|Discovered by||Sheppard & Trujillo|
|Epoch 13 January 2016 (JD 2457400.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 6|
|Observation arc||380 days (1.04 yr)|
|Aphelion||32.458 AU (4.8556 Tm)|
|Perihelion||27.481 AU (4.1111 Tm)|
|29.969 AU (4.4833 Tm)|
|164.07 yr (59926.1 d)|
|0° 0m 21.627s /day|
|Earth MOID||26.4992 AU (3.96422 Tm)|
|Jupiter MOID||22.3346 AU (3.34121 Tm)|
2008 LC18 is a Neptune trojan discovered on June 7, 2008, by Scott S. Sheppard and Chad Trujillo using the Subaru telescope. It was the seventh such object to be discovered, as well as the first to be found in the region of the trailing L5 Lagrangian point about 60 degrees behind Neptune. Like all Neptune trojans, 2008 LC18 has the same orbital period as Neptune; i.e. it and Neptune are in a 1:1 orbital resonance.
The search for L5 trojans of Neptune has been impeded by the fact that this region of space is currently along the line of sight to the center of the Milky Way, an area of the sky crowded with stars. 2008 LC18 was found in a location where background stars are obscured by a dust cloud. The discovery of one Neptune L5 trojan in a searched area of 19 square degrees suggests that there may be 150 Neptune L5 trojans with a diameter greater than ~80 km (24th magnitude), similar to the estimate of such objects in Neptune's L4 swarm.
2008 LC18 was not close enough for investigation by the New Horizons spacecraft when it crossed Neptune's L5 region en route to Pluto in 2013–2014, but its discovery showed that other, more accessible Neptune trojans could potentially have been found before that time. 2008 LC18 was 2 AU from Pluto in 1997. 2008 LC18 crossed the ecliptic plane in 2011. As of 2016[update], it is 33 AU from Neptune.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2008 LC18". Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- AstDys-2 about 2008 LC18
- Sheppard, Scott S.; Trujillo, Chadwick A. (2010). "Detection of a Trailing (L5) Neptune Trojan". Science 329 (5997): 1304. Bibcode:2010Sci...329.1304S. doi:10.1126/science.1189666. PMID 20705814.
- "List Of Neptune Trojans". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- Lakdawalla, Emily (2010-08-13). "2008 LC15, the first Trojan asteroid discovered in Neptune's L5 point". The Planetary Society. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Reaching the Mid-Mission Milestone on the Way to Pluto!". New Horizons : The PI's Perspective. 2010-10-18. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- 2008 LC18 at JPL Horizons Change "Observer Location" to @Pluto