2010 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Important taxa described (but not necessarily validly named) in 2010

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2010.

Molluscs[edit]

Newly named bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Emiliodonta[2]

Gen nov

valid

Sánchez

Caradoc

Don Braulio Formation

 Argentina

Replacement name for Emiliania Sánchez, 1999 preoccupied by Emiliania Hay & Mohler, 1967

Arthropods[edit]

Fishes[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Newly named amphibians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deltaherpeton[3]

Valid

  • Bolt
  • Lombard

Late Viséan

A colosteid.

Fedexia[4]

Valid

Gzhelian

Casselman Formation

A trematopid genus currently among the oldest known vertebrates with a primarily terrestrial lifestyle.

Hungarobatrachus[5]

Valid

  • Szentesi
  • Venczel

Santonian

Csehbánya Formation

Advanced frog.

Madygenerpeton[6]

Valid

  • Schoch
  • Voigt
  • Buchwitz

Middle/Upper Triassic

Madygen Formation

A chroniosuchid reptiliomorph.

Pelobates fahlbuschi[7]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene

 Germany

A European spadefoot toad.

Basal reptiles[edit]

Newly named basal reptiles[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Microleter[8]

Valid

Lower Permian

 USA

A basal parareptile. The species is M. mckinzieorum.

Phonodus[9]

Valid

Induan (early Triassic)

Katberg Formation

 South Africa

The earliest known leptopleuronine procolophonid.

Reiszorhinus[10]

Valid

Lower Permian

Waggoner Ranch Formation

 USA

A basal captorhinid. The species is Reiszorhinus olsoni.

Ichthyopterygians[edit]

Newly named ichthyopterygians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arthropterygius[11]

Valid

  • Maxwell

Queen Elizabeth Islands

A new genus for "Ophthalmosaurus" chirsorum (Russell, 1993).

Athabascasaurus[12]

Valid

  • Druckenmiller
  • Maxwell

Lower Albian

Clearwater Formation

The most complete and stratigraphically oldest known ichthyosaur from the Cretaceous of North America.

Barracudasauroides[13]

Valid

  • Maisch

Middle Triassic

Guanling Formation

A new genus for "Mixosaurus" panxianensis (Jiang, Schmitz, Hao & Sun, 2006).

Mixosaurus xindianensis[14]

Valid

  • Chen
  • Cheng

Middle Triassic

Guanling Formation

Omphalosaurus merriami[13]

Valid

  • Maisch

Early Triassic

Sticky Keep Formation

A species of a possible ichthyopterygian genus Omphalosaurus.

Lepidosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alexeyisaurus[15]

Valid

  • Sennikov
  • Arkhangelsky

Norian

Wilczek Formation

 Russia

A new elasmosaurid

Meyerasaurus[16]

Valid

  • Smith
  • Vincent

Lower Toarcian

Posidonia Shale

 Germany

A pliosaur, a new genus for "Plesiosaurus" victor (Fraas, 1910).

Newly named basal lepidosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cargninia[17]

Valid

Carnian - Norian

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A basal lepidosaur.

Newly named lizards[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adriosaurus skrbinensis[18]

Valid

  • Caldwell
  • Palci

Late Cenomanian

Skrbina

 Slovenia

Bavaricordylus molassicus[7]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene (late Karpatian)

 Germany

A cordylid, a species of Bavaricordylus.

Headonhillia[19]

Valid

  • Klembara
  • Green

Late Eocene, Ludian (Priabonian)

Bembridge Limestone Formation

 England

An anguine lizard. The species is H. parva.

Heloderma welcommei[20]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

An anguimorph lizard. Herman and Van Den Eeckhaut (2010) consider it to be a species of Heloderma (though the authors define the genus Heloderma more broadly than most herpetologists, and explicitly synonymize the glyptosaurine genus Placosaurus with it).[20]

Kleskunsaurus[21]

Valid

  • Nydam
  • Caldwell
  • Fanti

Upper Campanian

Wapiti Formation

 Canada

A scincomorph lizard. The species is K. grandeprairiensis.

Liushusaurus[22]

Valid

  • Evans
  • Wang

Lower Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

 China

A scincogekkonomorph lizard. The species is L. acanthocaudata.

Pedrerasaurus[23]

Valid

  • Bolet
  • Evans

Early Cretaceous (late Berriasian-early Valanginan)

Montsec's Formation (ca)

 Spain

A scincogekkonomorph lizard. The species is P. latifrontalis.

Tropidophorus bavaricus[7]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene (late Karpatian)

 Germany

A lygosomine skink, a species of Tropidophorus.

Varanus debiei[20]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

A monitor lizard.

Newly named snakes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Colombophis spinosus[24]

Valid

  • Hsiou, Albino & Ferigolo

Late Miocene

Solimões Formation

 Brazil

An alethinophidian snake, a species of Colombophis.

Kelyophis[25]

Valid

  • Laduke
  • Krause
  • Scanlon
  • Kley

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

A nigerophiid snake

Menarana[25]

Valid

  • Laduke
  • Krause
  • Scanlon
  • Kley

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

A madtsoiid snake

Micronatrix[26]

Valid

  • Parmley & Hunter

Late Miocene (Clarendonian)

 United States

A natricine colubrid snake. The type species is Micronatrix juliescottae.

Sanajeh[27]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Lameta Formation

 India

A madtsoiid snake which preyed on hatchling sauropods.

Model of Sanajeh in a titanosaur nest

Turtles[edit]

Newly named turtles[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cerrejonemys[28]

Valid

  • Cadena
  • Bloch
  • Jaramillo

Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

 Colombia

Chupacabrachelys[29]

Valid

  • Lehman
  • Wick

Campanian

Aguja Formation

 USA

A taphrosphyini bothremydid

Gamerabaena[30]

Valid

  • Lyson
  • Joyce

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Hell Creek Formation

 USA

Itilochelys[31]

Valid

  • Danilov
  • Averianov
  • Yarkov

Danian

Beryozovaya beds

 Russia

Jiangxichelys[32]

Valid

  • Tong
  • Mo

Late Cretaceous

Ganzhou

 China

A nanhsiungchelyid turtle.

Liaochelys[33]

Valid

  • Zhou

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

 China

A macrobaenid turtle.

Mexichelys[34]

Valid

  • Parham
  • Pyenson

Late Campanian

Cerro del Pueblo Formation

 Mexico

A sea turtle. A new genus for "Euclastes" coahuilaensis (Brinkman et al., 2009).[35]

Pacifichelys[34]

Valid

  • Parham
  • Pyenson

Miocene

 Peru
 USA

A sea turtle.

Pangshura tatrotia[36]

Valid

  • Joyce
  • Lyson

Pliocene

Tatrot Formation

 Pakistan

A species of Pangshura.

"Trionyx" kansaiensis[37]

Valid

  • Vitek & Danilov

Late Cretaceous

 Kazakhstan
 Tajikistan

A trionychid with unclear systematic position, a species of Trionyx sensu lato.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Azendohsaurus madagaskarensis[38]

Valid

Ladinian/Carnian

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

A basal archosauromorph.

Bentonyx[39]

Valid

Middle Triassic

Otter Sandstone Formation

 England

A rhynchosaur.

Koilamasuchus[40]

Valid

  • Ezcurra
  • Lecuona
  • Martinelli

Early Triassic

Quebrada de los Fósiles Formation

 Argentina

The best-known basal archosauriform from South America.

Megalancosaurus endennae[41]

Valid

Alaunian (early Norian)

Zorzino Limestone Formation

 Italy

A drepanosaurid that is known from MBSN 25, a partial skeleton (Partial postcranial skeleton).

Teyumbaita[42]

Valid

  • Montefeltro
  • Langer
  • Schultz

Late Triassic

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A rhynchosaur. A new genus for "Scaphonyx" sulcognathus (Azevedo & Schultz, 1987).

Uatchitodon schneideri[43]

Valid

  • Mitchell
  • Heckert
  • Sues

Late Triassic

Cumnock Formation
Bluewater Creek Formation

 USA

A venomous archosauriform known only from isolated teeth.

Vallesaurus zorzinensis[41]

Valid

Alaunian (early Norian)

Zorzino Limestone Formation

 Italy

A basal drepanosauromorph that is known from MCSNB 4783, a set of vertebrae and hindlimbs.

Archosaurs[edit]

Synapsids[edit]

Newly named non-mammalian synapsids[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Beishanodon[44]

Valid

Lower Triassic

Hongyanjing Formation

 China

An eucynodont. The type species is Beishanodon youngi.

Chiniquodon kalanoro[45]

Valid

Middle Triassic? (Ladinian or Carnian)

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

A cynodont.

Kombuisia antarctica[46]

Valid

  • Fröbisch
  • Angiekczyk
  • Sidor

Early Triassic (Induan)

Fremouw Formation

 Antarctica

A dicynodont.

Minicynodon[17]

Valid

Carnian - Norian

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A brasilodontid cynodont.

Prosictodon[47]

Valid

  • Angielczyk
  • Rubidge

Middle Permian

Abrahamskraal formation

 South Africa

A pylaecephalid dicynodont. The type species is Prosictodon dubei.

Trucidocynodon[48]

Valid

  • Oliveira
  • Soares
  • Schultz

Upper Triassic

Santa Maria Formation

 Brazil

A cynodont. The type species is Trucidocynodon riograndensis.

Mammals[edit]

Other animals[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pywackia[49]

Valid

  • Landing in Landing, English & Keppie

Late Cambrian

Tiñu Formation

 Mexico

An animal of uncertain phylogenetic placement; it might be a bryozoan[49][50] or an octocoral.[51] The type species is Pywackia baileyi.

Plants[edit]

Angiosperms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cornus piggae[52]

Sp nov

Valid

Manchester, Xiang, and Xiang

Tiffanian

Sentinel Butte Formation, North Dakota

Oldest member of Cornus subgenus Cornus.

Hymenaea allendis[53]

sp nov

Valid

Calvillo-Canadell, Cevallos-Ferriz & Rico-Arce

Late Oligocene - Early Miocene

Mexican amber

 Mexico

Second Hymenaea sp. from Mexican amber

Ploufolia[54]

Gen. nov.

Valid

Sender et al.

Albian

Utrillas Formation

Sagaria[55]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Bravia, Barone Lumagab, & Mickle

Middle Albian

Monti Alburni, near Petina

Solaranthus[56]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Shaolin Zheng & Xin Wang

Middle Jurassic

Jiulongshan Formation

An early flowering plant.

Xingxueanthus[57]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Xin Wang & Shijun Wang

Middle Jurassic

Haifanggou Formation

An early flowering plant.

Footnotes[edit]

Complete author list[edit]

As science becomes more collaborative, papers with large numbers of authors are becoming more common. To prevent the deformation of the tables, these footnotes list the contributors to papers that erect new genera and have many authors.

  1. ^ Berman, Henrici, Brezinski, Kollar.
  2. ^ Modesto, Scott, Botha-Brink, Reisz.
  3. ^ Sumida, Dodick, Metcalf, Albright.
  4. ^ a b Bonaparte, Schultz, Soares, Martinelli.
  5. ^ Wilson, Mohabey, Peters, Head.
  6. ^ Flynn, Nesbitt, Parrish, Ranivoharimanana, Wyss.
  7. ^ Langer, Montefeltro, Hone, Whatley, Schultz.
  8. ^ a b Renesto, Spielmann, Lucas, Tarditi Spagnoli.
  9. ^ Gao, Fox, Zhou, Li.
  10. ^ Kammerer, Flynn, Ranivoharimanana, Wyss.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Sánchez, T.M. (2010). "Emiliodonta, New Name for Emiliania Sánchez, 1999, Not Emiliania Hay and Mohlen, 1967". Journal of Paleontology. 84 (4): 781–781. doi:10.1666/10-023.1. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  3. ^ John R. Bolt; R. Eric Lombard (2010). "Deltaherpeton hiemstrae, a New Colosteid Tetrapod from the Mississippian of Iowa". Journal of Paleontology. 84 (6): 1135–1151. doi:10.1666/10-020.1. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Berman, D.S.; Henrici, A.C.; Brezinski, D.K. & Kollar, A.D. (2010). "A new trematopid amphibian (Temnospondyli: Dissorophoidea) from the Upper Pennsylvanian of western Pennsylvania: earliest record of terrestrial vertebrates responding to a warmer, drier climate" (PDF). Annals of the Carnegie Museum. 78 (4): 289–318. doi:10.2992/007.078.0401. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Zoltán Szentesi; Márton Venczel (2010). "An advanced anuran from the Late Cretaceous (Santonian) of Hungary" (PDF). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen. 256 (3): 291–302. doi:10.1127/0077-7749/2010/0054. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Rainer R. Schoch; Sebastian Voigt; Michael Buchwitz (2010). "A chroniosuchid from the Triassic of Kyrgyzstan and analysis of chroniosuchian relationships". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 160 (3): 515–530. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00613.x. 
  7. ^ a b c Madelaine Böhme (2010). "Ectothermic vertebrates (Actinopterygii, Allocaudata, Urodela, Anura, Crocodylia, Squamata) from the Miocene of Sandelzhausen (Germany, Bavaria) and their implications for environment reconstruction and palaeoclimate". Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 84 (1): 3–41. doi:10.1007/s12542-010-0050-4. 
  8. ^ Linda A. Tsuji; Johannes Muller; Robert R. Reisz (2010). "Microleter mckinzieorum gen. et sp. nov. from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma: the basalmost parareptile from Laurasia". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 8 (2): 245–255. doi:10.1080/14772010903461099. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Modesto, S.P.; Scott, D.M.; Botha-Brink, J. & Reisz, R.R. (2010). "A new and unusual procolophonid parareptile from the Lower Triassic Katberg Formation of South Africa". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (3): 715–723. doi:10.1080/02724631003758003. 
  10. ^ Sumida, S.S.; Dodick, J.; Metcalf, A. & Albright, G. (2010). "Reiszorhinus olsoni, a new single-tooth-rowed captorhinid reptile of the Lower Permian of Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (3): 704–714. doi:10.1080/02724631003758078. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  11. ^ Maxwell, E. E (2010). "Generic reassignment of an ichthyosaur from the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Northwest Territories, Canada". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (2): 403–415. doi:10.1080/02724631003617944. 
  12. ^ Patrick S. Druckenmiller; Erin E. Maxwell (2010). "A new Lower Cretaceous (lower Albian) ichthyosaur genus from the Clearwater Formation, Alberta, Canada". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 47 (8): 1037–1053. Bibcode:2010CaJES..47.1037D. doi:10.1139/E10-028. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  13. ^ a b Michael W. Maisch (2010). "Phylogeny, systematics, and origin of the Ichthyosauria – the state of the art" (PDF). Palaeodiversity. 3: 151–214. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  14. ^ Chen Xiao-hong; Cheng Long (2010). "A new species of Mixosaurus (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) from the Middle Triassic of Pu'an, Guizhou, China". Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (2): 251–260. 
  15. ^ A. G. Sennikov; M. S. Arkhangelsky (2010). "On a Typical Jurassic Sauropterygian from the Upper Triassic of Wilczek Land (Franz Josef Land, Arctic Russia)". Paleontological Journal. 44 (5): 567–572. doi:10.1134/S0031030110050126. 
  16. ^ Adam S. Smith; Peggy Vincent (2010). "A new genus of pliosaur (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Lower Jurassic of Holzmaden, Germany". Palaeontology. 53 (5): 1049–1063. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00975.x. 
  17. ^ a b José Fernando Bonaparte; César Leandro Schultz; Marina Bento Soares; Agustín G. Martinelli (2010). "La Fauna local de faxinal do soturno, Triasico tardio de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil" (PDF). Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia. 13 (3): 233–246. doi:10.4072/rbp.2010.3.07. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  18. ^ Michael W. Caldwell; Alessandro Palci (2010). "A new species of marine ophidiomorph lizard, Adriosaurus skrbinensis, from the Upper Cretaceous of Slovenia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (3): 747–755. doi:10.1080/02724631003762963. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  19. ^ Jozef Klembara; Bryony Green (2010). "Anguimorph lizards (Squamata, Anguimorpha) from the Middle and Late Eocene of the Hampshire Basin of southern England". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 8 (1): 97–129. doi:10.1080/14772011003603531. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c Jacques Herman; Guy Van Den Eeckhaut (2010). "Inventaire systématique des Invertebrata, Vertebrata, Plantae et Fungi des Sables de Bruxelles à Zaventem" (PDF). Geominpal Belgica Découvertes géologiques, minéralogiques et paléontologiques en Belgique. 1: 32–64. 
  21. ^ Randall L. Nydam; Michael W. Caldwell; Federico Fanti (2010). "Borioteiioidean lizard skulls from Kleskun Hill (Wapiti Formation; upper Campanian), west-central Alberta, Canada". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (4): 1090–1099. doi:10.1080/02724634.2010.483539. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  22. ^ Susan E. Evans; Yuan Wang (2010). "A new lizard (Reptilia: Squamata) with exquisite preservation of soft tissue from the Lower Cretaceous of Inner Mongolia, China". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 8 (1): 81–95. doi:10.1080/14772010903537773. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  23. ^ Arnau Bolet; Susan E. Evans (2010). "A new lizard from the early cretaceous of catalonia (Spain), and the mesozoic lizards of the iberian peninsula". Cretaceous Research. 31 (4): 447–457. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2010.06.002. 
  24. ^ Annie S. Hsiou; Adriana M. Albino; Jorge Ferigolo (2010). "Reappraisal of the South American Miocene snakes of the genus Colombophis, with description of a new species". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 55 (3): 365–379. doi:10.4202/app.2009.1111. 
  25. ^ a b Laduke, T.C.; Krause, D.W.; Scanlon, J.D. & Kley, N.J. (2010). "A Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) snake assemblage from the Maevarano Formation, Mahajanga Basin, Madagascar". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (1): 109–138. doi:10.1080/02724630903409188. 
  26. ^ Dennis Parmley; Katie Beth Hunter (2010). "Fossil Snakes of the Clarendonian (Late Miocene) Pratt Slide Local Fauna of Nebraska, with the Description of a New Natricine Colubrid". Journal of Herpetology. 44 (4): 525–543. doi:10.1670/09-248.1. 
  27. ^ Wilson, J.A.; Mohabey, D.M.; Peters, S.E. & Head, J.J. (2010). Benton, Michael J., ed. "Predation upon Hatchling Dinosaurs by a New Snake from the Late Cretaceous of India". PLoS Biology. 8 (3): e1000322. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000322. PMC 2830453Freely accessible. PMID 20209142. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  28. ^ Cadena, Edwin; Bloch, Jonathan; Jaramillo, Carlos (2010). "New podocnemidid turtle (Testudines: Pleurodira) from the middle-upper Paleocene of South America". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (2): 367–382. doi:10.1080/02724631003621946. 
  29. ^ Thomas M. Lehman; Steven L. Wick (2010). "Chupacabrachelys complexus, n. gen. n. sp. (Testudines: Bothremydidae), from the Aguja Formation (Campanian) of West Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (6): 1709–1725. doi:10.1080/02724634.2010.520782. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  30. ^ Lyson, T.R.; Joyce, W.G. (2010). "A new baenid turtle from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Hell Creek Formation of North Dakota and a preliminary taxonomic review of Cretaceous Baenidae". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (2): 394–402. doi:10.1080/02724631003618389. 
  31. ^ Danilov, I.G.; Averianov, A.O. & Yarkov, A.A. (2010). "Itilochelys rasstrigini gen. et sp. nov., a new hard-shelled sea turtle (Cheloniidae sensu lato) from the Lower Palaeocene of Volgograd Province, Russia". Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RSA. 314 (1): 24–41. 
  32. ^ Haiyan Tong; Jinyou Mo (2010). "Jiangxichelys, a new nanhsiungchelyid turtle from the Late Cretaceous of Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China". Geological Magazine. 147 (6): 981–986. doi:10.1017/S0016756810000671. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  33. ^ Chang-Fu Zhou (2010). "A new eucryptodiran turtle from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2676: 45–56. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  34. ^ a b James F. Parham; Nicholas D. Pyenson (2010). "New Sea Turtle from the Miocene of Peru and the Iterative Evolution of Feeding Ecomorphologies since the Cretaceous". Journal of Paleontology. 84 (2): 231–247. doi:10.1666/09-077R.1. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  35. ^ DONALD BRINKMAN; MARTHA CAROLINA AQUILLON-MARTINEZ; CLAUDIO ARTURO DE LEON DÁVILA; HEATHER JAMNICZKY; DAVID A. EBERTH & MATTHEW COLBERT (2010). "Euclastes coahuilaensis sp. nov., a basal cheloniid turtle from the late Campanian Cerro del Pueblo Formation of Coahuila State, Mexico". Journal of Paleontology. 28 (3): 76–88. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  36. ^ Walter G. Joyce; Tyler R. Lyson (2010). "Pangshura tatrotia, a new species of pond turtle (Testudinoidea) from the Pliocene Siwaliks of Pakistan". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 8 (3): 449–458. doi:10.1080/14772019.2010.500879. 
  37. ^ Natasha S. Vitek; Igor G. Danilov (2010). "New Material and a Reassessment of Soft-Shelled Turtles (Trionychidae) from the Late Cretaceous of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (2): 383–393. doi:10.1080/02724631003617548. 
  38. ^ Flynn, J.J.; Nesbitt, S.J.; Parrish, J.M.; Ranivoharimanana, L. & Wyss, A.R. (2010). "A new species of Azendohsaurus (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha) from the Triassic Isalo Group of southwestern Madagascar: cranium and mandible". Palaeontology. 53 (3): 669–688. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00954.x. 
  39. ^ Max C. Langer; Felipe C. Montefeltro; David E. Hone; Robin Whatley; Cesar L. Schultz (2010). "On Fodonyx spenceri and a new rhynchosaur from the Middle Triassic of Devon". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (6): 1884–1888. doi:10.1080/02724634.2010.521901. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  40. ^ Ezcurra, M.D.; Lecuona, A. & Martinelli, A. (2010). "A new basal archosauriform diapsid from the Lower Triassic of Argentina". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (5): 1433–1450. doi:10.1080/02724634.2010.501446. 
  41. ^ a b Silvio Renesto; Justin A. Spielmann; Spencer G. Lucas; Giorgio Tarditi Spagnoli (2010). "The taxonomy and paleobiology of the Late Triassic (Carnian-Norian: Adamanian-Apachean) drepanosaurs (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha: Drepanosauromorpha)". New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. 46: 1–81. 
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