2010 GB174

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2010 GB174
Planet nine-etnos now.png
Orbits of 2014 FE72 (dark blue) and other scattered/detached objects, along with hypothetical Planet Nine on the right
Discovery
Discovery date12 April 2010
Designations
MPC designation2010 GB174
detached object
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch 2016-Jan-13 (2457400.5)
Observation arc2.64 years
Earliest precovery date26 June 2009
Aphelion693 ± 53 AU (Q)
654 AU (barycentric)[1]
Perihelion48.7 ± 0.3 AU
350.7 AU (barycentric)[2][1]
371 ± 29 AU (a)
Eccentricity0.869 ± 0.01
7150 ± 827 yr
6600 yr (barycentric)[1]
3.22° ± 0.4°
Inclination21.54 °
130.6° (Ω)
347.8° ± 0.4°(ω)
Physical characteristics
Dimensions223 km (based on assumed albedo)[4]
130–300 km [3][5]
Albedo0.08 (assumed) [4]
25.2 [6]
6.6 [3]

2010 GB174 is a detached object, discovered on April 12, 2010 at Mauna Kea[clarification needed]. It never gets closer than 48.5 AU from the Sun (about the outer edge of the Kuiper belt). Its large eccentricity strongly suggests that it was gravitationally scattered onto its current orbit. It is, like all detached objects, outside the current influence of Neptune, so how it got its current orbit is unknown. 2010 GB174 has the third highest Tisserand parameter relative to Jupiter of any Trans-Neptunian object, after Sedna and 2012 VP113. It has not been observed since 2012.[3] It comes to opposition 27 March 2016 in the constellation of Virgo.

Precovery images have been found back to June 26, 2009.[3]

It reached perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) around 1952[3] and has moved beyond 70 AU in September 2014.[6] It is possibly a dwarf planet.[4]

Comparison[edit]

Sedna compared to some other very distant orbiting bodies including 2015 DB216 (orbit wrong), 2000 OO67, 2004 VN112, 2005 VX3, 2006 SQ372, 2007 TG422, 2007 DA61, 2009 MS9, 2010 GB174, 2010 NV1, 2010 BK118, 2012 DR30, 2012 VP113, 2013 BL76, 2013 AZ60, 2013 RF98, 2015 ER61

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Horizons output. "Barycentric Osculating Orbital Elements for 2010 GB174". Retrieved 23 January 2016. (Ephemeris Type:Elements and Center:@0)
  2. ^ Malhotra, Renu; Volk, Kathryn; Wang, Xianyu (2016). "Corralling a distant planet with extreme resonant Kuiper belt objects". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 824 (2): L22. arXiv:1603.02196. Bibcode:2016ApJ...824L..22M. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L22.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: (2010 GB174)". Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Michael E. Brown. "How many dwarf planets are there in the outer solar system? (updates daily)". California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  5. ^ "ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  6. ^ a b "AstDyS 2010 GB174 Ephemerides". Department of Mathematics, University of Pisa, Italy. Retrieved 28 March 2014.

External links[edit]