2009 flu pandemic in Spain
||This article needs to be updated. (December 2009)|
|Arrival date||27 April 2009|
In March and April 2009, an outbreak of a new strain of influenza commonly referred to as swine flu infected many people in Mexico and parts of the United States, causing severe illness in the former. The new strain was identified as a combination of several different strains of Influenzavirus A, subtype H1N1, including separate strains of this subtype circulating in humans (see Human influenza) and in pigs (see Swine influenza). Spain was the first country in continental Europe to report cases of swine flu, in late April 2009.
- 1 First cases in Europe
- 2 Response
- 3 Affected areas
- 4 Confirmed cases by autonomous community
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
First cases in Europe
On 27 April, Spain confirmed the first case of Swine influenza in Europe. The patient was a 23-year-old man that had returned from Mexico on the 22nd and was in hospital with flu-like symptoms. The case was confirmed in Almansa, in the province of Albacete.
On 28 April, a second case was confirmed in Valencia. The patient had traveled to Mexico with the first confirmed patient. Other cases in Valencia and the Basque Country were reported soon afterwards.
By 30 April, there were 13 confirmed and 80 unconfirmed cases throughout Spain.
By 5 May, there were 73 confirmed cases, of which only nine had not travelled to Mexico in the previous four months.
By 29 April 2009, Spain had confirmed 1,536 cases and 300 deaths, as well as reporting 155,051 unconfirmed cases.
The Health and Social Policy minister, Trinidad Jiménez, announced that all passengers coming from Mexico, United States, Canada, New Zealand, Colombia, France and Israel have to fill a form during their flight.
There was a reinforcement of medical teams in all airports to handle possible swine flu cases.
|Autonomous Community||Laboratory confirmed cases||Other possible cases*||Deaths from possible cases*|
|Community of Madrid||749||0||2|
|Region of Murcia||1||0||0|
|Castilla y León||7||0||0|
|(*) Not all cases have been confirmed as due to this strain. Possible cases are cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) that have not been confirmed through testing to be due to this strain.|
- There are 969 confirmed cases, with the latest all taken by awaiting samples. The Spanish government has affirmed the situation is under constant monitoring and control, recommending the population not to panic.
- Madrid has the greatest number of confirmed cases.
- The North African Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla and also La Rioja have not reported any confirmed cases of swine flu.
A 19-year-old woman in Spain became the first patient in continental Europe who died because of swine flu. A second death was confirmed on 9 July in the Canary Islands, it was a 41-year-old man with a chronic disease. The second affected land in Europe has reported seven death cases up to 29 July.
In early June Madrid suffered an outbreak of swine flu among school children. By 9 June over 100 school children in Madrid had been confirmed to have swine flu.
Confirmed cases by autonomous community
On 21 August 2009 the first death occurred in Andalusia when a 39-year-old woman, 39 weeks pregnant, died six days after being admitted to the Hospital Valme in Sevilla. On the same day, a 50-year-old woman died in the Hospital de La Línea (Cádiz) after being admitted on 3 August. 
On 23 August, a morbidly obese 20-year-old woman died after being admitted to the Hospotal San Cecilio de Granada on 19 August. This was the third fatality due to H1N1 that weekend.
Community of Madrid
On 1 June 2009, the Community of Madrid Health Office (represented by Juan José Güemes) confirmed two cases at the Isaac Albéniz secondary school and announced that this number could increase considerably in the future. The school head reported 25 cases, but these have not been confirmed.
On 29 June 2009 a 20-year-old woman died after giving birth, becoming the first to die of H1N1 infection in Spain.
On 16 July, the fourth death in Spain and second in the Community of Madrid occurred. A 71-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease died in the Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid.
On 24 August 2009, a man died in a Madrid hospital (although his identity was not revealed on his family's request). This was the sixteenth death due to the H1N1 virus in Spain. 
On 9 July 2009 the second death occurred in the Canary Islands. A 41-year-old man died in the ICU of the Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Doctor Negrín in Las Palmas. His rapid deterioration was due to a previous condition.
On 12 August, the tenth death due to H1N1 occurred in Spain with the death of a 30-year-old man, admitted to the Hospital Insular de Gran Canaria on 20 July, who also showed additional risk factors.
On 17 August, an 11-year-old boy died of a chronic illness which was aggravated by the H1N1 infection.
The first case of H1N1 in Galicia was recorded on 29 April 2009 in the province of Ourense, although it was not confirmed until several days later. The victim was a woman who had recently travelled to Mexico.
Patients with similar symptoms to those of H1N1 had been recorded previously and were considered as possible cases at the time. The first was detected in Mos on 27 April 2009 in a middle-aged male patient who had arrived from Mexico several days beforehand. The first flu case in Spain was confirmed on the same day in Almansa, but was unrelated. On 1 May 2009 another new suspected case appeared in A Coruña, also in a Mexican person. Several days later these cases were confirmed to be unrelated to H1N1.
- 2009 swine flu outbreak
- Avian influenza
- Spanish flu
- 2009 flu pandemic in France
- 2009 swine flu outbreak in the United States
- 2009 swine flu outbreak in Canada
- 2009 swine flu outbreak in Mexico
- Daily official flu situation in Spain report by the Ministry of Health and Social Policy of Spain 15 July 2009
- "Informe de la situación de la pandemia del ministerio de sanidad" (in Spanish). msps.es. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- Los aeropuertos españoles, 'blindados' ante la epidemia, In Spanish
- Last official data given by the Ministry of Health and Social Policy of Spain 12 May 2009
- Reuters, June 30, 2009
- "Taiwan News, June 10, 2009". Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
- Infodefensa: Defensa pone en cuarentena la Academia Militar de Ingenieros de Hoyo de Manzanares por un brote de gripe A
- "Dos casos de gripe porcina confirmados en un instituto de Leganés y 42 en estudio". Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- "Comunicado del 9 June 2009 de la consejería de salud de la comunidad de madrid". madrid.org.
- "Nota de prensa del 11 de junio del ministerio de sanidad". msc.es. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- "Primera victima mortal en España por gripe". RTVE. 30 June 2009.
- El País (16 July 2009). "Dos nuevas muertes elevan a cuatro las víctimas en España".
- 20 minutos (9 July 2009). "Un hombre de 41 años, segunda víctima mortal de la gripe A en España.". Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "Muere un hombre en Gran Canaria, décima víctima mortal de la gripe A en España". 12 August 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
- Un niño de 11 años, duodécima víctima mortal de la gripe A en España
- Fallece en Alicante la quinta víctima de la gripe A en España
- Muere en Valencia un hombre de 53 años con gripe A, el sexto fallecido en España
- Una joven fallecida en Valencia, novena muerte por gripe A en España
- Una mujer que estaba embarazada es la undécima víctima de la gripe A en España
- Un hombre de 34 años de Villarrobledo (Albacete), séptima muerte por gripe A
- "Una mujer de 35 años fallecida en Gerona, octava víctima de la gripe A/H1N1 en España – Sociedad_Sanidad – Sociedad – abcdesevilla.es". Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- A Consellería de Sanidade estuda un segundo caso sospeitoso de gripe humana de orixe porcina en Galicia, web do Sergas, 29 April 2009
- A ourensá con gripe A continúa illada e con tratamento antiviral, La Voz de Galicia, 3 May 2009
- Detectado en el centro de salud de Mos el primer posible caso de gripe porcina en Galicia, La Voz de Galicia, 27 April 2008
- La Consejería de Sanidad estudia un posible caso sospechoso de gripe humana de origen porcina, web de Sergas, 27 April 2009
- La Consejería de Sanidad estudia un tercer caso sospechoso de nueva gripe en Galicia, web do Sergas, 1 May 2009
- Comunicado da consellería polo brote de gripe polo novo virus AH1N1, web do Sergas, 2 May 2009
-  Muerte de un hombre en Galicia por influenza A H1N1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swine flu.|
|Wikinews has related news: Spain confirms swine flu|
- Swine Influenza official data (in spanish) – Ministerio de Sanidad y Políticas Sociales. Gobierno de España
- World Health Organization (WHO) Swine Influenza page – Updates periodically and links to archived WHO releases (English)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Swine Influenza (Flu) (English)
- Medical Encyclopedia Medline Plus: Swine Flu (English)
- Medical Encyclopedia WebMD: Swine Flu Center (English)
Spanish Health Services
- Ministry of Health and Social Policy of Spain official website, Special about the swine flu (Spanish)
- Department of Health of the Basque Government (Spanish) (Basque)
- Official website of the Basque Health Service/Osakidetza (Spanish) (Basque)
- Department of Health of the Generalitat of Catalonia (Spanish) (English) (Catalan)
- Enciclopedia Médica Medline Plus: Gripe porcina (Spanish)
- Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS): Gripe porcina (Spanish)