2005 in the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|2005 in the United States|
|Years:||2002 2003 2004 – 2005 – 2006 2007 2008|
50 stars (1960–present)
Events from the year 2005 in the United States.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Births
- 4 Deaths
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
- President: George W. Bush (R-Texas)
- Vice President: Dick Cheney (R-Wyoming)
- Chief Justice: William Rehnquist (Wisconsin)  (until September 3), John Roberts (New York)  (starting September 29)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Dennis Hastert (R–Illinois)
- Senate Majority Leader: Bill Frist (R–Tennessee)
- Congress: 108th (until January 3), 109th (starting January 3)
- January 6 – The Graniteville train disaster kills 9 and injures 250 in Graniteville, South Carolina.
- January 12 – Deep Impact is launched from Cape Canaveral by a Delta 2 rocket.
- January 20 – George W. Bush is sworn in for his second term as President.
- January 26
- February 6 – Super Bowl XXXIX: The New England Patriots win their second consecutive Super Bowl title, defeating the Philadelphia Eagles by a score of 24 – 21.
- February 10 – North Korea announces that it possesses nuclear weapons as a protection against the hostility it feels from the United States.
- February 15 – The Internet site YouTube goes online.
- February 16
- The Kyoto Protocol goes into effect, without the support of the United States and Australia.
- Based on estimates by NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2005 is the warmest year since reliable widespread instrumental measurements became available in the late 19th century, beating the previous record set in 1998 by a few hundredths of a degree Celsius. It will be replaced by 2007 as the warmest year.
- February 24 – David Hernandez Arroyo goes on a shooting rampage at the Smith County Courthouse in Tyler, Texas. He kills two, including his ex-wife, and injures four people, before being killed in a police chase.
- February 25 – Wichita, Kansas police apprehend the BTK serial killer Dennis Rader, 31 years after his first murder.
- February 27 – The 77th Academy Awards, hosted by Chris Rock, are held at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California, with Million Dollar Baby winning Best Picture.
- March 1 – Roper v. Simmons: The Supreme Court of the United States rules the death penalty unconstitutional for juveniles who committed their crimes before the age of 18.
- March 4 – The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by U.S. soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of one passenger and injuring two more.
- March 11 – Three people, including a judge, are murdered in the Fulton County Courthouse in Atlanta, Georgia; the main suspect, Brian Nichols, surrenders to police the next day.
- March 12 – Terry Ratzmann opens fire during a church serman in New Berlin, Wisconsin, killing 7 and injuring 4 before taking his own life.
- March 21 – Ten are killed in the Red Lake shootings in Minnesota by teenager Jeffrey Weise, who committed suicide after a shoot-out with police. It is the worst school shooting since the Columbine High School massacre.
- March 23 – The United States' 11th Circuit Court of Appeals refuses by a vote of 2 – 1 to stop the euthanasia of Terri Schiavo by not ordering the reinsertion of her feeding tube.
- April 9 – Tens of thousands of demonstrators, many of them supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr, march through Baghdad denouncing the U.S. occupation of Iraq, two years after the fall of Saddam Hussein, and rally in the square where his statue was toppled in 2003.
- April 30 – Newsweek alleges that American interrogators and guards have desecrated the Qur'an in attempts to rattle Islamic detainees.
- May 10 – A hand grenade ostensibly thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 100 feet (30 m) from United States President George W. Bush while he is giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but the explosive malfunctions and does not detonate.
- May 13
- May 16 – George Galloway appears before a United States Senate committee, to answer allegations of making money from the Iraqi Oil-for-Food Programme.
- May 31 – W. Mark Felt reveals himself to be the Watergate scandal whistleblower called "Deep Throat."
- June 2 – The construction of Northrop Grumman X–47B, the world's first unmanned surveillance attack aircraft that can operate from both land bases and aircraft carriers, begins.
- June 17 – Because of "quadruple-witching" options and futures expiration, the New York Stock Exchange sees the heaviest first-hour trading on record. 704 million shares are traded between 9:30–10:30 a.m. (1.92 billion shares for the day).
- June 21 – A Volna booster rocket carrying the first light sail spacecraft (a joint Russian-United States project) fails 83 seconds after its launch, destroying the spacecraft.
- June 30 – The Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is passed by the United States.
- July 4
- July 10 – Hurricane Dennis strikes near Navarre Beach, Florida as a Category 3 storm. There are 42 direct, 47 indirect dead and $4 billion in damages.
- July 19 – President Bush nominated John Roberts to the U.S. Supreme Court to fill a vacancy that would be left by the resignation of Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
- July 24 – Lance Armstrong wins a record 7th straight Tour de France before his scheduled retirement. He is later disqualified from each of those races and banned from cycling for life for doping offenses by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) in 2012.
- July 26 – STS–114 launches as the first "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in 2003.
- August 2 – The Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is signed into law in the United States.
- August 9 – Space Shuttle Discovery returns to Edwards Air Force Base at 0814 EDT, completing STS–114, "Return to Flight".
- August 12 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched.
- August 23 – Hurricane Katrina forms over the Bahamas.
- August 29 – August 30 – At least 1,836 are killed, and severe damage is caused along the U.S. Gulf Coast, as Hurricane Katrina strikes coastal areas from Louisiana to Alabama, and travels up the entire state of Mississippi (flooding coast 31 feet (9.4 m)), affecting most of eastern North America. Katrina becomes the costliest hurricane in US history with $108 billion in damages.
- September – The largest evacuation in Houston takes place as millions evacuate from Hurricane Rita.
- September 1 – Oil prices rise sharply following the economic effects of Hurricane Katrina.
- September 5 – John G. Roberts is nominated by President George W. Bush for Chief Justice of the United States, replacing William Rehnquist, who had died two days previously.
- September 14 – September 16 – The largest UN World Summit in history is held in New York City.
- September 20 – The NFL sees the groundbreaking ceremony for two new stadiums, the Indianapolis Colts' Lucas Oil Stadium ($720 million) and the Dallas Cowboys' temporarily named Cowboys Stadium ($1.15 billion).
- September 23 – Convicted bank thief and Boricua Popular Army leader, Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, is killed in his home in Hormigueros, Puerto Rico when members of the FBI attempt to serve an arrest warrant.
- September 24
- Worldwide protests occur against the Iraq War, with over 150,000 protestors in Washington DC (see Opposition to the Iraq War).
- Hurricane Rita hits the U.S. Gulf Coast, devastating areas near Beaumont, Texas and Lake Charles, Louisiana. The Ninth Ward of New Orleans re-floods since Katrina, and Mississippi and Alabama are also affected. There are 97 (up to 125) dead and $12 billion in damages.
- September 26 – U.S. Army Reservist Lynndie England is convicted by a military jury on six of seven counts, in connection with the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal.
- September 28 – United States House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R–Texas) is indicted on charges of criminal conspiracy by a Texas grand jury. After being indicted, DeLay stepped down from his position as Majority Leader. He was the first congressional leader ever to be indicted. Rep. Roy Blunt of Missouri took over as acting leader. On November 24, 2010, DeLay was found guilty by a jury in Austin (Travis County), Texas, of conspiracy to commit money laundering and making an illegal contribution. He was subsequently sentenced to three years in prison and 10 years probation on January 10, 2011.
- September 29 – John G. Roberts, Jr. is confirmed and sworn in as the 17th Chief Justice of the United States.
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3
- October 15 – A riot occurs in Toledo, Ohio during a Neo-Nazi rally on racial issues; 114 are arrested.
- October 16 – U.S. helicopters and warplanes bomb two villages near Ramadi in western Iraq, killing about 70 people.
- October 19 – The Houston Astros win their first National League Championship, advancing to their first World Series in franchise history.
- October 24 – Hurricane Wilma makes landfall in southwestern Florida as a category 3 hurricane. There are 23 direct, 39 indirect dead and $29.1 billion in damages.
- October 26
- October 27 – After issues arise of her competency to adjudicate United States Constitutional law, Harriet Miers withdraws her name from consideration for the Supreme Court of the United States.
- October 28 – Vice presidential adviser Lewis "Scooter" Libby resigns after being charged with obstruction of justice, perjury and making a false statement in the CIA leak investigation. Libby was indicted by a federal grand jury concerning the investigation of the leak of the covert identity of Central Intelligence Agency officer Valerie Plame Wilson. Plame's relationship with the CIA was formerly classified information. Libby was indicted on five counts relating to the Plame affair: Two counts of perjury, two counts of making false statements to federal investigators, and one count of obstruction of justice. In the subsequent federal trial, United States v. Libby, the jury convicted Libby on four of the five counts in the indictment (one count of obstruction of justice, two counts of perjury, and one count of making false statements) and acquitted on the second count of making false statements. On June 5, 2007, the presiding trial judge, Reggie B. Walton, sentenced Libby to 30 months in federal prison, a fine of $250,000, and two years of supervised release, including 400 hours of community service, and then ordered Libby to begin his sentence immediately. On July 2, 2007, when Libby's appeal of Walton's order failed, Bush commuted Libby's 30-month prison sentence, leaving the other parts of his sentence intact. As a consequence of his conviction in United States v. Libby, Libby's license to practice law was suspended by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in December 2007. On April 3, 2007, the District of Columbia Bar suspended his license to practice law in Washington, D.C., and recommended his disbarment pending his appeal of his conviction. On March 20, 2008, after he dropped his appeal, he was disbarred by the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, in Washington, D.C., at least until 2012.
- October 31
- U.S. President George W. Bush nominates Federal Appeals Court Judge Samuel Alito to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- Astronomers announce the discovery of two additional moons orbiting the Pluto/Charon system. Subsequently named Nix and Hydra, the moons were found in images from the Hubble Space Telescope.
- November 1
- November 4 – The U.S. and Uruguay governments sign a Bilateral Investment Treaty.
- November 6 – Evansville Tornado of November 2005: A tornado hits western Kentucky and southwestern Indiana, killing 25 with $92 million in damages.
- November 20 – The Washington Post rebukes journalist Bob Woodward over his conduct in the CIA leak probe.
- December – The Unemployment Rate falls below 5% for the first time since August 2001; it will remain below 5% until December 2007.
- December 7 – A U.S. Federal Air Marshal fatally shoots Rigoberto Alpizar on a jetway at Miami International Airport in Florida.
- December 8 – Southwest Airlines Flight 1248 overshoots the runway at Chicago Midway Airport, killing a 6-year-old boy and injuring 11 other people.
- December 16 – The 43rd Mersenne prime is found, 230,402,457 − 1. It was discovered with the GIMPS project by Dr. Curtis Cooper and Dr. Steven Boone, professors at Central Missouri State University.
- December 20 – 2005 New York City transit strike: New York City's Transport Workers Union Local 100 goes on strike for three days, shutting down all New York City Subway and Bus services.
- December 23 – U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announces the first in an expected series of troop drawdowns following the Iraqi elections.
- Ten years after reaching the million mark, the U.S. prison population reaches 1.5 million inmates.
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
- January 1
- January 4
- January 17 – Virginia Mayo, actress (b. 1920)
- January 21 – Adrianne Leigh Reynolds, murder victim (b. 1988)
- January 23 – Johnny Carson, television host and comedian (b. 1925)
- January 25 – Philip Johnson, architect (b. 1906)
- February 1 – John Vernon, Canadian-born actor and father of Kate Vernon, died in Los Angeles, California (b. 1932)
- February 6 – Merle Kilgore, singer and songwriter (b. 1934)
- February 10 – Arthur Miller, playwright and husband of Marilyn Monroe (b. 1915)
- February 20
- February 25 – Ben Bowen, cancer victim (b. 2002)
- March 6
- March 9 – Chris LeDoux, rodeo performer and singer (b. 1949)
- March 13 – Lyn Collins, R&B singer (b. 1948)
- March 17 – George F. Kennan, diplomat and political advisor (b. 1904)
- March 19 – John DeLorean, car maker (b.1925)
- March 21 – Bobby Short, pianist and singer (b. 1924)
- March 29 – Johnnie Cochran, attorney (b. 1937)
- March 30 – Fred Korematsu, civil rights activist (b. 1919)
- March 31 – Terri Schiavo, right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1963)
- April 5 – Saul Bellow, writer (b. 1915)
- April 16 – Marla Ruzicka, activist, founder of Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (b. 1976)
- April 19 – Ruth Hussey, actress (b. 1911)
- April 26 – Mason Adams, actor (b. 1919)
- May 7 – Peter Wallace Rodino, politician (b. 1909)
- May 8 – Lloyd Cutler, attorney and Presidential advisor (b. 1917)
- May 13 – George Dantzig, mathematician (b. 1914)
- May 14 – Jimmy Martin, musician (b. 1927)
- May 16 – Eliza Jane Scovill, AIDS victim (b. 2001)
- May 21 – Howard Morris, actor (b. 1919)
- May 22 – Thurl Ravenscroft, voice actor (b. 1914)
- May 26 – Eddie Albert, actor (b. 1906)
- June 4 – Ronald F. Marryott, admiral (b. 1934)
- June 6
- June 25 – John Fiedler, actor (b. 1925)
- July 1 – Luther Vandross, singer, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1951)
- July 4 – Hank Stram, professional football coach (b. 1923)
- July 5 – James Stockdale, admiral and vice presidential candidate (b. 1923)
- July 6 – Evan Hunter, screenwriter and crime fiction writer (b. 1926)
- July 14 – Joe Harnell, pianist and composer (b. 1924)
- July 18 – William Westmoreland, general (b. 1914)
- July 23 – Myron Floren, accordionist (b. 1919)
- July 26 – Jack Hirshleifer, economist (b. 1925)
- August 1 – John Alevizos, businessman (b. 1919)
- August 2 – Jay Hammond, politician (b. 1922)
- August 8 – John H. Johnson, businessman and publisher. (b. 1918)
- August 9 – Matthew McGrory, American actor (b. 1973)
- August 17 – John Norris Bahcall, astrophysicist. (b. 1934)
- September 3
- September 25 – Urie Bronfenbrenner, Russian-born American professor of psychology (b. 1917)
- October 12 – Jack White, journalist and reporter (b. 1942)
- October 18 – Bill King, sports broadcaster (b. 1927)
- November 12 – James Fyfe, criminologist and instructor (b. 1942)
- November 15 – Adrian Rogers, religious leader (b. 1931)
- November 18 – Elias Syriani, Jordanian-born American convicted murderer (b. 1938)
- December 2
- December 10 – Richard Pryor, actor and comedian (b. 1940)
- December 14 – Stew Bowers baseball player (b. 1915)
- December 20 – Bradford Cannon, Boston plastic surgeon (b. 1907)
- December 21 – Elrod Hendricks, baseball player and coach (b. 1940)
- December 31
- "William Rehnquist Biography". biography.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- "John Roberts Biography". biography.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- Springer, Steve (2005-02-07). "Sper Bowl XXXIX / Patriots 24, Eagles 21; Owens Earns Respect the Hard Way; Six weeks after a serious ankle injury, the Eagle receiver not only plays but catches nine passes for 122 yards. He is praised for his performance by teammates.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- Faiola, Anthony (2005-02-10). "N. Korea Declares Itself a Nuclear Power". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- "Kyoto Protocol comes into effect". CBC. 2005-02-16. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Killings Rattle an East Texas Town Better Known for Its Roses". The Associated Press. 2005-02-27. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Hurst Laviana and Tim Potter (2005-02-26). "Wichita police arrest suspect in 'BTK' serial-slaying case.". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- Blankley, Tony (2005-03-06). "Roper v. Simmons: The Supreme Court has betrayed the Constitution". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Wounded Italian journalist Sgrena returns home". CTV News. 2005-03-05. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Mattingly, David; Osias, Kimberly (2005-03-15). "Atlanta courthouse killing suspect denied bail". CNN. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "Shooting Rampage By Minnesota Teen Leaves Nine Dead". News 10 Now. 2005-03-21. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "Schiavo's Feeding Tube Reinsertion Denied Again.". The America's Intelligence Wire. 2005-03-23. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- McGuinness, Ross (March 16, 2009). "Metro". p. 30.
- "The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts)" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center, National Hurricane Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2011-08-10. p. 47. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- Margasak, Larry (September 29, 2005). "DeLay Steps Down From House Post". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved 2006-04-23.
- "DeLay indicted in campaign finance probe". Associated Press. September 28, 2005. Retrieved 2006-04-14.
- "DeLay convicted of money laundering charges". Houston Chronicle. November 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- "Tom DeLay Gets 3 Years in Prison for Money Laundering", Fox News, December 14, 2015
- "Judge sentences Tom DeLay to 3 years in prison". Associated Press. 2011-01-10.
- "Transcript of General Hayden's Interview with WTOP", June 1, 2007
- Joel Seidman, "Plame Was 'covert' Agent At Time of Name Leak", MSNBC.com, May 29, 2007; accessed June 10, 2007
- Neil A. Lewis, "Source of C.I.A. Leak Said to Admit Role"
- Kenneth T. Walsh, "A Rough Road For 'Scooter'? An Inside Player Takes Center Stage", U.S. News & World Report, October 31, 2005; accessed September 23, 2006
- "I. Lewis Libby Jr. (Index): The Counts", The New York Times, Times Topics, updated periodically, March 6, 2007, accessed July 6, 2007.
- Paul Courson, Brianna Keilar, Brian Todd, Jeffrey Toobin, and the Associated Press, "Libby Sentenced to 30 months in Prison", CNN.com, June 5, 2007
- Matt Apuzzo and Pete Yost (Associated Press), "Libby Sentenced to 2½ Years in Prison", boston.com, June 5, 2007
- See qualification in Jeralyn Merritt, "Scooter Libby: 30 Months in Prison, $250k Fine", TalkLeft (accredited press blog), June 5, 2007: "Note: CNN [in its television broadcasts and some online reports] erroneously reported that Libby's sentence included 2 years probation. In fact, it was supervised release, which is similar but different from probation, and replaced parole in the federal system in 1987."
- Jeralyn Merritt, "Libby: Life on Supervised Release", TalkLeft (accredited press blog), July 5, 2007, accessed July 8, 2007. (Provides link to PDF of Judge Walton's "Judgment in a Criminal Case" in United States v. Libby, filed June 22, 2007, accessed July 8, 2007.)
- "Judge Orders Libby Jailed during Appeal", CNN News, June 14, 2007, accessed July 8, 2007.
- George W. Bush, "Grant of Executive Clemency: A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America", The White House, July 2, 2007
- Edwin Chen, "Bush Commutes Libby's Prison Term in CIA Leak Case (Update 2)", Bloomberg.com, July 2, 2007, accessed July 2, 2007.
- Listing for "Lewis Libby": "History", Search Facility, Disciplinary Board of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, accessed April 12, 2008.
- D.C. Bar - Find a Member search facility. Libby is listed in the general "name" search (erroneously) as "I L Lewis Libby Jr." and in hyperlinked documents as "I. Lewis Libby, Jr." Since 2007 he has been identified as "disbarred" and no longer a "member" of the D.C. Bar.
- The D.C. Bar revised its "Professional Rules of Conduct" on February 1, 2007, according to its "Bar News" section of its website; accessed June 5, 2007. On April 3, 2007, the District of Columbia Court of Appeals filed an "Order" ("In the Matter of I. Lewis Libby, Jr. ... Bar Registration No. 950758"), suspending Libby "immediately from the practice of law in the District of Columbia pending resolution of this matter [in United States v. Libby]", which the Office of Bar Counsel (D.C. Bar) received on April 4, 2007, directing it to "inform the Court if the matter is resolved without the necessity of further court action." In that order, "the Board directed the Bar Counsel to file a brief addressing whether [Libby's] crimes inherently involve moral turpitude." In its brief, filed on April 24, 2007, entitled "Statement of Bar Counsel", the D.C. Bar stated that his crimes amounted to "moral turpitude" and recommended to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals Board on Professional Responsibility that Libby "be disbarred pursuant to D.C. Code § 11-2503(a)", which reads (in pertinent part): "When a member of the bar of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals is convicted of an offense involving moral turpitude... the court shall, pending final determination of an appeal from the conviction, suspend the member of the bar from practice... If a final judgment of conviction is certified to the court, the name of the member of the bar so convicted shall be struck from the roll of the members of the bar and such person shall thereafter cease to be a member." Pursuant to the policy on "Moral Turpitude" contained therein, it is also noted (n. 4) that Libby's "disbarment should be deemed to commence, for reinstatement purposes, on April 11, 2007, the date that [he] filed an affidavit in compliance with D.C. Bar R. XI, § 14(g)." The brief lists Libby's admission to practice law in that jurisdiction as May 19, 1978. At that time Libby's lawyers filed notification of his intention to appeal his conviction within ten days after his sentencing with the D.C. Bar, an appeal that he subsequently decided to drop (Cf. Apuzzo's account of December 10, 2007, op cit)
- Carol D. Leonnig, "Court Disbars Cheney Ex-Aide: Libby Loses Right To Practice Law", The Washington Post, p. A2, March 21, 2008
- Gaines, Larry; Miller, LeRoy (2006). Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. Thomson/Wadsworth. ISBN 0-495-00305-0.
- Media related to 2005 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons