2009 Argentine legislative election

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2009 Argentine legislative election
Argentina
← 2007 28 June 2009 2011 →

127 of 257 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
24 of 72 seats in the Senate
Turnout74.35% (Deputies)
74.18% (Senate)
Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber of Deputies
Social and Civic Agreement 30.21% 42 +7
Front for Victory 29.89% 42 -41
Federal Peronism / PRO Union 27.26% 34 +24
Project South 2.86% 4 +3
New Encounter 2.12% 2 +2
Neuquén People's Movement 0.40% 2 +1
Fuegian Federal Party 0.06% 1 +1
Senate
Social and Civic Agreement 45.09% 14 +8
Federal Peronism / PRO Union 25.36% 4 +4
Front for Victory 20.01% 6 -11
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Mapa de las elecciones legislativas de Argentina de 2009.png
Chamber of Deputies results by province

Legislative elections were held in Argentina for half the seats in the Chamber of Deputies and a third (24) of the seats in the Senate on 28 June 2009, as well as for the legislature of the City of Buenos Aires and other municipalities.[1][2]

Background[edit]

The elections were due to have been held on 25 October 2009. In March 2009, the Mayor of Buenos Aires, Mauricio Macri, moved to bring forward the date of elections to the Buenos Aires City Legislature to June 28, saying that it would increase transparency and democratic quality.[3] Opposition figures criticised the decision, suggesting Macri was attempting to consolidate his power in the city, and building the career of his deputy, Gabriela Michetti, expected to head the list for Macri's coalition in the election.[4] Similar changes to the election date had been introduced in the provinces of Santa Fe and Catamarca (March 2009).[5][6]

Despite the criticism by politicians from Government ranks that Macri had abused the process by unilaterally changing the election date, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announced that she too would be introducing legislation to move the date of national elections forward by four months, to June 28. Despite great debate and the defections of some Peronist legislators, the proposal passed its Congressional stages quickly and the date was successfully changed.[2] The Government claimed it would allow politicians to leave behind campaigning priorities and focus on tackling the ongoing local effect of the international financial crisis. Equally controversial was a decision by Front for Victory leader Néstor Kirchner (the current President's husband and predecessor) to advance stand-in candidates - prominent local lawmakers (notably Buenos Aires Province Governor Daniel Scioli, as well as 15 Greater Buenos Aires-area mayors) who, after the election, would be likely to cede their new seats to down-ticket names.[7]

The elections resulted in a setback for the governing, center-left Front for Victory and its allies, which lost their absolute majorities in both houses of Congress.[8] Former President Néstor Kirchner stood as head of his party list in the important Buenos Aires Province. Kirchner's list was defeated, however, by the center-right Republican Proposal (PRO) list headed by businessman Francisco de Narváez; the loss in Buenos Aires Province, though narrow, is significant as the province has been considered a Peronist stronghold and had helped maintain Kirchnerism as the dominant force in Argentine politics since 2003. Buenos Aires Vice Mayor Gabriela Michetti stood as head of the PRO list for the Lower House, and defeated four other prominent parties; the evening's surprise in Buenos Aires, however, was that of filmmaker Fernando Solanas' left-wing Proyecto Sur, which obtained second place.[9][10]

The Kirchners' leading opposition on the center-left, the Civic Coalition, also made significant gains – particularly in the Senate, where they gained 7 seats. The Front for Victory had already lost 16 Lower House members and 4 Senators on the heels of the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector over a proposed rise in export tariffs. The crisis was defused by Vice President Julio Cobos' surprise, tie-breaking vote against them on July 16, 2008; but fallout from the controversy led to the President's distancing from Cobos (who successfully supported his own party list in his native Mendoza Province), a sharp drop in presidential approval ratings, and the aforementioned congressional defections. One especially successful ex-Kirchnerist was Santa Fe Province Senator Carlos Reutemann, who after the agrarian conflict formed Santa Fe Federal. His new party narrowly bested local Socialist Party leader Rubén Giustiniani, who would garner one of Santa Fe's three Senate seats.[11] The Front for Victory retained a plurality in both houses, however (they will, with two allies, be one seat short of an absolute majority in the Senate).[10]

Results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Social and Civic Agreement (ACyS) 5,926,908 30.21 42 77
Front for Victory (FPV) 5,863,889 29.89 42 125
Federal Peronism / PRO Union 5,347,838 27.26 34 44
Project South 560,103 2.86 4 5
New Encounter 415,961 2.12 2 2
Workers' Party (PO) 230,274 1.17
Left and Worker's Front (FIT) 189,261 0.96
MST - Independent Movement of Retirees and Unemployed (MIJD) 117,146 0.60
Neuquén People's Movement (MPN) 78,703 0.40 2 3
Federal Movement of Retirees - Popular Movement for the Reconquest 61,651 0.31
Integration and Development Movement (MID) 57,779 0.29
Dialogue for the City 57,577 0.29
Republican Force (FR) 57,520 0.29
People's Countryside Party - Movement for Dignity and Independence 52,713 0.27
Humanist Party (PH) - Communist Party (PC) 52,490 0.27
People's Reconstruction Party (PPR) 43,188 0.22
Self-determination and Freedom (AyL) 37,507 0.19
Retirees in Action 29,491 0.15
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 27,775 0.14
New Citizen Union 27,561 0.14
Call for Citizen Integration 26,079 0.13
Autonomist Party of Corrientes (PACo) 25,260 0.13
Open Policy for Social Integrity (PAIS) 24,448 0.12
New People 22,307 0.11
Encounter for Córdoba 20,114 0.10
United People's Front 19,660 0.10
Chubut Action Party (PACH) 19,088 0.10
Renewal Party 18,633 0.09
Alliance with Consciousness - Solidary Will 18,351 0.09
Fuegian Federal Party 12,653 0.06 1 1
Christians' Authentic Party 12,613 0.06
Retirees Front 12,416 0.06
Citizen Dignity 11,762 0.06
Citizen Encounter 9,355 0.05
Everybody for Neuquén 9,141 0.05
Popular Party 8,100 0.04
Green Initiative for Buenos Aires 8,072 0.04
Popular Unity Movement 7,787 0.04
Autonomist Party 7,523 0.04
Democratic Party of Córdoba 7,353 0.04
Mendoza Deserves More 6,576 0.03
Popular Concentration 6,397 0.03
Independent Renewal Movement 6,392 0.03
United Left 5,699 0.03
Together for Mendoza 5,534 0.03
Do for Tierra del Fuego 5,078 0.03
Socialist Convergence 4,195 0.02
Party for Independent Solidarity Action in Buenos Aires 4,081 0.02
United People 3,626 0.02
Will for Integration and Authentic Development 3,576 0.02
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCEDE) 3,262 0.02
City Party 3,259 0.02
La Pampa Federalist Movement (MOFEPA) 3,205 0.02
Social Vanguard 3,203 0.02
Nueva Generación 2,782 0.01
The United Provinces Movement 2,723 0.01
Federal Party (PF) 2,578 0.01
Social Alternative 2,567 0.01
Fueguian People's Movement (MOPOF) 2,242 0.01
People's Assembly for Socialism and Freedom 1,972 0.01
Provincial Renewal Commitment 976 0.00
Total Space 728 0.00
Total 19,616,701 100 127 257
Positive votes 19,616,701 94.43
Blank votes 805,090 3.88
Invalid votes 352,549 1.70
Not counted votes 8 0.00
Total votes 20,774,348 100
Registered voters/turnout 27,942,194 74.35
Sources:[12][13]

Results by province[edit]

Province ACyS FPV Federal Peronism/PRO Others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Buenos Aires 1,613,037 21.46 8 2,418,725 32.18 12 2,667,127 35.49 13 816,404 10.86 2
Buenos Aires City 391,206 21.50 3 211,277 11.61 1 572,085 31.43 5 645,339 35.46 4
Catamarca 58,758 38.96 2 50,489 33.47 1 31,370 20.80 10,217 6.77
Chaco 229,045 44.48 2 257,147 49.93 2 28,789 5.59
Chubut 59,948 25.18 132,818 55.80 2 45,272 19.02
Córdoba 954,014 57.09 6 151,753 9.08 1 448,544 26.84 2 116,805 6.99
Corrientes 296,959 68.47 2 111,508 25.71 1 25,260 5.82
Entre Ríos 268,210 40.62 3 231,899 35.12 2 125,740 19.04 34,406 5.21
Formosa 81,126 35.67 1 146,328 64.33 1
Jujuy 87,081 30.94 1 118,233 42.00 2 45,873 16.30 30,297 10.76
La Pampa 63,156 35.53 1 5,900 3.32 79,548 44.75 2 29,138 16.39
La Rioja 51,598 32.90 1 84,028 53.57 1 17,395 11.09 3,832 2.44
Mendoza 454,315 52.17 3 234,441 26.92 1 131,846 15.14 1 50,170 5.76
Misiones 51,867 11.74 286,104 64.76 2 81,186 18.38 1 22,653 5.13
Neuquén 82,224 30.82 1 59,293 22.22 9,457 3.54 115,815 43.41 2
Río Negro 163,295 58.99 1 86,957 31.41 1 26,566 9.60
Salta 23,763 4.85 206,625 42.14 1 198,665 40.52 2 61,229 12.49
San Juan 48,529 15.11 184,912 57.56 2 60,796 18.93 1 26,994 8.40
San Luis 53,539 27.66 30,969 16.00 102,149 52.76 3 6,939 3.58
Santa Cruz 53,209 42.57 2 51,427 41.14 1 20,360 16.29
Santa Fe 672,351 39.81 4 162,615 9.63 1 673,382 39.87 4 180,647 10.70
Santiago del Estero 42,623 13.66 243,488 78.04 3 9,611 3.08 16,275 5.22
Tierra del Fuego 14,873 24.42 15,844 26.01 1 30,197 49.57 1
Tucumán 112,182 15.56 1 381,109 52.87 3 93,064 12.91 134,462 18.65
Total 5,926,908 30.21 42 5,863,889 29.89 42 5,347,838 27.26 34 2,478,066 12.63 9

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats won Total seats
Social and Civic Agreement (ACyS) 2,699,999 45.09 14 23
Federal Peronism / PRO Union 1,518,714 25.36 4 9
Front for Victory (FPV) 1,198,039 20.01 6 39
Project South 63,856 1.07
Workers' Party (PO) 59,683 1.00
Republican Force (FR) 58,300 0.97
Left and Worker's Front (FIT) 50,952 0.85
People's Countryside Party 36,655 0.61
Workers' Socialist Movement (MST) 36,094 0.60
Autonomist Party of Corrientes (PACo) 27,855 0.47
New People 23,840 0.40
Open Policy for Social Integrity (PAIS) 22,489 0.38
Integration and Development Movement (MID) 21,875 0.37
Encounter for Córdoba 20,329 0.34
Chubut Action Party (PACH) 19,494 0.33
United People's Front 18,865 0.32
Alliance with Consciousness - Solidary Will 18,109 0.30
Retirees Front 11,904 0.20
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 11,459 0.19
Democratic Party of Córdoba 7,490 0.13
Popular Unity Movement 7,479 0.12
Autonomist Party 7,397 0.12
Mendoza Deserves More 7,201 0.12
Independent Renewal Movement 6,109 0.10
Popular Concentration 5,957 0.10
Together for Mendoza 5,504 0.09
United Left 5,386 0.09
Humanist Party (PH) 4,807 0.08
United People 3,494 0.06
La Pampa Federalist Movement (MOFEPA) 3,071 0.05
Independence Party 2,792 0.05
Federal Party (PF) 2,492 0.04
Neuquén People's Movement (MPN) Did not run 1
Total 5,987,690 100 24 72
Positive votes 5,987,690 95.01
Blank votes 190,510 3.02
Invalid votes 123,862 1.97
Total votes 6,302,062 100
Registered voters/turnout 8,495,430 74.18
Sources:[14][13]

Results by province[edit]

Province ACyS Federal Peronism/PRO FPV Others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Catamarca 58,917 38.97 2 31,572 20.88 50,650 33.50 1 10,037 6.64
Chubut 59,101 24.73 1 133,758 55.98 2 46,099 19.29
Córdoba 958,154 57.32 3 455,537 27.25 146,163 8.74 111,713 6.68
Corrientes 299,664 68.36 3 110,857 25.29 27,855 6.35
La Pampa 62,550 34.78 1 81,339 45.23 2 5,546 3.08 30,405 16.91
Mendoza 451,410 52.12 2 129,708 14.98 235,962 27.25 1 48,961 5.65
Santa Fe 693,766 40.57 1 724,066 42.34 2 132,935 7.77 159,488 9.33
Tucumán 116,437 15.92 1 96,492 13.19 382,168 52.25 2 136,380 18.64
Total 2,699,999 45.09 14 1,518,714 25.36 4 1,198,039 20.01 6 570,938 9.54 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barrionuevo, Alexei; Sreeharsha, Vinod (2009-03-13). "Citing Economy Worries, Argentine Leader Seeks Early Vote". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  2. ^ a b Argentina adopts early congressional election, Associated Press, 27 March 2009.
  3. ^ Macri dispuso que se vote dos veces: el 28 de junio será la primera, infobae.com, 13 March 2009.
  4. ^ La oposición salió a criticar duro a Macri por desdoblar las elecciones, Clarín, 12 March 2009.
  5. ^ Catamarca desdobla sus comicios, parlamentario.com, 31 December 2008. Accessed 27 March 2009.
  6. ^ Binner decidió que las elecciones se desdoblen en la provincia, Rafaela.com, 18 February 2009. Accessed 27 March 2009.
  7. ^ Clarín (in Spanish)
  8. ^ BBC News
  9. ^ Gray, Kevin (Reuters) (2009-06-29). "Argentine leader suffers sharp blow in vote". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  10. ^ a b Clarín Infografía (in Spanish)
  11. ^ El Litoral (in Spanish)
  12. ^ "Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013 - Diputados Nacionales". Dirección Nacional Electoral.
  13. ^ a b "Elecciones Nacionales Totales por Provincia" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2011.
  14. ^ "Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013 - Senadores Nacionales". Dirección Nacional Electoral.

External links[edit]