2004 World Series
|MVP:||Manny Ramírez (Boston)|
|TV announcers:||Joe Buck and Tim McCarver|
|Radio announcers:||Jon Miller and Joe Morgan|
|Umpires:||Ed Montague (crew chief), Dale Scott, Brian Gorman, Chuck Meriwether, Gerry Davis, Charlie Reliford|
|Hall of Famers:||Red Sox: Pedro Martínez
Cardinals: Tony La Russa (mgr).
|ALCS:||Boston Red Sox over New York Yankees (4–3)|
|NLCS:||St. Louis Cardinals over Houston Astros (4–3)|
The 2004 World Series, the 100th World Series, featured the American League (AL) champions Boston Red Sox against the National League (NL) champions St. Louis Cardinals. The Red Sox defeated the Cardinals by four games to none in the best-of-seven series, played at Fenway Park and Busch Memorial Stadium. The series was played from October 23–27, 2004, broadcast on Fox, and watched by an average of just under 25.5 million viewers.
The Cardinals earned their berth into the playoffs by winning the National League Central, and had the best win–loss record in the National League. The Red Sox won the American League wild card to earn theirs. The Cardinals reached the World Series by defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers in the best-of-five National League Division Series and the Houston Astros in the best-of-seven Championship Series (NLCS). The Red Sox defeated the Anaheim Angels in the American League Division Series. After being down three games to none to the New York Yankees, they came back to win the 2004 American League Championship Series (ALCS) and advanced to their first World Series since 1986. The Cardinals made their first appearance in the World Series since 1987. The Red Sox won the World Series for the first time since 1918, which ended the "Curse of the Bambino", a curse that was supposed to have been inflicted on the team when Babe Ruth was sold to the Yankees in 1919. With the New England Patriots winning Super Bowl XXXVIII, the World Series made Boston the first city to have Super Bowl and World Series championship teams in the same year (2004) since Pittsburgh in 1979.
Mark Bellhorn helped the Red Sox win Game 1 with a home run, while starter Curt Schilling led the team to a Game two victory by pitching six innings and allowing just one run. The Red Sox won the first two games despite committing four errors in each. The Red Sox won Game three, aided by seven shutout innings by Pedro Martínez. A home run by Johnny Damon in the first inning helped to win Game four for the Red Sox to secure the series. The Cardinals did not lead in any of the games in the series. Manny Ramírez was named the series' Most Valuable Player (MVP). When each team next played in a World Series, both won their respective series—the Cardinals in 2006 (two years later) and the Red Sox in 2007. When the Cardinals won, Tony La Russa joined Sparky Anderson as the only men to have managed World Series championship teams in both leagues, a feat he failed to achieve in 2004. The Red Sox and Cardinals faced each other again in the 2013 World Series, which the Red Sox also won.
Route to the series
The Red Sox had lost in the previous season's American League Championship Series against the New York Yankees. The loss was mainly blamed on the decision by then-manager Grady Little to keep starting pitcher Pedro Martínez in the game in the 8th inning of Game 7, and Little was fired two weeks later.
During the off-season, the Red Sox hired Terry Francona as their new manager. They also signed Keith Foulke as their closer and traded for Curt Schilling as a starting pitcher. The Red Sox played two particularly notable games against the Yankees during the regular season. A game on July 1, in which they came back from a 3-run deficit to force extra innings, is best remembered for an incident in the 12th inning, when Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter made a catch on the run before hurling himself head-first into the stands. The Yankees won the game in the next inning to take an 8-game lead in the American League East. In the 3rd inning of a game on July 24, Red Sox pitcher Bronson Arroyo hit Yankees batter Alex Rodriguez with one of his pitches. As Rodriguez walked towards first base, he began shouting profanities at Arroyo. Red Sox catcher Jason Varitek positioned himself between the two players. After a brief argument, Varitek pushed his glove into Rodriguez' face, causing a bench-clearing brawl. The Red Sox eventually won the game thanks to a home run by Bill Mueller in the 9th inning. On July 31, the Red Sox traded shortstop Nomar Garciaparra to the Chicago Cubs after he had spent eight years with the team. They acquired shortstop Orlando Cabrera and first baseman Doug Mientkiewicz in this trade. They won the wild card to earn a place in the post-season for the second year in a row.
In the divisional round of the playoffs, the Red Sox faced the Anaheim Angels in a best-of-five series. They won Game 1 largely thanks to a 7-run 4th inning, and went on to sweep the series. In the 7th inning of Game 3, with the Red Sox leading by 4, Vladimir Guerrero tied the game for the Angels with a grand slam. However, David Ortiz won the series with a walk-off home run in the 10th. In the American League Championship Series, the Red Sox lost the first three games against the New York Yankees and were trailing in Game 4 when they began the 9th inning. Kevin Millar was walked by Yankees closer Mariano Rivera. Dave Roberts then came into the game to pinch run for Millar and stole second base. Mueller then singled to enable him to tie the game. Another walk-off home run by Ortiz won the game for the Red Sox in the 12th inning. Ortiz' single in the 14th inning of Game 5 scored the winning run for the Red Sox, in what was the longest post-season game in baseball history. Despite having a dislocated ankle tendon, Schilling started Game 6 for the Red Sox. He pitched for seven innings, and allowed just one run, during which time his sock became soaked in blood. In the eighth inning, Yankees third baseman Rodriguez slapped a ball out of pitcher Arroyo's hand, allowing the Yankees to score a run. However, after a discussion the umpires called Rodriguez out for interference and canceled the run. Fans then threw debris onto the field in protest and the game was stopped for ten minutes. The Red Sox won the game and became the first baseball team to ever force a Game 7 after having been down 3 games to none. A 10–3 win in Game 7 brought the Red Sox to the World Series for the first time in 18 years.
Having failed to make the playoffs the season before, and with their division rivals (the Chicago Cubs and Houston Astros) expected to be strong, the Cardinals were generally expected to finish 3rd in the National League Central. However, strong offensive seasons from Albert Pujols, Scott Rolen, and Jim Edmonds—during which they each hit more than 30 home runs and 100 runs batted in (RBI)—helped them to lead the league in runs scored. They also allowed the least runs of any team in the league. Four of their starters recorded at least 15 wins and closer Jason Isringhausen recorded a league-best 47 saves. They added outfielder Larry Walker in August and finished the regular season with the best win–loss record in the league.
The Cardinals faced the Los Angeles Dodgers in the divisional round of the playoffs. Five home runs in Game 1 and no runs allowed by the bullpen in Game 2 helped the Cardinals to win the first two games. A complete game by Dodgers pitcher José Lima enabled the Dodgers to force a Game 4, during which a home run by Pujols won the series for the Cardinals. In the National League Championship Series, the Cardinals faced the Astros and won the first two games in St. Louis. However, the Astros tied the series in the next two games in Houston, before a combined one-hitter by Astros pitchers Brandon Backe and Brad Lidge gave them the series lead. An RBI single by Jeff Bagwell in the 9th inning of Game 6 tied the game and forced extra innings. In the 12th, Edmonds won the game for the Cardinals with a walk-off home run. Trailing in the sixth inning of Game 7, a game-tying RBI double by Albert Pujols followed by a Scott Rolen two-run home run and then an RBI single by Larry Walker in the 8th inning helped the Cardinals to a 5–2 win and earn their first World Series berth in 17 years.
By reaching the World Series with the Cardinals, Tony La Russa became the sixth manager to win pennants in both leagues. This was after La Russa had managed the Oakland Athletics to three straight pennants between 1988 and 1990 and winning the 1989 World Series. He would attempt to join Sparky Anderson as the only men to have managed teams to World Series championships in both leagues. He wore #10 in tribute to Anderson (who wore 10 while manager of the Cincinnati Reds) and to indicate he was trying to win the team's 10th championship.
Series build up
The series was heavily discussed and analyzed by the American media prior to it beginning. Star-News compared the Red Sox and Cardinals position by position and concluded that the Cardinals were stronger in eight positions, the Red Sox in four and the teams were even in one. They predicted that the Cardinals would win the series in seven games. Andrew Haskett of E-Sports.com gave high praise to the two teams starting pitchers, but also said that the Cardinals "took a serious blow" when Chris Carpenter was forced out of the series due to an injury to his arm. He also pointed out the ability of both teams to hit home runs, especially in the case of the Red Sox's David Ortiz and the Cardinals' Albert Pujols, Scott Rolen and Jim Edmonds. While he praised the Red Sox defense, he called the Cardinals "one of the best defensive teams to ever walk onto a baseball field." Ultimately he concluded that the series would be close and that the Red Sox would win it.
John Donovan of Sports Illustrated praised both teams for how unexpected their reaching the World Series was, saying that they were "not supposed to be here." He also called the series a "blast from the past" because both teams were very old franchises and had twice previously met in the World Series. In a breakdown of how the two teams matched up, he concluded that the edge was with the Red Sox in pitching and the Cardinals in defense and batting. Ultimately he concluded that Schilling and Martinez would be the "key to [the] Series" and that the Red Sox would win in six games. Jim Molony of MLB.com, said he expected the series to play out very differently from the last time the two teams met in the World Series in 1967. This was because both team offenses had been some of the best in the league during the season, while pitching had been very dominant in 1967.
Dan Shaughnessy of The Boston Globe said that "Bally's in Las Vegas set the Red Sox as 8–5 favorites to win the Series" and that there was "some sentiment in St. Louis that the NL champions have been disrespected." but also that Red Sox General Manager Theo Epstein "Did not want to dis[respect] the Cardinals." Shaughnessy also quoted Schilling as having said: "There's a lot of good players in that [visitors] clubhouse over there. This isn't the time for us to be thinking about history. If we get three wins and 26 outs into the fourth win, I'm pretty sure it will hit us." Before the series began, Shaughnessy wrote a piece saying that although the Red Sox had beaten the Yankees, the series needed to be won, as it was the only way the Curse of the Bambino, which he had publicized based on the book of the same title in 1990, would end, and demeaning chants of "1918!" would no longer echo at Yankee Stadium. During the series, he wrote a piece about how much people in New England were thinking about loved ones who had spent their entire lives rooting for the Red Sox, hoping that one day, they would see their Red Sox win a World Series.
Both teams had lost in their previous World Series appearances in seven games. The Red Sox lost to the New York Mets in 1986, while the Cardinals lost in 1987 to the Minnesota Twins. The Cardinals and Red Sox had not won the World Series since 1982 and 1918 respectively. When the two teams had previously played each other in the 1946 and 1967 World Series, the Cardinals won both series in seven games. Having won the All-Star Game, the AL had been awarded home-field advantage, which meant the Red Sox had the advantage at Fenway Park in four of the seven games in the series.
|WP: Keith Foulke (1–0) LP: Julián Tavárez (0–1)
STL: Larry Walker (1)
BOS: David Ortiz (1), Mark Bellhorn (1)
Before Game 1, local band Dropkick Murphys performed "Tessie", and a moment of silence was observed to remember local student Victoria Snelgrove, who had been accidentally killed by police two days earlier as Sox fans had celebrated winning the American League pennant. Steven Tyler, the lead singer of Aerosmith, another local band, performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" and Red Sox legend Carl Yastrzemski threw the ceremonial first pitch.
Tim Wakefield made his first start of the 2004 postseason for the Red Sox, becoming the first knuckleball pitcher to make a World Series start since 1948, while Woody Williams, who had won both his previous two starts in the post-season, was the Cardinals' starting pitcher. In the bottom of the first inning, Williams gave up a lead-off double to Johnny Damon, and then hit Orlando Cabrera in the shoulder with one of his pitches. After Manny Ramírez flied out, Ortiz hit a three-run home run in his first ever World Series at bat. Kevin Millar then scored by virtue of a single by Bill Mueller to put the Red Sox up 4–0.
The Cardinals scored one run in both the second and third innings on a sacrifice fly by Mike Matheny to score Jim Edmonds and a home run to right field by Walker, respectively. However, in the bottom of the third, the Red Sox scored three runs after seven consecutive batters reached base, giving them a five-run lead. Dan Haren came in from the Cardinals' bullpen to replace Williams during the inning.
In the top of the fourth inning, Bronson Arroyo was brought in to replace Wakefield after he had walked four batters. Those walks, combined with a throwing error by Millar and a passed ball by Doug Mirabelli, allowed the Cardinals to reduce the lead to two runs. In the sixth inning, So Taguchi reached first on an infield hit and was allowed to advance to second when Arroyo threw the ball into the stands. Doubles by Édgar Rentería and Walker tied the game at seven. In the bottom of the seventh inning, Ramírez singled with two men on base, and a poor throw by Edmonds allowed Bellhorn to score. Ortiz then hit a line drive that appeared to skip off the lip of the infield and hit Cardinals' second baseman Tony Womack with "considerable force." Womack immediately grabbed his clavicle as a second Red Sox run scored. He was attended to once play had ended and replaced by Marlon Anderson. A precautionary X-ray revealed that there was no damage.
In the top of the eighth inning, with one out and two men on base, Red Sox closer Foulke came in to pitch. Édgar Rentería singled towards Ramírez in left field, who unintentionally kicked the ball away, allowing Jason Marquis to score. Walker also hit the ball towards Ramírez in the next at bat. Ramírez slid in an attempt to try to catch the ball, but tripped and deflected the ball for his second error in two plays, and the fourth Red Sox error in the game. Roger Cedeño scored on the play to tie the game at nine. In the bottom of the eighth inning however, Jason Varitek reached on an error, and Bellhorn then hit a home run off the right field foul pole, also known as Pesky's Pole, for his third home run in as many games to give the Red Sox a two-run lead. In the ninth inning, Foulke struck out Cedeño to win the game for the Red Sox 11–9.
Sunday, October 24, 2004–8:10 pm (ET) at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts
|WP: Curt Schilling (1–0) LP: Matt Morris (0–1)|
Boston native James Taylor performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" before Game 2 and singer Donna Summer, also a Boston native, performed "God Bless America" during the seventh-inning stretch. The ceremonial first pitch was thrown by three members of the 1946 Red Sox team that faced the Cardinals in the World Series: Bobby Doerr, Dom DiMaggio and Johnny Pesky.
Despite having a torn tendon in his right ankle, similar to Game 6 of the ALCS against the Yankees, Schilling started Game 2 for the Red Sox. Schilling had four stitches in the ankle the day before, causing him "considerable discomfort." He was not sure on the morning of Game 2 if he would be able to play, but after one of the stitches was removed, he was treated with antibiotics and was able to pitch. Morris started for the Cardinals on three days rest (one day less than is orthodox rest for a starting pitcher).
In the first inning, Albert Pujols doubled with two out, and Scott Rolen hit a line drive towards Mueller, who caught it to end the inning. Morris walked Ramírez and Ortiz in the bottom of the inning. Varitek then tripled to center field to give the Red Sox a 2–0 lead.
In the fourth inning, Pujols doubled again and was able to score on an error by Mueller. The Red Sox also scored in the bottom of the inning when Bellhorn doubled to center with two runners on base, to give them a three-run lead. Cal Eldred came in to relieve Morris in the fifth inning, after he had walked the leadoff hitter, having already given up four runs in the previous four innings. Mueller committed his World Series record-tying third error of the game, in the sixth inning; however, the Cardinals failed to capitalize. In the bottom of the inning, Trot Nixon led off with a single to center, and two more singles by Johnny Damon and Orlando Cabrera enabled two more runs to score to make it 6–1.
After six innings of allowing no earned runs – which gave him a total of 13 innings against the Yankees and Cardinals with only one earned run allowed on an bleeding ankle tendon with a torn tendon – Schilling made way for Alan Embree, who pitched a scoreless seventh. Mike Timlin replaced Embree in the eighth, in which a sacrifice fly by Scott Rolen reduced the Red Sox lead to four. Keith Foulke then came in to strike out Jim Edmonds to end the inning and also pitched the ninth to end the game. For the second game in a row, the Red Sox won despite committing four fielding errors.
With the win, Schilling became only the fifth pitcher to ever win a World Series game with a team from both leagues, having previously done it with National League teams, the Philadelphia Phillies in 1993, and the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2001. He later donated the bloody sock he wore during the game to the Baseball Hall of Fame museum. Much of the blame for the Cardinals losses in the first two games was directed at the fact that Rolen, Edmonds and Reggie Sanders, three of the Cardinals' best batters, had combined for one hit in 22 at-bats.
|WP: Pedro Martínez (1–0) LP: Jeff Suppan (0–1)
BOS: Manny Ramírez (1)
STL: Larry Walker (2)
Seattle Mariners designated hitter Edgar Martínez was presented with the 2004 Roberto Clemente Award before Game 3, having announced his retirement one month before. The ceremonial first pitch was thrown by Stan Musial, who had played for the Cardinals for 22 years, and was caught by former Cardinals pitcher Bob Gibson. "The Star-Spangled Banner" and "God Bless America" were sung by country music singer Martina McBride and singer–songwriter Amy Grant respectively. During the game, a sign for the fast-food restaurant Taco Bell that measured 12 by 12 feet (3.7 m × 3.7 m) and read "Free Taco Here", was hung approximately 410 feet (120 m) from home plate, over the left-center field bullpen. Taco Bell promised that, if the sign was hit by a home run ball, they would give a free "Crunchy Beef Taco" to everyone in the United States.
Once again, the Red Sox took the lead in the first inning when Ramírez hit a home run off former Red Sox pitcher Jeff Suppan. Martínez was the starting pitcher for the Red Sox, and in the bottom of the first inning, he allowed the Cardinals to load the bases with one out. Edmonds then hit a fly ball towards Ramírez in left field, who caught it on the run and threw to catcher Jason Varitek at home plate. Varitek tagged out Walker, who was attempting to score from third, ending the inning.
In the bottom of the third inning, the Cardinals had two runners on base with no one out. Walker hit a ground ball towards first base, and Cardinals third base coach José Oquendo signalled to Suppan on third to run to home plate. However, halfway towards home, Suppan "suddenly stopped." Édgar Rentería, who had been running from second base towards third, was forced to return to second when he saw Suppan had stopped. After forcing out Walker at first base, David Ortiz began moving toward Suppan, who had turned back toward third, Ortiz threw to third baseman Mueller, who tagged Suppan out. After the next batter Albert Pujols, was thrown out by Mueller, the inning ended.
Trot Nixon extended the Red Sox lead to two in the top of the fourth, hitting a single to right field that scored Mueller, who had started the rally with a two-out double to left-center. Johnny Damon then led off the Red Sox's fifth inning with a double to right. Singles by Orlando Cabrera and Ramírez, to right and left respectively, scored Damon to make it 3–0. With two out, Mueller singled along the first base line, enabling Cabrera to score the Red Sox's fourth run. Suppan was replaced by Al Reyes, which meant none of the Cardinals three starting pitchers had finished five innings during the series.
Mike Timlin relieved Martinez in the bottom of the eighth inning. He finished with six strikeouts, three hits allowed and retired the last 14 batters he faced. The Cardinals avoided a shutout when Walker hit a home run to center field off Foulke in the ninth inning, but Foulke retired the other three batters he faced in the inning to secure the win for the Red Sox 4–1.
On the same day the Red Sox won Game 3, The Boston Globe ran a piece Dan Shaughnessy wrote that as this win brought the Red Sox on the verge of winning a World Series, how many people in New England were thinking about loved ones who had spent their entire lives rooting for the Red Sox and hoping that one day, they would see the Red Sox win a World Series.
Wednesday, October 27, 2004–8:25 pm (ET) at Busch Stadium (II) in St. Louis, Missouri
|WP: Derek Lowe (1–0) LP: Jason Marquis (0–1) Sv: Keith Foulke (1)
BOS: Johnny Damon (1)
Before the game, country music singer Gretchen Wilson, a life-long Cardinals fan, performed "The Star-Spangled Banner." Barry Bonds and Manny Ramírez received the Hank Aaron Award for the National and American Leagues, respectively. Former Cardinals players Red Schoendienst and Lou Brock threw out ceremonial first pitches along with Rashima Manning, from the Herbert Hoover Boys & Girls Clubs of America. A lunar eclipse was visible during the game – the first lunar eclipse to take place during a World Series game.
Damon hit a home run to right field in the first at-bat of the game on a 2-1 count to give the Red Sox the lead in the first inning for the fourth straight game; it proved to be the game-winning run. Ramírez singled in the third inning to give him a hit in 17 consecutive postseason games. Doubles by David Ortiz to right and Trot Nixon to center, who just missed a home run after swinging on a 3-0 count, scored two more runs for the Red Sox to give them a three-run lead.
In the top of the eighth, Mueller led off with a single to right and Nixon followed with his third double of the game. Jason Isringhausen came in to pitch for the Cardinals with the bases loaded and nobody out, and was able the finish the inning without allowing a run to score. Kevin Millar pinch hit for the Red Sox starting pitcher Lowe during this inning. It was the third straight game in which the Red Sox starting pitcher had not allowed an earned run.
Red Sox closer Foulke came in to pitch the bottom of the ninth. Pujols led off the inning by hitting a single through Foulke's legs and into center field. After Foulke retired the next two batters, Pujols took second base, but no stolen base due to fielder's indifference. Édgar Rentería then hit a ground ball that bounced back to Foulke on the mound. Foulke threw it underhand to Doug Mientkiewicz at first base to end the game, and secure the series.
The series win was the Red Sox's first title in 86 years. They were also the fourth team to win a World Series without trailing in any of the games in the series, and the seventh to win it having previously been three outs away from elimination. With the win, pitcher Lowe became the first pitcher to ever win three series clinching games in a single post-season. Although the series was won in St. Louis, 3,000 Red Sox fans were present at the game, and many stayed after the final out to celebrate with the team, including going on the field when the team came back out of their dugout with the World Series trophy. Ramírez, who was named the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of the series, said afterwards "I don't believe in curses, I believe you make your own destination. [sic]" Kevin Millar said that it was important to finish off the Cardinals in four and not let it go to a fifth game given the team's history.
|1||October 23||St. Louis Cardinals – 9, Boston Red Sox – 11||Fenway Park||4:00||35,035|
|2||October 24||St. Louis Cardinals – 2, Boston Red Sox – 6||Fenway Park||3:20||35,001|
|3||October 26||Boston Red Sox – 4, St. Louis Cardinals – 1||Busch Stadium (II)||2:58||52,015|
|4||October 27||Boston Red Sox – 3, St. Louis Cardinals – 0||Busch Stadium (II)||3:14||52,037|
|Boston Red Sox||8||0||5||3||2||2||2||2||0||24||39||8|
|St. Louis Cardinals||0||1||1||4||0||2||0||3||1||12||24||1|
|Total attendance: 174,088 Average attendance: 43,522
Winning player's share: $223,619.79 Losing player's share: $163,378.53
The series was broadcast by Fox, and the announcers were Joe Buck and Tim McCarver. Jeanne Zelasko covered the pre-game build up to all four games and the presentation of the World Series trophy. An average of 23.1 million people watched Game 1. This was the highest television ratings for the opening game of a World Series in five years and had the highest average number of viewers since 1996. It was also the highest rated broadcast on any network in the past ten months. The ratings for the first two games were also the highest average since 1996, and the average for the first three games was the highest since 1999. Game 3 had the highest average number of viewers with 24.4 million, since 1996 when 28.7 million watched the Atlanta Braves and New York Yankees. It was also the Fox network's highest rating for a Game 3 of a World Series ever. Game 4 posted an 18.2 national rating giving the series an overall average of 15.8. This was the highest average in five years, and the average number of viewers of 25.4 million, was the highest since 1995.
|Game||Rating||Share||Audience (in millions)|
With the win coming eight months after the New England Patriots victory in Super Bowl XXXVIII, the event made Boston the first city to have a Super Bowl and World Series winner in the same year since Pittsburgh in 1979. A number of players from both teams won awards for their performances during the season. Manny Ramírez won the Hank Aaron Award and, along with Albert Pujols, a Silver Slugger Award, while Gold Glove awards were won by Mike Matheny, Scott Rolen and Jim Edmonds. The American sports magazine Sports Illustrated honored the Red Sox with their Sportsman of the Year award a month later, making them the first professional team to ever win the award. For pitcher Curt Schilling, it was the second time he had won the award, having shared it with then-Arizona Diamondbacks teammate Randy Johnson in 2001.
This World Series win by the Red Sox continued a trend of Boston teams beating St. Louis teams to win championships. Previously, in Super Bowl XXXVI, the New England Patriots had upset the St. Louis Rams' "Greatest Show on Turf", the Boston Bruins had swept the St. Louis Blues in the 1970 Stanley Cup Finals (with Game 4 being remembered for Bobby Orr's Cup-winning overtime goal that sent him flying), and the Boston Celtics – when Bill Russell was still just a rookie – had beaten the St. Louis Hawks to win their first NBA championship in 1957. With championship showdowns between teams from Boston and St. Louis seen in Major League Baseball, the NFL, NBA and NHL, it is the only showdown between teams from two specific locations, that has been seen in each of these four leagues.
The Red Sox's win in the World Series ended the "Curse of the Bambino", which supposedly had afflicted the team ever since the Red Sox sold Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees in 1919. Pitcher Derek Lowe and other players said that the team would no longer hear "1918!" at Yankee Stadium ever again. Kevin Millar said to all Red Sox fans: "We wanted to do it so bad for the city of Boston. To win a World Series with this on our chests, it hasn't been done since 1918. So rip up those '1918!' posters right now." Members of previous Red Sox teams who had fallen short immediately acclaimed the 2004 team, including Pesky - who had been the shortstop responsible for a fatal checking error that had allowed the Cardinals' Enos Slaughter to complete his "Mad Dash" to score the winning run in Game 7 at the old Sportsman's Park in 1946. Pesky watched the game from the visiting clubhouse and was immediately embraced by Millar, Wakefield, Schilling and others as a living representative of those previous teams as he joined the celebrations.
It also added to the recent success of Boston-area teams, following the Patriots wins in Super Bowls XXXVI and XXXVIII. With the Patriots having won Super Bowl XXXVIII the previous February, the Red Sox winning the World Series marked the first time since 1979 that the same city had a Super Bowl and World Series winner in the same year, previously Pittsburgh's Steelers and Pirates had won Super Bowl XIII and the World Series respectively. The city would go on to record a decade of sports success from 2001 to 2011 with seven championships in the four major North American sports leagues (MLB, the NFL, the NBA and the NHL) after the Patriots won two more Super Bowls, the Celtics won the 2008 NBA championship and the Bruins won the Stanley Cup in 2011.
Red Sox Manager Terry Francona became the third manager in four years to win a World Series in his first year as manager, following Bob Brenly of the 2001 Arizona Diamondbacks and Jack McKeon of the 2003 Florida Marlins.
Massachusetts US Senator, Boston resident and future Secretary of State John Kerry, who had been named Democratic presidential nominee, wore a Red Sox cap the day after the series ended. He also said that the Red Sox had "[come] back against all odds and showed America what heart is." His Republican opponent, incumbent President George W. Bush, made a phone call from the White House to congratulate the team's owner John W. Henry, president Larry Lucchino and manager Terry Francona. The team also visited Bush at the White House the following March, where he gave a speech honoring their presence, in which he asked "what took [them] so long?" A future Presidential candidate, Mitt Romney, at the time Massaschusetts Governor, ceremonially helped remove the Reverse Curve road sign on Storrow Drive that had been famously spray-painted to read "Reverse the Curse" as a further marking of the end of the Curse.
The Red Sox held their World Series victory parade on the following Saturday, October 30. The team was transported around on 17 duck boats equipped with loudspeakers so the players could talk to the spectators. Due to large interest in the parade, it was lengthened by officials the day before to include the Charles River, so that fans could watch from Boston and Cambridge river banks. The parade did not however, include a staged rally. The parade began at 10 a.m. local time at Fenway Park, turned east onto Boylston Street, then west onto Tremont Street and Storrow Drive before entering the river. One of the lanes on Massachusetts Avenue had to be closed to accommodate members of the media filming the parade as it passed under the Harvard Bridge. Ramírez was handed a sign by one of the spectators part of the way through the parade, which read, "Jeter is playing golf today. This is better!" He held on to this sign for the rest of the parade, in a similar way to what Tug McGraw said after the Philadelphia Phillies won the 1980 World Series, "For once, we take a bite out of the Big Apple". Over three million people were estimated to have attended the parade, making it the largest gathering ever in the city of Boston.
The Red Sox were presented with their World Series rings on April 11, 2005, at a ceremony before the team's first home game of the 2005 season. Former Red Sox players Bobby Doerr, Dom DiMaggio, Johnny Pesky, and Carl Yastrzemski were all present, as were the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Boston Pops Orchestra. During the ceremony, five red pennants were first unfurled at the top of the Green Monster, showing the years of each of the Red Sox previous World Series wins. A much larger banner was unfurled that covered the entire wall and read "2004 World Series Champions." James Taylor, himself a Boston native and a Red Sox fan, performed "America the Beautiful", and 19 members of the United States Army and Marine Corps who had fought in the Iraq War walked onto the field. Moments of silence were held to honor the deaths of Pope John Paul II, who had died nine days earlier, and former Red Sox relief pitcher, Dick Radatz. The rings were handed out by the team's owner, John W. Henry. Former Red Sox players Lowe and Dave Roberts, who had joined the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Diego Padres respectively during the off-season, were also present to collect their rings. The ceremony, which lasted around an hour, ended with stars from other Boston sports teams, including Boston Celtics' Bill Russell, Boston Bruins' Bobby Orr and New England Patriots' Tedy Bruschi and Richard Seymour, throwing ceremonial first pitches. The presence of Bruschi and Seymour made evident the recent success of Boston-area teams. The day after the Red Sox won the Series, Dan Shaughnessy of The Boston Globe and the rest of the news media said of the Red Sox home opener: "The team in the third-base dugout? The New York Yankees, Sweet." In a sign of respect, the Red Sox rivals came to the top step of the visitors dugout and gave the Red Sox a standing ovation. The Fenway Park crowd burst into cheers when Yankees pitcher Mariano Rivera was introduced, breaking from the tradition of fans booing opposing players, due to him having blown save opportunities in Games 4 and 5 of the 2004 ALCS. Rivera was a good sport about it and laughed while waving his arms in mock appreciation of the fans.
The following August, Simon & Schuster published Faithful, a book which chronicled e-mails about the Red Sox, between American writers, and Red Sox fans, Stephen King and Stewart O'Nan during the 2004 season. In March 2005, Houghton Mifflin Company published Reversing the Curse, a book by Shaughnessy, author of the bestselling The Curse of the Bambino, chronicling the 2004 Red Sox season. ESPN's Bill Simmons published Now I Can Die In Peace, a collection of his columns with updated annotations and notes, including columns for each of the last four games of the ALCS and each World Series game – with Game 4 being a running diary. The Farrelly Brothers altered the ending of their 2005 film Fever Pitch to coincide with the actual end of the series. They and their crew, plus stars Drew Barrymore and Jimmy Fallon, flew to St. Louis and Barrymore and Fallon attended Game 4 in character, complete with the two of them running onto the field at Busch Stadium and kissing once the final out was made.
After the Bruins won the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals, which made Boston the first city to win championships in all four sports leagues in the new millennium, Shaughnessy ranked all seven championships by the Patriots, Red Sox, the Celtics in 2008, and the Bruins and picked the Red Sox win in 2004 as the greatest Boston sports championship during the ten-year span.
On the Cardinals' side, the media expressed disappointment at the team's failure to win a game in the Series after recording the team's best regular season in over 60 years. Many reporters believed that the Cardinals had not played up to their usual standard, and much of the blame was directed at Rolen, Edmonds and Reggie Sanders, three of the Cardinals' best hitters, who had combined for one hit in 39 at bats in the series.
It also marked the last time that Busch Memorial Stadium would host a World Series. The Cardinals moved to the new Busch Stadium in their championship season of 2006, which was their first since 1982.
Both the Red Sox and Cardinals made the playoffs the following season. The Red Sox lost to the eventual champions the Chicago White Sox, in the American League Division Series. The Cardinals, in a repeat meeting of the previous season's National League Championship Series, lost to the Houston Astros. However, the city of Boston would see more success when the New England Patriots won Super Bowl XXXIX, three months after the Red Sox won the World Series, giving the greater Boston area its third championship in 12 months, making it the first time since 1980 that any city had two Super Bowl winners and a World Series winner in a period of the same length.
Both teams also won one of the next three World Series in successive years; the Cardinals, as noted above, in 2006, beating the Detroit Tigers in five games, becoming the first team since the New York Yankees in 1923, to win a World Series championship in their first season in a new stadium. Tony La Russa would achieve the distinction that he couldn't achieve in 2004 of managing World Series winners in both leagues. He would continue to wear number 10 to pay tribute to Sparky Anderson afterwards.
The Red Sox won the World Series the following year, sweeping the Colorado Rockies in four games. Tom Werner, chairman of the Red Sox, and team president Larry Lucchino said that the 2004 championship was "for the parents and grandparents who had suffered through the Curse of the Bambino", while 2007 was "for children, grandchildren, and for Red Sox Nation".
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 212–214
- Shaughnessy 1990, pp. 31–34
- Shapiro, Leonard (February 7, 2005). "Patriots Grab Share of NFL History". Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved March 8, 2011.[dead link]
- Sheinin, Dave (October 29, 2006). "La Russa Gets Number He Wants". Washington Post. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 14, 33–34, 169
- Golen, Jimmy (December 4, 2003). "Red Sox hire Francona as manager". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- "Foulke signs three-year deal with Red Sox". ESPN. Associated Press. December 17, 2003. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- "Red Sox sign Schilling". BBCSport.com (BBC). November 29, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2009.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 131–132
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 144–145
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 145–146
- "No More Nomar; Red Sox ship Garciaparra to Cubs in blockbuster four-team deadline deal". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. July 31, 2004. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- Hohler, Bob (September 28, 2004). "Berth announcement-Red Sox clinch a spot in playoffs by beating Rays". The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- Browne, Ian (October 8, 2004). "Sox answer Angels' 7th heaven". MLB.com. Retrieved March 1, 2009.[dead link]
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 197–198
- "Ortiz forces Game 5 with dramatic homer". ESPN. Associated Press. October 17, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "Yankees' bullpen comes apart in 14th". ESPN. Associated Press. October 18, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 204–205
- "Schilling sends Sox to Game 7". ESPN. October 19, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- Caldwell, Dave (October 21, 2003). "Umpires Huddled to Get 2 Disputed Calls Right in Game 6". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- "Boston's blow out caps unequaled comeback". ESPN. October 20, 2004. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "Cardinals history timeline". Cardinals official website. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "Cardinals never seem to have full deck in postseason". Sports Illustrated. October 4, 2004. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
- "2004 St. Louis Cardinals". Baseball reference.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "2004 National League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball reference.com. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- "2004 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball reference.com. Archived from the original on October 29, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
- Fallstrom, R.B. (August 6, 2004). "Emotional Walker finally moving on". USA Today. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- Leach, Matthew (October 7, 2004). "Cardinals coast to cusp of clincher". MLB.com. Retrieved July 7, 2008.[dead link]
- "St Louis 6, Los Angeles 2". Sports Illustrated. October 11, 2004. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- Leach, Matthew (October 18, 2004). "Cardinals fall on homer in ninth". MLB.com. Retrieved July 7, 2008.[dead link]
- "St Louis 6, Houston 4 (12 Innings)". Sports Illustrated. October 20, 2004. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- Leach, Matthew (October 21, 2004). "Cards earn trip to World Series". MLB.com. Retrieved July 7, 2008.[dead link]
- Powers, John (October 23, 2004). "La Russa Keeping Options Open". Boston Globe. p. E7.
For La Russa, this is his first Series appearance since 1990, when he directed Oakland to its third in a row...La Russa is only the sixth skipper to take teams from both leagues to the Fall Classic.
- McCoy, Hal (October 24, 2004). "Sanders has that winning touch". Dayton Daily News. p. C6.
La Russa, though, did win a World Series in Oakland and is attempting to join Sparky Anderson (Cincinnati, Detroit) as the only manager to win a World Series in both leagues.
- Leach, Matthew (October 28, 2006). "Cards secure 10th World Series title". St. Louis Cardinals. MLB. Archived from the original on February 9, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "World Series Matchups". Google news (Originally from Star-News). October 23, 2004. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- Haskett, Andrew (October 23, 2004). "A preview of the 2004 World Series – Boston vs. St. Louis". E-Sports.com. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Donovan, John (October 22, 2004). "Instant classic". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
- Donovan, John (October 22, 2004). "World Series preview: Cardinals-Red Sox". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on October 26, 2004. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
- Molony, Jim (October 22, 2004). "Explosive lineups take center stage". MLB.com. Archived from the original on March 20, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (October 23, 2004). "Red Sox Nation Set for Game 1; Boston Tries to Undo Years of Heartbreak". Boston Globe. p. A1. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 8
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 185, 214
- Shaughnessy, Dan (October 22, 2004). "Now wait just a minute: Series still must be won". Boston Globe. p. D17.
- Kepner, Tyler (October 28, 2004). "Red Sox Erase 86 Years of Futility in 4 Games". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Major League Baseball on Fox: Game 4 of the 2004 World Series (television). Fox. October 27, 2004.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (October 26, 2004). "Going National; This is bigger than all of us". Boston Globe. p. F1. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 213
- "World Series Winners". ESPN. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Lopresti, Mike (July 14, 2004). "American League extends All-Star dominance 9–4". USA Today. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- "WP" stands for "Winning pitcher", "LP" stands for "Losing pitcher", and "Sv" stands for "Save."
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 218
- Shaughnessy, Dan (October 24, 2004). "Sox prevail in wild Series slugfest; Bellhorn's dramatic HR sparks 11–9 win". Boston Globe. p. A1. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Major League Baseball on Fox: Game 1 of the 2004 World Series (television). Fox. October 23, 2004.
- "Red Sox 11, Cardinals 9". ESPN. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
- Antonen, Mel (October 25, 2004). "Ortiz primed for Series success". USA Today. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- "Red Sox 11, Cardinals 9 play by play". ESPN. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
- Schlegel, John (October 23, 2004). "Injury won't ground Womack". MLB.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008.[dead link]
- Bloom, Barry M. (October 24, 2004). "Sox have crazy 8th, cut Cards". MLB.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008.[dead link]
- Footer, Alyson (October 24, 2004). "Bellhorn helps Sox ring up victory". MLB.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008.[dead link]
- 2004 World Series (DVD). Major League Baseball Productions. 2004.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 218–219
- Footer, Alyson (October 24, 2004). "Going to Fenway Park in my mind". MLB.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008.[dead link]
- Schlegel, John (October 25, 2004). "Schilling guts one out in Game 2". MLB.com. Retrieved July 12, 2008.[dead link]
- "St. Louis at Boston 8:00 pm EDT World Series Boston leads, 1–0". Sports Illustrated. October 24, 2004. Archived from the original on October 27, 2004. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- "Red Sox 6, Cardinals 2". ESPN. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- Jenkins, Lee (October 25, 2004). "Baseball; In Game 2, It's Bloopers: The Sequel". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2009.
- "Schilling's famous sock heads to Hall of Fame". USA Today. February 11, 2005. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- Footer, Alyson (October 25, 2004). "Heart of Cards' order missing (This article incorrectly states that Rolen, Edmonds and Sanders had three hits. See the following two references for confirmation of the correct stats).". MLB.com. Retrieved July 12, 2008.[dead link]
- "2004 World Series Game 1". Baseball reference.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
- "2004 World Series Game 2". Baseball reference.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
- Kelley, Steve (October 27, 2004). "Edgar Martinez receives Clemente Award". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- Footer, Alyson (October 27, 2004). "Game 3 brings out Cards greats". MLB.com. Retrieved July 17, 2008.[dead link]
- "Taco Bell and Major League Baseball Tempt Players to Score Free Tacos for America During 2004 World Series; Free Taco for Everyone in U.S. if Home Run Hits Target at Busch Stadium". Find Articles.com (originally from Business Wire). October 25, 2004. Retrieved July 17, 2008.[dead link]
- "Pedro leaves Cardinals running on empty". ESPN. October 26, 2004. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
- "Red Sox 4, Cardinals 1". ESPN. October 26, 2004. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Footer, Alyson (October 27, 2004). "Stars align at Game 4". MLB.com. Retrieved August 9, 2008.[dead link]
- "Wednesday, Oct. 27". USA Today. October 27, 2004. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 225–226
- Shaughnessy, Dan (October 28, 2004). "YES!!!: Red Sox complete sweep, win first Series since 1918". The Boston Globe. p. A1. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- "Red Sox 3, Cardinals 0". ESPN. October 27, 2004. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
- WEEI Radio broadcast of Game 4, October 27, 2004
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 3
- "Derek does it". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. October 28, 2004. Archived from the original on December 22, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
- Faith Rewarded – Part 8 YouTube (produced by NESN)
- "2004 World Series Game 1 – St. Louis Cardinals vs. Boston Red Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "2004 World Series Game 2 – St. Louis Cardinals vs. Boston Red Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "2004 World Series Game 3 – Boston Red Sox vs. St. Louis Cardinals". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "2004 World Series Game 4 – Boston Red Sox vs. St. Louis Cardinals". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "Game 1 gets highest TV ratings since '99 Series". Sports Illustrated. October 24, 2004. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- "World Series notebook: Boston may use Schilling again". Web Citation.org (Originally from The Seattle Times). October 26, 2004. Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- Caesar, Dan (October 27, 2004). "Fox scores in ratings game despite the one-sided Series.". Access my library.com (Originally from St. Louis Post-Dispatch). Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- "First 2004 World Series game in St. Louis dominates network TV competition". MLB.com. October 27, 2004. Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- Martzke, Rudy (October 28, 2004). "Fox cleans up in Series ratings despite sweep". USA Today. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- Fitzgerald, Toni (November 1, 2004). "Put a number on NBA's broadcast days (source input from Nielsen Media Research)". Media Life Magazine. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- Vasquez, Diego (November 10, 2004). "For CBS, a Monday fix for 'Raymond' (source input from Nielsen Media Research)". Media Life Magazine. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
- "2004 MLB Awards". Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on January 19, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- "Red Sox named 'Sports Illustrated' Sportsmen of the Year". USA Today. Associated Press. November 29, 2004. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 212–213
- Walker, Ben (October 28, 2004). "Curse 86'd!". Associated Press. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Shea, John (October 25, 2004). "Ain't no mistake: Red Sox up 2–0". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- "Red Sox beat the curse". The Daily Telegraph (London). October 29, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Curry, Jack (October 28, 2004). "Kiss That Curse Goodbye". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Morrissey, Michael (October 28, 2004). "At Last! No More '1918' Chants". New York Post. p. 87.
- Dalrymple, Mary (October 29, 2004). "Kerry and Bush bask in Red Sox win". Salt Lake Deseret News. Associated Press. p. A8.
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 53
- Edes, Gordon (March 3, 2005). "Bush honors world champions". Boston Globe. p. C3.
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 5
- MacQuarrie, Brian (October 31, 2004). "Thank you; Millions Turn Out to Salute Red Sox for a Season to Remember". The Boston Globe. p. A1.
- Shaughnessy 2005, p. 233
- Fitzpatrick, Frank (December 15, 2010). "For once, we take a bite out of the Big Apple". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. C3.
- Barra, Allen (October 26, 2004). "Curses!". Village Voice. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 12, 230
- Petraglia, Mike (April 11, 2005). "Red-letter day for World Series champs". MLB.com. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- Dupont, Kevin Paul (April 12, 2005). "Ceremony had the right ring". Boston Globe. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- Feinsand, Mark (April 11, 2005). "Yankees take in Red Sox celebration". MLB.com. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
- Feinsand, Mark (April 11, 2005). "Rivera has some fun with Sox fans". MLB.com. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
- Simmons, Bill (October 28, 2004). "The Nation's destination: Destiny". ESPN. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "Faithful: Two Diehard Boston Red Sox Fans Chronicle the Historic 2004 Season". Barnes and Noble.com. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- Nowlin, Bill (March 28, 2005). "'Reversing the Curse' is a winning tale". Boston Globe. p. B5. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
- Pastorek, Whitney (November 12, 2004). "Sox Change". Entertainment Weekly.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (June 17, 2011). "How great is this?". The Boston Globe. p. C1. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- Molony, Jim (October 28, 2004). "Cards' season should be celebrated". MLB.com. Retrieved March 2, 2009.[dead link]
- Molony, Jim (October 28, 2004). "Booming bats silenced in Series". MLB.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- Leach, Matthew (October 27, 2004). "Cardinals shut out in clincher". MLB.com. Retrieved February 18, 2009.[dead link]
- Lawrence, Andrew (November 8, 2006). "By the Numbers". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "2005 Post Season". MLB.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- Browne, Ian (October 29, 2007). "Twin peaks: Sox are champs". redsox.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011.
- 2004 World Series (DVD). Major League Baseball Productions. 2004.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (2005). Reversing the Curse. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-51748-0.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (1990). The Curse of the Bambino. New York: Dutton. ISBN 0-525-24887-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2004 World Series.|