2010s in LGBT rights

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This is a list of notable events in LGBT rights that took place in the 2010s.

Overview[edit]

Plaintiffs celebrate outside the Supreme Court on 26 June 2015 following same-sex marriage legalization in the United States nationwide.

During the 2010s, acceptance of LGBT people slowly increased in many parts of the world.[1][2] Marriage for same-sex couples was an ongoing debate in many nations, while over eighteen nations legalized same-sex marriage.[3][4]

In June 2011 the United Nations Human Rights Council passed the UN's first-ever motion condemning discrimination against gays, lesbians and bisexuals commissioning a report on the issue.[5] During an ABC News interview in 2012, Barack Obama expressed his support for gay marriage, becoming the first US President to do so.[6] Although many nations allowed gays and bisexuals to serve in their militaries, a major milestone came in September 2011 when the US abolished its "Don't ask, don't tell" policy.[7][8]

In 2015, Ireland became the first nation to legalize same-sex marriage via referendum.[9] In 2017, Leo Varadkar became Ireland's first openly gay Taoiseach,[10] joining the ranks of other nation's first openly gay and lesbian heads of state in the 2010s.

In April 2015, former olympic athlete Caitlyn Jenner came out as a transgender woman, and was subsequently called the most famous openly transgender person in the world,[11][12] and on June 26 of that year, same-sex marriage was legalized in all 50 states of the U.S. as the Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 vote that refusing to grant marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples violated the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. Organizations such as the Boy Scouts,[13] Girl Scouts[14] and the Episcopal Church announced acceptance of transgender people[15] in the 2010s.

However, LGBT rights supporters faced obstacles with the implementation of laws curbing expression of homosexuality in Russia and China,[16][17][18] as well as in the United States, with the Trump administration's decisions to reinstate the ban on transgender people serving in the military and the rescission of protections for transgender students.[19][20]

Events by year[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

  • January 31 — Following its passage in December 2010, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signs the Illinois Religious Freedom Protection and Civil Union Act. This act allows all couples, regardless of gender, to enter into civil unions which provide all of the state benefits of marriage.[44][45] The law is scheduled to take effect June 1.
  • June 24 — Following a 36-26 vote passing exemptions for religious organisations,[48] the New York Senate approves the same-sex marriage law;[49] the New York State Assembly also approved the bill to legalise same-sex marriage in the state by a vote of 80-63.[50][51] Governor Andrew Cuomo signed the bill into law shortly before midnight.[52] The law would make New York the largest state in the United States to recognize same-sex marriage.[53]
  • September 20 — Don't ask, don't tell, the law which since 1993 has excluded LGB people from serving openly in the United States military, expires nine months after it was legislatively repealed. The United States Army is the first branch of the military to announce officially that the exclusionary policy is over.[54]

2012[edit]

  • May 8 — In the United States, North Carolina voters approve of Amendment 1 bans same-sex marriages and any "domestic legal union" in the state constition.[58]
  • December 5 — Supreme Court of Mexico unanimously strikes down a same-sex marriage ban in the southern state of Oaxaca, paving the way for same-sex marriages nationally.[61]

2013[edit]

  • January 1 — Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the U.S. state of Maryland.[62]
  • May 1 — Civil unions become legal in the U.S. state of Colorado.[65]
  • May 14 — Brazil legalizes same-sex marriage after the Federal Court ruled that the government was not allowed to discriminate against gay people in the provision of marriage licenses.[66]
  • May 30 — The Nigerian parliament passes a law banning same-sex marriage.[67]
  • July 1 — Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the U.S. state of Delaware.[68]
  • August 5 — Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Uruguay[71] after it was passed on May 10 by the Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay with 71 affirmative votes out of 92 in its second reading,[72] making Uruguay the second country in Latin America, after Argentina, and twelfth overall, to legalize same-sex marriage. The law was previously passed by the Senate on April 2 by a 23–8 vote.[73]
  • December 11 — The Supreme Court of India overrules the Delhi Court in re-establishing the primacy of section 377 of the Indian penal code that makes homosexual activity illegal.[74]
  • December 12 — The Supreme Court of Australia overrules the Australian Capital Territory's law allowing same-sex marriage in contravention of the Marriage Act saying the federal parliament alone could set such laws. The ruling annuls weddings that have taken place already.[75]
  • December 17 — The Parliament of Uganda approves the Uganda Anti-Homosexuality Bill, which originally proposed the death penalty for homosexuality but now contains life in prison for "aggravated homosexuality."[76] The bill must be signed by the President of Uganda before becoming law.
  • December 19 — The New Mexico Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the state must issue marriage licenses to couples without respect to gender.[77]

2014[edit]

  • January 13 — [78] Nigeria passes a law that makes same-sex marriage illegal, along with public displays of same-sex relationships and belonging to homosexual groups. The law enshrined punishments for those that violate it. This includes those in a same-sex marriage or civil union being sentenced to 14 years in prison and foreign partnerships being "void"; additionally those who register, operate or participate in gay clubs, societies and organizations or who directly or indirectly makes public display of affection as part of a same-sex relationship would be punished with up to 10 years in prison.[79]
  • February 4 — The Scottish Parliament approves same-sex marriage bill.[80]
  • April 14 — In Malta parliament approves a civil partnership bill.[81]
  • July 21 — United States President Barack Obama signed an executive order expanding employment protections for federal workers and contractors to include gender identity. This order also bans sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination for companies receiving federal contracts.[82]
  • August 1 — The Constitutional Court of Uganda invalidated the Anti-Homosexuality Bill as not enough members of parliament were present to vote on the bill.[83]
  • October 9 — became the first former Soviet country to recognize same-sex partnerships. The law came into effect in 2016.[84]
  • October 10 — Same-sex marriage was legalized in North Carolina.[85]
    • Same-sex married couples in Virginia can now legally adopt.[86]
  • October 15 — Same-sex marriage was legalized in Idaho[87]
  • October 17 — Same-sex marriage was legalized in Arizona after U.S. District Court Judge John Sedwick ruled that state's ban was unconstitutional. The judge refused to grant a stay on his opinion and State Attorney General Tom Horne chose not to appeal.[88][89]
  • October 21 — Same-sex marriage was legalized in Wyoming.[90]
  • December 17 — Same-sex marriage became legal in Scotland.[91]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

  • April 12 — Trinidad and Tobago's High Court decriminalizes same-sex sexual activity.[145][146]
  • June 1 — Same-sex marriage is no longer legal in Bermuda.
  • June 6 — The Supreme Court of Bermuda strikes down the ban on same-sex marriage, five days after the ban goes into effect. A stay is implemented, allowing the Government time to respond.[147][148]
  • July 1 — Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Jersey.[149]
  • September 6 — The Indian Supreme Court decriminalizes homosexuality, striking down the part of Section 377 that criminalised oral sex and anal sex.[150][151]
  • November 15 — Parliament in San Marino allowed civil unions and stepchild adoptions for homosexual couples[152]

2019[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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