2007 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • In science
    2004
    2005
    2006
    2007
    2008
    2009
    2010

    Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2007.

    Plants[edit]

    • A fossilized rainforest is discovered in a coal mine.

    Angiosperms[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Trochodendron drachukii[2]

    sp nov

    Valid

    Pigg, Dillhoff, DeVore, & Wehr

    Ypresian

    unnamed formation, Kamloops Group

     Canada

    An extinct Trochodendron species

    Orontium wolfei[3]

    sp nov

    Valid

    Bogner, Johnson, Kvacek, & Upchurch

    Early to early Middle Eocene

    Allenby Formation & Klondike Mountain Formation

     Canada
     USA

    An extinct Orontium species

    Orontium mackii[3]

    sp nov

    Valid

    Bogner, Johnson, Kvacek, & Upchurch

    Late Cretaceous (Maastrictian?)

    McRae Formation

     USA

    An extinct Orontium species

    Fungi[edit]

    newly named[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Margaretbarromyces[4]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Mindell, Stockey, Beard & Currah

    Eocene

    Appian Way Flora

     Canada

    Extinct ascomycete fungus

    Palaeoagaracites[5]

    Gen et sp nov.

    Valid

    Poinar & Buckley

    Late Albian (Cretaceous)

    Burmese amber

     Myanmar

    oldest mushroom genus described from the fossil record.

    Arthropoda[edit]

    New taxa[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Apterostigma electropilosum[6]

    Sp nov

    Valid

    Schultz

    Burdigalian

    Dominican amber

     Dominican Republic

    A myrmicin fungus farming ant

    Apterostigma eowilsoni[6]

    Sp nov

    Valid

    Schultz

    Burdigalian

    Dominican amber

     Dominican Republic

    A myrmicin fungus farming ant

    Dicromantispa electromexicana[7]

    sp nov

    valid

    Engel & Grimaldi

    Late Oligocene - Early Miocene

    Mexican Amber

     Mexico

    A mantidfly.

    Dicromantispa moronei[7]

    sp nov

    valid

    Engel & Grimaldi

    Burdigalian

    Dominican Amber

     Dominican Republic

    A mantidfly.

    Eophyllium[8]

    gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Wedmann, Bradler, Rust

    Eocene

    Messel Pit fossil site

     Germany

    First leaf insect from the fossil record.

    Glisachaemus[9]

    gen et sp nov

    valid

    Szwedo

    Early Eocene

    Baltic amber

     Europe

    new planthopper genus.

    Mongolbittacus[10]

    gen et sp nov

    Vaild

    Petrulevicius, Huang & Ren

    Middle Jurassic

    Jiulongshan Formation

     China

    A bittacid

    Principiala[11]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Makarkin & Menon

    Crato Formation

    late Aptian

     Brazil

    An Ithonidae lacewing, type species P. incerta

    Sialis (Protosialis) casca[7]

    sp nov

    jr synonym of Protosialis casca

    Engel & Grimaldi

    Burdigalian

    Dominican Amber

     Dominican Republic

    only alderfly from the West Indies fossil record.

    Schwenckfeldina archoica[12]

    sp nov

    Valid

    Mohrig & Solórzano Kraemer

    Late Oligocene - early Miocene

    Mexican amber

     Mexico

    A Sciarid fly

    Fish[edit]

    Bony fish[edit]

    • Everhart, M. J. (2007). "Remains of a pycnodont fish (Actinopterygii: Pycnodontiformes) in a coprolite; An upper record of Micropycnodon kansasensis in the Smoky Hill Chalk, western Kansas". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 110 (1/2): 35–43. doi:10.1660/0022-8443(2007)110[35:ROAPFA]2.0.CO;2. 
    • Cavin, L.; Suteethorn, V.; Buffetaut, E.; Claude, J.; Cuny, G.; Loeuff, J. Le; Tong, H. (2007). "The first sinamiid fish (Holostei, Halecomorpha) from Southeast Asia (Early Cretaceous of Thailand)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (4): 827–837. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[827:TFSFHH]2.0.CO;2. 
    • Cavin, L.; Suteethorn, V.; Buffetaut, E.; Tong, H. (2007). "A new Thai Mesozoic lungfish (Sarcopterygii, Dipnoi) with an insight into post-Palaeozoic dipnoan evolution". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 149 (2): 141–177. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00238.x. 

    Cartilaginous fish[edit]

    • Everhart, M. J. (2007). "New stratigraphic records (Albian-Campanian) of the guitarfish, Rhinobatos sp. (Chondrichthyes; Rajiformes), from the Cretaceous of Kansas". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 110 (3–4): 225–235. doi:10.1660/0022-8443(2007)110[225:nsraor]2.0.co;2. 

    Archosauromorphs[edit]

    Pseudosuchians[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Adamanasuchus[13]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Lucas
    • Hunt
    • Spielmann

    Late Triassic

    Petrified Forest Formation

    An aetosaur.

    Arganasuchus[14]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Jalil
    • Karin

    Late Triassic

    Timezgadiouine Formation

    A rauisuchian.

    Barinasuchus[15]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Paolillo
    • Linares

    Late Eocene/Middle Miocene

    Parángula Formation, Ipururo Formation & Divisadero Largo Formation

    A sebecid.

    Dollosuchoides[16]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Brochu

    Middle Eocene

    A member of Tomistominae.

    Langstonia[15]

    Gen. nov

    Valid

    • Paolillo
    • Linares

    Middle Miocene

    Villavieja Formation

    A sebecid; a new name for Sebecus huilensis.

    Montealtosuchus[17]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Carvalho
    • Vasconcellos
    • Tavares

    Late Cretaceous

    Adamantina Formation

    A member of Peirosauridae.

    Neuquensuchus[18]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Fiorelli
    • Calvo

    Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

    Bajo de la Carpa Formation

    A member of Crocodyliformes of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

    Oceanosuchus[19]

    Gen. et sp. nov

    Valid

    • Hua et al.

    Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

    A member of Pholidosauridae.

    Voay[20]

    Gen. et comb. nov

    Valid

    • Brochu

    PleistoceneHolocene

    A new genus for "Crocodylus" robustus Grandidier & Vaillant (1872).

    Zulmasuchus[15]

    Gen. nov

    Valid

    • Paolillo
    • Linares

    Early Paleocene

    Santa Lucia Formation

    A sebecid; a new genus name for Sebecus querejazus.

    Pterosaurs[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Aralazhdarcho

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Averianov

    Santonian-early Campanian

    Bostobe Svita

     Kazakhstan

    An azhdarchid

    Gegepterus

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Wang et al

    BarremianAptian

    Yixian Formation

     China

    A ctenochasmatid

    Tupandactylus

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Kellner & Campos

    Early Cretaceous

    Crato Formation

     Brazil

    A tapejarid

    Newly named non-dinosaurian dinosauromorphs[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Dromomeron[21]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Irmis et al

    Norian

    Chinle Formation

    A Lagerpetonidae dinosauromorph reptile

    Newly named non-avian dinosauromorphs[edit]

    Data courtesy of George Olshevky's dinosaur genera list.[22]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Achillesaurus [23]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Martinelli & Vera

    Santonian

    Bajo de la Carpa Formation

    An alvarezsaurid

    Albertaceratops[24]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Ryan

    Campanian

    Oldman Formation

    A Centrosaurine. the Ceratopsian from Alberta.

    Amargatitanis[25]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Apesteguía

    Barremian

    La Amarga Formation

    A titanosaur

    Asylosaurus[26]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Galton

    Rhaetian

    A basal sauropodomorph

    Australodocus[27]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Remes

    Late Jurassic

    Tendaguru Beds

    A diplodocid

    Berberosaurus[28]

    gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Allain et al

    Pliensbachian-Toarcian

    Toundoute Continental Series

    A ceratosaur

    Cedrorestes [29]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Gilpin, DiCroce, & Carpenter

    Barremian

    Cedar Mountain Formation

    A hadrosaur

    Cerasinops[30]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Chinnery & Horner

    Campanian

    Two Medicine Formation

    A ceratopsian

    Dongbeititan [31]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Wang et al

    Early Cretaceous

    Yixian Formation

    A sauropod

    Eocursor[32]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Butler, Smith, & Norman

    Norian

    Lower Elliot Formation

    An Early ornithischian

    Eotriceratops[33]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Wu, Brinkman, Eberth, & Braman

    Maastrichtian

    Horseshoe Canyon Formation

    A Ceratopsian

    Futalognkosaurus[34]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Calvo, Porfiri, González-Riga, & Kellner

    Coniacian

    Portezuelo Formation

    A titanosaurian

    Gigantoraptor[35]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Xu, et al

    Campanian-Maastrichtian

    Iren Dabasu Formation

    A Giantoviraptorosaurian

    Jiangjunosaurus[36]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    • Jia, Forster, Xing, and Clark

    Oxfordian

    Shishugou Formation

    A stegosaurian

    Lamplughsaura[37]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Kutty, Chatterjee, Galton, & Upchurch

    Sinemurian

    Dharmaram Formation

    An Early Sauropodomorph.

    Lophostropheus[38]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Ezcurra & Cuny

    Rhaetian-Hettangian

    Moon-Airel Formation

    A coelophysoid

    Luanchuanraptor[39]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    et al

    Late Cretaceous

    Qiupa Formation

    Mahakala[40]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Turner et al

    Campanian

    Djadokhta Formation

    A Deinonychosaur.

    Muyelensaurus

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Calvo, González-Riga, & Porfiri

    Late Cretaceous

    A titanosaurian

    Nanningosaurus[41]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Mo, Zhao, Wang, & Xu

    Late Cretaceous

    Nalong Basin

    A hadrosaurid

    Nopcsaspondylus[25]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Apesteguía

    Coniacian

    Candeleros Formation

    A rebbachisaurid

    Oryctodromeus[42]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    David J. Varricchio, Anthony J. Martin, & Yoshihiro Katsura

    Cenomanian

    Blackleaf Formation

    An ornithopod

    Paluxysaurus[43]

    Gen et sp nov

    jr synonym

    Rose

    Albian

    Twin Mountains Formation

    Jr synonym of Sauroposeidon

    Pantydraco[44]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Galton, Yates, & Kermack

    Late Triassic

    A basal sauropodomorph

    Pradhania[37]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Kutty, Chatterjee, Galton, & Upchurch

    Sinemurian

    Upper Dharmaram Formation

    A massospondylid

    Shanag[45]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Turner, Hwang, & Norell

    Berriasian-Barremian

    Öösh Formation

    A dromaeosaurid

    Sinocalliopteryx[46]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Ji et al

    BarremianAptian

    Yixian Formation

    A compsognathid

    Suzhousaurus[47]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Li et al

    Albian

    Xinminpu Group

    A therizinosauroid

    Urbacodon[48]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Averianov & Sues

    Cenomanian

    Dzharakuduk Formation

    A troodontid

    Zhejiangosaurus[49]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    et al

    Cenomanian

    Chaochuan Formation

    A nodosaurid

    Zhongyuansaurus[50]

    Gen et sp nov

    Valid

    Xu et al

    Cretaceous

    An ankylosaurid

    Zhuchengosaurus[51]

    Gen et sp nov

    Jr synonym

    • Zhao et al

    Late Cretaceous

    Wangshi Formation

    Junior synonym of Shantungosaurus

    Newly named birds[edit]

    Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

    Alethoalaornis agitornis [52]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Li Li

    Hu Dong-yu

    Duan Ye

    Gong En-pu

    Hou Lianhai

    Early Cretaceous

    Jiufotang Formation

    An Alethoalaornithidae Li, Hu, Duan, Gong et Hou, 2007, Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

    Baptornis varneri [53]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    James E. Martin

    Amanda Cordes-Person

    Late Cretaceous

    Early-Middle Campanian

    Described in Baptornithidae, Hesperornithiformes, transferred to Brodavis Martin, Kurochkin et Tokaryk, 2012, Brodavidae, Hesperornithiformes.

    Belonopterus lilloi [54]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Marcos M. Cenizo

    Federico L. Agnolin

    Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene

    Miramar Formation

    A Charadriidae, lapwing, a relative of the southern lapwing.

    Berruornis halbedeli [55]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Paleocene

    A Sophiornithidae, Strigiformes.

    ?Borvocarbo stoeffelensis [56]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Late Oligocene

    MP 28

    :

    First described as ?Oligocorax sp. Mayr, 2001, than as ?Borvocarbo stoeffelensis Mayr, 2007. In 2014 Mayr transferred the species back as ?Oligocorax stoeffelensis (Mayr, 2007).

    Dunstanetta johnstoneorum [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    An Anatidae.

    Elsornis keni [58]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Luis M. Chiappe

    Shigeru Suzuki

    Gareth J. Dyke

    Mahito Watabe

    K. Tsogtbaatar

    Rinchen Barsbold

    Late Cretaceous

    Campanian,

    Djadokhta Formation

    An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

    Euroceros bulgaricus [59]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Zlatozar N. Boev

    Dimitar Kovachev

    Late Miocene

    Turolian-Meotian,

    MN 11-12

    A Bucorvidae.

    Fissuravis weigelti [55]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    ?Upper Middle Paleocene

    ?MP 5

    Described in cf. Lithornithidae, Lithornithiformes, Eoaves.

    Gallirallus epulare [60]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Jeremy J. Kirchman

    David W. Steadman

    Subrecent

    Nuku Hiva

    A Rallidae.

    Gallirallus gracilitibia [60]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Jeremy J. Kirchman

    David W. Steadman

    Subrecent

    Ua Huka

    A Rallidae.

    Gallirallus roletti [60]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Jeremy J. Kirchman

    David W. Steadman

    Subrecent

    Tahuata

    A Rallidae.

    Gradiornis walbeckensis [55]

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Upper MIddle Paleocene

    ?MP 5

    Described in cf. Cariamae sensu Olson, 1985.

    Icadyptes salasi [61]

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Julia A. Clarke

    Daniel T. Ksepka

    Marcello Stucchi

    Mario Urbina

    Norberto Giannini

    Sara Bertelli

    Yanina Narvaez

    Clint A. Boyd

    Late Eocene

    Otuma Formation

    A Spheniscidae from Peru.

    Kelenken guillermoi [62]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Sara Bertelli

    Luis M. Chiappe

    Claudia Tambussi

    Middle Miocene

    Collón Curá Formation

    A Phorusrhacidae.

    Kelenken guillermoi

    Madryornis mirandus [63]

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche

    Claudia Tambussi

    Mariano Donato

    Mario Cozzuol

    Early Late Miocene

    Puerto Madryn Formation

    A Spheniscidae from Chubut Province.

    Manuherikia lacustrina [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    An Anatidae.

    Manuherikia minuta [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    An Anatidae.

    Martinavis cruzyensis [64]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Cyril A. Walker

    Eric Buffetaut

    Gareth J. Dyke

    Late Cretaceous,

    Late Campanian-Early Maastrichtian

    Grès à Reptiles Formation

    An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus.

    Martinavis vincei [64]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Cyril A. Walker

    Eric Buffetaut

    Gareth J. Dyke

    Late Cretaceous, Late Maastrichtian

    Lecho Formation

    An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

    Matanas enrighti [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    A possible Anatidae.

    Miotadorna sanctibathansi [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    A possible Anatidae.

    Pampaemberiza olrogii [65]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Federico L. Agnolin

    Middle Pleistocene

    An Emberizidae Passeriformes. This is the type species of the new genus.

    Paraprotopteryx gracilis [66]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Zheng Xiaoting

    Zhang Zihui

    Hou Lianhan

    Early Cretaceous

    Yixian Formation

    An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981.

    Pelecanoides miokuaka [57]

    Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Trevor H. Worthy

    Alan J. D. Tennyson

    C. Jones

    J. A. McNamara

    J. Douglas

    Early-Middle Miocene

    Bannockburn Formation

    A Pelecanoididae.

    Perudyptes devriesi [61]

    Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Julia A. Clarke

    Daniel T. Ksepka

    Marcello Stucchi

    Mario Urbina

    Norberto Giannini

    Sara Bertelli

    Yanina Narváez

    Clint A. Boyd

    Middle Eocene

    Paracas Formation

    Another Spheniscidae from Peru.

    Spheniscus muizoni [67]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Ursula B. Göhlich

    Late Middle-Early Late Miocene

    Pisco Formation

    Another Spheniscidae from Peru.

    Turnipax oechslerorum [68]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Charles W. Knopf

    Early Oligocene

    Rupelian

    A stem Turnicidae.

    Vastanavis eocaena [69]

    Gen. Nov. et Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Rajendra S. Rana

    Ashok Sahni

    Thierry Smith

    Early Eocene,

    Ypresian

    Cambay Formation

    A stem Psittaciformes, Vastanavidae G. Mayr, Rana, Rose, Sahni, Kumar, Sing et T. Smith, 2010.

    Walbeckornis creber [55]

    Sp. nov.

    Valid

    Gerald Mayr

    Paleocene

    Infraorder Cariamides.

    Lepidosauromorpha[edit]

    Plesiosaurs[edit]

    • Everhart, M. J. (2007). "Historical note on the 1884 discovery of Brachauchenius lucasi (Plesiosauria; Pliosauridae) in Ottawa County, Kansas". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 110 (3–4): 255–258. doi:10.1660/0022-8443(2007)110[255:hnotdo]2.0.co;2. 
    • Everhart, M. J. (2007). "Use of archival photographs to rediscover the locality of the Holyrood elasmosaur (Ellsworth County, Kansas)". Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 110 (1/2): 135–143. doi:10.1660/0022-8443(2007)110[135:uoaptr]2.0.co;2. 
    Name Status Location Authors Notes

    Eopolycotylus

    Valid

     USA
    • Albright
    • Gillette
    • Titus

    Pahasapasaurus

    Valid

     USA
    • Schumacher

    Palmula

    Renamed Palmulasaurus, as preoccupied by a genus of foraminifera.

     USA
    • Albright
    • Gillette
    • Titus

    Palmulasaurus

    Valid

     USA
    • Albright
    • Gillette
    • Titus

    Synapsids[edit]

    Non-mammalian[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

    Charassognathus[70]

    Valid

    • Botha
    • Abdala
    • Smith
    257 Millions of years ago.

    Deccanodon[71]

    Valid

    • Narth
    • Yadagiri
    231 Millions of years ago.

    Katumbia[72]

    Valid

    • Angielczyk
    256 Millions of years ago.

    New genus for "Cryptocynodon" parringtoni

    Lophorhinus[73]

    Valid

    256 Millions of years ago.

    Mammals[edit]

    Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
    Africanacetus Valid
    • Bianucci et al
    Miocene
    • Banzare Bank, south

    Junggaroperadectes[74]

    Valid

    • Ni
    • Meng
    • Wu
    • Ye

    Early Oligocene

    Keziletuogayi Formation

    A peradectine marsupial

    Nakalipithecus[75]

    Valid

    • Kunimatsu
    • Nakatsukasa
    • et al.[CAL 1]

    Tortonian

    Nakali Formation

    Vulpes riffautae[76]

    Valid

    • De Bonis et al.

    Late Miocene

    Footnotes[edit]

    Complete author list[edit]

    As science becomes more collaborative, papers with large numbers of authors are becoming more common. To prevent the deformation of the tables, these footnotes list the contributors to papers that erect new genera and have many authors.

    1. ^ Kunimatsu, Nakatsukasa, Sawada, Sakai, Hyodo, Hyodo, Itaya, Nakaya, Saegusa, Mazurier, Saneyoshi, Tsujikawa, Yamamoto, Mbua.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
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