2007 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 2007 involved many significant scientific events and discoveries, some of which are listed below.
Events, discoveries and inventions
- 9 January – Apple Inc.'s first iPhone smartphone is announced by Steve Jobs at Macworld in San Francisco; it is released on 29 June.
- 12 January – Comet McNaught reaches perihelion and becomes visible from Earth during daylight.
- 14 January – Scientists at the Roslin Institute announce they have genetically engineered chickens to lay eggs containing cancer-fighting proteins.
- 28 February – The New Horizons space probe makes a gravitational slingshot around Jupiter to change its trajectory towards Pluto.
- 3–4 March – A total lunar eclipse occurs, visible in some parts of the Americas and Asia, and in all of Europe and Africa.
- 19 March – A partial solar eclipse occurs, visible in Asia.
- 10 April – Spectroscopic analysis of HD 209458 b, an extrasolar planet, provides the first evidence of atmospheric water vapor beyond the Solar System.
- 24 April – The potentially habitable exoplanet Gliese 581 c is discovered in the constellation Libra.
- 27 April – US researchers simulate half a virtual mouse brain on a supercomputer.
- 5 June – NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft makes its second flyby of Venus en route to Mercury, which it reaches in 2011.
- 2 July – Venus and Saturn are in conjunction, with a separation of 46 arcseconds.
- 28 August – A total lunar eclipse occurs, visible in some parts of the Americas and Asia, and all of Australasia and the Pacific Ocean.
- 11 September – A partial solar eclipse occurs, visible in southern areas of South America.
- 27 September – NASA's Dawn spacecraft is launched, beginning its journey to the asteroid belt objects Vesta and Ceres. It reached Vesta in 2011, and will reach Ceres in 2015.
- 24 October
Main article: Abel Prize
- 2007 Abel Prize: S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Main articles: List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine, List of Nobel laureates in Physics and List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry
- 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Mario Capecchi, Oliver Smithies and Martin Evans
- 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics: Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg
- 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Gerhard Ertl
- 20 February – F. Albert Cotton (b. 1930), American chemist known for his research on transition metal chemistry.
- 27 March – Paul Lauterbur (b. 1929), American chemist, winner of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in developing magnetic resonance imaging.
- 7 July – Dame Anne McLaren (b. 1927), British developmental biologist.
- 23 July – Ernst Otto Fischer (b. 1918), German winner of the 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for pioneering work in the area of organometallic chemistry.
- 26 October – Arthur Kornberg (b. 1918), American biochemist, winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of DNA.
- Honan, Mathew (9 January 2007), Apple unveils iPhone, Macworld, retrieved 25 September 2012
- Rao, Joe (2007). "New Comet is Brightest in 30 Years". Space.com. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Anti-cancer chicken eggs produced". BBC News. 14 January 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- "Total Lunar Eclipse March 2007". ESA. 4 March 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- Than, Ker (24 April 2007). "Major Discovery: New Planet Could Harbor Water and Life". Space.com. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Mouse brain simulated on computer". BBC News. 27 April 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- "Dawn departs Vesta to become first asteroid hopper". New Scientist. 6 September 2012.