2009 in Afghanistan
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|See also:||Other events of 2009|
List of years in Afghanistan
Events from the year 2009 in Afghanistan
- President: Hamid Karzai
- First Vice President: Ahmad Zia Massoud then Mohammed Fahim
- Second Vice President: Karim Khalili
- Chief Justice: Abdul Salam Azimi
- A supply route through Pakistan, by way of Chaman, was briefly shut down in early 2009. On January 10, tribesmen used vehicles to block the road to protest a raid by Pakistani counter-narcotics forces that left one villager dead. The protesters withdrew on January 14 after police promised to take their complaints to provincial authorities.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs re-establishes its presence in Afghanistan, allowing for increased humanitarian assistance in subsequent years.
- February 6–7, 2009, British and Afghan forces carried out Operation Diesel near Sangin, Helmand Province.
- March 30, 2009: Operation Arctic Torch II.PRT, 1st Infantry division battles with 300 Afghan fighters in Doab, Nuristan Province. Two Americans WIA. Close air support allegedly kills100 AAF fighters.
- May 4, 2009: The Granai airstrike kills 86-145 people, mostly children when American aircraft bombed a village in Farah Province.
- On August 5/6, Rangers from Alpha Company, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment carried out a raid an enemy combatant's headquarters camp in the mountains of northwestern Khost Province, while moving to the objective, 7 to 9 man enemy element initiated a complex, near ambush on the Rangers, the rangers fought back with heavy weapons and close air support. The firefight resulted in the rangers killing 20 enemy fighters, destroying 2 enemy anti-aircraft guns and several other weapons, explosives and military supplies on the objective, resulting in the disruption of a major enemy headquarters and encampment; one ranger received the Silver star.
- In September, the International Council on Security and Development released a map showing that the Taliban had a "permanent presence" in 80% of the country, with "permanent presence" defined by provinces that average one (or more) insurgent attack (lethal and non-lethal) per week.
- From September 3-4th, 2009, a battle between Spanish and Italian forces of NATO's Afghan branch, against Taliban forces and militant Tajik tribals erupted. 1 Spanish soldier and 3 insurgents were injured, and 13 insurgents were killed.
- On September 4, 2009, the Kunduz airstrike killed up to 179. American F-15E fighter jet struck two fuel tankers captured by Taliban insurgents; however, a large number of civilians were also killed in the attack.
- On September 9, 2009, a Special Boat Service and Afghan forces unit, supported by the SFSG, conducted a mission to rescue Stephen Farrell; a journalist captured in Kunduz province by Taliban insurgents. The mission was successful, Farrell was rescued and a number of Taliban were killed however one member of the SFSG was killed as well as Farrell's Afghan interpreter and two civilians were killed in the crossfire.
- In October 2009, there were 72 American deaths, 8 on October 28 alone. There have been 255 American deaths in 2009, a 43% increase of last year.
- On November 6, 2009, Ambassador Eikenberry wrote to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, "Sending additional forces will delay the day when Afghans will take over, and make it difficult, if not impossible, to bring our people home on a reasonable timetable. An increased U.S. and foreign role in security and governance will increase Afghan dependence, at least in the short-term."
- December 7 - Afghan President Karzai said it may be five years before his army is ready to take on the insurgents. Karzai also said that Afghanistan's security forces will need U.S. support for another 15 to 20 years.
- The New York Times published parts of the evaluation "A Different Kind of War" as a preview on the U.S. Army's official history of the war in Afghanistan in the period October 2001 - September 2005, due to be published by spring 2010. According to this study major planning to create long-term political, social and economic stability in Afghanistan was lacking.
- The Taliban offered to give the U.S. "legal guarantees" that they will not allow Afghanistan to be used for attacks on other countries. There was no formal American response.
- In mid-December the British Army and Afghan workers begin construction of the Route Trident road in Helmand Province.
- On December 16–18, 2009, Coalition troops conducted Operation Septentrion, a 36-hour operation in the Uzbin Valley (east of Kabul). The force of 1100 troops included 800 members of the French Foreign Legion together with 200 US special forces and Afghan soldiers; during more than 90 minutes of combat several Americans were wounded, three of them seriously. Insurgents attacked with rocket-propelled grenades, mortars, and heavy machine gun fire; for the coalition forces, the French troops used shells, backed up by French Tigre and US Apache helicopters and jets. At least one Taliban fighter was killed and three injured. The purpose of Operation Septentrion was "reaffirming the sovereignty of Afghan security forces in the north of the Uzbeen Valley," according to a French military spokesperson, and also to plant an Afghan flag in a key strategic village. (While 75% of the Uzbin Valley had been under coalition control, a corner of it had remained in Taliban hands.) The operation was led by Lieutenant-Colonel Herve Wallerand. Sixteen months previously, the Uzbin Valley ambush by the Taliban in the area of Sarobi had killed 10 French soldiers and wounded 21.
- On December 27, 2009 the Narang night raid killed 10 Afghan civilians mostly school children when at around 2:30 mid night US Special Forces raided Ghazi Khan Ghondi village of Narang District in Kunar province.
In overall 2009, 520 NATO soldiers killed. 317 US soldiers, 108 UK soldiers and 95 Other NATO soldiers killed in 2009.
- 2008 in Afghanistan
- other events of 2009
- 2010 in Afghanistan
- Timeline of the War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
- Coalition combat operations in Afghanistan in 2009
- Pakistan reopens NATO supply route, AP wire story, The New York Times, October 14, 2009
- Afghanistan beyond 2014: Aid and the Transformation Decade - Lydia Poole, 2014
- "Ranger receives Silver Star for combat actions". army.mil. 9 December 2009.
- "Taliban Control Spreads in Afghanistan". Archived from the original on 2009-10-08. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- Roggio, Bill. "ICOS rating on Taliban control in Afghanistan is meaningless" www.longwarjournal.org. September 11, 2009
- ".:Spanish army - Sabzak Pass:". ejercito.defensa.gob.es. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- ".:Spanish army - Sabzak Pass (II):". ejercito.defensa.gob.es. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- "British soldier killed during rescue of kidnapped journalist in Afghanistan". The Guardian. 9 September 2009.
- Pierce, Andrew (9 Sep 2009). "Army anger as soldier killed saving journalist who ignored Taliban warning". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Schmitt, Eric (2010-01-25). "U.S. Envoy's Cables Show Deep Concerns on Afghan Strategy". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Karzai: Afghan Army Will Need Help Until 2024". Huffingtonpost.com. 2009-12-08. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- Barnes, Julian E.; Perry, Tony (2009-12-09). "Afghanistan will need U.S. help for 15 to 20 years, Karzai says – Los Angeles Times". Latimes.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Army History Finds Early Missteps in Afghanistan"
- "'A Different Kind of War
- "Asia Times Online :: South Asia news, business and economy from India and Pakistan". Atimes.com. 2009-12-17. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "Road to Hearts & Minds". New Civil Engineer. 8 July 2010. p. 18.
- Karim Talbi (2009-12-18). "Afghanistan: démonstration de force de la Légion, cinq Américains blessés". AFP. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- "French troops spearhead assault in Afghanistan". BBC News. 2009-12-17. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- "French Afghan assault concludes". BBC News. 2009-12-18. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- "French troops lead Afghan attack on Taliban". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. 2009-12-17. Archived from the original on January 29, 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-21.
- "French Foreign Legion launches Afghan assault". ABC News. Australia. AFP. 2009-12-18. Retrieved 2012-01-21.