200 West Street
|200 West Street
(Goldman Sachs Tower)
as seen from the Hudson River (2010)
|Location||Battery Park City, Manhattan, New York City|
|Roof||749 ft (228 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Henry Cobb of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, with Adamson Associates Architects|
|Structural engineer||Halcrow Yolles|
|Main contractor||Tishman Construction Corporation|
200 West Street, also known as the Goldman Sachs Tower, is the global headquarters of the Goldman Sachs investment banking firm. The building is a 749-foot-tall (228 m), 44-story building located on West Street, between Vesey and Murray Streets in Lower Manhattan. It is adjacent to the World Financial Center and the Conrad Hotel, the Verizon Building to the east across West Street, and diagonally opposite the World Trade Center. It is the only office building in Battery Park City north of the World Financial Center.
The skyscraper was designed by Henry Cobb of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, with Adamson Associates Architects, and was erected at the cost of $2.1 billion. The building received a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) gold certification.
The building features an environmentally friendly raised floor underfloor air system. Conditioned air for the occupants is provided by multiple environmental air towers located in the tenant space that deliver 62 °F (17 °C) air into a raised access floor plenum. This underfloor air system provides users with the ability to control their own space temperature as well as improving the ventilation effectiveness. When building churn occurs, workstation moves can be performed more easily with lower cost and less product waste.
Artist Julie Mehretu created a $5 million, 80 by 23 feet (24 by 7 m) mural for the entrance lobby. Between the building and the Conrad New York hotel to its west is a covered pedestrian walkway, with a glass and metal canopy designed by Preston Scott Cohen.
Construction on the building's foundation began in 2005 and faced various problems before completion in late 2009. On December 14, 2007, a nylon sling on a crane failed, sending a 7-ton load to the ground. It crushed two trailers and severely crippled the legs of an architect inside. Work at the site was halted for several days for safety violations. New York City officials halted the project after another construction accident occurred on May 17, 2008. A 30-by-30-inch (760 mm × 760 mm) piece of steel fell eighteen stories onto a neighboring baseball field that was in use by children, though no one was injured. The City issued a stop-work order and cited the general contractor, Tishman Construction, for five violations. Work resumed in the months thereafter.
The first employees arrived in October 2009. The building occupies 2,100,000 square feet (200,000 m2) and features six large trading floors. Goldman Sachs headquarters were previously at 85 Broad street, with its main trading floor at One New York Plaza.
Built in the area affected by the September 11 attacks, the project was awarded with $115 million in tax breaks and cash grants, as well as $1.65 billion in Liberty Bonds to help cover the building's $2.1 billion construction costs.
- Craig, Susanne (April 16, 2010). "Goldman Sachs's New Palace Creates Princes, Serfs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- 200 West Street at Emporis
- Hill, John (December 5, 2011). A Guide to Contemporary New York City Architecture. New York: Norton. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-393-73326-6.
- Tomkins, Calvin (March 29, 2010). "Big Art, Big Money". The New Yorker.
- Hauser, Christine (2007-12-15). "7-Ton Load Falls Near Ground Zero". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
- "Most Work to Resume at Goldman Site". The New York Times. December 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
- Belenkaya, Veronika; Melago, Carrie; Shapiro, Rich (May 18, 2008). "Sachs site rains steel on baseball field". Daily News.
- Carney, John (December 23, 2009). "Goldman Sachs Kills The Express Elevator To The Equity Trading Floor At One New York Plaza". Business Insider. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- Goldburger, Paul (May 17, 2010). "Shadow Building, The House that Goldman Built". The New Yorker.
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