2009 Argentine legislative election
127 of 257 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
24 of 72 seats in the Senate
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Legislative elections were held in Argentina for half the seats in the Chamber of Deputies and a third (24) of the seats in the Senate on 28 June 2009, as well as for the legislature of the City of Buenos Aires and other municipalities.
The elections were due to have been held on 25 October 2009. In March 2009, the Mayor of Buenos Aires, Mauricio Macri, moved to bring forward the date of elections to the Buenos Aires City Legislature to June 28, saying that it would increase transparency and democratic quality. Opposition figures criticised the decision, suggesting Macri was attempting to consolidate his power in the city, and building the career of his deputy, Gabriela Michetti, expected to head the list for Macri's coalition in the election. Similar changes to the election date had been introduced in the provinces of Santa Fe and Catamarca (March 2009).
Despite the criticism by politicians from Government ranks that Macri had abused the process by unilaterally changing the election date, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announced that she too would be introducing legislation to move the date of national elections forward by four months, to June 28. Despite great debate and the defections of some Peronist legislators, the proposal passed its Congressional stages quickly and the date was successfully changed. The Government claimed it would allow politicians to leave behind campaigning priorities and focus on tackling the ongoing local effect of the international financial crisis. Equally controversial was a decision by Front for Victory leader Néstor Kirchner (the current President's husband and predecessor) to advance stand-in candidates - prominent local lawmakers (notably Buenos Aires Province Governor Daniel Scioli, as well as 15 Greater Buenos Aires-area mayors) who, after the election, would be likely to cede their new seats to down-ticket names.
The elections resulted in a setback for the governing, center-left Front for Victory and its allies, which lost their absolute majorities in both houses of Congress. Former President Néstor Kirchner stood as head of his party list in the important Buenos Aires Province. Kirchner's list was defeated, however, by the center-right Republican Proposal (PRO) list headed by businessman Francisco de Narváez; the loss in Buenos Aires Province, though narrow, is significant as the province has been considered a Peronist stronghold and had helped maintain Kirchnerism as the dominant force in Argentine politics since 2003. Buenos Aires Vice Mayor Gabriela Michetti stood as head of the PRO list for the Lower House, and defeated four other prominent parties; the evening's surprise in Buenos Aires, however, was that of filmmaker Fernando Solanas' left-wing Proyecto Sur, which obtained second place.
The Kirchners' leading opposition on the center-left, the Civic Coalition, also made significant gains – particularly in the Senate, where they gained 7 seats. The Front for Victory had already lost 16 Lower House members and 4 Senators on the heels of the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector over a proposed rise in export tariffs. The crisis was defused by Vice President Julio Cobos' surprise, tie-breaking vote against them on July 16, 2008; but fallout from the controversy led to the President's distancing from Cobos (who successfully supported his own party list in his native Mendoza Province), a sharp drop in presidential approval ratings, and the aforementioned congressional defections. One especially successful ex-Kirchnerist was Santa Fe Province Senator Carlos Reutemann, who after the agrarian conflict formed Santa Fe Federal. His new party narrowly bested local Socialist Party leader Rubén Giustiniani, who would garner one of Santa Fe's three Senate seats. The Front for Victory retained a plurality in both houses, however (they will, with two allies, be one seat short of an absolute majority in the Senate).
Chamber of Deputies
|Party||Votes||%||Seats won||Total seats|
|Social and Civic Agreement (ACyS)||5,926,908||30.21||42||77|
|Front for Victory (FPV)||5,863,889||29.89||42||125|
|Federal Peronism / PRO Union||5,347,838||27.26||34||44|
|Workers' Party (PO)||230,274||1.17||—||—|
|Left and Worker's Front (FIT)||189,261||0.96||—||—|
|MST - Independent Movement of Retirees and Unemployed (MIJD)||117,146||0.60||—||—|
|Neuquén People's Movement (MPN)||78,703||0.40||2||3|
|Federal Movement of Retirees - Popular Movement for the Reconquest||61,651||0.31||—||—|
|Integration and Development Movement (MID)||57,779||0.29||—||—|
|Dialogue for the City||57,577||0.29||—||—|
|Republican Force (FR)||57,520||0.29||—||—|
|People's Countryside Party - Movement for Dignity and Independence||52,713||0.27||—||—|
|Humanist Party (PH) - Communist Party (PC)||52,490||0.27||—||—|
|People's Reconstruction Party (PPR)||43,188||0.22||—||—|
|Self-determination and Freedom (AyL)||37,507||0.19||—||—|
|Retirees in Action||29,491||0.15||—||—|
|Christian Democratic Party (PDC)||27,775||0.14||—||—|
|New Citizen Union||27,561||0.14||—||—|
|Call for Citizen Integration||26,079||0.13||—||—|
|Autonomist Party of Corrientes (PACo)||25,260||0.13||—||—|
|Open Policy for Social Integrity (PAIS)||24,448||0.12||—||—|
|Encounter for Córdoba||20,114||0.10||—||—|
|United People's Front||19,660||0.10||—||—|
|Chubut Action Party (PACH)||19,088||0.10||—||—|
|Alliance with Consciousness - Solidary Will||18,351||0.09||—||—|
|Fuegian Federal Party||12,653||0.06||1||1|
|Christians' Authentic Party||12,613||0.06||—||—|
|Everybody for Neuquén||9,141||0.05||—||—|
|Green Initiative for Buenos Aires||8,072||0.04||—||—|
|Popular Unity Movement||7,787||0.04||—||—|
|Democratic Party of Córdoba||7,353||0.04||—||—|
|Mendoza Deserves More||6,576||0.03||—||—|
|Independent Renewal Movement||6,392||0.03||—||—|
|Together for Mendoza||5,534||0.03||—||—|
|Do for Tierra del Fuego||5,078||0.03||—||—|
|Party for Independent Solidarity Action in Buenos Aires||4,081||0.02||—||—|
|Will for Integration and Authentic Development||3,576||0.02||—||—|
|Union of the Democratic Centre (UCEDE)||3,262||0.02||—||—|
|La Pampa Federalist Movement (MOFEPA)||3,205||0.02||—||—|
|The United Provinces Movement||2,723||0.01||—||—|
|Federal Party (PF)||2,578||0.01||—||—|
|Fueguian People's Movement (MOPOF)||2,242||0.01||—||—|
|People's Assembly for Socialism and Freedom||1,972||0.01||—||—|
|Provincial Renewal Commitment||976||0.00||—||—|
|Not counted votes||8||0.00|
Results by province
|Buenos Aires City||391,206||21.50||3||211,277||11.61||1||572,085||31.43||5||645,339||35.46||4|
|Santiago del Estero||42,623||13.66||—||243,488||78.04||3||9,611||3.08||—||16,275||5.22||—|
|Tierra del Fuego||14,873||24.42||—||15,844||26.01||1||—||—||—||30,197||49.57||1|
|Party||Votes||%||Seats won||Total seats|
|Social and Civic Agreement (ACyS)||2,699,999||45.09||14||23|
|Federal Peronism / PRO Union||1,518,714||25.36||4||9|
|Front for Victory (FPV)||1,198,039||20.01||6||39|
|Workers' Party (PO)||59,683||1.00||—||—|
|Republican Force (FR)||58,300||0.97||—||—|
|Left and Worker's Front (FIT)||50,952||0.85||—||—|
|People's Countryside Party||36,655||0.61||—||—|
|Workers' Socialist Movement (MST)||36,094||0.60||—||—|
|Autonomist Party of Corrientes (PACo)||27,855||0.47||—||—|
|Open Policy for Social Integrity (PAIS)||22,489||0.38||—||—|
|Integration and Development Movement (MID)||21,875||0.37||—||—|
|Encounter for Córdoba||20,329||0.34||—||—|
|Chubut Action Party (PACH)||19,494||0.33||—||—|
|United People's Front||18,865||0.32||—||—|
|Alliance with Consciousness - Solidary Will||18,109||0.30||—||—|
|Christian Democratic Party (PDC)||11,459||0.19||—||—|
|Democratic Party of Córdoba||7,490||0.13||—||—|
|Popular Unity Movement||7,479||0.12||—||—|
|Mendoza Deserves More||7,201||0.12||—||—|
|Independent Renewal Movement||6,109||0.10||—||—|
|Together for Mendoza||5,504||0.09||—||—|
|Humanist Party (PH)||4,807||0.08||—||—|
|La Pampa Federalist Movement (MOFEPA)||3,071||0.05||—||—|
|Federal Party (PF)||2,492||0.04||—||—|
|Neuquén People's Movement (MPN)||Did not run||—||1|
Results by province
- Barrionuevo, Alexei; Sreeharsha, Vinod (2009-03-13). "Citing Economy Worries, Argentine Leader Seeks Early Vote". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- Argentina adopts early congressional election, Associated Press, 27 March 2009.
- Macri dispuso que se vote dos veces: el 28 de junio será la primera, infobae.com, 13 March 2009.
- La oposición salió a criticar duro a Macri por desdoblar las elecciones, Clarín, 12 March 2009.
- Catamarca desdobla sus comicios, parlamentario.com, 31 December 2008. Accessed 27 March 2009.
- Binner decidió que las elecciones se desdoblen en la provincia, Rafaela.com, 18 February 2009. Accessed 27 March 2009.
- Clarín (in Spanish)
- BBC News
- Gray, Kevin (Reuters) (2009-06-29). "Argentine leader suffers sharp blow in vote". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- Clarín Infografía (in Spanish)
- El Litoral (in Spanish)
- "Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013 - Diputados Nacionales". Dirección Nacional Electoral.
- "Elecciones Nacionales Totales por Provincia" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2011.
- "Recorriendo las Elecciones de 1983 a 2013 - Senadores Nacionales". Dirección Nacional Electoral.
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