2004 Redfern riots

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Redfern Riots
Location
Sydney, Australia
Caused byDeath of Thomas Hickey
MethodsMolotov cocktails, fireworks, bottles, and rocks.
Parties to the civil conflict
Local Aboriginal people
Redfern Police, New South Wales Police
Casualties
Injuries42 Police injured (one rendered unconscious after being struck on the helmet by a brick)[1]
Fireworks being shot at police during the riot

The 2004 Redfern riots took place on the evening of Sunday the 15th February 2004, in the inner Sydney suburb of Redfern, New South Wales, and were sparked by the tragic death of 17 Year old Thomas Hickey, also known as TJ Hickey resulting from a bike accident in Waterloo on the 14th February 2004.

Thomas Hickey's death[edit]

The circumstances surrounding Thomas "T.J." Hickey's death are disputed. On the morning of Saturday 14 February 2004, the 17-year-old Aboriginal Australian boy was riding his bicycle downhill while a police vehicle was patrolling the nearby area. According to New South Wales Police, he collided with a protruding gutter and was flung into the air and impaled on a 1.2-metre (3 ft 11 in) high fence outside a block of units off Phillip Street, Waterloo, causing penetrating injuries of the neck and chest.[2] Police officers at the scene administered first aid until New South Wales Ambulance officers arrived. Hickey died with his family by his side early on 15 February 2004.

A large proportion of the inquest centered on whether police were "pursuing" Hickey, or "following" him. At the conclusion of the coronial inquest, NSW Police Commissioner Ken Moroney was interviewed on ABC Radio and gave this explanation of the distinction: "I think if you were to ask the person on the street the definition between, and not a Concise Oxford Dictionary definition, but if you were to ask somebody their interpretation of being followed and being pursued I think they are two distinct and clear actions. Being followed, I think, in the ordinary layman's mind, creates a particular picture. Being pursued by police creates a completely different picture and clearly there was no evidence that Mr Hickey was being pursued in the normal definition of that word".

Moroney supported the driver of the police truck, Senior Constable Michael Hollingsworth, in his refusal to give evidence. Both maintained this was a "normal civilian right".[3]

According to police, they arrived at the scene quickly with Constables Hollingsworth and Reynolds arriving a few minutes after the first police vehicle. Thomas was hanging by his shirt and was not seen to be impaled but in a serious condition. Police immediately rendered first aid and were unable to save him as "the injury was probably non-survivable".[2] At no time was Police Rescue or NSW Ambulance called off from attending. Evidence exists of Hollingsworth making numerous calls for the ETA of ambulance paramedics. When ambulance officers arrived, Hollingsworth and Reynolds Helped move Thomas into the Ambulance. A female cousin of Hickey made herself known to Hollingsworth and accompanied both Hollingsworth and Reynolds in the police truck when they left the scene, escorting the ambulance to the Children's Hospital at Randwick[2] . Upon arrival at the hospital, Hollingsworth and Reynolds waited at the accident and emergency department. Some time later Hollingsworth and Reynolds, still at the hospital waiting for TJ's family, were ordered away by a hospital social worker, possibly because Hollingsworth was covered in blood and might have upset the family and members of the public. There was an outstanding arrest warrant in Hickey's name, but police have consistently maintained that the patrol car was searching for a different individual, wanted in connection with a violent bag snatch at Redfern railway station earlier the same day. There was no evidence of a pursuit with Hollingsowrth and Reynolds being the second Police vehicle(caged truck) to attend the scene.[4]

The Hickey family and supporters dispute this version of events, claiming that witnesses saw Hickey's bike clipped by the police car, thus propelling him onto the fence. This claim was not supported by the testimony of two Aboriginal Liaison Officers to a NSW Parliamentary Inquiry into the death,[5] though neither of the officers were present at the scene. (One of the officers was later convicted of murder and arson, an act for which he had blamed police.)[6]

Despite calls to re-open the coronial inquest, the New South Wales government has as of 2020 refused to do so.[7]

An appeal to the United Nations Human rights commission by lawyers acting for the Hickey Family to investigate the death and any racial motivation concluded the death to be an accident (https://www.ag.gov.au/sites/default/files/2020-03/HickeyvAustralia-Viewsof21July2014.pdf).

Riots[edit]

On the evening of 15 February, Aboriginal and non-Indigenous youths and adults, most of them from The Block, the Waterloo estate and other inner city housing precincts gathered at Eveleigh Street quickly after the word of the death spread. Persons were seen preparing petrol bombs and stockpiling bricks, resulting in police closing the Eveleigh Street entrance to the station, which turned the crowd violent and they began to throw bottles, bricks, live fireworks and Molotov cocktails. The violence escalated into a full-scale riot around the Block, during which Redfern railway station was briefly alight, suffering superficial damage. The riot continued into the early morning, until police used fire brigade water hoses to disperse the crowd. Total damages included a torched car and 40 injured police officers.

Post-riot[edit]

A memorial service was held on 19 February 2004 in Redfern, and in Walgett, New South Wales (Hickey's hometown), on 22 February 2004.[8]

In 2005, the University of Technology Sydney's students' association donated a plaque with TJ's portrait, with an inscription that read: "On the 14th February, 2004, TJ Hickey, aged 17, was impaled upon the metal fence above, arising from a police pursuit. The young man died as a result of his wounds the next day. In our hearts you will stay TJ." Local police, the NSW government and the Department of Housing have refused to allow the plaque to be placed on the wall below the fence where Hickey was impaled unless the words "police pursuit" were changed to "tragic accident", which the family has refused to do.[9]

In 2007, the New South Wales Police were fined $100,000 after the NSW Industrial Relations Commission found it had failed to ensure the health, safety and welfare at work of its employees under the Occupational Health and Safety Act.[10]

Hickey's parents, Gail and Ian Hickey, divorced in late 2006.

Hickey supporters claim that police have continued to harass the family, including the arrest of several family members and friends on 4 September 2010.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

The 2013 film Around the Block focuses partly on the riots.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NSW Police fined $100,000 over Redfern riot". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 June 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Abernethy, J: Report by the NSW State Coroner into deaths in custody/police operations 2004, page 71. ISSN 1323-6423.
  3. ^ Freedom Socialist Bulletin, by Ray Jackson: ABC Radio PM Tuesday 17 August
  4. ^ Karla Grant, Matthew Benns. "Little girl lost in a racial storm". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 22 March 2004.
  5. ^ "Commemoration of Death of T. J. Hickey". Lee Rhiannon MLC. 18 May 2009. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "He was violent and controlling. She knew he was a killer". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Gregoire, Paul (12 February 2020). "Calls for a Parliamentary Inquiry Into TJ Hickey's Death, Sixteen Years On". Sydney Criminal Lawyers. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Sydney mourns Aboriginal teen". BBC News. 19 February 2004. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Rallies demand truth about TJ Hickey's death". Green Left Weekly. 23 February 2005. Retrieved 24 January 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "NSW Police fined $100,000 over Redfern riot". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 June 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2021.

External links[edit]