2010 World Monuments Watch

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Interior of the church in San Javier, Bolivia. With the expulsion of the Jesuit order in the mid-18th century most reductions were abandoned. The Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos are unique in that the settlements have survived largely intact.
The Norman tower in Craco, Italy was erected in 1000 AD. The village was severely damaged by earthquakes between 1959 and 1972 and rendered uninhabitable by a series of landslides. It has been uninhabited since 1963.
Tham Ting in Laos contains approximately 2,500 mostly wooden Buddha laid out over the floors and wall shelves. They take many different positions, including meditation, teaching, peace, rain, and reclining (nirvana).
Machu Picchu is one of the eight sites from Peru to be included on the 2010 Watch List.
San Sebastian Church in Manila, the Philippines is claimed as the only prefabricated steel church in the world. Completed in 1891 in recent years it has been beset by rust and corrosion. It was listed in the 1998 World Monuments Watch List of Most Endangered Sites.
Biertan, Romania. 13th Century Saxon villages in Transylvania were constantly under the threat of Ottoman and Tatar invasions and built fortifications centred around their churches.
The Old City of Toledo, Spain is surrounded on three sides by the Tagus River and contains many historical sites, including the Alcázar (castle), Primate Cathedral, and the Zocodover, a central market place. It is one of six sites in Spain listed on the 2010 Watch List.
The Sagrada Família is a massive Roman Catholic church that has been under construction in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain since 1882 and is not expected to be complete until at least 2026. It is considered the master-work of renowned Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).
Pangani, Tanzania came to prominence in the 19th century, when under Zanzibari rule it was a major terminus of caravan routes to the deep interior. After the Sultan of Zanzibar signed treaties with Great Britain outlawing the ocean-going trade in slaves in 1873, it became a centre for smuggling slaves across the narrow channel to Pemba.
The newest site on the list, completed in 1980, the Atlanta Central Library was designed by Marcel Breuer in a modernist and brutalist style. The building is considered a masterpiece by architectural experts, such as Barry Bergdoll, the Chief Architectural Curator of the Museum of Modern Art.

The World Monuments Watch is a flagship advocacy program of the New York-based private non-profit organization World Monuments Fund (WMF) that calls international attention to cultural heritage around the world that is threatened by neglect, vandalism, conflict, or disaster.[1]

Selection process[edit]

Every two years, it publishes a select list known as the Watch List of Endangered Sites that are in urgent need of preservation funding and protection. The sites are nominated by governments, conservation professionals, site caretakers, non-government organizations (NGOs), concerned individuals, and others working in the field.[1] An independent panel of international experts then select 100 candidates from these entries to be part of the Watch List, based on the significance of the sites, the urgency of the threat, and the viability of both advocacy and conservation solutions.[1] For the succeeding two-year period until a new Watch List is published, these 100 sites can avail grants and funds from the WMF, as well as from other foundations, private donors, and corporations by capitalizing on the publicity and attention gained from the inclusion on the Watch List.[2]

2010 Watch List[edit]

The 2010 World Monuments Watch List of Endangered Sites was announced on October 6, 2009 by WMF President Bonnie Burnham.[1] The 2010 Watch List highlights the need to create a balance between heritage concerns and the social, economic, and environmental interests of communities around the world.[1]

The sites on the 2010 Watch list make a dramatic case for the need to bring together a variety of sectors—economic, environmental, heritage preservation, and social—when we are making plans that will affect us all. Greater cooperation among these sectors would benefit humanity today, while ensuring our place as stewards of the Earth for the next generation.

— launch of 2010 Watch List[1], Bonnie Burnham, WMF president

List by country/territory[edit]

Number[A] Country/Territory Site[B] Location[C] Period[C]
1 Afghanistan Herat Old City Herat ca. BC 5000–Present
2 Argentina Buenos Aires Historic Center Buenos Aires 1750–1830
3 Argentina Teatro Colón Buenos Aires 1885–1908
4 Armenia Aghjots Vank Garni 13th Century
5 Austria Wiener Werkbundsiedlung Vienna 1920s–1930s
6 Bahrain Suq al-Qaysariya Muharraq ca. 1800
7 Belgium Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire Overijse 1937–1987
8 Bhutan Phajoding Temple Complex Thimphu 1224
9 Bolivia Convento-Museo Santa Teresa Cochabamba 1760
10 Bolivia Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos Santa Cruz 17th–18th Centuries
11 Chile Churches of Arica Parinacota Arica and Parinacota Region 16th Century
12 Colombia San Fernando and San José Fortresses Cartagena de Indias 18th Century
13 Colombia Santa Fe de Antioquia Old City Antioquia Department 16th–18th Centuries
14 Comoros Ujumbe Palace Mutsamudu 1786
15 Ecuador Todos Santos complex Cuenca 13th Century
16 Egypt New Gourna Kurna 1945
17 Egypt Old Mosque of Shali Fortress Siwa Oasis 1203
18 France Saint-Martin-des-Puits Church Saint-Martin-des-Puits 9th–17th Centuries
19 France Hôtel de Monnaies Villemagne-l'Argentière 13th Century
20 Greece Churches of Lesvos Lesbos 3rd–16th Centuries
21 Guatemala Kaminaljuyu Guatemala City 8th Century BC
22 Haiti Gingerbread Houses Port-au-Prince 1749–1925
23 India Chiktan Castle Kargil 16th century
24 India Dechen Namgyal Monastery Nyoma 17th century
25 India Historic Civic Centre of Shimla Shimla 1830s
26 India Kothi, Qila Mahmudabad Mahmudabad 1677
27 Iraq Al-Hadba’ Minaret Mosul 1172
28 Ireland Russborough House Blessington 1740s
29 Israel Cathedral of St. James Old City of Jerusalem 12th century
30 Israel Old City of Lod Lod 1260–1917
31 Italy Historic Center of Craco Craco 1000
32 Italy Ponte Lucano Italy 1st Century BC
33 Italy Villa of San Gilio Oppido Lucano 1st Century BC
34 Japan Machiya Townhouses Kyoto 1603–1867
35 Jordan Damiya Dolmen Field Damiya, Jordan Valley BC 3600–3000
36 Kazakhstan Vernacular Architecrure of the Kazakh Steppe Sary-Arka Zhezkazgan 18th–20th Centuries
37 Laos Hintang Archaeological Landscape Houaphanh Province Bronze Age
38 Laos Tham Ting Nam Kong River at Ban Pak Ou 15th Century
39 Mexico Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Zempoala to Otumba 1543–1560
40 Mexico Las Pozas Xilitla 1944
41 Mexico Church of San Bartolo Soyaltepec Oaxaca 1723
42 Mexico Church of San Felipe Tindaco Tlaxiaco ca. 1800
43 Mexico Santos Reyes Church and Monastery and La Comunidad Convent Metztitlán 1570
44 Moldova Assumption of Our Lady Church Causeni 17th Century
45 Morocco Lixus Larache 12th century BC–7th Century AD
46 Pakistan Petroglyphs in the Diamer-Bhasha Dam Area Northern Areas ca. 10000–1000 BC
47 Pakistan Shikarpoor Historic City Center Shikarpoor 1617-1947
48 Panama Corozal Cemetery Panama City 1914
49 Panama Historic Center of Colón Colón 19th Century
50 Panama Mount Hope Cemetery Colón 1850
51 Paraguay Santísima Trinidad del Paraná Trinidad 1706
52 Peru Chankillo Casma Valley 4th century BC
53 Peru Jesuit Churches of San José and San Javier Changuillo and El Ingenio 1740s
54 Peru Pachacamac Sanctuary Lurín 5th Century
55 Peru Pikillaqta Archaeological Park Cuzco 500–1200
56 Peru San Francisco de Asis Marcapata ca. 1700
57 Peru Machu Picchu Urubamba Valley 15th Century
58 Peru Tambo Colorado Humay 1470–1532
59 Peru Church of Santa Cruz of Jerusalem Juli 16th Century
60 Philippines Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Santa Maria 1765
61 Philippines Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras Ifugao 16th Century
62 Philippines San Sebastian Basilica Manila 1891
63 Romania Fortified Churches of Southern Transylvania Around Sibiu 12th–14th Centuries
64 Russia Church of the Icon of the Mother of God of the Sign Podolsk 1704
65 Slovakia Lietava Castle Lietava 13th Century
66 South Africa Wonderwerk Cave Kuruman Stone Age
67 Spain Historic Landscape of Sevilla Seville 8th–18th Centuries
68 Spain Historic Landscape of Toledo (Upper and Lower Valleys of the River Tagus) Toledo Paleolithic Era–Present
69 Spain Numantia Soria 2nd Century BC
70 Spain Old Town of Ávila Ávila 1090
71 Spain Route of Santiago de Compostela Aragon, Navarre, La Rioja, Castile-Leon and Galicia Middle Ages
72 Spain Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família Barcelona 1882–Present
73 Sri Lanka Dutch Fort of Batticaloa Batticaloa 1628
74 Tanzania Pangani Historic Town Pangani ca. 1800
75 Uganda Wamala King's Tombs Nansana
76 United Kingdom Carlisle Memorial Methodist Church Belfast 1875
77 United Kingdom Edinburgh Historic Graveyards Edinburgh 17th–19th Centuries
78 United Kingdom Sheerness Dockyard Sheerness 1815
79 United Kingdom St John the Evangelist Parish Church Shobdon 12th Century; Extended 1755–58
80 United Kingdom Tecton Buildings Dudley Zoological Gardens 1937
81 United States Atlanta-Fulton Central Public Library Atlanta 1980
82 United States Commodore Ralph Middleton Munroe Miami Marine Stadium Miami 1963
83 United States Cultural Landscape of Hadley, Massachusetts Hadley 1660s-present
84 United States Phillis Wheatley Elementary School New Orleans 1954
85 United States St. Louis Cemetery No. 2 New Orleans 1823
86 United States Taliesin Spring Green 1911
87 United States Taliesin West Scottsdale 1937
88 United States Taos Pueblo New Mexico ca. 1000–1450
89 United States Bridges of the Merritt Parkway Fairfield County, Connecticut 1940
90 Uzbekistan Desert Castles of Ancient Khorezm Karakalpakstan, Elli-Kala District & Beruni District, Uzbekistan 7th Century BC
91 Venezuela Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Central University of Venezuela Caracas 1950s
92 Venezuela Parque del Este Caracas 1958

Statistics by country/territory[edit]

The following countries/territories have multiple sites entered on the 2010 Watch List, listed by the number of sites:

Number of sites Country/Territory
9 United States of America
8 Peru
6 Spain
5 Mexico and United Kingdom
4 India
3 Italy, Panama and the Philippines
2 Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Egypt, France, Israel, Laos, Pakistan and Venezuela


^ A. Numbers list only meant as a guide on this article. No official reference numbers have been designated for the sites on the Watch List.
^ B. Names and spellings used for the sites were based on the official 2010 Watch List as published.
^ C. The references to the sites' locations and periods of construction were based on the official 2010 Watch List as published.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Holly Evarts (6 October 2009). "WORLD MONUMENTS FUND ANNOUNCES 2010 WORLD MONUMENTS WATCH LIST OF 100 MOST ENDANGERED SITES" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  2. ^ Holly Evarts (6 October 2009). "WORLD MONUMENTS FUND ANNOUNCES 2006 WORLD MONUMENTS WATCH LIST OF 100 MOST ENDANGERED SITES" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2009.

External links[edit]