2006 Borujerd earthquake

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2006 Borujerd earthquake
2006 Borujerd earthquake is located in Iran
2006 Borujerd earthquake
Tehran
Tehran
UTC time ??
ISC event
USGS-ANSS
Date * March 31, 2006 (2006-03-31)
Origin time * 01:17:01 UTC [1]
Local date
Local time
Magnitude 6.1 Mw [1]
Depth 10 km (6.2 mi) [1]
Epicenter 33°34′N 48°44′E / 33.56°N 48.73°E / 33.56; 48.73Coordinates: 33°34′N 48°44′E / 33.56°N 48.73°E / 33.56; 48.73 [1]
Type Strike-slip [2]
Areas affected Iran
Total damage $42.262 million / moderate [2][3]
Max. intensity VIII (Severe) [4]
Casualties 63–70+ killed [4]
1,246–1,418 injured [4]
Deprecated  See documentation.

The 2006 Borujerd earthquake occurred in the early morning of 31 March in the South of Borujerd with destruction in Borujerd, Silakhor and Dorood areas of the Loristan Province in western Iran. The centre of the earthquake was in Darb-e Astaneh village south of the Borujerd City. The earthquake measured 6.1 on the moment magnitude scale.

Earthquake[edit]

This powerful earthquake shook the entire land of Loristan Province and most areas of Hamedan Province, Markazi Province and destroyed many villages in Khorramabad, Alashtar and Arak County as well. More than 180 aftershocks followed the main earthquake in April, May and June and people had to stay outside for several weeks.

A lighter foreshock happened the night before, and people stayed outside overnight and this reduced the number of casualties significantly. However, the mainshock at 4:47 am on 31 March shook Borujerd, Dorud and other towns and villages on Silakhor Plain for more than 55 seconds.

Damage[edit]

Carevanserai Hafezi in Bazaar of Borujerd (18th century); destroyed in Borujerd Earthquake 2006

More than 40 major historical monuments of Borujerd were destroyed by the earthquake and 30% of the historical downtown of the city (2.7 kmª) was ruined or damaged thoroughly. Other monuments damaged by the earthquake include:

Response[edit]

Apart from UN agencies e.g. UNESCO and UNICEF, there are other international agencies functioning in the field, including MSF, Caritas Italy, Operation Mercy, ACH Spain and ACT Netherlands.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ISC (2017), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2013), Version 4.0, International Seismological Centre 
  2. ^ a b USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey 
  3. ^ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K 
  4. ^ a b c Berberian, M. (2014), Earthquakes and Coseismic Surface Faulting on the Iranian Plateau, Developments in Earth Surface Processes (1st ed.), Elsevier, p. 633, ISBN 978-0444632920 
  5. ^ ReliefWeb (10 Apr 2006). "Iran: Doroud Earthquake Information Bulletin no. 6". ReliefWeb. 

External links[edit]