2009 Norwegian spiral anomaly
The Norwegian spiral anomaly of 2009 (Norwegian: spiralformede lysmønsteret, "spiral-form light pattern", spiralformede lysfenomenet, "spiral-form light phenomenon") appeared in the night sky over Norway. It was visible from, and photographed from, northern Norway and Sweden. The spiral consisted of a blue beam of light with a greyish spiral emanating from one end of it. The light could be seen in all of Trøndelag to the south (the two red counties on the map to the right) and all across the three northern counties which compose Northern Norway, as well as from Northern Sweden and it lasted for 10 minutes. According to sources, it looked like a blue light coming from behind a mountain, stopping in mid-air, and starting to spiral outwards. A similar, though less spectacular event had also occurred in Norway the month before. Both events had visual features of failed flights of Russian RSM-56 Bulava SLBMs, and the Russian Defense Ministry said shortly after that such an event had taken place on 9 December.
Hundreds of calls flooded the Norwegian Meteorological Institute as residents wanted to know what they were seeing. Norwegian celebrity astronomer Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard pointed out the area over which the light had been observed was exceptionally large, covering all of Northern Norway and Trøndelag. It was also suggested that it could have been a rare, never-before-seen Northern Lights variant.
UFO enthusiasts immediately began speculating whether the aerial light display could be evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence proposing among other things that it could be a wormhole opening up, or somehow was linked to the recent high-energy experiments undertaken at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland.
Ballistic missile test
On 10 December 2009, the Russian Defence Ministry announced that a Bulava missile test had failed. According to a spokesman, "The missile's first two stages worked as normal, but there was a technical malfunction at the next third stage of the trajectory." Russian defence analyst Pavel Felgenhauer stated to AFP that "such lights and clouds appear from time to time when a missile fails in the upper layers of the atmosphere and have been reported before ... At least this failed test made some nice fireworks for the Norwegians." Prior to the Russian statement, Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, had already suggested that the unusual light display occurred when the missile's third stage nozzle was damaged, causing the exhaust to come out sideways and sending the missile into a spin.
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- UFO frenzy was Russian missile failure, Yahoo!7 News
|"中国气象台曝光20年前UFO绝密录像" (YouTube video). 29 April 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009. (Video of similar event that happened in China in April 2009.) (in Chinese)|
|"Spiral ejecta from tumbling rocket stage – simulation" (YouTube video). Retrieved 23 December 2009.|
- Post on Russian site of official warning of a rocket test, prohibiting navigation in the area until 15 Dec.
- Atkinson, Nancy (9 December 2009). "What was the Norway Spiral?". Universe Today.
- New Russian missile failure sparks UFO frenzyArchived 6 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Estimation of the Location, Trajectory, Size, and Altitude of the "Norway Spiral" Phenomenon 2009–2011
- Norwegian spiral anomaly 2009 at UfoSightingsToday.org
- Tenth Anniversary of the 'Norway Spiral' : The Birth of an Internet Mythology by James Oberg, 4 December 2019