2010s in music

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This article describes trends in popular music in the 2010s. See also: 2010s in the music industry.

In North America, Europe, and Oceania, synthpop, electronic, alternative rock, dance, electronic dance, and hip hop have been popular. Country remains popular in rural areas of the United States and Canada, while rock has seen a revival.

Musical trends in mainstream pop[edit]

The melismatic vocals mainstream during the 1990s and 2000s in pop and contemporary R&B lost favor by mid-late 2009, as vocally lower key artists, including Rihanna and Katy Perry, started to outsell new releases by perennial melismatic favorites, Mariah Carey and Christina Aguilera. By the mid-2010s, the style of vocals popular in indie pop have become immensely widespread among pop instrumentalists as they are commonly used by younger ones, like Lorde and Birdy.[1]

The saxophone has been used in multiple top 40 songs from the decade. "The Edge of Glory" from Lady Gaga's 2011 album Born This Way is credited with popularizing the use of saxophone early in the decade. Other songs to feature saxophone include Jason Derulo's Talk Dirty, Macklemore and Ryan Lewis's Thrift Shop and Ariana Grande's Problem Saxophone solos were mainstream in pop from the 1950s to the early 1990s but declined later in the latter.

Traditional instruments, such as the mandolin, dulcimer, ukulele, banjo, and accordion, have been utilized more often, especially in indie rock musicians and singer songwriters, including Mumford and Sons, Vance Joy, Phillip Phillips, and The Lumineers, along with country players, such as Granger Smith and Zac Brown Band.

After several years of stagnation due to the decline of post-punk/garage rock revival, nu metal and post-grunge, rock has made a comeback in North America, with the rise of indie rock that was for the most part underground during 1985-2009.[2] Other rock subgenres, like djent and metalcore, have also been successful.

Progressive metal, experimental rock, and math rock have started to become widespread, mainly in the second half of the decade. Artists, such as Nothing More, Highly Suspect, Twelve Foot Ninja, Dead Letter Circus, and Marmozets, and DIY ethic bands, including Sylar, Æges, and Some Fear None, have enjoyed success through streaming services.

Electronic has become more mainstream; some 2010s successes include Skrillex, Steve Aoki, Swedish House Mafia, Headhunterz, Wildstylez, Da Tweekaz, Clean Bandit, Major Lazer, Knife Party, Avicii, Alesso, Owl City, The Chainsmokers, Calvin Harris, Deadmau5, Eric Prydz, ShockOne, Drumsound & Bassline Smith, David Guetta, and Lights. Remixing songs has also been a popular trend in electronic.

The genres of Europop and Eurodance have also achieved notable commercial success, mostly due to the release of Lady Gaga's debut album, The Fame (2008,) which experimented heavily with the former and German house. This brought a new style of pop, formerly considered unmixable with dance and widespread pop. Europop and Eurodance were used more extensively in the early 2010s as a result of the success of disk jockeys, like David Guetta and Calvin Harris. The songs "Only Girl (In the World)" and "S&M" by Barbadian singer Rihanna were strongly influenced by Eurodance.[citation needed] Both songs peaked at number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 during 2010 and 2011, respectively. In 2012, a large number of songs by American instrumentalists featured quintessential Eurodance elements, especially synthesizer and strong beats during the chorus mixed with rapping or vocals for verses.

Teen pop has made a significant comeback, with the likes of Demi Lovato, One Direction, The Wanted, Big Time Rush, Justin Bieber, Ariana Grande, Scotty McCreery, Cher Lloyd, and Selena Gomez. While throughout the mid-late 2000s-after the teen pop boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s-this genre was almost exclusively associated with Disney Channel and Nickelodeon executives, many teen pop musicians outside of the former and other companies have been around in the 2010s.

Since 2011, boy bands and girl groups have returned to mainstream popularity for the first time after the early 2000s, with the most popular examples being British-Irish boy band One Direction and American boy band Big Time Rush. Others started to catch on after the success of them during 2013 and 2014, including players Little Mix and Fifth Harmony.

Soundtracks from films have topped the charts this decade as well, with number 1 singles from Justin Timberlake and Pharrell Williams, along with top 10 entries by The Weeknd, Ellie Goulding, and others.

Dubstep and drumstep became widespread subgenres in the early 2010s on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, especially in its native United Kingdom. There, other electronic subgenres, like grime and trap, have also been growing in popularity. Drumstep has continued its success while hardstyle has become mainstream in Australia and United States due to the success of music festivals, such as The Sound of Q-dance and Defqon 1.[3][4][5]

In Asia, popular music has continued to be influenced by Western pop music. As with the past several decades, J-pop and K-pop has continued to be successful in the Far East. In J-pop, image songs and the influence of anime on widespread music have grown since the late 2000s. K-pop's popularity has continued to increase around the world,[citation needed] with acts, such as Wonder Girls and Girls' Generation. In India, Indian pop, rock, and filmi have continued to be mainstream.[6]

In Latin America, Latin pop has remained the main subgenre. Tropical, reggaeton, and moombahton have also been popular genres while pop rock continues to be successful.[citation needed]

North America[edit]

Pop[edit]

Pop has made a significant comeback due to dance-pop, electropop, synthpop, and electronic music in this decade. Chart-topping pop performers this decade include Taylor Swift, Katy Perry, Rihanna, Adele, Lady Gaga, Kesha, Justin Bieber, Justin Timberlake, Bruno Mars, Miley Cyrus, Meghan Trainor.

Rihanna has earned the most #1 singles so far in this decade (nine), spending 41 weeks at the top of the charts, followed by Katy Perry with eight #1 singles and 26 weeks reigning the charts, and Bruno Mars with six #1 singles and 31 weeks. Adele and Taylor Swift both have four #1 singles, Adele spending 24 weeks at the top and Swift 15. Kesha and Justin Bieber both earned three #1 singles, with Kesha spending 13 weeks at the top of the Billboard Hot 100 and Bieber six. The other artists have earned at least one or two #1 singles so far

All of these artists have debuted in the #1 spot with at least one of their albums released this decade in the Billboard 200 chart.

Rock[edit]

Rock has remained popular, although it has declined in chart presence since the late 2000s alongside changes in radio format. These changes were driven by the decline in compact discs and rise of downloads in the music industry, which prompted a focus on top 40 music.[7][8][9] Rock has also moved from hard rock and heavy metal, which have dominated since the mid-1980s. Mainstream rock since the early 2010s has become softer and more refined because of indie rock. Rock was reportedly still the most widely consumed genre in the United States during 2014.[10] The decade has also seen the return of successful rock artists from the past, including AC/DC, David Bowie, Metallica, Stone Temple Pilots, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Pearl Jam, Nine Inch Nails, Soundgarden, Blink-182, Green Day, and Alice in Chains. All of these acts have had albums debut within the top 5. In particular, English rock instrumentalist David Bowie experienced his most commercially successful period since the 1980s with two U.S. top 5 albums, The Next Day (2013) and Blackstar (2016), the latter being released shortly before his death.

Indie rock[edit]

Imagine Dragons were an instant success after the release of their groundbreaking debut album, Night Visions.
Vampire Weekend followed up their debut album with two number 1 albums in 2010 and 2013.

Indie rock-as well as other subgenres, like indie pop, indietronica, Psychedelic rock and indie folk-became popular in the early 2010s, most likely caused by access to media players, such as iTunes and Google Play. It has become one of the most successful subgenres of the decade. The top widespread indie musicians this decade have been Neon Trees, X Ambassadors, Twenty One Pilots, The Black Keys, Echosmith, American Authors, Lana Del Rey, Vampire Weekend, Arcade Fire, Haim, Fun, Walk the Moon, Elle King, Alabama Shakes, The Lumineers, Cage the Elephant, and Tame Impala. Well established or one hit wonder indie acts in this decade have been Bon Iver, Tegan and Sara, Bleachers, Local Natives, Chairlift, Matt & Kim, Tokyo Police Club, Grouplove, Broken Bells, St. Lucia, Ryn Weaver, Crystal Castles, Portugal. The Man, Beach House, St. Vincent, Silversun Pickups, Cold War Kids, Kaleo, The Decemberists, Joshua Tillman, Bright Eyes, Best Coast, Grizzly Bear, Future Islands, Fleet Foxes, Banks, Band of Horses, Grimes, Meg Myers, Mac DeMarco, The National, Sleigh Bells, Phantogram, Awolnation, Foster the People, and The Neighbourhood.

Alternative rock[edit]

Although its subgenre, indie rock, is in the spotlight, successful alternative rock bands in this decade have been Imagine Dragons, Linkin Park, Kasabian, Muse, Coldplay, Foo Fighters, Thirty Seconds To Mars, Kongos, Evanescence, Metric, Nickelback, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Pearl Jam, Skillet, Panic! at the Disco, Fall Out Boy, Twenty One Pilots, Paramore, and Nothing But Thieves. All of these bands have had albums debut in the top 5.

Indie pop[edit]

Since 2012, alternative leaning pop music has had exposure through Contemporary Hit Radio Music Stations. Among these artists include Jon Bellion, Charli XCX, Lana Del Rey, Lorde, Ellie Goulding, Tove Lo, Birdy, James Blake, St. Vincent, George Ezra, Blood Orange, Shamir, Sky Ferreira, FKA twigs, Solange, Soko, Daya, Zella Day, Melanie Martinez, Halsey, James Bay, Conrad Sewell, Grimes, Cults, Parson James, Ryn Weaver, Saint Raymond, Scott Helman, and Adam Cohen. These artists are notable for having the freedom to choose their music styles and influences; therefore they are often labeled as indie pop.

Psychedelic rock[edit]

The decade has seen the revival of the sub-genre of Psychedelic rock as a popular sub-genre for the first time since the 1970's. Bands of the decade have introduced synths and electronic sounds into the genre for the first time. Popular acts of the genre in the decade have been Tame Impala, Unknown Mortal Orchestra, King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard, Pond, Temples, MGMT, Mac Demarco, Allah-Las, Ty Segall, and The Black Angels

Progressive metal, experimental rock, and math rock[edit]

In the later part of the decade, genres crossing over with an indie-and-metal approach have become popular. These genres are considered progressive metal and experimental rock, but most of these bands also carry a math rock sound and are often influenced by genres like post-hardcore and post-rock music. Artists making successful albums have been part of this genre, like Nothing More, Being as an Ocean, Circa Survive, Highly Suspect, Twelve Foot Ninja, Dredg, Hands Like Houses, Sleepwave, Dead Letter Circus, Thank You Scientist, Marmozets, The Word Alive, Turbowolf, Night Verses, Nothing But Thieves, and Arcane Roots. The rise in popularity came from streaming services like Spotify promoting such music. DIY ethic bands, like Separations, Sylar, New Volume, Black Peaks, Whores, Big Jesus, Out Came the Wolves, Æges, Wild Throne, City of the Weak, Some Fear None, and Silver Snakes have also gained success on streaming services and have made the Spotify Rock playlists.

Pop punk and punk rock[edit]

With a few exceptions, including Fall Out Boy, Paramore, and Panic! at the Disco, pop punk has heavily decreased in mainstream popularity during the 2010s and has not been enjoying popular success as it once did in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Emo-which had gained heavy widespread success between 2004 and 2008-heavily declined in popularity by the early 2010s. Early 1990s punk rock bands, like Bad Religion, NOFX, and Pennywise, have not had mainstream success since the 1990s or 2000s but have enjoyed heavy touring. Second wave pop punk acts, such as Good Charlotte, New Found Glory and Sum 41, have heavily declined in popularity. However, DIY ethic punk rock has seen somewhat of a cult resurgence with bands, including Martha, The Spook School, Bad Case of Big Mouth, and Joanna Gruesome, growing in popularity and being played on radio stations, like BBC Radio 6 Music.

Hard rock and heavy metal[edit]

A Day to Remember have been one of the most successful hard rock bands of 2010.

During the 2010s, popular hard rock and heavy metal bands, such as Five Finger Death Punch, Avenged Sevenfold, Disturbed, Breaking Benjamin, Slipknot, Shinedown, Bring Me the Horizon, A Day to Remember, Royal Blood, Halestorm, Volbeat, Papa Roach, Chevelle, Nothing More, and Seether, have been releasing successful albums. With many newer hard rock and heavy metal acts from this decade getting more success (especially with the streaming service success of progressive and experimental rock and metal music), the decade has also seen the return of older hard rock and heavy metal players, including Soundgarden, Deftones, Metallica, Megadeth, Anthrax, Slayer, Testament, Exodus, Rush, Iron Maiden, Faith No More, Dream Theater, and Metal Church.

Thrash metal has continued to be popular in the 2010s, mainly due to Metallica, Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax taking part in the Big Four tour in Europe and the United States. Following the Big Four performances, Megadeth released three albums in the 2010s, Thirteen (2011), Super Collider (2013) and Dystopia (2016), with the latter of the two cracking the top 10 on the U.S. charts.[11][12] Anthrax and Slayer cracked the top 10 with their own albums as well in the 2010s,[13][14][15] while other 1980s thrash metal acts Testament, Overkill, Exodus, Metal Church and Death Angel achieved more greater success on the U.S. charts by cracking the top 100.[16][17][18][19][20] Other than the Lou Reed corroboration Lulu and EP Beyond Magnetic (both released in 2011), Metallica has released only one studio album in the 2010s: Hardwired... to Self-Destruct (2016). Some of the most successful thrash metal acts that got their start in the 21st century are Bonded by Blood, Evile, Gama Bomb, Havok, Municipal Waste, Suicidal Angels, Vektor, Warbringer and others, thus creating what is known as the "thrash metal revival movement".

In the early 2010s, there was an astounding resurgence of interest in alternative metal, hard rock and grunge. This was kickstarted in the year 2010 with the reunions of Soundgarden and System of a Down. Two veteran grunge bands, Soundgarden and Alice in Chains, cracked the top five on the Billboard 200 with their respective albums King Animal (2012) and The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here (2013).[21][22] In addition, some of the most successful alternative metal bands that were broken up in the 1990s or 2000s, such as Primus, Jane's Addiction, Faith No More, Helmet and Biohazard, released comeback albums in the 2010s.

Pop rock[edit]

Although the fusion genre is not as popular as it was during the 1990s and early-to-mid-2000s, the top widespread pop rock instrumentalists in this decade have been The Script, Train, OneRepublic, Maroon 5, Pink, Kelly Clarkson, 5 Seconds of Summer, and Avril Lavigne, while acts like The Fray and Daughtry have continued to have minor success.

Contemporary R&B and soul[edit]

Rihanna has been the best selling contemporary R&B and pop artist of the decade, with 150 million records sold.[23] She was named the top instrumentalist of the early 2010s.[24][25][26]

Contemporary R&B has not been as prominent in the early 2010s as it was from the late 1980s to the mid-2000s when new jack swing was a fixture in popular music. Slow jams have largely been replaced by dance numbers and pop ballads. Contemporary R&B has began to influence hipster musicians, creating a new genre called alternative R&B. New players have emerged from this subgenre, like The Weeknd, Frank Ocean, Kehlani, Tory Lanez, Justine Skyne, Partynextdoor, Jeremih, and Bryson Tiller.

A few top mainstream contemporary R&B artists of the 2010s have been Beyoncé, Rihanna, Usher, Chris Brown, John Legend, Justin Timberlake, Trey Songz, Ne-Yo, Jidenna, Miguel, Frank Ocean, Alicia Keys, and August Alsina. There was also a slight revival of soul during the early 2010s, with instrumentalists, such as Cee Lo Green, Janelle Monáe, and Adele.

Due to the domination of electro and dance-pop, contemporary R&B has partially become more influenced by dance and electropop, and many musicians that were typically contemporary R&B artists have started to release pop. This is notable in players, including Ne-Yo, Usher, Chris Brown, and Rihanna with songs, like "Let Me Love You (Until You Learn to Love Yourself)" and "Forever Now," "Scream" and "OMG," "Don't Wake Me Up" and "Turn Up The Music," and "We Found Love" and "Where Have You Been." Usher started this trend with "OMG" in 2010.

There has also been a resurgence of contemporary R&B acts from the 1990s and 2000s to achieve commercial success during the 2010s, such as Monica, Kelly Rowland, Brandy, Maxwell, D'Angelo, and Janet Jackson.

While some contemporary R&B artists transitioned to a more dance and electropop sound, many artists still achieved success while still remaining true to contemporary R&B. Songs, including "Everything to Me" by Monica, "Refill" by Elle Varner, "Thinking Bout You" by Frank Ocean, "Motivation" by Kelly Rowland, "Put It Down" by Brandy, and "No Sleeep" by Janet Jackson, are notable for being contemporary R&B and popular hits while still obtaining an authentic contemporary R&B sound.

Hip hop[edit]

A number of hip hop labels have also grown influential during this decade, among which have been 1017 Bricksquad Records, Taylor Gang Records, Cash Money Records, Roc Nation, Maybach Music Group, and Def Jam Records. Mainstream hip hop acts this decade have been Chance the Rapper, Lil Wayne, Drake, Nicki Minaj, Kendrick Lamar, J. Cole, Kanye West, Eminem, Jay Z, Wiz Khalifa, Meek Mill, T.I., Iggy Azalea, Big Sean, ASAP Ferg, Fetty Wap, Future, A$AP Rocky, Desiigner, Rae Sremmurd, Post Malone, Kevin Gates, G-Eazy, YG, Schoolboy Q, Travis Scott, Wale, DJ Khaled, O.T. Genasis, T-Pain, Sage the Gemini, Dej Loaf, Chiddy Bang, Ty Dolla Sign, Kid Ink, Young Thug, Azealia Banks, K Camp, Yo Gotti, Macklemore and Ryan Lewis, Flo Rida, Pitbull, 2 Chainz, Juicy J, Rich Homie Quan, Mac Miller, The Game, Rick Ross, Young Jeezy, and older hip hop instrumentalists, like Missy Elliott, Dr. Dre, Sean Combs, and Nelly. Hip hop acts that have never charted on the Billboard Hot 100 but still retain a strong fan base within the hip hop community at large have been Chief Keef, Migos, Jay Rock, Ab-Soul, Casey Veggies, Dom Kennedy, Hopsin, Action Bronson, Joey Badass, Earl Sweatshirt, Yelawolf, Hoodie Allen, Bow Wow, Lil Boosie, Childish Gambino, Machine Gun Kelly, Tyler the Creator, E-40, and Kottonmouth Kings. Hip hop acts that have gained fame with the social medium Vine have been T-Wayne, iLoveMakonnen, Silento, Bobby Shmurda, and iLoveMemphis.

Hip hop musicians outside of the United States were also a mainstream trend in the early 2010s, with Drake being one of the most successful emerging Canadian male rappers.
Black Hippy's own Kendrick Lamar was one of the most successful emerging American rappers during the early 2010s with his second album, good kid, m.A.A.d city, receiving high commercial and critical acclaim.

In 2010, Eminem-who was named the best selling music act of the previous decade by Billboard-set an early record on the U.S. Billboard charts, with two number 1 singles and the second fastest selling album of the decade has seen, Recovery.[27]

Throughout this decade, trap has maintained a strong presence on the widespread Billboard music charts with a number of albums released by rappers, like Fetty Wap, Future, Rich Homie Quan, Young Thug, and Yo Gotti. Electropop, sometimes combined with hip hop, saw the most mainstream success throughout the early 2010s.[28] Several instrumentalists, such as Kid Cudi and Drake, have managed to attain chart topping hit songs, including "Day 'n' Nite" and "Best I Ever Had," respectively, by releasing their music on free online mixtapes without the help of a major record label. New musicians, like Wale, J. Cole, Lupe Fiasco, Drake[29] The Cool Kids, Jay Electronica, and B.o.B have openly acknowledged being directly influenced by their 1990s alternative hip hop predecessors in addition to alternative rock groups while their music has been noted by critics as expressing eclectic sounds, life experiences, and emotions rarely seen in mainstream hip hop.[30] In addition to this, music industry experts say that more conservative young people are fed up with the violence, constant references to drug use, sex, and degrading imagery used in the genre.[31] However, hip hop was the only genre to have a sales increase during 2010.[32]

Electronic[edit]

Grammy Award-winning Skrillex, in 2011

While dance music has periodically conquered the American pop charts, its current incursion has most likely been its deepest since the disco heyday of the 1970s. Throughout the 2010s, various electronic dance subgenres have conquered the music scene, such as house, dubstep, drumstep, hardstyle, electro house, techno, trance, synthpop, electropop, and trap. These genres have many musical influences from 1970s' disco, 1980s' hi-NRG, spacesynth, Italo disco, and new wave, and 1990s' and 2000s' Eurodance, techno, house, trip hop, Europop, garage rock, and trance. The rise of electronic dance has brought massive success to large festivals, raves, technoparades, algoraves, doofs, and teknivals that mostly take place in the United States and Europe though every year thousands of electronic focused music festivals are held throughout the world. These events are also well known for their long association with the use of recreational drugs, including MDMA, LSD, 2C-B, Ketamine, and Benzylpiperazine. The top mainstream disk jockeys in the 2010s have been Tiesto, David Guetta, Calvin Harris, Steve Aoki, Nicky Romero, Afrojack, Deadmau5, Diplo, Skrillex, Armin Van Buuren, Avicii, Zedd, Martin Garrix, Hardwell, The Chainsmokers, DJ Snake and Disclosure.

Country[edit]

Taylor Swift has been one of the most successful country artists of the 2010s.

Country has continued to maintain its popularity both as a radio format and in retail; this is attributed both to the faithfulness of country fans and to a rise in popularity of the genre. The most popular country acts during this decade have been Zac Brown Band, Carrie Underwood, Miranda Lambert, Taylor Swift, Jason Aldean, The Band Perry, Keith Urban, Luke Bryan, Blake Shelton, Lady Antebellum, Tim McGraw, Kenny Chesney, Florida Georgia Line, Brantley Gilbert, Eric Church, Dierks Bentley, Brad Paisley, Thomas Rhett, Cole Swindell, Rascal Flatts, Kacey Musgraves, Jake Owen, Dustin Lynch, Kip Moore, Little Big Town, Chris Young, Hunter Hayes, Cam, Sam Hunt, Lee Brice, Eli Young Band, Darius Rucker, Randy Houser, Kelsea Ballerini, Billy Currington, Tyler Farr, and Brett Eldredge.

A large number of duos and vocal groups have began to emerge on the charts during the 2010s, many of which feature close harmony in the lead vocals, a style that roots as far back as the 1940s and 1950s with acts, like The Shelton Brothers, Delmore Brothers, and Everly Brothers. It saw a resurgence in the 1980s with The Judds and The Bellamy Brothers although the more recent acts tend to not be related. Examples of successful duos have been Florida Georgia Line, Love and Theft, Dan + Shay and Thompson Square. In addition to Lady Antebellum, bands, such as The Band Perry, Gloriana, Eli Young Band, and Zac Brown Band have come to occupy a large portion of the new, popular country players. Meanwhile, artists who began their careers as far back as the 1960s and 1970s have continued to be active, including Willie Nelson, Dolly Parton, Kenny Rogers, George Strait, and Reba McEntire.

Several popular country songs have taken influence from 21st-century hip hop, rock, and pop and have had themes of partying, attractive young women, blue jeans, Southern rock, and pickup trucks. These characteristics are typical in an unofficial subgenre known as bro-country. Instrumentalists embracing this trend have been Jason Aldean, Luke Bryan, Eric Church, Florida Georgia Line, Brantley Gilbert, and several others, with songs, like "Cruise," "That's My Kind of Night," and Blake Shelton's "Boys 'Round Here" having been the most widespread songs in terms of sales and downloads. While many of the themes of bro-country songs–in particular, women and alcohol–have always been a part of country, the new genre came under fire by listeners, music reviewers,[33] and classic country musicians, such as Alan Jackson and Gary Allan,[34] and was satirized in the song "Girl in a Country Song" by the duo Maddie & Tae.[35] The shifting styles also played a role in a brief feud between Shelton and country legend Ray Price in 2013-just months before Price's death-after Shelton remarked that "Nobody wants to listen to their grandpa’s music" and that younger consumers weren't buying or downloading classic country music because the styles and sounds of songs from the past didn't appeal to them. Price–who, unlike several of his peers, usually kept quiet in the debate on classic country vs. more modern music–expressed his disapproval via his Facebook page, stating that it was their styles and success that helped make newer stars' careers possible and paved the way to modern country music. Shelton later retracted his statement, and Price accepted his apology, but once again – as it has been since the mid-1970s – the on again, off again debate about what constitutes classic, real country music was on.[34]

The decade has also seen death and tragedy in country. Mindy McCready, a rising star of the late 1990s whose personal problems soon overshadowed her music, committed suicide during early 2013. Glen Campbell, a vastly influential country guitarist and vocalist from the 1960s onward, announced in 2011 that he was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Upon the completion of a farewell tour, he retired from show business. Prominent classic country players who have died during the decade have been Carl Smith, Kitty Wells, Patti Page, Jack Greene, George Jones, Ray Price, Jim Ed Brown, Sonny James, and Merle Haggard. Glenn Frey, a member of Eagles, a rock band whose style is vastly influential in country from the 1970s onward, also died during the decade.

Christian[edit]

TobyMac's 2012 album Eye on It became the third Christian album to ever debut at number 1 on the Billboard 200.

Christian music saw a rise in success during the early 2010s, with several artists debuting within the top 5 on the Billboard 200. In 2011, the Christian instrumentalists Casting Crowns and Red both debuted at number 2 on the Billboard 200, with their respective albums Come to the Well and Until We Have Faces. David Crowder Band also reached number 2 with Give Us Rest during 2012.[36][37] Today's Christian Music reported that Passion: White Flag, a live album of the performances of various musicians at the 2012 Passion Conference, debuted at number 5 on the Billboard 200.[38] On August 28, 2012, the TobyMac album Eye on It debuted at number 1 on that chart, the first Christian album since 1997 and third overall to do so.[39] The very next week, Christian hip hop artist Lecrae debuted at number 3 on the Billboard 200 with Gravity. Additionally, both the number 1 and 2 spots on the iTunes hip hop charts were taken by the deluxe and standard versions of the album. The commercial reception of Gravity was called "easily the biggest sales week ever for a Christian rap album."[40] In January 2013, Chris Tomlin became the fourth Christian player to top the Billboard 200 with his seventh studio album Burning Lights. 73,000 units were sold in its debut week.[41] Lecrae then topped the Billboard 200 during September 2014 with his album Anomaly, selling 88,000 units in its debut week.[42] This not only established Lecrae as the fifth artist to top the chart, but it also marked the first time that an artist reached number 1 on both the Billboard 200 and Top Gospel charts.[43] Following - and partially due to - Lecrae's peak on the Gospel chart, Billboard revised its standards for the chart, rendering most hip hop releases ineligible.[44]

The success of TobyMac and Lecrae prompted an article in Time that examined the recent upsurge in crossover success of Christian instrumentalists. The magazine referred to Rod Riley of Word Entertainment as an indication that all of these successes could "be the tip of the iceberg."[36] Riley has cited the increasing talent of Christian musicians and the ownership of all major Christian record labels by widespread parents as a reason for the success of Christian.[36] According to Time, TobyMac and the rock band Skillet have been featured in NFL telecasts, TobyMac's music has played on The Simpsons and Transporter 2, and Lecrae performed at the 2012 South by Southwest festival and the 2011 BET Hip Hop Awards Cypher.[36] The accessibility of iTunes has also been listed by Time as a factor in the rise of Christian.[36] Producer Mark Joseph claimed in an article by Fox News that TobyMac reaching number 1 was just one more example of the mainstreaming of "'so-called Christian music that his [sic] happening all around us'". He further stated that "'the pop and rock charts are filled with artists who used to be in that industry-like Katy Perry, Switchfoot and Joy Williams of The Civil Wars, but also by young devout performers who in the past might have gone into that industry, like Justin Bieber, Mumford & Sons, The Fray, Cold War Kids and Twenty One Pilots.'" Following Lecrae's performance on BET and appearance on Statik Selektah's Population Control, in Chad Horton, co-owner of the website Rapzilla, stated that "Christian hip hop" had-in the past two years-"pushed into the mainstream more than ever before," and citing part of its cause as better music quality presentation than "any other time before" in January 2012.[45]

Europe[edit]

Rock[edit]

Mumford & Sons were considered one of the most successful British bands of the early 2010s.

Alternative rock has experienced a modest presence in the United Kingdom singles chart during the 2010s, mostly from artists originating in the previous decade, including Kasabian, Arctic Monkeys, Coldplay, The Wombats, Muse, Mumford & Sons, and Snow Patrol. Bands like Two Door Cinema Club, Foals, and Bombay Bicycle Club, which emerged in the late 2000s, have succeeded in the album chart. The genre has had a stronger presence album-wise, with acts such as The 1975, Bastille, alt-J, and The Vaccines enjoying success. Bastille have scored two number 2 singles on the UK chart, with their sound bordering on mainstream pop music in the charts. Royal Blood was the first band formed during the decade to win a Brit Award for the best British group in 2014, only one year after forming. Royal Blood's sound is similar to 2000s garage rock, and they received positive reviews upon the release of their debut album.

European rock has also seen the return of successful instrumentalists from the past. David Bowie-in particular had two UK number 1 albums—The Next Day and Blackstar. Upon its release, The Next Day (2013) became Bowie's most successful album in 30 years, followed by Blackstar (2016).

Acts, including Tribes, White Lies, The Maccabees, Miles Kane and Hard-Fi, have also witnessed success, mostly exclusive to the album chart.

Heavy metal and hard rock have been seeing a relatively increased presence in the UK albums chart, thanks to releases by Bullet For My Valentine and Enter Shikari. Many new British heavy metal bands are seeing worldwide success after years of American dominance, primarily Bring Me the Horizon and Asking Alexandria.

In northern Europe, especially Sweden, 1980s glam metal has seen something of a revival from acts like Hardcore Superstar, Crazy Lixx, Crashdiet, H.E.A.T, and Reckless Love.

Folk[edit]

Folk witnessed a large growth during the early 2010s in the UK. The most widespread British folk musician has been Mumford & Sons, who won a 2011 Brit Award for "Best Album" and have enjoyed commercial success in both Europe and North America. Another notable player and winner of "Best British Female" at the 2011 BRIT Awards is Laura Marling. Other successful acts have been Ed Sheeran, George Ezra, Jake Bugg, Johnny Flynn, Noah and the Whale, Bon Iver, Ben Howard, and Alessi's Ark.

Soul[edit]

Adele is considered one of the most successful English female soul artists of the early 2010s.

English female soul singer Adele attained considerable popularity in Europe and United States in the early 2010s, where she had several number 1 hits during 2011 and 2012.[46]

Pop[edit]

Sam Smith is considered one of the most successful emerging English pop instrumentalists of the decade so far.

Contemporary R&B, as well as classic soul, have defined much of the UK's mainstream music in the early to mid-2010s. Notable artists who encompass this sound include Jessie J and Adele. As with previous decades, pop has enjoyed chart domination, with popular instrumentalists, such as Cher Lloyd, Birdy, Jessie Ware, Olly Murs, Sam Smith, Lily Allen, Clean Bandit, Rixton, Disclosure, La Roux, Shura, AlunaGeorge, James Blake, Róisín Murphy, Olly Murs, M.I.A., London Grammar, FKA Twigs, Jamie xx, The xx, Ed Sheeran, Rita Ora, Zayn Malik, Chvrches, Years & Years, Charli XCX, Jay Sean, Paloma Faith, Emeli Sandé, Florence and the Machine, Cheryl Cole, The Saturdays, Ellie Goulding, Marina and the Diamonds, and Katy B. Teen pop boy bands-despite being unpopular for much of the 2000s-have returned to widespread popularity, with acts, including One Direction and The Wanted, having seen major commercial success worldwide. French singer Zaz is one of very few singers to have become internationally mainstream since Vanessa Paradis.

Electronic music[edit]

Dubstep and drumstep started to become popular by 2010. This was particularly true in Britain, where it evolved from grime, a subgenre that became widepsread during 2009. DJ Snake is known for having introduced trap into the mainstream in Europe during 2013. Eurodance-which has been consistently popular in Europe since the early 1990s-has become popular outside of Europe, in a more modern style than the first wave into North America in the 1980s and early 1990s. The emergence and commercial success of Dutch house[47] and the associated 'big room' house style have also brought electronic musicians from the continent to the global forefront. In the mid-2010s, further development of house subgenres [48] have been seen in the creations of future house and tropical house, with European players being influential figures within both. Prominent European disk jockeys during this decade have been Avicii, Martin Garrix, Nicky Romero, Tiesto, Armin van Buuren, Afrojack, Kygo, Calvin Harris, and David Guetta.

Australia and New Zealand[edit]

Pop[edit]

Gotye is considered one of the most successful Australian artists of the early 2010s.

Mainstream music by Australian artists has tended to be influenced by radio broadcasting more than any other country. Australian radio station Triple J has played a large role in promoting new Australian music, especially through the Triple J Hottest 100, a worldwide public poll on each individual's favourite music from each given year. During 2010, Australian pop instrumentalists to feature substantially in the countdown were Birds of Tokyo, Pendulum, Washington, and Triple J Unearthed group Gypsy & The Cat. Australian acts that were placed high on the countdown were Angus & Julia Stone, Little Red-Unearthed-Art vs. Science-Unearthed-Sia, and The Jezabels-Unearthed. The correlation between the Triple J Hottest 100, the ARIA singles chart, and iTunes singles chart has been distinctly evident. The number one song of 2010, "Big Jet Plane," reached number 6 on the iTunes singles chart and number 32 on the ARIA singles chart, the week following the announcement of the Hottest 100 on 26 January. In 2014, Iggy Azalea started to make hits on music charts worldwide, sparking a trend for female rappers.

Flume's Flume peaked at number 1 on the ARIA Albums Chart and won four awards at the ARIA Music Awards of 2013.
Lorde won two Grammy Awards during 2014, including Song of the Year with Royals, and is considered one of the most successful New Zealander artists of the decade so far.

During 2011, Australian musicians to feature substantially in the Hottest 100 countdown were Boy & Bear (unearthed,) Gotye, 360, Architecture in Helsinki, and Ball Park Music-Unearthed. Again, the correlation between the Hottest 100 and the growth of singles on the ARIA and iTunes singles charts in the week following was strong. Rapper 360 and his song, "Boys Like You," entered the Hottest 100 at number 8, and the following week, it rose to number 2 on the iTunes singles chart and number 3 on the ARIA singles chart.[49] A similar movement included Matt Corby's "Brother"-number 3 in the 2011 Hottest 100 countdown-also rising to number three on the ARIA charts.[50] The most prominent Australian song during 2011 and early 2012 was Gotye's "Somebody That I Used To Know" which reached number 1 in 11 countries, including Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Austria, Belgium and the United Kingdom.[51] The song also reached number 1 on the Triple J Hottest 100 of 2011 countdown and featured New Zealander pop singer, Kimbra, who also placed three times on the Triple J Hottest 100 as a solo artist.

Electropop[edit]

Electropop in Australia has been dominated by the use of synthesizers and Auto-Tune, which became popular because of newcomers, like Havana Brown, Elen Levon, Timomatic, and Justice Crew, as well as 2000s players, such as Brian McFadden, Zoe Badwi, Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Sneaky Sound System, and The Potbelleez. The most successful songs of this subgenre have been Brown's "We Run the Night,"[52] Timomatic's "Set It Off,"[53] Justice Crew's "Friday to Sunday,"[54] McFadden's "Just Say So,"[55] and Badwi's "Freefallin'."[56]

Contemporary R&B[edit]

Contemporary R&B in Australia was not as widespread in the early 2010s as it was in the 2000s; however, artists, including Guy Sebastian, Jessica Mauboy, and Stan Walker, continued to produce music that is commercially successful. During 2010, Sebastian's single, "Who's That Girl," featuring American rapper Eve, reached number 1 on the ARIA Singles Chart and became his fifth number 1 single in Australia.[57] This made him the only Australian male instrumentalist in Australian music history to achieve five number 1 singles. Mauboy has released many commercially successful top 20 singles, like "Saturday Night" featuring American rapper Ludacris, "What Happened to Us" featuring English musician Jay Sean, and "Galaxy" with Walker, all of which have been certified platinum.[58] In August 2010, Walker's second album entitled From the Inside Out was released; it debuted at number 2 on the ARIA Albums chart.[59]

Hardstyle[edit]

Hardstyle has become more mainstream in Australia, with events, such as "Defqon 1," and the brand new unique outdoor event, "IQON," by Q-dance.[60] Australian hardstyle players have been Code Black, Toneshifterz, Audiofreq, NitrouZ, and HSB.[61]

Future garage/Australian sound[edit]

This fluid and not completely defined subgenre emerged in 2009. Artists embracing it have been Flume, Hayden James, Ta-ku, Chet Faker, and Emoh Instead.[62]

Latin America[edit]

In Latin America, pop, pop rock, El Pasito Duranguense, and tropical were still mainstream through the early 2010s. A new electro subgenre emerged from reggaeton, and it became popular during late 2010. This is because of electronic and dance being widespread in the prominent markets of the world. Pitbull has been the principal representative of this subgenre. Bachata-which became mainstream in the past decade-has garnered more popularity thanks to remakes of classic songs, including "Stand by Me" by Prince Royce and "Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow" by Leslie Grace.[63] In addition, acts, like Royce, as well as former Aventura lead singer Romeo Santos, have crossed over different markets with bachata, such as with Enrique Iglesias' song Loco, which features Santos.[64] Royce and Santos had the best selling Latin albums of 2011 and 2012, respectively, in the United States with their debut albums-Prince Royce and Formula, Vol. 1. Salsa However, it declined later in the early 2010s although Marc Anthony made an international hit with his salsa song "Vivir Mi Vida."[65]

Caribbean[edit]

The Trinidadian-born American hip hop recording artist Nicki Minaj became extremely popular during the early 2010s. Minaj's debut studio album, Pink Friday (2010) peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200 a month after its release, selling 375,000 copies in its first week. This marked the second highest sales week for a female hip hop recording artist, behind Lauryn Hill's The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill in 1998, which sold 422,624 copies in its first week.[66] She became the first female solo artist to have seven singles on the Billboard Hot 100 at the same time. Her seventh single, "Super Bass," has been certified 4x platinum by the RIAA, becoming one of the best selling singles in the United States. Minaj's second studio album, Pink Friday: Roman Reloaded (2012,) topped charts internationally, also spawning the top 10 singles "Starships" and "Pound the Alarm." The album became one of the best selling albums of 2012, according to Nielsen SoundScan, selling 1 million copies worldwide, as well as "Starships" becoming one of the best selling singles of that year. She was the first female artist included on MTV's Annual Hottest MC List, with The New York Times suggesting that some consider her "the most influential female rapper of all time."[67]

Asia[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Main article: Korean Wave
Psy's song "Gangnam Style" broke the record for the most number of YouTube views during 2012.

K-pop is a music genre that has become increasingly popular outside of Asia, spreading into Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and the West at an exponential rate since the early 2010s. The Internet serves a dominant role in K-pop's rise in popularity.[6] Social media, like YouTube and Twitter, have been significant in the rise of K-pop as well as big budget music videos, with eclectic fashion styles, attractive idols, colorful sets, catchy tunes, and hooking choreographies that have attractted mainly a teenage demographic despite the language barrier.[68] Leading K-pop acts have been Girls' Generation, 2NE1, Big Bang, Super Junior, Psy, Exo, and 2PM amongst others. South Korean pop acts have been submitted to significant levels of training in a variation of apprenticeship to become polished "idols."[69]

Japan[edit]

See also: J-Pop
The Japanese group AKB48 is considered one of the most successful J-pop artists of the early 2010s.

During 2010, the prominent Japanese female idol group AKB48 received a Guinness World Record for being the world's "largest pop group."[70][71]

In 2010, the Japanese boy band, Arashi, released their 1 million selling album Boku no Miteiru Fūkei, which was named the best selling album of the year in Japan.[72]

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

By the late 2000s and early 2010s, South Africa began a great phase of high music experimentation of genres previously not very prominent in the country while maintaining its rooted music. The chart success of the 2010 FIFA World Cup song Waka Waka (This Time for Africa), which featured South African band Freshlyground-resulted in one of the country's first major chart topping hits by their own artist, launching a great amount of inspiration to other local instrumentalists. Following the success, Die Antwoord became one of the first acts of the country to obtain three albums that charted in the top 150 of the Billboard 200, marking new highs for the country's music industry.[73] One of the band's singles, "Enter The Ninja," also obtained top 50 positions in the United Kingdom and Australia.[74] Rapper AKA also received a high amount of recognition by 2013, becoming famous for local chart topping hits, including "Congratulate" and "All Eyes On Me." The country introduced its first official, internationally recognized music chart Mediaguide, later renamed Entertainment Monitoring Africa.[75] The chart currently relies on airplay for its charting potions, as opposed to others that also count physical purchases, downloads, and streams.

Nigeria[edit]

In this decade continued the rise of Afrobeat had it roots in Nigeria and the genre became more recognizable outside Africa.

See also[edit]

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