Geographical distribution of 2006-07 Serie C1 teams. Serie C1/A teams are depicted with red dots, whereas Serie C1/B ones were represented with yellow.
The 2005–06 Serie C1 was the twenty-eighth edition of Serie C1, the third highest league in the Italian football league system. It was divided into two phases: the regular season, played from August 28, 2005 to May 7, 2006, and the playoff phase. Once the regular season was over teams placed 2nd to 5th entered a playoff to determine the second team in each division to be promoted to Serie B. At the same time, teams placed 14th to 17th entered a playout for the right to remain in Serie C1 the following season.
As usual, Serie C1 was composed by two divisions, whose teams were divided geographically. Division C1/A was mainly composed by Northern Italy teams, with the exception of Salernitana, whereas Division C1/B included mostly Central and Southern Italy teams. The league featured also two former Italian national champions, Genoa and Napoli, both eventually achieving promotion in the end.
Teams finishing first in the regular season, plus one team winning the playoff round from each division were promoted to Serie B; teams finishing last in the regular season, plus two relegation playoff losers from each division were relegated to Serie C2. In all, four teams were promoted to Serie B, and six teams were relegated to Serie C2.