2005 United Kingdom general election in England

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2005 United Kingdom general election

← 2001 5 May 2005 (2005-05-05) 2010 →

All 529 English seats to the House of Commons
  First party Second party Third party
  Tony Blair WEF (cropped).jpg Michael Howard (cropped).jpg Charles Kennedy MP (cropped).jpg
Leader Tony Blair Michael Howard Charles Kennedy
Party Labour Conservative Liberal Democrats
Leader since 21 July 1994 6 November 2003 9 August 1999
Last election 323 seats, 41.4% 165 seats, 35.2% 40 seats, 19.4%
Seats won 286 194 47
Seat change Decrease37 Increase29 Increase7
Popular vote 8,043,461 8,116,005 5,201,286
Percentage 35.4% 35.7% 22.9%
Swing Decrease6.0% Increase0.5% Increase3.6%

The 2005 United Kingdom general election in England took place on 5 May 2005 for 529 English seats in the British House of Commons. The Labour Party under Tony Blair won an overall majority of seats for the third successive election.

Within England, the Conservative Party received 72,544 more votes than the Labour Party, but Labour won an overall majority of English seats. The Liberal Democrats made modest gains, finishing with 23% of the vote and 47 seats. The only other parties to win seats were the Respect Party, who gained Bethnal Green and Bow from Labour, and Independent Kidderminster Hospital and Health Concern, who won Wyre Forest for the second election in a row.

Results table[edit]

Below is a table summarising the results of the 2005 general election in England.

Party[1] Seats Votes
Total Gains Losses Net +/- % seats Total votes % votes Change
Labour 286 0 37 Decrease37 54.1 8,043,461 35.4 Decrease6.0
Conservative 194 32 3 Increase29 36.7 8,116,005 35.7 Increase0.5
Liberal Democrats 47 12 5 Increase7 8.9 5,201,286 22.9 Increase3.6
Respect 1 1 0 Increase1 0.2 67,422 0.3 Increase0.3
Health Concern 1 0 0 Steady 0.2 18,739 0.1 Steady
UKIP 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 592,417 2.6 Increase0.9
Green 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 251,051 1.1 Increase0.4
BNP 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 189,570 0.8 Increase0.6
Veritas 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 39,044 0.2 N/A
Liberal 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 17,547 0.1 Steady
Others 0 0 0 Steady 0.0 177,343 0.8 N/A
22,713,855 61.0 Increase1.9
Popular vote
Conservative
35.7%
Labour
35.4%
Liberal Democrats
22.9%
UKIP
2.6%
Greens
1.1%
Other
2.3%
Parliament seats
Labour
54.1%
Conservative
36.7%
Liberal Democrats
8.9%
Respect
0.2%
ICHC
0.2%

Analysis[edit]

The total Labour vote in England declined by 6% and by varying amounts in every English Region, but with sharp variations locally. For example, in Bethnal Green and Bow, London, former Labour MP George Galloway, running as a candidate for the anti-war Respect, defeated Oona King (Labour) who in the previous General Election had a majority of 10,057. Labour polled 70,000 fewer votes in England than the Conservatives, but won ninety-two more seats.[1] Labour regained one of its by-election losses, Leicester South, but saw an increased Liberal Democrat majority in the other, Brent East. Overall, Labour lost 37 English MPs compared to 2001.

The Conservatives made gains in most regions of England, though their vote declined in some areas, notably the East Midlands and Yorkshire (2% and 1.5% declines, respectively). However, even in regions where the Conservative vote declined, the Labour vote declined by a greater margin, allowing the Conservatives to make gains against Labour. Overall, the Conservatives gained 0.5% of the vote in England compared to 2001, and gained 29 seats. In Enfield Southgate, Conservative David Burrowes ousted Labour Stephen Twigg, who had famously defeated Michael Portillo for that seat in the 1997 elections.

The Liberal Democrats made modest gains in all regions of England, improving by at least 1% in every region. The party made a net gain of 7 seats, winning a total of 47, the best result for the Liberal Democrats or Liberals in England since 1923.

Former BBC presenter, Robert Kilroy-Silk, who had joined the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) before leaving to set up Veritas, came fourth in Erewash in what was the best performance by Veritas, receiving 2,957 votes. The seat was won by Labour's Liz Blackman.

There were regional surges in support for the British National Party, who however failed to win any seats, their highest poll being 16.9% in the Labour stronghold of Barking, East London. The party fielded 119 candidates in seats throughout the country, gaining 0.7% of the total votes cast. The 119 candidates fielded represented a significant rise as in 2001, the BNP only fielded 33 candidates.

The Green Party came third in Brighton Pavilion (with Keith Taylor as candidate) behind Labour and the Conservatives, taking 21.9% of the votes cast. Despite this unprecedented high share of the vote Taylor was not selected to contest the seat in the 2010 general election, losing his prospective position to Caroline Lucas.

The English Democrats gained their highest percentage of the vote in Greenwich and Woolwich, winning 3.4% of votes cast.

The Independent Working Class Association stood for the first time in a general election, having previously only stood in local council elections. The party gained 2.1% of the vote in Oxford East.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Election 2005 - Results, England". BBC News. 10 May 2005. Retrieved 21 July 2009.