2005 Glendale train crash
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2012)|
|Date||January 26, 2005|
|Rail line||Coast Line (UP)|
|Operator||Metrolink, Union Pacific Railroad|
|Type of incident||Derailment|
|Cause||Obstruction on Line|
The 2005 Glendale train crash is the second-deadliest incident in the history of Metrolink, the commuter railroad in the Los Angeles, California, area. It was overtaken as the deadliest by the 2008 Chatsworth train collision.
On January 26, 2005, at 6:03 a.m. PST, southbound Metrolink commuter train #100 collided with a sport utility vehicle that had been abandoned on the tracks immediately south of the Chevy Chase Drive grade crossing and near a Costco retail store on the Glendale-Los Angeles boundary, in an industrial area, north of downtown Los Angeles. The train jackknifed and struck trains on either side of it—one a stationary Union Pacific freight train, and the other a northbound Metrolink train (#901) traveling in the opposite direction. The chain-reaction collisions resulted in the deaths of 11 people. Among the first responders to the accident were employees of the Costco store, adjacent to the accident site, who placed calls to 9-1-1 and climbed the bordering fence to aid the victims.
Juan Manuel Álvarez, who left his Jeep Cherokee Sport vehicle parked on the tracks, was arrested and charged with 11 counts of murder with "special circumstances." Authorities and Álvarez's legal defense claimed Álvarez was planning to commit suicide, but changed his mind at the last minute. Álvarez was convicted in June 2008 of the eleven counts plus one count of arson, and though prosecutors sought a death sentence, was sentenced in August 2008 to 11 consecutive life sentences in prison with no possibility of parole.
In the early morning rush hour period, northbound train #901 (leaving Los Angeles) normally carries between 30 and 50 passengers; the southbound #100 train (approaching Los Angeles) normally carries between 200 and 250 people.
The freight train involved in the accident was "tied down" (parked) on an auxiliary track known as "The Slide," running parallel along the west side of the main tracks, waiting its turn to deliver track ballast to repair tracks on the former Southern Pacific Railroad's Coast Line (so called because it runs along California's coast from Ventura County through Santa Barbara to San Luis Obispo) that had been washed out by major January 2005 rainstorms.
The next day, police intervened in a similar "copycat" incident in Irvine, California where a suicidal man parked his car on Metrolink tracks. The man drove away from the tracks when police arrived and was later arrested.
Regular Metrolink passenger service was restored through the accident scene the following Monday, January 31.
A National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) team investigated the crash. The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen's (BLET) Safety Task Force assisted the NTSB. The Glendale Police Department led the criminal investigation, assisted by the Union Pacific Police Department, and the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, and the criminal case was tried in Los Angeles County Superior Court.
The southbound Metrolink train (#100) struck the parked Jeep that had been driven by Álvarez onto the tracks at the Chevy Chase Drive grade crossing just west of San Fernando Road (map), pushing the Jeep southward along the track towards the Los Feliz Boulevard undercrossing until automotive parts struck a track switch and became lodged under the leading car of the Metrolink train, raising it up and causing the train to derail. Cars from the derailed train jackknifed, hitting both the locomotive of the stationary freight train and sideswiping the rear of the passing northbound #901 Metrolink passenger train. This caused the rear cars of the northbound train to derail, and at least one car rolled over onto its side. A fire, involving one or more passenger cars, was caused by spilled diesel fuel.
The root cause of the accident was attributed to the driver of the automobile, Juan Manuel Álvarez of Compton, California, who deliberately drove and left his vehicle onto the tracks while allegedly attempting to commit suicide. Having slashed his wrists and stabbed himself repeatedly in the chest, he parked his car on the tracks to finish the attempt. However, Álvarez changed his mind and attempted to leave the railroad tracks. Because he was unable to dislodge his vehicle from the rain-soaked gravel and slick rails, he abandoned the vehicle moments before the crowded southbound train approached. However, there has been some speculation that Álvarez may have inflicted the wounds on himself after the crash, based on some early reports by witnesses. Both this causation and the end result have many similarities to that of the Ufton Nervet rail crash in the United Kingdom, which occurred only three months previously, although in that case the driver of the car stayed in the vehicle and was killed.
The train wreck caused intense attention to the train configuration. Many commuter trains are pushed from the back by the locomotive, including Metrolink trains returning to Los Angeles Union Station; in a "push configuration", the first car is a special passenger car with controls for an engineer at the end (sometimes referred to as the "cab car"). The rear-pushed configuration eliminates elaborate turnaround maneuvers and facilities to reverse a train's direction. There was severe criticism[by whom?] that this rear-pushed configuration made the accident worse: many people[who?] claimed that if the heavier engine were ahead of the passenger cars, southbound train #100 would not have jackknifed causing the second train to derail. This situation is similar to the Selby and Polmont rail crashes in the United Kingdom.
Immediately following the accident, Metrolink temporarily roped off the first cars in all of their trains; passengers sat starting in the second car. Metrolink gradually modified this policy, and as of 2007, the line permits passengers to sit in a portion the first car when in "push mode." Seating is not permitted in a roped-off forwardmost section of the first car just behind the engineer's cab.
The incident has inspired at least two television series episodes. A May 2005 episode of Law & Order titled "Locomotion" featured a train that hit an SUV and the subsequent investigation. A June 2005 episode of Strong Medicine contained a storyline that referenced the train wreck.
A total of 11 passengers were killed in the collision, while between 100 and 200 people were injured. In terms of casualties, the crash had the same death toll as the Bourbonnais train accident on March 15, 1999, making it the deadliest U.S. train crash in almost six years.
Fatalities in this accident were:
- Manuel Alcala, 51, West Hills, Los Angeles
- Julia Bennett, 44, Simi Valley
- Alfonso Caballero, 62, Winnetka, Los Angeles
- Elizabeth Hill, 62, Van Nuys, Los Angeles
- Henry Kilinski, 39, Orange
- Scott McKeown, 42, Moorpark
- Thomas Ormiston, 58, Northridge, Los Angeles (a conductor on the northbound #901 Metrolink train)
- William Parent, 53, Canoga Park, Los Angeles
- Leonard Romero, 53, Rancho Cucamonga
- Deputy James Tutino (Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department), 47, Simi Valley
- Don Wiley, 58, Simi Valley
In remembrance of the accident, all Metrolink train engineers were asked to sound their trains' horns at 12:01 Pacific Time, February 2, 2005, and the former Control Point Metro (milepost 3.3 on the Metrolink River Subdivision) was renamed Control Point Ormiston in memory of the conductor who was killed instantly.
- Great Heck Rail Crash - A rail crash in the UK involving a pushed train, an automobile on the track, and another train.
- Ufton Nervet rail crash – A rail crash in the UK in November 2004 with similar circumstances.
- 2008 Chatsworth train collision – a subsequent Metrolink crash involving a freight train.
- AP, Man may have caused Metrolink crash for wife. Retrieved February 18, 2005.
- AP, Man pleads innocent in Calif. train wreck. Retrieved February 16, 2005.
- "LA suicide crash 'spawns copycat'". BBC News. January 28, 2005. Archived from the original on April 4, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2005.
- Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen, Metrolink accident kills 11; BLET Safety Task Force to help investigate. Retrieved February 1, 2005.
- Bronstad, Amanda. "SUV driver's arraignment delayed in train accident case". Los Angeles Business Journal. Retrieved January 28, 2005.
- Lloyd de Vries (February 18, 2005). "Parked car caused train wreck". CBS. AP. Archived from the original on May 23, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2005.
- "Train Wreck An Attention Grab?". CBS. AP. Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2005.
- Gonzalez, Maria; Keating, Jessica. "11 killed amid Metrolink 'chaos'". Ventura County Star. Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2005.
- Gorman, Steve. "Ten die in LA train crash; Murder charge planned". Reuters. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2005.[dead link]
- Liu, Caitlin, and Torrejon, Veronica; Los Angeles Times, Train service is fully restored. Retrieved February 1, 2005.
- Molloy, Tim; Associated Press, Suicide try triggers California commuter rail tragedy, police say. Retrieved January 26, 2005.
- Michael Muskal; Jesus Sanchez. "Man Faces Charges in Metrolink Collision". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2005.
- "Metrolink train operators to honor fallen conductor". NBC 4. February 3, 2005. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2005.
- Serjeant, Jill. "Murder charges for Calif. man over train wreck". Reuters. Retrieved January 27, 2005.[dead link]
- Southern California Regional Rail Authority, Metrolink Timetable No. 4 (effective July 3, 2005), page RV-1.
- Trains News Wire, 10 killed, hundreds injured after parked vehicle on tracks causes derailment of two Metrolink commuter trains. Retrieved 12:00 January 27, 2005 UTC.
- Trains News Wire (August 29, 2005), Prosecutors to seek death penalty for derailment suspect. Retrieved August 30, 2005.
- Valencia-Martinez, Angie; Boghossian, Naush. "Grief spreads into Ventura County". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved January 27, 2005.[dead link]
- Various; Wikinews, People killed as three trains crash in Los Angeles. Revised 17:16 January 26, 2005 UTC.
- Lead Counsel for plaintiffs, Jerome Ringler, Message for Victims of Chatsworth Metrolink Disaster. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
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