united opposition. Its standard bearers are Fernando Poe, Jr. for president and Sen. Loren Legarda for vice-president. The leading parties of this coalition is the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP-Angara Wing), the PDP-Laban and the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino. the LDP split is caused by stubbornness between FPJ and Ping Lacson. especially with the support of the former president Joseph Estrada and former first lady Imelda Marcos. The other major party under this coalition is Estrada's Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP, Party of the Filipino Masses).
Alyansa ng Pag-asa
The third major coalition running in this election is the Alyansa ng Pag-asa (Alliance of Hope), This coalition fielded Raul Roco for president and Herminio Aquino for vice-president. The three major parties supporting this coalition are Roco's Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action), former Defense Sec. Renato de Villa's Reporma Party, and Lito Osmeña's Promdi (Probinsya Muna [Provinces First] Development Initiative/Party). The three parties were the ones that bolted out of the People Power Coalition.
Bangon Pilipinas Movement (BPM)
The Bangon Pilipinas (Rise up, Philippines) Movement is the political party of Bro. Eddie Villanueva. It consists mostly of volunteers, a majority of whom came from Villanueva's Jesus Is Lord church (Villanueva resigned from the church before submitting his candidacy, to prevent questions on separation of church and state).
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) (Aquino Wing)
This was composed of Panfilo Lacson's supporters in the LDP Party.
Partido Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa
This was Eddie Gil's organization. Gil was deemed a nuisance candidate and was disqualified from the presidential race, however, the party qualified for other positions.
Primary opposition coalition
Not in ticket
|Heherson Alvarez||LDP-Aquino wing|
|Gerardo del Mundo||Independent|
|Carlos M. Padilla||LDP-Aquino wing|
The official results of the election were released in staggered dates with most winners in local elective positions declared within two weeks from the May 10 election date. The winners in the Senatorial and Party-list Representative elections were declared on May 24, with the exception of the 12th senator which was announced on June 3. The results of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential races were finalized by the Congress on June 20, more than a month after the elections. Out of the 43,536,028 registered voters, about 35.4 million ballots were cast giving a voter turn-out of 81.4%.
The COMELEC sits as the National Board of Canvassers for the 12 senatorial positions.
|3.||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||KNP||KNP||13,519,998||40.35%|
|5.||Richard J. Gordon||K-4||Lakas||12,707,151||37.92%|
|7.||Miriam Defensor Santiago||K-4||PRP||12,187,401||36.37%|
|9.||Juan Ponce Enrile||KNP||KNP||11,191,162||33.40%|
|15.||John Henry Osmeña||K-4||Independent||9,914,179||29.59%|
|16.||Orlando S. Mercado||K-4||Lakas||8,295,024||24.75%|
|22.||Perfecto Yasay||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||4,408,808||13.16%|
|23.||Francisco Chavez||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Reporma-LM||4,286,838||12.79%|
|24.||Carlos M. Padilla||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino||Independent||3,863,693||11.53%|
|27.||Jay Sonza||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||2,839,442||8.47%|
|30.||Batas Mauricio||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||1,144,279||3.41%|
|32.||Eduardo Nonato Joson||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||631,041||1.88%|
|34.||Nicanor Gatmaytan Jr.||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||453,693||1.35%|
|35.||Bong Coo||Alyansa ng Pag-asa||Aksyon||338,846||1.01%|
|37.||Alvin Alvincent Almirante||KBL||206,097||0.62%|
|38.||Ramon Montaño||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||159,735||0.48%|
|39.||Matuan Usop||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||137,376||0.41%|
|40.||Angel Rosario||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||98,932||0.30%|
|41.||Ismael Aparri||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||97,430||0.29%|
|43.||Carmen Borja||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||95,755||0.29%|
|44.||Pendatun Decampong||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||94,713||0.28%|
|45.||Gerardo del Mundo||Independent||88,962||0.27%|
|46.||El Cid Fajardo||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||79,471||0.24%|
|47.||Iderlina Pagunuran||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||59,712||0.18%|
|48.||Arturo Estuita||Isang Bansa Isang Diwa||39,094||0.12%|
|Note: A total of 48 candidates ran for senator.||Sources: Vote totals from the Commission on Elections, turnout from the National Statistics Coordinating Board.|
|Alyansa ng Pag-asa||11,263,505||4.4%||0||0.0%|
|Others and independents||14,205,900||5.6%||0||0.0%|
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|KNP (Coalition of United Filipinos)||90,234,627||35.5%||35.5%||5||3||6||25.0%||3|
|Lakas (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats)||80,684,233||31.7%||12.1%||4||7||7||29.2%|
|Liberal (Liberal Party)||30,008,158||11.8%||3.9%||2||2||4||16.7%||2|
|PRP (People's Reform Party)||12,187,401||4.8%||0.8%||1||0||1||4.8%||1|
|Aksyon (Democratic Action)||9,362,416||3.7%||5.7%||0||1||1||4.2%|
|PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses)||5,718,740||2.2%||2.2%||*||*||0||0.0%||*|
|Reporma-LM (Party for Democratic Reform-Workers' Party)||4,740,531||1.9%||0.1%||0||0||0||0.0%|
|Partido Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa (One Country, One Spirit Party)||862,218||0.3%||0.3%||0||0||0||0.0%|
|KBL (New Society Movement)||540,498||0.2%||0.1%||0||0||0||0.0%|
|LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||0||0.0%||21.3%||0||4||1||4.2%||3|
|PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party-People Power)||0||0.0%||4.8%||*||1||1||4.2%|
*All PDP-Laban and PMP incumbents whose seats are up ran under the KNP banner.
- Commission on Elections
- Politics of the Philippines
- Philippine elections
- President of the Philippines
- 13th Congress of the Philippines
- Philippine Presidency Project
- Philippine Commission on Elections
- National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL)
Media sites and articles
- Eleksyon 2004 (Media website)
- 4 exit polls have 3 different winners - Philippine Daily Inquirer
- Proberz exit polls: FPJ winner
- Congress approves canvassing rules - Philippine Daily Inquirer
- SWS admits it made errors in exit poll - Philippine Daily Inquirer
- On Election Polls: Part IV WHO DID BETTER - SWS OR PULSE ASIA? - Dr. Romula A. Virola
- Dec. 30, 2002 Arroyo speech declaring her intention not to run
- P.E.T. Case No. 003, Legarda vs. De Castro